John Quincy Adams
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John Quincy Adams

Politician
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John Quincy Adams /ˈkwɪnzi/ was the sixth president of the United States. He served as American diplomat, Senator, and Congressional representative. He was a member of the Federalist, Democratic-Republican, National Republican, and later Anti-Masonic and Whig parties. Adams was the son of former President John Adams and Abigail Adams.… Read More

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CHILDHOOD

1767 Birth John Quincy Adams was born on July 11, 1767, to John Adams and his wife Abigail Adams (née Smith) in a part of Braintree, Massachusetts that is now Quincy. … Read More
1778 10 Years Old Much of Adams' youth was spent accompanying his father overseas. John Adams served as an American envoy to France from 1778 until 1779 and to the Netherlands from 1780 until 1782, and the younger Adams accompanied his father on these diplomatic missions. … Read More

TEENAGE

1779 11 Years Old Adams first learned of the Declaration of Independence from the letters his father wrote his mother from the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia. In 1779, Adams began a diary that he kept until just before he died in 1848. … Read More
1781 13 Years Old He matriculated in Leiden January 10, 1781. … Read More
1787 19 Years Old 1 More Event
He entered Harvard College and was graduated in 1787 with a Bachelor of Arts degree, Phi Beta Kappa. … Read More

TWENTIES

1791 23 Years Old He gained admittance to the bar in 1791 and began practicing law in Boston.
1793 25 Years Old Adams first won national recognition when he published a series of widely read articles supporting Washington's decision to keep America out of the growing hostilities surrounding the French Revolution. Soon after, George Washington appointed Adams minister to the Netherlands (at the age of 26) in 1793. … Read More
1796 28 Years Old Though he wanted to return to private life at the end of his appointment, Washington appointed him minister to Portugal in 1796, where he was soon appointed to the Berlin Legation. … Read More
He became a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1797.

THIRTIES

1802 34 Years Old 1 More Event
John Quincy Adams was elected a member of the Massachusetts State Senate in April 1802.
1803 35 Years Old The Massachusetts General Court elected Adams as a Federalist to the U.S. Senate soon after, and he served from March 4, 1803, until 1808, when he broke with the Federalist Party. … Read More

FORTIES

1808 41 Years Old The Federalist-controlled Massachusetts Legislature chose a replacement for Adams on June 3, 1808, several months early. … Read More
President James Madison appointed Adams as the first ever United States Minister to Russia in 1809 (though Francis Dana and William Short had previously been nominated to the post, neither presented his credentials at Saint Petersburg).
1811 44 Years Old In 1811, Adams received a commission from the Secretary of State as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. … Read More
1812 45 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1812, Adams reported the news of Napoleon's invasion of Russia and Napoleon's disastrous retreat.
1813 - 1814 2 More Events
1815 48 Years Old Finally, he was sent to be minister to the Court of St. James's (Britain) from 1815 until 1817, a post that was first held by his father. … Read More

FIFTIES

1817 - 1819 3 More Events
1821 54 Years Old By the time Monroe became president, several European powers, in particular Spain, were attempting to re-establish control over South America. On Independence Day 1821, in response to those who advocated American support for independence movements in many South American countries, Adams gave a speech in which he said that American policy was moral support for independence movements but not armed intervention. … Read More
1823 56 Years Old From this, Adams authored what came to be known as the Monroe Doctrine, which was introduced on December 2, 1823. … Read More
Clay's personal dislike for Jackson and the similarity of his American System to Adams' position on tariffs and internal improvements caused him to throw his support to Adams, who was elected by the House on February 9, 1825, on the first ballot. … Read More

LATE ADULTHOOD

1827 60 Years Old …  After Adams lost control of Congress in 1827, the situation became more complicated.
By signing into law the Tariff of 1828, quite unpopular in parts of the south, he further antagonized the Jacksonian s. … Read More
1829 - 1834 5 More Events
1841 74 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1841, at the request of Lewis Tappan and Ellis Gray, Adams joined the case of United States v. The Amistad. … Read More
1843 76 Years Old In 1843, Adams sat for the earliest confirmed photograph still in existence of a U.S. president, although other sources contend that William Henry Harrison had posed even earlier for his portrait, in 1841. … Read More
1846 79 Years Old In 1846, the 78-year old former president suffered a stroke that left him partially paralyzed. After a few months of rest, he made a full recovery and resumed his duties in Congress. When Adams entered the House chamber, everyone "stood up and applauded." On February 21, 1848, the House of Representatives was discussing the matter of honoring U.S. Army officers who served in the Mexican–American War. … Read More
1847 80 Years Old Although there is no indication that the two were close, Adams met Abraham Lincoln during the latter's sole term as a member of the House of Representatives, from 1847 until Adams' death. … Read More
1848 81 Years Old One of Adams' most important legacies is his massive diary, which he began at age 11 with the simple entry "A journal, by me, J.Q.A." The Diary, housed at the Massachusetts Historical Society, covers, in extraordinary detail, Adams' life and experiences up to his death in 1848. … Read More
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Quincy_Adams.
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