John Jr.
Governor of Kentucky
John Jr.
This article is about one of four John Young Browns, from Kentucky, who have served in political office. For others see: John Young Brown File:Symbol support vote. svg En:John Y. Brown, Jr. 55th Governor of Kentucky In officeDecember 11, 1979 – December 13, 1983 Lieutenant Martha L. Collins Preceded by Julian M. Carroll Succeeded by Martha L. Collins Born December 28, 1933 (1933-12-28) (age 78)Template:Safesubst:Lexington, KentuckyTemplate:Safesubst: Birth name John Young Brown, Jr. Political party Democratic Spouse(s) Eleanor Durall (1960-1977) Phyllis George (1979-1998) Jill Roach (1998-2003) Relations Son of John Y. Brown, Sr. Children Four children, including John Y. Brown, III and Pamela Ashley Brown Alma mater University of Kentucky Profession Attorney, Businessman Website http://www. johnybrownjr. com/ Military service Service/branch U.S. Army Reserve Years of service 1959–1965 John Young Brown, Jr. (born December 28, 1933) is a politician, entrepreneur, and businessman from the U.S. state of Kentucky. He served as the 55th governor of Kentucky from 1979 to 1983, although he may be best known for building Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC) into a multi-million dollar restaurant chain. Currently single, he has been married three times, the second time to former Miss America Phyllis George. Among his children are news anchor Pamela Ashley Brown and former Secretary of State of Kentucky John Y. Brown, III. The son of a U.S. congressman, Brown's talent for business became evident in college, where he made a substantial amount of money selling Encyclopædia Britannica sets. After briefly practicing law with his father, he purchased Kentucky Fried Chicken from founder Harland Sanders in 1964. Brown turned the company into a world-wide success, and sold his interest in the company for a huge profit in 1971. He then invested in several other restaurant ventures, but none matched the success of KFC. During the 1970s, he also owned, at various times, three professional basketball teams – the American Basketball Association's Kentucky Colonels, and the National Basketball Association's Buffalo Braves and Boston Celtics. Despite having previously shown little inclination toward politics, Brown surprised political observers by declaring his candidacy for governor in 1979. With the state and nation facing difficult economic times, Brown promised to run the state government like a business. A strong media campaign funded by his personal fortune allowed him to win the Democratic primary and go on to defeat former Republican governor Louie B. Nunn in the general election. Because he owed few favors to established political leaders, he appointed many successful businesspeople to state posts instead of making political appointments. Following through on his campaign promise to make more diverse appointments, he named a woman and an African-American to his cabinet. During his tenure, Brown exerted less influence over the legislature than previous governors and was frequently absent from the state, leaving lieutenant governor Martha Layne Collins as acting governor for more than one quarter of his term. He briefly considered a run for the U.S. Senate after his gubernatorial term, but withdrew from the race after only three weeks, citing health issues. He has continued to invest in business ventures, the most high profile of which was Kenny Rogers Roasters, a wood-roasted chicken restaurant he founded with country music star Kenny Rogers.
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In The Year's Best Movie, Jackie Kennedy Writes Her Own History
Huffington Post - 3 months
Once a theme is implanted into the nebulous zeitgeist of history, it is hard to accept revision. We favor tidy packages and finite answers, no matter how illusory the truth may be. Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy is the perfect case study. Often reduced to a housewife whose signature contribution to American culture were the clothes she wore, Kennedy may be the 20th century’s most enigmatic luminary, despite being among its most dissected. In 1995, cultural critic Wayne Koestenbaum published an entire book about Jackie Kennedy’s unknowability, as seen through the prism of our collective infatuation. “The ability to rearrange Jackie has made it easy to fictionalize her,” he wrote. The new film “Jackie” threatens to upend the mythology surrounding this former first lady. Opening in limited release this weekend, Pablo Larraín’s unconventional psychodrama portrays the immediate aftermath of John F. Kennedy’s 1963 assassination as a tightrope walk. Played by Natalie Portman in a career-defi ...
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Huffington Post article
Reissue Roundup 3: The Beatles, Eric Clapton, The Who, Frank Sinatra, CCR and Humble Pie, Plus Keith Chagall's Kennedy Tribute
Huffington Post - about 3 years
REISSUE ROUNDUP 3: THE BEATLES, ERIC CLAPTON, FRANK SINATRA, THE WHO, CREEDENCE CLEARWATER REVIVAL AND HUMBLE PIE It's time to wrap up these Reissue Roundups with the latest high end batch from the Universal family of labels. The Beatles - On Air/Live At The BBC Volume 2 Is somebody keeping count--wait, what am I saying, it's The Beatles, there are millions keeping count. The question is do The Beatles now collectively have more "previously unreleased" tracks than all of their official albums collectively? That's certainly not a bad thing, and with this next installment, Live At The BBC Volume 2, we're offered another 63 tracks (with 37 musical numbers and 23 chats), many tracks more self-assured than what was presented on the previous Live At collection. What's nice is that we get ten songs The Beatles hadn't recorded for their label EMI (including "Beautiful Dreamer" and Buddy Holly's "I'm Talking About You"), and we get mostly improved sound quality over the first BBC set (al ...
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Huffington Post article
Proud Son
CNN - over 3 years
Robin I am a very proud father of my son John Brisee Jr.who has followed my footsteps by joining the new york army national guard in 2004. This is his 3rd deployment and now is deployed in Kuwait. He has a beautiful wife Ashley who also in the army national guard with his 2 boys aidan 3yrs old and branden 7mos old. She is doing a great job holding everything together at home. We miss him so very much and can't wait to the day he comes home. Robin I just want people to know how much our soldiers sacrifice when they are deployed, my son john jr. Missed adains first footsteps because he was deployed and now he's going to miss brandens first footsteps because he is now deployed in Kuwait. He is going to miss thanksgiving, Christmas and birthdays, our soldiers sacrifice so much in there family lives. God bless all our soldiers.
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CNN article
JFK assassination continues to haunt America, 50 years on
Yahoo News - over 3 years
The world's fascination with John F Kennedy's assassination, and the events that unfolded afterwards, shows little sign of abating 50 years laterThe Zapruder film of the moment JFK was shot as he rode in a Dallas motorcade with his wife Jackie has been replayed endlessly on television and in films, and hundreds of books have been written purporting to tell the true story of what happened.But the Kennedys were already well ensconced in popular culture before November 1963.First Lady Jackie Kennedy stepped up the celebrity stakes when she gave a personal tour of the White House for a primetime broadcast on Valentine's Day in 1962 - making Jack, Jackie, Caroline and John Jr. familiar faces and household names.And after the assassination, popular culture expressed America's collective grief and examined the disturbance the killing created in the cultural and historical narrative of the nation.Take a look at how JFK took his place in popular culture both before and after one of the most mome ...
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Yahoo News article
Jackie Kennedy's Five Pregnancies -- the Tragic and the Successful
Huffington Post - over 3 years
Jackie Kennedy had difficult pregnancies -- five in all. Here are their stories -- the tragic and the successful, from the ebook The Kennedy Baby: The Loss That Transformed JFK by the Washington Post's Steven Levingston. Jackie became pregnant for the first time in 1955 but after three months "suffered a miscarriage and learned that carrying and delivering a child would always be difficult for her," recalled JFK's friend and adviser Ken O'Donnell. On the morning of August 23, 1956, a month before another baby was due, Jackie awoke and cried out for her mother - she was hemorrhaging. She gave birth to a stillborn infant, while JFK was on a yacht with friends of both sexes cruising the Mediterranean. Racing back to his wife did not seem to occur to the Massachusetts senator until wiser friends suggested that public shame over his absence threatened to tarnish him forever in the eyes of women voters. His friend George Smathers put it bluntly to him: "You better haul your ass back to y ...
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Huffington Post article
29 Photos That Put All Of Our Struggles In Perspective
Huffington Post - over 3 years
Life can flutter between being terrible and terrific, but sometimes everything can all be proven worth it in just a sliver of time captured on camera. The Internet has a history of rounding up powerful photographs, but some images just go one step further and change your perspective on life and the challenges presented by the world we live in. All of these photographs may be once in a lifetime shots, but the tragedies and triumphs they document are those millions around the world face every day. We have an ugly and beautiful home, and it's entirely worth fighting for. Warning: Some of the photos below are graphic. 1. There's this place called Earth. It can often be pretty surprising. Proposed spending cuts for the Spanish region of Catalonia in 2013 caused this fight to break out in Barcelona between riot police and firefighters afraid they or other public employees may lose their jobs. 2. On this small planet, sometimes immense pain can lead to happiness. During the 2011 V ...
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Huffington Post article
Incredible Blended and Adopted Family of 11 Children Spreads the Love Around
Huffington Post - over 3 years
Sometimes as a writer, I come across a family so beautiful and inspiring, I have to share it with the world. The Newman family is one such family. Here they are below: The smiles on their collective faces say it all. Each and every child in the busy and thriving Newman household feels blessed and happy to be part of their unique family. That's because there's more than enough love to go around for 11 children, many adopted. The children may have different biological parents and different races, but they all blend seamlessly. John Newman is dad to this brood of 11; he has shown them all that faith and caring are the reason they are a family today. He considers them all a precious gift. When he married his first wife, Darlene, she brought a biological daughter, Shannon, to the marriage. Cancer then made Darlene unable to have any more children, and so she and John decided to adopt. Shortly after their decision to adopt, they heard of a baby girl, 11-months-old, who was unable ...
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Huffington Post article
Mike Ragogna: Magnetic: Chatting with Goo Goo Dolls' John Rzeznik, Plus Daft Punk Meets Loverboy, and Exclusives from The Rides and The Slants
Huffington Post - over 3 years
photo credit: Eleanor Stills THE RIDES' "SEARCH AND DESTROY" On the trio's attack of "Search And Destroy," Kenny Wayne Shepherd says, "When Jerry brought it in as a possibility I thought it would end up being cool and basically sold Stephen and Barry on it based on the energy level and intensity. It sounds young and fresh and we put our own stamp on it. The original by the Stooges is more primal." "This was a great accident waiting to happen, a great choice that I resisted at first," adds Stephen Stills of the cover. "I wasn't familiar with it, then once I played it, it was the coolest thing I ever did. I put a Keith Richards spin on it and it sounds like a really good punk band is playing it." A Conversation with John Rzeznik Mike Ragogna: John, is this your tenth album? John Rzeznik: This is our tenth album. MR: And the name of it is Magnetic. Is it because all of the band members can't help but make music together? JR: You know what, actuall ...
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Huffington Post article
Don McNay: Success From Understanding History
Huffington Post - almost 4 years
I was reading an obscure blog, "The Impact of the Affordable Care Act on Special Needs Planning" by Scott Solkoff, when I saw a line that jumped out. "There will be new opportunities for special needs attorneys because of the complexity of the Affordable Care Act." That line made me realize the fundamental key to success: 1. Change is always going to make things more complex. 2. Those who "get" the complexity will master the universe. I've owned a computer since the first IBM PC 30 years ago. I spent countless hours learning how to program code, manipulate software and rewire machines in order to do something simple like calculate simple numbers. On the other hand, my ability to quickly calculate numbers gave me a huge advantage over competitors, who still use pen and paper. Many of them did not make it. Apple became the largest company in the world by sticking to the mantra of making their products simple to understand. I don't need to do complicated prog ...
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Huffington Post article
'I Worked In Publishing With Jackie O'
Huffington Post - about 4 years
Excerpt from LORD OF PUBLISHING by Sterling Lord ($16.99, Open Road Media) It was during the Doubleday phase of her life that I met her. My relationship with Jackie continued for a number of years. One of my long-time clients, David Wise, an expert on the Central Intelligence Agency and one of the most trusted reporters in Washington, had had a very good relationship with JFK and Jackie when they were in the White House. I say very good, and it was, but David was one of the few journalists I knew who never dined with the notables. He never mixed business with pleasure, and any potential news source was business. David had done an unusual non-political favor for the Kennedys that Jackie never forgot. David was in Palm Beach on assignment on November 25, 1960, waiting with other reporters for Kennedy to land. Just as his plane arrived, the President learned that Jackie—who was pregnant—had been rushed to Georgetown Hospital. Kennedy ordered the plane to return to Washing ...
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Huffington Post article
R. Blakeslee Gilpin: WATCH: John Brown, Religion And Violent Abolition
Huffington Post - about 4 years
See 'The Abolitionists' starting Jan. 8 on PBS featuring the intertwined stories of Frederick Douglass, William Lloyd Garrison, Angelina Grimké, Harriet Beecher Stowe and John Brown. "Without the shedding of blood there is no remission of sins." That was how the secret fundraiser, close confidant, and principle hagiographer of John Brown summed up Brown's "old fashioned theology." Proven out, the Harvard-educated Franklin Sanborn argued, by the nation's "fierce but salutary civil war," such prophetic morsels testified to Brown's centrality in the fight against slavery. Abolitionism was fundamentally entangled with the Enlightenment ideas underpinning American independence. Written in and bleached out of our nation's founding documents, anti-slavery thought could soon count some of the most curious fellow travelers of any reform movement in U.S. history. This extremely fringe movement would eventually encompass (and even enshrine) a stunning degree of violence, civil dis ...
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Huffington Post article
Howard Sherman: All About My Friends, Indexed For Your Convenience
Huffington Post - about 4 years
Over there, on my bookshelf, sits the biography of my friend Alan. In its index, you can find an entry, "infidelities and romantic liaisons," which directs you to pages 97-98, as well as page 209. This is, for me, rather disconcerting. It is perhaps inevitable that if you work in the entertainment field long enough, you will encounter people about whom books have been written, even books that people have written about themselves. Because we tend to know such people at a remove, we are onlookers, and we end up with the clamor of Entertainment Tonight and talk shows, or the ironic whimsy of Celebrity Autobiography, a stage show in which actors and celebrities read with profoundly satiric intent from the fulsome memoirs of other actors and celebrities, although the texts are typically drawn from such eminences as Joan Collins and David Hasselhoff. But when a book, be it biography, autobiography or memoir, is about someone with whom you have some genuine connection, I can as ...
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Huffington Post article
15 Great Quotes on Usability (or Lack Thereof)
BostInnovation - over 4 years
What makes software usable? Because usability is highly subjective (unlike other types of testing), the answer depends on who you ask. So to help you get a better understanding for your next dev or testing project, I wanted to share 16 quotes – from a range of sources - related to usability. You can thank me later. Here they are, in no particular order: “Usability testing is the killing field of cherished notions.” – David Orr “It is far better to adapt the technology to the user than to force the user to adapt to the technology.” – Larry Marine “If there’s a ‘trick’ to it, the UI is broken.” – Douglas Anderson “The most common user action on a Web site is to flee.” -  Edward Tufte “Popularity is the product of two factors: (a) how compelling material you offer, and (b) how easy it is to access it. Host free pirated movies and users will flock to the site, even if it’s difficult to use.” – Jakob Nielsen “The joy of an early release lasts but a short time. The bitterness of an un ...
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BostInnovation article
Joshua Webb Dead: Ledisi Musician Dies in Car Accident at Age 27
Misformusic - almost 5 years
Filed under: News, R.I.P. Dispatch Joshua Webb, a musician who appeared on Ledisi's Grammy-nominated Pieces of Me album, was killed Wednesday in a car accident in Atlanta. He was 27. According to St. Louis Today, Webb was traveling with his cousin to pick up Webb's new vehicle when their vehicle collided with a tractor trailer. Webb's cousin sustained a spinal cord injury and a fractured leg but Webb was pronounced dead at the scene. Webb was not wearing his seat belt. "When u hear the piano part on Bravo that's Josh Webb R.I.P." Ledisi tweeted yesterday on hearing the news. "Mylove& prayers 2 The Webb Family." Webb's credits include playing piano on the Ledisi song "Bravo" while playing organ on "Shine." Webb was also the younger brother of John Webb Jr., better known as producer Jon Jon Traxx, who worked with Usher, Mary J. Blige and Beyonce among others. "He was branching out," Webb's cousin Broderick Young said. "He'd always played for different churches, but ...
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Misformusic article
Historically Inaccurate Songs
Chart Attack - almost 5 years
If you want the truth, go to Sam Cooke. What is truer than the line: “Don’t know much about history?” One of the many tropes of popular musicians is their deep disdain for formal education. But that’s how great music is made: with nerds going to school, and cool guys rocking and rolling without a regard for facts. As a long-overdue service to nerds and other truth-seekers, this list explores some inaccuracies in some of our favourite songs. Because I just don’t get the point of poetic license.    The B-52’s – “Mesopotamia” Watch this video on YouTube Embedded with WP YouTube Lyte. I don’t see how Mesopotamia is a hundred thousand years old. I know it’s old. I couldn’t tell you how old it is, but it’s gotta be less than that. I know very little about Mesopotamia, but I know that I know more than the B-52’s. But they are better at being wrong then I could ever hope at being right. This song is good.   Royal Guardsmen – “Snoopy Vs. The Red Baron” Watch this vide ...
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Chart Attack article
Connecticut’s Carmon Community Funeral Homes Collect Most "Cells Phones for Soldiers" in Latest Figures
Avon Patch - almost 5 years
The month of May is “Military Appreciation Month” – a great time to help U.S. troops overseas stay connected with their loved ones through a local community effort. Windsor, Conn.-based Carmon Community Funeral Homes has spearheaded a local “Cell Phones for Soldiers” collection drive since 2010, along with nearly 1,000 Veterans & Family Memorial Care Providers (VFMC) nationwide. Newly released VFMC figures show that Carmon Community Funeral Homes collected more unwanted cell phones and MP3 players than any other funeral home in the U.S. during the month of March 2012. At that time, 294 unused cell phones were dropped in collection boxes at the firm’s Avon, Windsor, Vernon, and South Windsor funeral homes. The Carmon family and staff manage eight funeral homes and a crematory in North Central Connecticut. “From the day we kicked off our collection drive, the community has been extremely supportive of this easy way to support our brave servicemen and women,” says John C. Carmo ...
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Avon Patch article
Picture This: Florists Have Flourished for Nearly a Century
Catonsville Patch - almost 5 years
Flowers had long been a part of John B. Harmon Sr.’s livelihood since he served as caretaker of the 25-acre Belle Grove estate, the home of D.C. Howell. Indeed, Harmon and his family, which included four children, lived in a gardener’s cottage on the grounds of the estate, which has been enlarged and restored. Harmon left that position in 1911 to become a supervisor of the State Roads Commission. Harmon also purchased the Burns Dry Goods store at 906 Frederick Road, which became the family’s new home above the shop. For a time, his wife, Mary Agnes, operated it as “M.A. Harmon, Stationers,” according to the book, Catonsville, 1880 to 1940: From Village to Suburb, by Edward Orser, professor of American Studies at UMBC. Orser devoted a chapter in this pictorial book to the Harmon family, which has strong roots in the community. The name is a bit of a misnomer as she continued “the business of selling aprons, dresses, scarves thread, laces and ribbons,” according to the Jan. 26, 196 ...
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Catonsville Patch article
Mark A. Kwortnik Sr., 52, of North Wales
Lower Gynedd-Ambler-Whitepain Pa - almost 5 years
Mark A. Kwortnik Sr., 52 of North Wales PA, died most unexpectedly Sunday April 15, 2012 while at work at Philadelphia University. Born in Philadelphia, PA, he was the son of Marlene (nee Kallenbach) Kwortnik of Jarrettown, PA and the late Michael J. Kwortnik. Mark was a graduate of Upper Dublin High School Class of 1978 and attended Montgomery County Community College before he entered the United States Marine Corps and trained in Kaneohe Bay, HI. He continued his training to become a Master Electrician and worked for Quantum Electric, M & M Electric, Gowder Electric and many others. He currently held a position with Philadelphia University. In addition to his mother He is survived by his beloved Wife, Coleen P. Kwortnik and was devoted to his children Mark A. Kwortnik, Jr. of North Wales, and Carey E. Kwortnik of Lansdale. He is the brother of Janice (John, Sr.) Teti of Ardsley, PA and their children John, Jr., Allison and Josh, Michael (Jane) Kwortnik Of Gre ...
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Lower Gynedd-Ambler-Whitepain Pa article
Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of John Y. Brown, Jr.
    FORTIES
  • 2011
    When Beshear was reelected in 2011, Brown served as inauguration co-chair with the other former governors.
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    The case against Brown was dropped before it went to trial, and a Fayette County judge dismissed the suit against Somers for lack of evidence in 2011.
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  • THIRTIES
  • 2008
    In 2008, Brown was named to the University of Kentucky College of Law Alumni Association's Hall of Fame.
    More Details Hide Details In a press release, the association cited Brown's success at Kentucky Fried Chicken, his political career, and his help in establishing the university's Sanders–Brown Center on Aging as reasons for his induction. The center is named in honor of Harland Sanders and Brown's father. Brown divides his time between homes in Lexington, Kentucky and Fort Lauderdale, Florida.
  • 2007
    Brown refused to serve on the inaugural committee of his old political foe, Steve Beshear, when Beshear was elected governor in 2007.
    More Details Hide Details All of Kentucky's living former Democratic governors were invited to participate, and each accepted the invitation with the exception of Brown. Of his refusal, Brown stated "I don't respect him. I don't want to be part of it. I'm not really interested in being politically correct." Referring to the 1987 Democratic gubernatorial primary campaign, Brown continued, "He said things that were not true, like we had raised taxes. I just never respected him after that."
  • 2006
    In late 2006, Brown partnered with actress Suzanne Somers to open a do-it-yourself meal preparation store called Suzanne's Kitchen.
    More Details Hide Details The flagship store opened in Tates Creek Centre in Lexington, and a second store was opened in New Jersey. Brown intended to build the business into a chain, but five months after the Lexington location opened, both stores closed. Brown said he wanted to "revamp the whole format to get something even more convenient" and promised to re-open both stores at some unspecified future date. Investor John Shannon Bouchillon sued Brown and Somers, claiming they had deceived him both before and after his investment of $400,000.
  • 2003
    In 2003, Patton renamed Kentucky Route 9 as the "John Y. Brown Jr. AA Highway".
    More Details Hide Details The "AA" designation comes from the fact that the highway originally connected the cities of Alexandria and Ashland.
    Later that year, he married former Mrs. Kentucky Jill Louise Roach, 27 years his junior, but they divorced in 2003 for reasons not released.
    More Details Hide Details When asked why they divorced he stated "I do have great love for Jill, but something which cannot be over looked has come up in our marriage. I will always love her and her children, but it seems a divorce is our only option now."
  • TWENTIES
  • 1997
    In 1997, Brown agreed to be co-chairman of Governor Paul E. Patton's Council on Domestic Violence along with Patton's wife, Judi.
    More Details Hide Details Brown said he had always been interested in curbing domestic violence, but his interest became personal after he discovered that his sister, Betty "Boo" McCann, had been a victim.
    After Brown reportedly cut off much of his wife's financial support, she filed a second divorce petition in 1997, this time in Broward County, Florida where her husband was living at the time. After a brief legal fight over whether the proceedings should take place in Kentucky or Florida, the divorce became final in 1998.
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  • 1995
    Brown and his wife Phyllis separated in August 1995. Phyllis filed for divorce in Kentucky in 1996, but withdrew the petition amid settlement talks with her husband.
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  • 1991
    In 1991, Brown formed a partnership with recording artist Kenny Rogers, co-founding and serving as CEO of Kenny Rogers Roasters, an international chain of wood-roasted chicken restaurants.
    More Details Hide Details The founding of Kenny Rogers Roasters was part of a larger movement in the restaurant industry toward healthier, take-home offerings. Roasters immediately found itself in competition with Boston Chicken (later known as Boston Market) and several smaller roasted chicken chains. Kentucky Fried Chicken also introduced a roasted chicken line of products called Rotisserie Gold to compete with Roasters and Boston Chicken. In December 1992, Clucker's, a smaller player in the roasted chicken market, sued Kenny Rogers Roasters, claiming the chain had copied its recipes and menus. The lawsuit continued until Roasters purchased a majority stake in Cluckers in August 1994. Brown then took Roasters public and grew it to a chain of more than 1,000 restaurants before selling his interest in the franchise to the Malaysia-based Berjaya Group in 1996.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1987
    Following his unsuccessful run for the governorship in 1987, Brown resumed his career in the restaurant industry.
    More Details Hide Details He started the Chicken Grill restaurant in Louisville and helped his wife, Phyllis, launch Chicken By George, a line of boneless, skinless chicken breast products designed for sale in supermarkets and preparation at home. In 1988, Hormel made Chicken By George one of its subsidiaries. Brown expanded several other restaurants including Miami Subs, Texas Roadhouse, and Roadhouse Grill. None of these ventures matched the success he experienced early in his career.
    In 1987, Brown again ran for governor, entering a crowded Democratic primary that included Lieutenant Governor Steve Beshear, former governor Julian Carroll, Grady Stumbo, and political newcomer Wallace Wilkinson.
    More Details Hide Details He entered the race late - filing his candidacy papers in late February before the primary election in late May. When Brown approached the state capitol to file his papers, Beshear met him on the steps and challenged him to an impromptu debate, but Brown declined. As Brown quickly became the frontrunner, Beshear attacked his lavish lifestyle in a series of campaign ads, one of which was based on the popular television show Lifestyles of the Rich and Famous. Other ads by Beshear played up Brown's ties to James P. Lambert, while still others claimed that Brown would raise taxes. Brown refuted Beshear's claims in ads of his own, and the battle between Beshear and Brown opened an opportunity for Wilkinson - who distinguished himself from the field by advocating for a state lottery - to make a late surge. He defeated Brown, his closest competitor, by a margin of 58,000 votes.
  • 1984
    On March 15, 1984, Brown filed as a candidate for the U.S. Senate seat held by Walter "Dee" Huddleston just hours before the filing deadline.
    More Details Hide Details Six weeks later, on April 27, he withdrew his candidacy, citing effects of his serious illness and surgery from the previous year.
  • 1983
    When the Federal Bureau of Investigation probed the matter in 1983, Brown claimed he withdrew the money to cover gambling debts he ran up during "one bad night gambling" in Las Vegas.
    More Details Hide Details Brown, who was not the focus of the FBI's investigation, later recanted that statement. Some of Brown's associates were also involved with a Lexington cocaine and gun-smuggling ring called "The Company". James P. Lambert, an associate of Brown's since they attended the University of Kentucky together, was indicted on more than 60 drug charges. Phone records also showed calls from the governor's mansion to several individuals eventually convicted of drug charges in connection with the investigation.
  • 1981
    In 1981, he was investigated for withdrawing $1.3 million of personal cash from the All American Bank of Miami.
    More Details Hide Details The bank failed to report the transaction to the Internal Revenue Service as required by law.
    During his term, Brown served as co-chairman of the Appalachian Regional Commission and chair of the Southern States' Energy Board. In May 1981, he was awarded an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from the University of Kentucky, and in May 1982, he was the recipient of the Father of the Year award.
    More Details Hide Details In September 1983, the national Democratic Party named him Democrat of the Year, and he was later made the party's lifetime Honorary Treasurer. In 1982, Brown was briefly hospitalized for hypertension, and near the end of his term, he underwent quadruple bypass surgery. While recovering from the surgery, Brown suffered a rare pulmonary disease, keeping him hospitalized for weeks, part of which he was comatose. He had no pulse for a period of time, and one of his lungs partially collapsed. Brown's office tried to conceal the seriousness of his condition, drawing fire from the press. Following his recovery, he gave up smoking and took up jogging. In Kentucky's Governors, Brown biographer Mary K. Bonsteel Tachau said of his administration: "There were no scandals. Neither he nor any of his people were accused of corruption." Scandal did touch Brown personally, however, as well as some of his close associates.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1980
    He also appointed Viola Davis Brown as Executive Director of the Office of Public Health Nursing - in 1980, she was the first African-American nurse to lead a state office of public health nursing in the U.S. His most controversial appointment was Frank Metts, his secretary of transportation.
    More Details Hide Details Metts broke with political tradition in Kentucky, announcing that contracts would be awarded on the basis of competitive bids and performance rather than political patronage. Despite cutting personnel from the department, Metts doubled the miles of road that were resurfaced. Difficult economic times marked Brown's term in office. During his tenure, the state's unemployment rate climbed from 5.6 percent to 11.7 percent. Brown stuck to his campaign promise not to raise taxes. When state income fell short of expectations, he reduced the state budget by 22 percent and cut the number of state employees from 37,241 to 30,783, mostly through transfer and attrition. At the same time, his merit pay policies increased salaries for the remaining employees by an average of 34 percent. He cut the executive office staff from ninety-seven to thirty, and sold seven of the state's eight government airplanes.
    The state had expected to cover the cost of the repairs using federal revenue sharing funds, but President Jimmy Carter ordered a halt to the funds in May 1980.
    More Details Hide Details First lady Phyllis Brown organized a group called "Save the Mansion" to raise private funds to offset the repair costs. Independently wealthy, Governor Brown donated his first year's salary to the project. (He waived the salary for the remainder of his term.) The renovation and repairs were completed in March 1983, and the Brown family returned to the mansion in April. Because he owed few favors to the state's established politicians, many of Brown's top appointees were businesspeople. Keeping a campaign promise to appoint a woman and an African-American to his cabinet, Brown named William E. McAnulty, Jr. and Jacqueline Swigart to his cabinet. McAnulty resigned his post as secretary of the state's Department of Justice within one month, saying the position would keep him from spending enough time with his family. Brown re-appointed McAnulty to his former position as a judge with the Jefferson County District Court and replaced him with another African-American, George W. Wilson.
  • 1979
    Brown defeated former Republican governor Louie B. Nunn in the 1979 general election by a vote of 554,083 to 376,809.
    More Details Hide Details Within a month of moving into the Governor's Mansion, Brown noticed significant deterioration in the wiring and ordered a full inspection. The Department of Buildings and Construction's preliminary report stated "If this was a privately operated structure, this office would have no alternative other than to give the operator 30 to 60 days to rewire the structure." The report went on to say that the mansion was a virtual firetrap. Upon receiving the report, Brown immediately moved his family out of the mansion and back to Cave Hill, his estate in Lexington. The Department of Buildings and Construction forbade use of the mansion for overnight purposes or group meetings until repairs could be made. Brown's Cave Hill estate was officially designated the temporary executive mansion, and the state agreed to furnish Brown's groceries, reimburse him for entertaining official guests, and pay for telephone calls made in his capacity as governor. He was also given a travel allowance.
    On March 27, 1979, Brown interrupted his honeymoon with Phyllis George to announce his candidacy for governor of Kentucky.
    More Details Hide Details The announcement surprised most political observers because of his prior political apathy and because Brown had spent considerable time out of the state with his business ventures and lavish lifestyle. Funding his campaign with his own personal fortune, Brown launched a massive media campaign promoting his candidacy to help him overcome his late start in the race. He promised to run the state government like a business and to be a salesman for the state as governor. Other candidates in the Democratic field included sitting lieutenant governor Thelma Stovall, Terry McBrayer (the choice of sitting governor Julian Carroll), congressman Carroll Hubbard, state auditor George Adkins, and Louisville mayor Harvey Sloane. Initially the leading candidate, Stovall was hampered during the campaign by ill health. During the campaign, Brown was attacked by McBrayer for refusing to release his federal tax returns. McBrayer also claimed that Brown had not voted in a Democratic primary since 1975, a charge validated by public voting records. Nevertheless, Brown won the primary by a margin of 25,000 votes. The race was so close that Sloane, Brown's closest competitor, refused to concede for two days.
    Unlike his father, Brown showed only a passing interest in politics prior to 1979.
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    On March 17, 1979, he married former Miss America and CBS sportscaster Phyllis George.
    More Details Hide Details The ceremony was performed by Norman Vincent Peale. Brown and George had two children, Lincoln Tyler George Brown and Pamela Ashley Brown.
  • 1977
    Brown and his first wife divorced in 1977.
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    In 1977, Brown purchased the remaining share of the team from owner Paul Snyder.
    More Details Hide Details The following year, Brown traded franchises with Boston Celtics owner Irv Levin. The move allowed Levin to move his franchise to his home state of California, while giving Brown ownership of one of the league's most storied franchises. Two weeks before the swap of franchises was made official, details of a six-player trade between the two were reported. Boston sent Freeman Williams, Kevin Kunnert, and Kermit Washington to the Braves for "Tiny" Archibald, Billy Knight, and Marvin Barnes. The move turned Boston fans against Brown, both because Kunnert and Washington were seen as key pieces of the team's future and because team president and legendary former coach Red Auerbach publicly stated that he was not consulted about the trade. The relationship between Brown and Auerbach worsened with Brown's decision to trade three first-round draft picks that Auerbach had planned to use to rebuild the franchise for Bob McAdoo. Again, Brown made the trade without consulting Auerbach. Auerbach almost left Boston to take a job with the New York Knicks as a result. Brown eventually sold his interest in the team to co-owner Harry Mangurian in 1979.
  • 1975
    The Braves had posted a dismal 30 - 52 record in the 1975 - 76 season, and Brown immediately set out to make moves that would improve the franchise's fortunes in the next season.
    More Details Hide Details He re-signed All Star guard Randy Smith, who had threatened to leave as a free agent, then traded the club's first-round draft pick to the Milwaukee Bucks for center Swen Nater. In a single day, he made two significant trades. In the first, he swapped reigning Rookie of the Year Adrian Dantley for the Indiana Pacers' Billy Knight, who was second in the league in scoring the previous season. Four hours later, he acquired Nate "Tiny" Archibald from the New York Nets for George Johnson and a first-round draft pick in 1979.
    He frequently clashed with coach Hubie Brown during the 1975 - 76 season, and at the end of the year, he accepted $3 million to fold the team during the 1976 ABA-NBA merger rather than paying $3 million for the team to join the National Basketball Association (NBA).
    More Details Hide Details After folding the Colonels, Brown stated that basketball was not the kind of business he wanted to be involved in. Despite this declaration, he purchased half-ownership in the NBA's Buffalo Braves later in 1976.
    Babe McCarthy lasted only one season as Mullaney's replacement; in 1975, Brown hired Hubie Brown as head coach.
    More Details Hide Details The team won the ABA championship the following year. Although he had been hailed as a hero, first for saving the Colonels from moving to Cincinnati and then for bringing a championship to Louisville, Brown came under intense public criticism following the Colonels' championship season for selling the rights to center Dan Issel to the Baltimore Claws in a cost-saving move.
  • 1972
    Following the 1972 - 73 season, Cherry sold his interest in the Colonels to a group from Cincinnati, Ohio; Brown immediately purchased Cherry's interest from the group, reportedly to keep the team from moving to Cincinnati.
    More Details Hide Details He put his wife and a 10-woman board of directors in charge of the team. Colonels general manager Mike Storen felt that this was a sign that Brown was going to run the team "his way", and left the team as a result; two months later, he accepted the job of ABA league commissioner. Head coach Joe Mullaney followed soon after, saying that Brown was going to be too meddlesome in personnel decisions.
  • 1970
    Concurrent with his post-KFC business ventures, Brown purchased an ownership stake in several professional basketball teams. In 1970, Wendell Cherry assembled a group that included Brown to buy the American Basketball Association's (ABA) Kentucky Colonels.
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  • 1969
    The Louisville Junior Chamber of Commerce honored him as Louisville's Outstanding Young Man in 1969, and he was inducted into the University of Kentucky Alumni Association Hall of Distinguished Alumni on November 6, 1970.
    More Details Hide Details In 1971, Brown sold his interest in KFC to Heublein for $284 million. Using some of the profits from the KFC sale, Brown and some associates bought the Miami-based Lum's chain of restaurants from its founders, Stuart and Clifford S Perlman, for $4 million. Of the 340-outlet beer-and-hot-dog chain, Brown said "they did not have very good food. I figured that upgrading it would be my first task." Accordingly, he hired a group of young executives to find "the perfect hamburger". A month later, he hired Ollie Gleichenhaus, owner of a hamburger restaurant in Miami Beach, Florida, to train Lum's staff to create his hamburgers. He later started a chain of drive-through restaurants called Ollie's Trolley, named for Gleichenhaus, but the franchise failed. Lions Club International at Tampa, Florida, honored Brown with its Service to America Award in 1974. Brown sold the Lum's chain for $9.5 million to Friedrich Jahn's Wienerwald holding group in 1978. A few years later, Brown launched John Y's Chicken, a venture which also subsequently failed.
  • OTHER
  • 1966
    For his work with KFC, Brown was named one of the Outstanding Young Men of America by the Junior Chamber of Commerce in 1966; the following year, the Chamber named him one of the Outstanding Civic Leaders of America.
    More Details Hide Details Eventually, he became a member of both the Kentucky and Louisville Chambers of Commerce.
  • 1964
    By 1964, Brown had assembled a group of investors to purchase KFC from Sanders for $2 million.
    More Details Hide Details The investment group changed the restaurant's format from the diner-style restaurant envisioned by Sanders to a fast-food take out model. Giving all their restaurants a distinct red-and-white striped color pattern, the group opened over 1,500 restaurants, including locations in all 50 U.S. states and several international locations. By 1967, KFC had become the nation's sixth largest restaurant chain by volume and first offered its stock for public purchase in 1969.
  • 1963
    During a 1963 political breakfast, Brown met Colonel Harland Sanders, the founder of Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC), and the two discussed selling Sanders' chicken in Brown's chain of barbecue restaurants.
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  • 1960
    In 1960, he was named vice-chairman of John F. Kennedy's presidential campaign in Kentucky.
    More Details Hide Details He was a member of the Young Leadership Council of the Democratic National Committee, and was named honorary chairman of the National Democratic Party in 1972. Later that year, he considered running for the U.S. Senate, but decided against it once former governor Louie B. Nunn entered the race. From 1972 to 1974, he hosted the Democratic National Telethon. He founded the Governor's Economic Development Commission of Kentucky and served as chair from 1975 to 1977.
    In 1960, Brown married Eleanor Bennett Durall and had three children - John Y. Brown, III, Eleanor Faris, and Sandra Bennett.
    More Details Hide Details He got his wife involved in managing a barbecue restaurant; upon seeing its success, he became convinced of the financial potential of the fast food industry.
  • 1959
    Brown joined his father's law practice after earning his law degree. From 1959 to 1965, he also served in the United States Army Reserve.
    More Details Hide Details He served as legal counsel for Paul Hornung when Hornung was suspended for the 1963 National Football League season for gambling. After only a few years, Brown left his father's law firm and began a career in business.
  • 1957
    After high school, Brown matriculated to the University of Kentucky, where he earned a bachelor's degree in 1957 and a law degree in 1960.
    More Details Hide Details While in law school, he made as much as $25,000 a year selling Encyclopædia Britannica sets, and employed a sales crew made up of classmates to increase his profits.
  • 1933
    Brown was born on December 28, 1933 in Lexington, Kentucky.
    More Details Hide Details He was the only son of the five children born to John Y. and Dorothy (Inman) Brown. His father was a member of the U.S. Congress from Kentucky and a member of the Kentucky state legislature for nearly three decades, including a term as Speaker of the House. John Sr. was named for, but not related to, the nineteenth century governor of the same name. A 1979 People magazine article recounts that the elder Brown's nine unsuccessful political races - for either governor or the U.S. Senate - took a toll on his family and left his mother resentful of all the money spent on campaigns. Brown attended Lafayette High School in Lexington, where he was a seventeen-time letterman in various sports. During one summer, his father expressed disappointment that he had decided to spend the summer selling vacuum cleaners instead of working on a road construction crew with the rest of his football teammates. Motivated by his father's disapproval, Brown averaged $1,000 in monthly commissions from vacuum cleaner sales.
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