John Cabot
Navigator and explorer
John Cabot
John Cabot was an Italian navigator and explorer whose 1497 discovery of parts of North America under the commission of Henry VII of England is commonly held to have been the first European encounter with the mainland of North America since the Norse Vikings visits to Vinland in the eleventh century. The official position of the Canadian and United Kingdom governments is that he landed on the island of Newfoundland.
Biography
John Cabot's personal information overview.
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Faulty Navigators - Wall Street Journal
Google News - over 5 years
Laurence Bergreen, more modestly, narrates the story of Columbus's ocean crossings, while Douglas Hunter's "The Race to the New World" traces links between John Cabot's project for an Atlantic crossing and that of Columbus, explaining apologetically
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Bristol's Cabot Tower reopens after revamp - Attractions Management
Google News - over 5 years
Constructed between 1896 and 1898 to mark the 400th anniversary of John Cabot's voyage from the city to America in 1497, the attraction was forced to close in November 2007. However, work has now been carried out to identify the cause of cracking in
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RSU 57 seeks interim leader - KeepMEcurrent.com
Google News - over 5 years
They have two sons, a 17-year-old who attends Sacopee Valley High School and another who is attending John Cabot University in Rome, Italy. Former SAD 6 Superintendent Suzanne Lukas resigned in July to lead a school district in Ellsworth,
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Stranded Americans find great love in Newfoundland - Staunton News Leader
Google News - over 5 years
John Cabot discovered it in 1497. The city is quite hilly and has very quaint brightly colored Dutch style houses. It has a large harbor, the entrance of which is protected on both sides by old batteries one of which is called Cape Spear and the other
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Kingsfield School in Kingswood reopens as the King's Oak Academy - Kingswood People
Google News - over 5 years
The academy has become part of the Cabot Learning Federation, which already includes the John Cabot Academy, the Bristol Brunel Academy, Bristol Metropolitan Academy and Hans Price Academy in Weston-super-Mare. In September 2012 the Cabot Learning
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Sherburne likely to leave RSU 57 for Bonny Eagle district - KeepMEcurrent.com
Google News - over 5 years
They have two sons, a 17-year-old who attends Sacopee Valley High School and another who is attending John Cabot University in Rome, Italy. In early July, former SAD 6 Superintendent Suzanne Lukas resigned to lead a school district in Ellsworth
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St. John's offers a Signal travel experience - Troy Media Corporation
Google News - over 5 years
This proved a geographical advantage for John Cabot, who left Bristol in 1497 to find a secure landfall here after a stormy Atlantic crossing. Cabot's triumph would open the door for Sir Humphrey Gilbert in 1583 to lay claim to the first permanent
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A-level results day in Kingswood - Kingswood People
Google News - over 5 years
I joined the teenagers finding out their fate at the John Cabot Academy in Woodside Road, Kingswood, at 8am today where principal Adam Williams told me the pass rate was 99 per cent at grades A to E, although the number of A* grades awarded had more
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Cabot Tower in Bristol to re-open after £420000 of work - BBC News
Google News - over 5 years
Cabot Tower, on Brandon Hill, was built to commemorate the 400th anniversary of John Cabot's voyage to America. It was closed after cracks appeared in the stonework around the observation galleries at the top of the structure
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Rupert looks forward to fall arts events - Muskeg News
Google News - over 5 years
It features historical figures Alexander Mackenzie, Sir John Franklin, John Cabot, Jacques Cartier, Captain Cook, and David Thompson with music styled after “The British Invasion.” William Bligh, James Cook and George Vancouver play in the “house band
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Cabot Tower opening date announced - BBC News
Google News - over 5 years
Cabot Tower on Brandon Hill, was built to commemorate the 400th anniversary of John Cabot's voyage to America. It closed due to safety concerns when cracks appeared in the stonework around the observation galleries at the top of the structure
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Today in History - Aug. 10 - mysask.com (press release)
Google News - over 5 years
In 1498, John Cabot, whose sea voyage to the east coast of North America laid the groundwork for English colonization of the New World, was given a 10-pound reward for his efforts by King Henry VII. Cabot had been searching for a route to Asia,
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World Leaders Battle Market Fears - Sky News
Google News - over 5 years
Federigo Argentieri, adjunct associate professor of political science at John Cabot University, says the country is out of step with the global economy. "Italy is the country which invented capitalism, but it seems to have been unable to implement it,"
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Fish stocks: Good news is a drop in the ocean - The Guardian
Google News - over 5 years
After a voyage in 1497 one of John Cabot's crew reported that "the sea there is full of fish that can be taken not only with nets but with fishing-baskets". It was claimed that the sea was so thick with cod and haddock that boats could hardly be rowed
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Nature's spring - BBC News
Google News - over 5 years
It's the summer of 1497, and explorer John Cabot, freshly arrived from Europe, eagerly samples the waters off what are now eastern Canada. "The sea there is swarming with fish, which can be taken not only with the net, but in baskets let down with a
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How Deronimus Williamus Became John Cabot: The NBA Flirts With Europe - The Faster Times
Google News - over 5 years
And, in England, coins clanked to him as John Cabot. Not only did language hide his financial debts, but language severed him from his hometown of Venice, the foreign tongue clamping like cold steel between the city of his birth and his independence,
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of John Cabot
    FIFTIES
  • 1500
    Age 50
    Died in 1500.
    More Details Hide Details
    They have located documents that appear to place John Cabot in London by May 1500 but have yet to publish their documentation.
    More Details Hide Details The Project is collaborating on an archaeological excavation at the community of Carbonear, Newfoundland, located at Conception Bay and believed the likely location for Carbonariis' mission settlement. The Archaeology of Historic Carbonear Project, carried out by Memorial University of Newfoundland, has conducted summer fieldwork each season since 2011. So far, it has found evidence of planter habitation since the late 17th century and of trade with Spain through Bilbao, including a Spanish coin minted in Peru. Ruddock claimed that William Weston of Bristol, a supporter of Cabot, undertook an independent expedition to North America in 1499, sailing north from Newfoundland up to the Hudson Strait. If correct, this was probably the first North West Passage expedition. In 2009, Jones confirmed that William Weston (who was not previously known to have been involved) led an expedition from Bristol royal support to the "new found land" in 1499 or 1500, making him the first Englishman to lead exploration of North America. This find has changed the understanding of English roles in exploration of that continent.
    She had suggested that Cabot and his expedition successfully returned to England in the spring of 1500.
    More Details Hide Details She claimed their return followed an epic two-year exploration of the east coast of North America, south into the Chesapeake Bay area and perhaps as far as the Spanish territories in the Caribbean. Ruddock suggested Fr. Giovanni Antonio de Carbonariis and the other friars who accompanied the 1498 expedition had stayed in Newfoundland and founded a mission. If Carbonariis founded a settlement in North America, it would have been the first Christian settlement on the continent, and may have included a church, the only medieval church to have been built there. The Cabot Project at the University of Bristol was organized in 2009 to search for the evidence on which Ruddock's claims rest, as well as to undertake related studies of Cabot and his expeditions. The lead researchers on the project, Evan Jones and Margaret Condon, claim to have found further evidence to support aspects of Ruddock's case, particularly in relation to the successful return of the 1498 expedition to Bristol.
  • FORTIES
  • 1498
    Age 48
    The Great Chronicle of London (1189-1512) reports that Cabot departed with a fleet of five ships from Bristol at the beginning of May 1498, one of which had been prepared by the King.
    More Details Hide Details Some of the ships were said to be carrying merchandise, including cloth, caps, lace points and other "trifles". This suggests that Cabot intended to engage in trade on this expedition. The Spanish envoy in London reported in July that one of the ships had been caught in a storm and been forced to land in Ireland, but that Cabot and the other four ships had continued on. For centuries no other records were found (or at least published) that relate to this expedition; it was long believed that Cabot and his fleet was lost at sea. But at least one of the men scheduled to accompany the expedition, Lancelot Thirkill of London, is recorded as living in London in 1501. The historian Alwyn Ruddock worked on Cabot and his era for 35 years.
    On February 3, 1498 he was given new letters patent covering the voyage and to help him prepare a second expedition.
    More Details Hide Details In March and April, the King also advanced a number of loans to Lancelot Thirkill of London, Thomas Bradley and John Cair, who were to accompany Cabot's new expedition.
  • 1497
    Age 47
    On return to Bristol, Cabot rode to London to report to the King. On 10 August 1497, he was given a reward of £10 – equivalent to about two years' pay for an ordinary labourer or craftsman.
    More Details Hide Details The explorer was feted; Soncino wrote on 23 August that Cabot "is called the Great Admiral as Christopher Columbus had been and vast honour is paid to him and he goes dressed in silk, and these English run after him like mad". Such adulation was short-lived, for over the next few months the King's attention was occupied by the Second Cornish Uprising of 1497, led by Perkin Warbeck. Once Henry's throne was secure, he gave more thought to Cabot. On 26 September, just a few days after the collapse of the revolt, the King made an award of £2 to Cabot. In December 1497 the explorer was awarded a pension of £20 per year.
  • 1496
    Age 46
    Since Cabot received his royal patent in March 1496, it is believed that he made his first voyage that summer.
    More Details Hide Details Information about the 1497 voyage comes mostly from four short letters and an entry in a 1565 chronicle of the city of Bristol. The chronicle entry for 1496/7 says in full: "This year, on St. John the Baptist's Day June 1497, the land of America was found by the Merchants of Bristow in a shippe of Bristowe, called the Mathew; the which said the ship departed from the port of Bristowe, the second day of May, and came home again the 6th of August next following." - G.E. Weare, Cabot's Discovery of North America, (London, 1897), p. 116 What is known as the "John Day letter" provides considerable information about Cabot's second voyage. It was written during the winter of 1497/8 by Bristol merchant John Day (alias Hugh Say of London) to a man who is likely Christopher Columbus. Day is believed to have been familiar with the key figures of the expedition and thus able to report on it. If the lands Cabot had discovered lay west of the meridian laid down in the Treaty of Tordesillas, or if he intended to sail further west, Columbus would likely have believed that these voyages challenged his monopoly rights for westward exploration.
    On 5 March 1496 Henry VII gave Cabot and his three sons letters patent with the following charge for exploration: Those who received such patents had the right to assign them to third parties for execution.
    More Details Hide Details His sons are believed to have still been minors. Cabot went to Bristol to arrange preparations for his voyage. Bristol was the second-largest seaport in England. From 1480 onward it had supplied several expeditions to look for Hy-Brazil. According to Celtic legend, this island lay somewhere in the Atlantic Ocean. There was widespread belief among merchants in the port that Bristol men had discovered the island at earlier date but then lost track of it. Note: Ruddock had contended in a private 1988 letter to a colleague, Quinn, that she had found evidence in Italian archives that Bristol men had discovered North America pre-1470. As the island was believed to be a source of brazilwood (from which a valuable red dye could be obtained), merchants had economic incentive to find it. Cabot's first voyage was little recorded. A winter 1497/98 letter from John Day (a Bristol merchant) to an addressee believed to be Christopher Columbus refers briefly to it, but writes mostly about the second, 1497 voyage. He notes, "Since your Lordship wants information relating to the first voyage, here is what happened: he went with one ship, his crew confused him, he was short of supplies and ran into bad weather, and he decided to turn back."
    Dr Francesco Guidi Bruscoli (University of Florence) found documentation that Cabot received money in March 1496 from the Bardi family banking firm of Florence.
    More Details Hide Details The bankers located in London provided fifty nobles (£16 13s. 4d.) to support Cabot's expedition to "go and find the new land". This payment from the Florentine merchants would have represented a substantial contribution, although it was not enough to completely finance the expedition.
  • 1495
    Age 45
    He likely reached England in mid-1495.
    More Details Hide Details Like other Italian explorers, including Christopher Columbus, Cabot led an expedition on commission to another European nation, in his case, England. Cabot planned to depart to the west from a northerly latitude where the longitudes are much closer together, and where, as a result, the voyage would be much shorter. He still had an expectation of finding an alternative route to China. Historians had thought that, on arrival in England, Cabot went to Bristol, a major maritime center, to seek financial backers. This was the only English city to have had a prior history of undertaking exploratory expeditions into the Atlantic. Cabot's royal patent (issued by the Crown in 1496) stated that all expeditions should be undertaken from Bristol, so his primary financial supporters likely were based in that city. In any case, it also stipulated that the commerce resulting from any discoveries must be conducted with England alone.
  • 1494
    Age 44
    Early in 1494 he moved on to Seville, where he proposed, was contracted to build and, for five months, worked on the construction of a stone bridge over the Guadalquivir river.
    More Details Hide Details This project was abandoned following a decision of the City Council on 24 December 1494. After this Cabot appears to have sought support from the Iberian crowns of Seville and Lisbon for an Atlantic expedition, before moving to London to seek funding and political support.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1488
    Age 38
    Cabot appears to have gotten into financial trouble in the late 1480s and left Venice as an insolvent debtor by 5 November 1488.
    More Details Hide Details He moved to Valencia, Spain, where his creditors attempted to have him arrested by sending a lettera di raccomandazione a giustizia ("a letter of recommendation to justice") to the authorities. While in Valencia, "John Cabot Montecalunya" (as he is referred to in local documents) proposed plans for improvements to the harbour. These proposals were rejected, however.
  • 1484
    Age 34
    These indicate that by 1484 he was married to Mattea and already had at least two sons.
    More Details Hide Details Cabot's sons are Ludovico, Sebastian, and Sancto. The Venetian sources contain references to Cabot's being involved in house building in the city. He may have relied on this experience when seeking work later in Spain as a civil engineer.
  • 1483
    Age 33
    A 1483 document refers to his selling a slave in Crete whom he had acquired while in the territories of the Sultan of Egypt, which then comprised most of what is now Palestine, Syria and Lebanon.
    More Details Hide Details This is not sufficient to prove Cabot's later assertion that he had visited Mecca, which he said in 1497 to the Milanese ambassador in London. In this Mediterranean trade, he may have acquired better knowledge of the origins of the oriental (West Asian) merchandise he would have been dealing in (such as spices and silks) than most Europeans at that time. "Zuan Cabotto" (i.e. John Cabot) is mentioned in a variety of Venetian records of the 1480s.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1476
    Age 26
    Following his gaining full Venetian citizenship in 1476, Caboto would have been eligible to engage in maritime trade, including the trade to the eastern Mediterranean that was the source of much of Venice's wealth.
    More Details Hide Details He presumably entered this trade shortly thereafter.
  • 1471
    Age 21
    In 1471 Caboto was accepted into the religious confraternity of St John the Evangelist.
    More Details Hide Details Since this was one of the city's prestigious confraternities, his acceptance suggests that he was already a respected member of the community.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1450
    Age 0
    He may have been born slightly earlier than 1450, which is the approximate date most commonly given for his birth.
    More Details Hide Details
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