John Cromwell
American politician
John Cromwell
Elwood Dager Cromwell, known as John Cromwell, was an American film actor, director and producer.
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Carole Lombard Movie Schedule: MR. AND MRS. SMITH, VIGIL IN THE NIGHT, IN NAME ... - Alt Film Guide (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
Dir: John Cromwell. Cast: Carole Lombard, Cary Grant, Kay Francis. BW-95 mins. 4:30 PM TWENTIETH CENTURY (1934) A tempestuous theatrical director tries to win back the star he created and then drove away. Dir: Howard Hawks
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Trailer Watch: Too Much Revealed of The Artist, Weinsteins' Marketing Dilemma - Indie Wire (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
Jean Dujardin is winning—and heartbreaking—as George Valentin, a silent star fallen on the skids, alongside Berenice Bejo as the young starlet on her way up, John Goodman as a benevolent studio chief and John Cromwell as Valentin's loyal chauffeur
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Cromwell died preserving World War II secret - TheDay.com
Google News - over 5 years
John Cromwell Jr., now 83, traveled to Groton from California for the ceremony. At the start of World War II German U-boats traveled in groups, known as wolf packs, making it easier for them to sink Allied ships in the Atlantic
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Jean Gabin on TCM: GRAND ILLUSION, PEPE LE MOKO, TOUCHEZ PAS AU GRISBI - Alt Film Guide (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
Those whose idea of cinema begins and ends in Hollywood will probably recognize that tale from a John Cromwell-directed 1938 Charles Boyer vehicle titled Algiers (1938), which also featured Hedy Lamarr in her first English-speaking role
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Billy Crystal Ready to Return as Oscars Host - San Diego Reader (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
Counting DeMille, seven directors (Frank Capra, John Cromwell, Joesph L. Mankiewicz, John Huston, Jerry Lewis, Warren Beatty) have acted as Oscar's innkeeper since the ceremony kicked off at the Hollywood Roosevelt back in 1929
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Claudette Colbert on TCM: BOOM TOWN, PARRISH, MIDNIGHT, OUTPOST IN MALAYA - Alt Film Guide (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
Even so, Since You Went Away became a major box-office hit and it has a number of things going for it as well, among them John Cromwell's sensitive direction, Colbert's excellent performance as the resilient matriarch whose husband is fighting overseas
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Morning Call Sheet: More Michael Rapaport, Studio Exec Admits Good Scripts Are ... - Big Hollywood
Google News - over 5 years
Dir: John Cromwell Cast: Claudette Colbert, Jennifer Jones, Joseph Cotten. BW-177 mins, TV-G, CC. Wonderful cast, wonderful story, and the Golden Age of Hollywood at its best with big stars, watchable melodrama, and a patriotic streak a mile wide
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Harry Redmond - Telegraph.co.uk
Google News - over 5 years
In 1935 Redmond left RKO to freelance, creating some remarkable special effects for such directors as Frank Capra on Lost Horizon, John Cromwell on The Prisoner of Zenda (both 1937), and Howard Hawks, for Only Angels Have Wings (1939)
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Ronald Colman Movie Schedule: LOST HORIZON, HER NIGHT OF ROMANCE, RAFFLES - Alt Film Guide (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
Dir: John Cromwell. Cast: Ronald Colman, Madeleine Carroll, C. Aubrey Smith. BW-101 mins. 8:00 PM A TALE OF TWO CITIES (1935) Charles Dickens' classic story of two men in love with the same woman during the French Revolution. Dir: Jack Conway
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Guy Ritchie i Robert Altman - Gazeta Wyborcza
Google News - over 5 years
Już sam obrządek w kościele burzy zachowanie cierpiącego na demencję starczą kapłana (John Cromwell). Natomiast wystawne przyjęcie w rezydencji zakłóca śmierć nestorki rodu, babki Sloan (Lillian Gish). Gospodarze za wszelką cenę chcą ukryć tę tragiczną
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Altigone : Molière Abba, Jolivet… et des Nez Rouges - LaDépêche.fr
Google News - over 5 years
Un des grands moments de la saison sera, le 16 mars « Opening nights », pièce de John Cromwell, qui a inspiré le film chef-d'œuvre John Cassavetes (avec Gena Rowlands). Mise en scène par Jean-Paul Bazziconi, la pièce est interprétée par Marie
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Jane Greer on TCM: OUT OF THE PAST, THE COMPANY SHE KEEPS - Alt Film Guide (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
Next comes my favorite Jane Greer performance, as the good girl gone bad — or bad girl attempting to go good — in John Cromwell's The Company She Keeps. This all-but-forgotten little melodramatic gem is a must for another reason as well: Lizabeth
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DVD Extra: Sony's MOD -- Madman, madwoman, musical remakes - New York Post (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
Today's passel of Warner Archive Collection releases include John Cromwell's "In Name Only'' (1939) starring Cary Grant, Carole Lombard and Kay Francis as well as well as an eagerly awaited pair from George Stevens: "Vigil in the Night'' (1940) with
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GIL PARRONDO CUMPLE NOVENTA - ABC.es
Google News - over 5 years
En esa playa, que parece sacada de El hijo de la furia, John Cromwell, iluminada a todas horas por una luz que ya es atlántica, Gil aprendió a nadar igual de bien que los nativos de Tabú. El pasado verano, todavía mi amigo era capaz de bracear media
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El Cine Teresa, una pérdida que lamentar - Excélsior
Google News - over 5 years
El 8 de junio de 1942 comenzó la segunda etapa del Cine Teresa que fue inaugurado, tras haber sido diseñado en 1939 por el arquitecto Francisco J. Serrano (1900-1982), con la proyección de la película El hijo de la furia, dirigida por John Cromwell
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malba.cine presenta un ciclo sobre Cine y Diversidad Sexual - EscribiendoCine
Google News - over 5 years
La programación incluye films como Amarga condena, de John Cromwell; El retrato de Dorian Gray, de Albert Lewin; Andy Warhol's Dracula, de Paul Morrissey; Gigoló, de David Hemmings; Persona, de Ingmar Bergman; Polyester, de John Waters;
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Ce que je retiens de Cannes 2011 - Libération
Google News - over 5 years
(1) James est le fils du cinéaste John Cromwell, le réalisateur de L'emprise (On Human Bondage) et de l'actrice Kay Johnson ( Madame Satan). Cromwell (à droite) joue ici un personnage de majordome chauffeur très macareyen, mais il est connu de nous
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No lowering of speed limit - Enid News & Eagle
Google News - almost 6 years
MAPC Chairman John Cromwell said the state is building great roads at $2 or $3 million a mile and then they are cluttered up by reducing speed limits. “You can't protect people all the time from something happening to them,” Cromwell said
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of John Cromwell
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 1979
    Age 91
    Died on September 26, 1979.
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  • 1963
    Age 75
    Cromwell devoted the rest of his career primarily to the theater where he'd begun it. He wrote three plays, all staged in New York; starred opposite Helen Hayes in a revival of What Every Woman Knows, directed the original Broadway company of Desk Set, and eventually found artistic satisfaction in four seasons at the Tyrone Guthrie theater in Minneapolis, founded by the expatriate British director in 1963 when he, like Cromwell, had grown disenchanted with Broadway's increasing commercialism.
    More Details Hide Details Cromwell was cast by Robert Altman in the role as Mr. Rose in the movie 3 Women (1977) starring Shelley Duvall and Sissy Spacek, and as Bishop Martin in A Wedding (1978) starring Desi Arnaz, Jr., Carol Burnett, Geraldine Chaplin, Mia Farrow, Vittorio Gassman and Lillian Gish. His wife Ruth Nelson also appeared in both those Altman films. Cromwell married four times. His first wife, stage actress Alice Lindahl died of influenza in 1918; stage actress Marie Goff (divorced); actress Kay Johnson (married 1928 – divorced 1946); and actress Ruth Nelson (1946–79; his death). He and Johnson had two sons; one is actor James Cromwell (whose son John is also an actor). His son James Cromwell remains highly regarded with a long career in television and films, most notably in the endearing film Babe and as the Chief of Police in L.A. Confidential (1997), set in a corrupt 1950's Hollywood that would have been very familiar to his father.
  • 1960
    Age 72
    Ironically, it was only in 1960 that he got his own star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
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  • 1958
    Age 70
    In 1958, Cromwell was removed from the blacklist, and made his return to films with a scathing portrait of Hollywood and its stardom in The Goddess for Columbia.
    More Details Hide Details This was the first original screenplay by Paddy Chayefsky whose previous work had been for the stage, as well as the screen debut of Method actress Kim Stanley in the lead. The child star Patti Duke plays a lonely child born in poverty to a mother who doesn't want her; Kim Stanley portrays the still insecure but now alluring girl who shoots to Hollywood stardom only to find its meaningless acclaim and shallow relationships can't heal her inner wounds and in fact render her helpless and drug-dependent in the end. As soon as it opened, "Goddess' was said to be based on Marilyn Monroe, then still very much alive, whose troubled onset behavior, depressions and drug use were beginning to intrude on her staggering fame as a sex symbol. Playwright Arthur Miller, Monroe's then husband, objected to critics naming Monroe as the real-life model for 'The Goddess' prompting Chayefsky to insist in interviews that, indeed, she was not. Perhaps not coincidentally, Kim Stanley had, in fact, studied at the Actor's Studio when Marilyn Monroe had famously left Hollywood to study there.
  • 1955
    Age 67
    The film won Oscars for black-and-white cinematography by Arthur Miller and again for Lyle Wheeler's art direction, but it has long been eclipsed by the 1955 musical version The King and I, with Yul Brynner and Deborah Kerr and their famous "Shall we dance?" waltz.
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  • 1952
    Age 64
    Fortunately, Cromwell had a theater career which he had returned to intermittently during his film directing years, and he returned to the Broadway stage that year, winning the 1952 Tony for Best Featured Actor in a Play for his performance as John Gray in Point of No Return (1951) starring Henry Fonda.
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  • 1951
    Age 63
    Cromwell was blacklisted in Hollywood from 1951 to 1958 for his political affiliations, which seemed primarily to consist of heading up a small group of Hollywood Democrats supporting FDR's third term - and having directed a famous film of a famous play - Abe Lincoln In Illinois - written by Roosevelt's favorite speechwriter (which Robert Sherwood was for much of FDR's presidency).
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    Finally, in 1951, Cromwell had the inspired idea to resurrect the 1928 play which had made him a director and Edward G. Robinson a star, and in doing so created another noir template in The Racket (1951) starring Robert Mitchum, Lizabeth Scott, and Robert Ryan.
    More Details Hide Details By this point, the House Un-American Activities Committee, goaded by Senator Joseph McCarthy, had begun its witch-hunt of Hollywood artists, actors and directors - essentially a right-wing Republican-dominated punishment of every talented liberal in the movie business who had supported FDR and fought American isolationism, which refused pointblank to join the battle against Nazism in the 30's and 40's.
  • FIFTIES
  • 1941
    Age 53
    With war declared on Dec. 7, 1941, Cromwell returned to a bit of on-location swashbuckling with Son of Fury: The Story of Benjamin Blake (1942) starring Tyrone Power in one of his many costume roles and paired with the lovely rising star Gene Tierney and also featuring Frances Farmer, the beautiful actress whose career was soon to be cut short by mysterious mental health incarcerations and political persecution.
    More Details Hide Details But it was the war at home that inspired Cromwell's best-known and most-honoured film, the nearly three-hour-long 'Since You Went Away (1944) starring Claudette Colbert, Jennifer Jones, Joseph Cotten, Shirley Temple, Robert Walker, and Monty Woolley, with Hattie McDaniel, Agnes Moorehead, Alla Nazimova, Lionel Barrymore and Keenan Wynn; This star-studded film portrayed an American family whose men have gone off to war - their struggles, fears and losses - and arrived in movie theaters when American women had been without their husbands, sons, and sweethearts for more than three years. It was, moreover, producer Selznick's first screen production in four years, and he both wrote the script and lavished attention on every detail, especially on the ingenue, Jennifer Jones, who was to become his second wife. A commercial as well as critical success, the film earned million in rentals and received nine Oscar nominations - including Best Picture, virtually the entire cast and all technical credits - but winning only one, for Lee Garmes' cinematography.
  • 1940
    Age 52
    Cromwell's 1940 film adaptation for Paramount of Joseph Conrad's first popular novel, Victory (1915), repeated a film that had already been made in 1930 by William Wellman and, in 1915, as a silent film with Lon Chaney Jr. Cromwell's version was adapted by John Balderston, who'd written The Prisoner of Zenda, and starred Oscar-winning Fredric March, in this steamy tropical psychological thriller, with Betty Field as the female lead (March had begged the recently arrived Ingrid Bergman to do it but she'd refused).
    More Details Hide Details An uneven film, it bears a startling turn by Sir Cedric Hardwicke as a languid killer instead of his usual huffy, slightly nutty English gentry roles. According to one recent analysis, In the hands of Cromwell and March, both ardent anti-fascists in favor of then neutral United States joining Britain in the fight against Hitler, Conrad's 1915 novel became a critique of the perils of isolationism - an issue rending Hollywood and the US apart as England suffered under the London Blitz from Nazi bombers while the majority of Americans wanted nothing to do with the war. Cromwell and Frederic March teamed up for an even stronger message in So Ends Our Night (1941), one of the most explicitly anti-Nazi films to be made in Hollywood before the United States entered the war at the end of that year. An adaptation of exiled German author Erich Maria Remarque's fourth novel Flotsam, screenwriter Talbot Jennings adapted the story from a series of magazine articles even before it came out as a novel in 1941. Producers David Loew and Albert Lewin cast Fredric March, Margaret Sullavan and Glenn Ford as three desperate German exiles trapped and on the run after being deprived of their citizenship and passports by the viciously anti-Semitic and anti-democratic Nazi dictatorship.
  • 1939
    Age 51
    As tensions rose in Europe, Cromwell returned to his Broadway roots - and longtime friendships - by directing the film adaptation of Robert E. Sherwood's 1939 Pulitzer-prize-winning, anti-isolationist play Abe Lincoln in Illinois (1940) with Raymond Massey repeating his tour-de-force performance as Lincoln struggling with the decision to fight slavery, in which he had triumphed on Broadway.
    More Details Hide Details Gene Lockhart, and Ruth Gordon in her screen debut, starred with him, and Cromwell himself played the part of the abolitionist radical, John Brown. Once again, Cromwell's directorial skills brought his leading actor an Oscar nomination in what would be the greatest role of Massey's life, but neither Massey nor James Wong Howe, nominated for his work in the black-and-white category, won. The film also jostled with John Ford's Young Mr. Lincoln (1939), covering much of the same period in Lincoln's life as in Henry Fonda's Oscar-nominated portrayal from the year before.
    In 1939, Cromwell made two back-to-back Carole Lombard pictures, first for Selznick, who paired the screwball comedian with upcoming actor Jimmy Stewart, in Made For Each Other (1939). a film that threw away Lombard's and Stewart's comedy skills on the trials of newlyweds who marry after one day, and whose baby nearly dies but is saved by a brave pilot making a treacherous flight bearing a miracle drug.
    More Details Hide Details A disappointment at the box office, the film has become a sentimental favorite for fans of both actors. The life-saving flight was a last-minute change based on producer Selznick's own white-knuckle experience when he chartered a TWA plane to fly a new serum developed in New York back to LA to save his beloved brother Myron's life. The serum was rushed to the hospital where Myron lay in a coma; the next day, he was out of danger. "This is too good to waste on Myron," Selznick cracked. "Let's put it in the picture." Lombard was then teamed with Cary Grant in RKO's In Name Only, where Grant plays an unhappily married wealthy man for whom Lombard's character, a young widow, falls but whose unloving society wife, played by Kay Francis, refuses to let him go. Carole Lombard was determined to work with Cromwell again and bascially coralled him and Grant to team up with her. Oddly, this film also ended with a third act life-or-death medical cliffhanger, when the miserable Grant, sick with pneumonia, will die unless he has true love to live for - Lombard's. But it proved popular and turned a decent profit.
  • FORTIES
  • 1934
    Age 46
    In 1934, Cromwell also directed a young Katharine Hepburn in Spitfire (1934), which succeeded at the box office despite its unlikely casting of Hepburn as a backwoods faith-healer.
    More Details Hide Details Ann Vickers, by the celebrated Midwestern novelist Sinclair Lewis - and Of Human Bondage - were both at RKO and both had censorship trouble. In the novel by Lewis, Ann Vickers is a birth control advocate and reformer who has an extramarital affair. The screenplay was finally approved by the Production Code when the studio agreed to make Vickers an unmarried woman at the time of her affair, thus eliminating the issue of adultery. The screenplay for Maugham's Of Human Bondage was unacceptable to the Hays Code because Mildred Rogers (played by Davis), whom the club-footed medical student, Philip Carey (played by Howard), falls in love with, is not only a prostitute who conceives out of wedlock, but who also visibly dies of syphilis. Will Hays's office demanded that Mildred be made a waitress who comes down with TB, and that she be married to Carey's rival with whom she runs off and becomes pregnant. RKO agreed to everything to keep from having to pay a fine.
  • 1930
    Age 42
    He directed The Texan, starring Gary Cooper, in 1930; Tom Sawyer (1930), starring Jackie Coogan in the title role; Sinclair Lewis's Ann Vickers (1933), starring Irene Dunne, Walter Huston, Conrad Nagel, Bruce Cabot, and Edna May Oliver; and Somerset Maugham's Of Human Bondage (1934), starring Leslie Howard, Bette Davis, and Frances Dee.
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  • THIRTIES
  • 1927
    Age 39
    In 1927, Cromwell directed and played the lead in the gangster drama, The Racket, with newcomer Edward G. Robinson debuting in the kind of tough guy role that would become synonymous with his name.
    More Details Hide Details This hit expose of Chicago corruption - so scathing that it was banned in Chicago, supposedly by Al Capone himself - travelled to Los Angeles, where Cromwell was promptly snapped up by B.P. Schulberg to a Paramount Pictures contract as an actor and director, one of the Broadway feeding frenzy at the arrival of sound. "The first thing that struck me," the lanky Midwesterner said, "was the absolute paralysis of fear that the talkies had cast all over Hollywood." He made his motion picture debut in The Dummy (1929), an early comedy talkie starring Ruth Chatterton and Fredric March - whom he would later direct - along with silent stars Jack Oakie, and ZaSu Pitts. His work as co-director with Edward Sutherland on the musical/romance Close Harmony starring Buddy Rogers, Nancy Carroll, Harry Green, and Jack Oakie, and the musical/drama The Dance of Life (both released in 1929), was so skillful he was allowed to begin directing without collaboration, beginning with The Mighty that same year starring George Bancroft, in which he also played the part of Mr. Jamieson.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1916
    Age 28
    And, in 1916, Cromwell played in a revival ofCaptain Brassbound's Conversion.
    More Details Hide Details Soon Cromwell himself was shipped off for a brief stint in the U.S.Army in World War One. By the 1920s, he had become a respected Broadway director, staging and still occasionally acting in works by future Pulitzer-Prize-winners Sidney Howard and Robert E. Sherwood, performing in the rarely-seen Ibsen play, LIttle Eyolf and being an in-house director for his mentor, William Bundy.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1905
    Age 17
    He was in American productions of two George Bernard Shaw plays: First in Shaw's anti-war Major Barbara," the 1905 play of a devout young woman in The Salvation Army and her tortured relationship with her wealthy father, a munitions dealer.
    More Details Hide Details By the time the play got to Broadway in 1915, the war Shaw feared had broken out in Europe.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1887
    Born
    Born on December 23, 1887.
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