John Robinson

Pilgrim + Minister
Born 1575

John Robinson was the pastor of the "Pilgrim Fathers" before they left on the Mayflower. He became one of the early leaders of the English Separatists, minister of the Pilgrims, and is regarded as one of the founders of the Congregational Church.

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1576 Birth Robinson was born at Sturton-Le-Steeple in Nottinghamshire, England between March and September 1576, this range of dates deduced by comparing two records at Leiden (Leyden) that give his age at the time of the event.


1592 16 Years Old He was educated at Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School, Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, and entered Corpus Christi College at the University of Cambridge in April 1592.


1596 20 Years Old He received his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1596.
1598 22 Years Old In May 1598 he was admitted a Fellow of his college and ordained a priest of the Church of England.
1599 23 Years Old This was followed one year later in 1599 by his Master of Arts degree. … Read More
1603 27 Years Old 1 More Event
The monarch, then as now, was the Supreme Governor of the Church of England. Elizabeth I followed a largely tolerant policy toward the Puritans and Separatists. When James I succeeded her in 1603, however, he instituted a policy designed to enforce religious conformity. … Read More
1604 28 Years Old College fellows were prohibited from marrying so Robinson resigned his fellowship to wed Bridget White, on 15 February 1604 at St. Mary's Church, Greasley in western Nottinghamshire. … Read More
1605 29 Years Old He subsequently preached privately at various locations in northern Nottinghamshire, including in the Spring of 1605 at his home village of Sturton-Le-Steeple. … Read More


1607 31 Years Old In circa 1607 Robinson became associated with the Scrooby Separatists. … Read More
1609 33 Years Old The congregation initially settled at Amsterdam. The local congregation of Separatists, called the "Ancient Church," soon became strife-ridden, and in February 1609 Robinson and about 100 followers petitioned the City of Leiden for permission to resettle there by 1 May 1609, the latter date being the Dutch "moving day." … Read More
1611 35 Years Old 1 More Event
In January 1611, Robinson, William Jepson, Henry Wood, and Robinson's sister-in-law Jane White, signed a contract to purchase for 8,000 guilders property called the "Groene Poort" or Green Gate near the Pieterskerk (St. Peter's Church) and within short walking distance of the University of Leiden. The purchase was completed on 12 May 1611 with a 2,000 guilder downpayment and mortgage for the balance to be paid annually at the rate of 500 guilders, the first payment due in May 1612. In the meantime, in April 1611 at Leiden, Jane White married Randulph (i.e., Ralph) Thickens, with Thickens replacing wife Jane as the fourth named party to the purchase mortgage. … Read More
1615 39 Years Old On 5 September 1615, John Robinson entered Leiden University as a student of theology. … Read More


1625 49 Years Old 1 More Event
The departure for most of the rest of the congregation was delayed for several years. Robinson became ill on 22 February 1625 but recovered enough to preach twice the next day, which was Sunday. … Read More
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