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John Foster Dulles
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John Foster Dulles

United States Secretary of State
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John Foster Dulles served as U.S. Secretary of State under President Dwight D. Eisenhower from 1953 to 1959. He was a significant figure in the early Cold War era, advocating an aggressive stance against communism throughout the world. He advocated support of the French in their war against the Viet Minh in Indochina and it is widely believed that he refused to shake the hand of Zhou Enlai at the Geneva Conference in 1954.… Read More

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Timeline

Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of John Foster Dulles.

CHILDHOOD

1888 Birth Born on February 25, 1888.

TWENTIES

1912 24 Years Old On June 26, 1912, he married Janet Avery, with whom he had two sons and a daughter. … Read More

THIRTIES

1918 30 Years Old In 1918, Woodrow Wilson appointed Dulles as legal counsel to the United States delegation to the Versailles Peace Conference where he served under his uncle, Robert Lansing, then Secretary of State. … Read More
1924 36 Years Old In 1924, he was the defense counsel in the church trial of Rev. Harry Emerson Fosdick, who had been charged with heresy by opponents in the denomination, a case settled when Fosdick, a liberal Baptist, resigned his pulpit in the Presbyterian Church, which he had never joined. … Read More

FORTIES

1933 45 Years Old Following Adolf Hitler's appointment as Reichskanzler in 1933, Dulles oversaw the direction of investment worth more than $1 billion in businesses in Nazi Germany. … Read More
1934 46 Years Old In addition, throughout 1934 Dulles was a very public supporter of Hitler. … Read More
1935 47 Years Old In 1935, Dulles closed Sullivan & Cromwell's Berlin office; later he would cite the closing date as 1934, no doubt in an effort to clear his reputation by shortening his involvement with Nazi Germany.

FIFTIES

1944 56 Years Old 1 More Event
Dulles was a close associate of Thomas E. Dewey, who became the presidential candidate of the Republican Party in the 1944 election and 1948. … Read More
1945 57 Years Old In 1945, Dulles participated in the San Francisco Conference and worked as adviser to Arthur H. Vandenberg and helped draft the preamble to the United Nations Charter.
1946 58 Years Old He subsequently attended the United Nations General Assembly as a United States delegate in 1946, 1947 and 1950. … Read More

LATE ADULTHOOD

1949 61 Years Old 1 More Event
Dulles was appointed by Dewey to the United States Senate as a Republican from New York on July 7, 1949, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Democrat Robert F. Wagner.
In 1950, Dulles published War or Peace, a critical analysis of the American policy of containment, which at the time was favored by many of the foreign policy elites in Washington. … Read More
1951 63 Years Old As Secretary of State, Dulles still carried out the “containment” policy of neutralizing the Taiwan Strait during the Korean War, which had been established by President Truman in the Treaty of Peace with Japan of 1951.
1953 65 Years Old 1 More Event
When Dwight Eisenhower became President in January, 1953, he appointed Dulles as his Secretary of State.
1954 66 Years Old Dulles was also the architect of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) that was created in 1954. … Read More
Dulles upset the leaders of several non-aligned countries when on June 9, 1956, he argued in one speech that "neutrality has increasingly become an obsolete and, except under very exceptional circumstances, it is an immoral and shortsighted conception."
1958 70 Years Old 1 More Event
However, by 1958, he was an outspoken opponent of President Gamal Abdel Nasser and stopped him from receiving weapons from the United States. … Read More
In January 1959, he returned to work, but with more pain and declining health underwent abdominal surgery in February at Walter Reed Hospital when recurrence of the cancer became evident. … Read More
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Foster_Dulles.
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