John Robinson

Pilgrim + Minister
Born 1575

John Robinson was the pastor of the "Pilgrim Fathers" before they left on the Mayflower. He became one of the early leaders of the English Separatists, minister of the Pilgrims, and is regarded as one of the founders of the Congregational Church.

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1576 Birth Robinson was born at Sturton-Le-Steeple in Nottinghamshire, England between March and September 1576, this range of dates deduced by comparing two records at Leiden that give his age at the time of the event. … Read More


1596 20 Years Old He received his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1596.
1598 22 Years Old In May 1598 he was admitted a Fellow of the University and ordained a priest of the Anglican Church. … Read More
1599 23 Years Old This was followed one year later in 1599 by his Master of Arts degree Following the attainment of his Master's degree, he obtained two scholarly, or administrative, positions at the college: "Praelector Greacus," a lectureship in Greek, and "Decanus," an administrative post involving student oversight. … Read More
1603 27 Years Old The monarch, then as now, was the official head of the Church of England. Queen Elizabeth I followed a largely tolerant policy toward the Puritans and Separatists. When James I succeeded her in 1603, however, he quickly instituted a policy designed to enforce religious conformity. … Read More
1604 28 Years Old 1 More Event
Fellows of Corpus Christi College were prohibited from marrying, and a desire to marry required Robinson to resign his Fellowship on February 10, 1604.
1605 29 Years Old He subsequently preached privately at various locations throughout northern Nottinghamshire, including in the Spring of 1605 at his home town of Sturton-Le-Steeple. … Read More


1607 31 Years Old In circa 1607 Robinson became associated with the Scrooby Separatists. … Read More
1609 33 Years Old The congregation initially settled at Amsterdam. The local congregation of Separatists, called the "Ancient Church," soon became strife-ridden, and in February 1609 Robinson and about 100 followers petitioned the City of Leiden for permission to resettle there by May 1, 1609, the latter date being the Dutch "moving day." … Read More
1611 35 Years Old 1 More Event
In January 1611, Robinson, William Jepson, Henry Wood, and Robinson's sister-in-law Jane White, signed a contract to purchase for 8,000 guilders property called the "Groene Poort" or Green Gate near the Pieterskerk and within short walking distance of the University of Leiden. The purchase was completed on May 12, 1611 with a 2,000 guilder downpayment and mortgage for the balance to be paid annually at the rate of 500 guilders, the first payment due in May 1612. In the meantime, in April 1611 at Leiden, Jane White married Randulph (i.e., Ralph) Thickens, with Thickens replacing wife Jane as the fourth named party to the purchase mortgage. … Read More
1615 39 Years Old On September 5, 1615, John Robinson entered Leiden University as a student of theology. … Read More


1625 49 Years Old 1 More Event
The departure for most of the rest of the congregation was delayed for several years, and before long Robinson had died. He became ill on February 22, 1625, and recovered enough to preach twice the next day, which was Sunday. … Read More
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