John B. Anderson
Republican politician from Illinois
John B. Anderson
John Bayard Anderson is a former United States Congressman and Presidential candidate from Illinois. He was a U.S. Representative from the 16th Congressional District of Illinois for ten terms, from 1961 through 1981. Anderson was a Republican but ran as an independent candidate in the 1980 presidential election. He has been a political reform leader, including serving 12 years as chair of the board of FairVote.
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Should The Electoral College Ratify The Popular Vote?
Huffington Post - 2 months
Twice in less than two decades the majority vote in a presidential election was overruled by the math of the Electoral College. The Founding Fathers created the electoral college to make sure that voters in concentrated urban areas would not be able to neglect the concerns of the rural population. But many people believe that the concept of democracy is undermined when a President is put into office without gaining majority support from the voters. The results of the Trump/Clinton contest have led to calls for the electors to cast "faithless" votes for the winner of the popular vote, Hillary Clinton, and even for a Constitutional amendment to get rid of the Electoral college. A group called National Popular Vote has a proposed National Popular Vote bill that would guarantee the presidency to the candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. And it does not require a Constitutional Amendment. Steve Silberstein, a successful busines ...
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Huffington Post article
Big Food Tests Consumer Appetite for Meal Kits
Wall Street Journal - 3 months
By Kelsey Gee Big-food companies are following startups into the meal-kit market, hunting for new ways to wrest back profit on ingredients that they already make. Tyson Foods Inc., Campbell Soup Co. and Hershey Co. are working with online couriers to challenge meal-kit companies that ship parcels of ingredients and recipes to consumers looking for an easier way to cook stir-fry or enchiladas at home. These purveyors of packaged foods and commodity meats also hope to stem a consumer shift away from packaged foods that is benefiting startups such as Blue Apron and HelloFresh, which source some ingredients directly from farmers. The arrival of these deep-pocketed rivals and their cupboard of existing products could crowd a nascent market already showing signs of strain. At least a half dozen meal-delivery firms have closed or restructured this year after struggling to recoup the costs of rapidly growing a food business from scratch. Investors have spent $177.5 million on meal- and grocery- ...
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Wall Street Journal article
Could The South Be Good For The Libertarian Party?
The Huffington Post - 5 months
Southerners are downright feisty about their independence. There's a great sign at a park on the Alabama-Tennessee border which proclaims "We Dare Defend Our Rights!" Yet this rebellious streak doesn't seem to translate to independent candidates or third party challengers, who tend to fare poorly in Dixie. That may be changing as the Libertarian Party appeals to Southerners in general and Georgians in particular. Several years ago, I attended a conference at the Citadel in Charleston, South Carolina. A presenter showed us data on how poorly independents and third party challengers have performed in the South. Texas tycoon H. Ross Perot, Illinois Congressman John Anderson, and others, have received fewer Southern votes than most other regions. More...
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The Huffington Post article
The Two-Party Hamster Wheel Makes a Mockery of Democracy: The Need for Expanded Electoral Options, Open Presidential Debates & Approval Voting
Huffington Post - 6 months
Current politics is not "Capitalist vs. Socialist," but rather, "Corporatist vs. the People" A Republican delegate at the Cleveland Party Convention drew a contrast between Republicans and Democrats, describing "Capitalists" vs. "Socialists." In fact, it is the Corporatists vs. the People that have spawned the huge gulf of wealth disparity and the takedown of democracy. The two major U.S. political parties represent two aspects of the corporatist state. Whether Republicans or Democrats predominate, wealthy elites rule and the financial-medical-military-fossil-fuel-industrial complexes prevail, effectively defining down democracy, the middle class, education, health care - all in service of the huge upward transfer of wealth and power. No surprise, a 2014 Princeton study attests to the U.S. transformation over several decades from a democracy into an oligarchy, with elites steering the direction of the country regardless of the will of the majority of voters. Researchers cite data ...
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Huffington Post article
The Libertarian Party Could Provide Insurance for Hillary Clinton
Huffington Post - 9 months
Two former Republican governors are running for president and vice president on the Libertarian line. They are Gary Johnson, former New Mexico governor, and William Weld, former governor of Massachusetts. The Libertarian Party holds its nominating convention in Orlando, Florida, over Memorial Day weekend. The Libertarian Party could play the spoiler role in 2016 for Donald Trump, just as Ralph Nader did in 2000, but this time helping to tip the election to the Democrat. Its minor-party counterpart on the left, the Green Party led by standard bearer Jill Stein, is far less likely to draw a comparable level of support from disaffected Bernie Sanders supporters. Sanders himself has already said he'll support the Democratic nominee. Unlike the typical third party candidates, Johnson and Weld are experienced mainstream politicians. Johnson, a former construction company entrepreneur, served two terms from 1994 to 2002, winning both elections by ten points. Weld was a highly popula ...
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Huffington Post article
Can 'Lyin' Ted' Stop Trump in a Party of 'Con' Artists?
Huffington Post - 12 months
LISTEN HERE: By Mark Green Frum and Karina discuss if Trump is the 2016 version of the Marshmellow Puft Man in Ghostbusters -- white, ominous and yuge. Then three Qs: Is Cruz any more electable? What happens if GOP breaks apart? Is the label "fascist" still unPC? Romney vs. Trump. Given the opposition from Romney-McCain, the Pope, neo-cons, party official and, party intellectuals, can Trump be stopped? David Frum is amazed by "Romney's breathtaking remarks which will serve as a Hillary ad this Fall attacking Trump as a crook, liar and threat. Even Goldwater dragged a faint endorsement out of Ike." Katrina is pleasantly surprised by Romney, adding that she'd rather her party run against the far-far right Cruz than even a Trump "who could etch-a-sketch himself himself in a general election to appeal to angry working class voters in the Midwest Rust Belt." Who's to blame for the rise of this American Putin wannabe? Frum cites Monty Python's comment mid-battle to ...
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Huffington Post article
Celebrity birthdays for the week of Dec. 13-19
Yahoo News - about 1 year
Dec. 13: Actor Dick Van Dyke is 90. Actor Christopher Plummer is 86. Country singer Buck White of The Whites is 85. Actor-singer John Davidson is 74. Actress Kathy Garver ("Family Affair") is 70. Singer Ted Nugent is 67. Guitarist Jeff "Skunk" Baxter (The Doobie Brothers, Steely Dan) is 67. Guitarist Ron Getman of The Tractors is 67. Country singer-guitarist Randy Owen of Alabama is 66. Actress Wendie Malick ("Just Shoot Me") is 65. Country singer John Anderson is 61. Singer Morris Day of The Time is 59. Actor Steve Buscemi is 58. Actor Johnny Whitaker ("Family Affair") is 56. Bassist John Munson of Semisonic is 53. Reality TV star NeNe Leakes is 49. Actor-comedian Jamie Foxx is 48. TV personality Debbie Matenopoulos is 41. Singer-guitarist Tom Delonge of Angels and Airwaves and of Blink-182 is 40. Actor James Kyson Lee ("Heroes") is 40. Singer Amy Lee of Evanescence is 34. Singer Taylor Swift is 26. Actress Maisy Stella ("Nashville") is 12.
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Yahoo News article
Here's Why Turkeys Have Become So Friggin' Humongous
Huffington Post - about 1 year
Humans aren't the only Americans who have gotten bigger over the years. Just take a gander at your Thanksgiving turkey. It's probably huge. In the video above, Vox examines the incredible transformation of the turkey. Turns out that selective breeding of turkeys through artificial insemination has fueled the growth, according to the clip. The Atlantic reported that 2013 marked the first time the average weight of an American turkey passed 30 pounds. In 1929, the average turkey weighed a relatively scrawny 13.2 pounds at slaughter, the clip notes. That number began climbing steadily when farmers took control of breeding to create larger turkey breasts after the USDA released a how-to on artificial insemination in 1939. "You can spread the one tom around better," John Anderson, a breeder at Ohio State University, explained to the Atlantic. "It adds a whole new level of efficiency. You can spread him over more hens. It takes the lid off how big the bird can be." ...
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Huffington Post article
Victim's brother: Suspect in Ohio shooting that killed 3 was a friend
Chicago Times - about 1 year
The suspect in a shooting that killed three members of an Ohio family including a 7-year-old boy was a once friendly neighbor, the brother of one of the victims said Tuesday. Suspect Barry Kirk lived across the street from John Anderson II on Columbus' west side and had been in the house and shared...
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Chicago Times article
Oldest Remaining Survivor Of USS Arizona Dies At 98
Huffington Post - over 1 year
John Anderson, the oldest remaining survivor of the USS Arizona, sunk when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, died Saturday in Roswell, New Mexico. Anderson's death leaves just seven known surviving Arizona crewmen -- all of whom are in their 90s. Of the roughly 1,500 crew members assigned to the Arizona, 1,177 were killed on Dec. 7, 1941 . Anderson died of complications after surgery to repair a broken hip, his son John Anderson Jr. said. He was 98. "He was on top of everything until he passed away, he didn't miss a beat," his son told The St. Paul Pioneer Press reported Monday. Last year, Anderson was among four USS Arizona survivors who gathered at Pearl Harbor for an official survivor gathering of the USS Arizona Reunion Association.  Anderson enlisted in the Navy on March 16, 1937, and reported onboard the USS Arizona on December 6, 1940, a year and one day before the Pearl Harbor attack, according to the USS Arizona Reunion Association. On the morning of Dec. ...
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Huffington Post article
Oldest Remaining Survivor Of USS Arizona Dies At 98
The Huffington Post - over 1 year
John Anderson, the oldest remaining survivor of the USS Arizona, sunk when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, died Saturday in Roswell, New Mexico. Anderson's death leaves just seven known surviving Arizona crewmen -- all of whom are in their 90s. Of the roughly 1,500 crew members assigned to the Arizona, 1,177 were killed on Dec. 7, 1941 . Anderson died of complications after surgery to repair a broken hip, his son John Anderson Jr. said. He was 98. "He was on top of everything until he passed away, he didn't miss a beat," his son told The St. Paul Pioneer Press reported Monday. Last year, Anderson was among four USS Arizona survivors who gathered at Pearl Harbor for an official survivor gathering of the USS Arizona Reunion Association.  Anderson enlisted in the Navy on March 16, 1937, and reported onboard the USS Arizona on December 6, 1940, a year and one day before the Pearl Harbor attack, according to the USS Arizona Reunion Association. On the morning of Dec. ...
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The Huffington Post article
Jim Webb's Next Political Move? Some Historical Context
Huffington Post - over 1 year
Former U.S. Senator Jim Webb (D-VA) has egressed from the Democratic Presidential sweepstakes and is contemplating running for president as an independent candidate. Webb did not catch on with Democratic voters. His opposition to most forms of gun control, his support for the Keystone Pipeline, and his opposition to the nuclear deal negotiated between the U.S. and Iran are persona non grata within the Democratic base. Faced with the reality that his views are incongruous with the core constituency of the Democratic Party, Webb saw three paths before him. The first would have him stay in the party and fight for ideas that are unpopular within the party. A second path would be to run for the nomination of a third party ticket that has ideological underpinnings closer to his. A third path would be to run for president as an independent. This last path is the road Webb is contemplating taking. In 1924, the Republican Party was an ideologically heterogeneous party, which included ...
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Huffington Post article
UCLA's Anderson school to get $100-million gift from namesake's widow
LATimes - almost 2 years
UCLA's graduate management school will receive $100 million from the widow of its namesake, businessman John Anderson, officials are announcing Thursday.
Article Link:
LATimes article
A Makeover for the Met
Wall Street Journal - about 2 years
Scotland Yard gets a PR overhaul fit for the digital age in ‘Babylon,’ Sundance Channel’s new show about craven politics, imbecilic law enforcement and media relations gone pear-shaped, writes critic John Anderson.
Article Link:
Wall Street Journal article
8 Ways Wind Power Companies Are Trying to Stop Killing Birds and Bats
Mother Jones - about 3 years
This story originally appeared on Grist and is reproduced here as part of the Climate Desk initiative. Hundreds of thousands of birds and bats are killed by wind turbines in the US each year, including some protected species such as the golden eagle and the Indiana bat. That's only a small fraction of the hundreds of millions killed by buildings, pesticides, fossil-fuel power plants, and other human causes, but it’s still worrying—especially as wind power is experiencing record growth. Both the wind industry and the federal government have been under intense public scrutiny over the issue in recent weeks. In late November, the Obama administration fined Duke Energy Renewables $1 million for illegally killing birds, the first time a wind company has been prosecuted under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act. Then, just two weeks later, the administration announced a controversial new rule that will allow energy companies to get 30-year permits for non-intentional eagle deaths at win ...
Article Link:
Mother Jones article
Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of John B. Anderson
    FORTIES
  • 2012
    In 2012, he played a role in the creation of the Justice Party, a progressive, social-democratic party organized to support the candidacy of former Salt Lake City mayor Rocky Anderson (no relation) for the 2012 U.S. presidential election.
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  • THIRTIES
  • 2008
    In January 2008, Anderson indicated strong support for the candidacy of fellow Illinoisan, Democratic contender Barack Obama.
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  • 2000
    In the 2000 U.S. presidential election, he was briefly considered as possible candidate for the Reform Party nomination but instead endorsed Ralph Nader.
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  • TWENTIES
  • 1996
    He was Chair of FairVote from 1996 to 2008 and continues to serve on its board, served as President of the World Federalist Association and on the advisory board of Public Campaign and the Electronic Privacy Information Center, and is of counsel to the Washington, DC-based law firm of Greenberg & Lieberman, LLC.
    More Details Hide Details He was the first executive director of the Council for the National Interest, founded in 1989 by former Congressmen Paul Findley (R-IL) and Pete McCloskey (R-CA) to promote American interests in the Middle East.
  • 1992
    His inability to make headway against the de facto two-party system as an independent in that election would later lead him to become an advocate for instant-runoff voting, helping to found FairVote in 1992.
    More Details Hide Details By the end of the campaign, Anderson's support came mostly from college students. He capitalized on that by becoming a visiting professor at a series of universities: Stanford University, University of Southern California, Duke University, University of Illinois College of Law, Brandeis University, Bryn Mawr College, Oregon State University, University of Massachusetts Amherst, and Nova Southeastern University (his most recent post).
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1980
    This set off a controversy. Carter said that he would not appear on stage with Anderson, and sat out the debate, which hurt the President in the eyes of voters. Reagan and Anderson had a debate in Baltimore on September 21, 1980.
    More Details Hide Details Anderson did well, and polls showed he won a modest debate victory over Reagan. But Reagan, who had been portrayed by Carter throughout the campaign as something of a warmonger, proved to be a reasonable candidate and carried himself well in the debate. The debate was Anderson's big opportunity. He needed a break-out performance, but what he got was a modest victory. In the following weeks, Anderson slowly faded out of the picture with his support dropping from 16% to 10–12% in the first half of October. By the end of the month, Reagan debated Carter alone and Anderson's support continued to fade. Although Reagan would win a sizable victory, the polls showed the two major party candidates closer (Gallup's final poll was 47–44–8) going into the election and it was clear that many would-be Anderson supporters were now supporting their second choice. In the end, Anderson finished with just under 7% of the vote.
    The turning point for Anderson occurred in the first political event of 1980, a Republican candidates debate in Des Moines, Iowa on January 5.
    More Details Hide Details On stage Anderson successfully showed that he was very different from the others in the GOP race. He was alone in supporting Jimmy Carter's grain embargo against the Soviet Union as a reaction to its recent invasion of Afghanistan, an unpopular position in an agricultural state. Anderson also took issue with the other candidates who criticized his 50/50 plan, whose only new strategies for dealing with the energy crisis were deregulating the industry and mining more coal. When questioned about which episode in their career they most regretted, none of the other candidates would answer the question, except Anderson, who cited his vote for the Gulf of Tonkin resolution. Unlike the others, he said lowering taxes, increasing defense spending, and balancing the budget were an impossible combination. In a stirring summation, Anderson invoked his father's emigration to the United States and said that we would have to make sacrifices today for a better tomorrow. For the next week, Anderson's name and face were all over the national news programs, in newspapers, and in national news magazines.
    Anderson was a Republican but ran as an independent candidate in the 1980 presidential election.
    More Details Hide Details He has been a political reform leader, including serving 12 years as chair of the board of FairVote. Anderson was born in Rockford, Illinois, where he grew up, the son of Mabel Edna (née Ring) and E. Albin Anderson, a Swedish immigrant. In his youth, he worked in his family's grocery store. He graduated as the valedictorian of his class at Rockford Central High School.
  • 1979
    He did not fare much better as an announced candidate in the summer and fall, but the last six weeks of 1979 saw a modest reversal of his fortunes.
    More Details Hide Details He introduced (as congressional legislation) his signature campaign proposal, advocating that a 50-cent a gallon gas tax be enacted with a corresponding 50% reduction in social security taxes. This idea, while not broadly supported, was hailed as interesting and innovative. Experts agreed that it would reduce gasoline consumption dramatically and cost average families nothing if they drove less than about 18,000 miles a year, depending upon the fuel efficiency of their vehicles. He also improved in other areas: his modest fund-raising improved to the point where he qualified for federal matching funds. He built modest state campaigns in four targeted states—New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Illinois, and Wisconsin. He won some political support among Republicans, picking up a few important endorsements along the way that helped legitimize him in the race. Most importantly, he began to build support among media elites, who appreciated his articulateness, straightforward manner, moderate positions, and his refusal to walk down the conservative path that all of the other Republicans were traveling.
    Anderson postponed his decision to run, lost his campaign manager, and struggled to raise money, but in late April 1979 he made the decision to enter the Republican primary anyway, joining a crowded field that included Robert Dole, John Connally, Howard Baker, Harold Stassen, George H. W. Bush and Ronald Reagan.
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  • 1978
    In 1978, he formed an exploratory committee, finding little public or media interest.
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  • 1976
    Feeling that his time in the House was coming to an end (because of elements of boredom, restlessness, and his unwillingness to face the indignity of other challenges to his leadership position and House seat), Anderson began considering other options soon after the 1976 presidential campaign.
    More Details Hide Details While many urged him to run for the Senate seat held by Adlai Stevenson III (even after Stevenson announced his retirement), Anderson had higher sights: the Republican presidential nomination.
    And, when Gerald Ford was defeated in the 1976 Presidential campaign, Anderson lost a key ally in Washington.
    More Details Hide Details In late 1977, a fundamentalist television minister from Rockford, Don Lyon, announced that he would challenge Anderson in the Republican primary. It was a contentious campaign, where Lyon with his experience before the camera proved to be a formidable candidate. Lyon raised a great deal of money, won backing from many conservatives in the community and party, and put quite a scare into the Anderson team. Though Anderson was a leader in the House and the campaign commanded national attention, Anderson won the primary by 16% of the vote. Anderson was aided in this campaign by strong newspaper endorsements and crossover support from independents and Democrats.
  • 1974
    In 1974, despite his criticism of Nixon, he was nearly swept out by the strong anti-Republican tide in that year's election; he was re-elected with 55 percent of the vote, what would be the lowest percentage of his career.
    More Details Hide Details His spot as the chairman of the House Republican Committee was challenged three times after his election.
  • 1969
    In 1969, he became Chairman of the House Republican Conference, the number three position in the House Republican hierarchy in what was (at that time) the minority party.
    More Details Hide Details Anderson increasingly found himself at odds with conservatives in his home district and other members of the House. He was not always a faithful supporter of the Republican agenda, despite his high rank in the Republican caucus. He was very critical of the Vietnam War, and was a very controversial critic of Richard Nixon during Watergate.
  • OTHER
  • 1964
    In 1964, he won appointment to a seat on the powerful Rules Committee.
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  • 1961
    He served in the United States House of Representatives for ten terms, from 1961 to 1981.
    More Details Hide Details Initially, Anderson was among the most conservative members of the Republican caucus. Three times (in 1961, 1963, and 1965) in his early terms as a Congressman, Anderson introduced a constitutional amendment to attempt to "recognize the law and authority of Jesus Christ" over the United States. The bills died quietly, but came back to haunt Anderson in his presidential candidacy. As he continued to serve, the atmosphere of the 1960s weighed on Anderson and he began to re-think some of his beliefs. By the late 1960s, Anderson's positions on social issues shifted to the left, though his fiscal philosophy remained largely conservative. At the same time, he was held in high esteem by his colleagues in the House.
  • 1956
    Soon after his return, Anderson was approached about running for public office. In 1956, Anderson was elected State's Attorney in Winnebago County, Illinois, first winning a four-person race in the April primary by 1,330 votes and then the general election in November by 11,456 votes.
    More Details Hide Details After serving for one term, he was ready to leave that office when the local congressman, 28-year incumbent Leo E. Allen, announced his retirement. Anderson joined the Republican primary for Allen's 16th District seat—the real contest in this then-solidly Republican district—with four other contenders. He won first the primary (by 5,900 votes) in April and then the general election (by 45,000 votes) in November.
  • 1952
    From 1952 to 1955, he served in Berlin as the Economic Reporting Officer in the Eastern Affairs Division, as an adviser on the staff of the United States High Commissioner for Germany.
    More Details Hide Details At the end of his tour, he left the foreign service and once again returned to the practice of law in Rockford.
  • 1949
    He was admitted to the Illinois bar the same year, and practiced law in Rockford. Soon after, Anderson moved east to attend Harvard Law School, obtaining a Master of Laws (LL.M.) in 1949.
    More Details Hide Details While at Harvard, he served on the faculty of Northeastern University School of Law in Boston. In another brief return to Rockford, Anderson practiced at the law firm Large, Reno & Zahm (now Reno & Zahm LLP). Thereafter, Anderson joined the Foreign Service.
  • 1946
    After the war, Anderson returned to complete his education, eventually earning a Juris Doctor (J.D.) from the University of Illinois College of Law in 1946.
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  • 1943
    He enlisted in the Army in 1943, and served as a staff sergeant in the U.S. Field Artillery in France and Germany until the end of the war, receiving four battle stars.
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  • 1939
    He graduated from the University of Illinois in 1939, and started law school, but his education was interrupted by World War II.
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  • 1922
    Born on February 15, 1922.
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Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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