John Robinson
John Robinson
John Robinson was the pastor of the "Pilgrim Fathers" before they left on the Mayflower. He became one of the early leaders of the English Separatists, minister of the Pilgrims, and is regarded as one of the founders of the Congregational Church.
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Vegas Bowl Hall of Fame to induct ex-USU QB - Salt Lake Tribune
Google News - over 5 years
Calvillo and Oregon State's Steven Jackson, as well as coach John Robinson and bowl founding father Rossi Ralenkotter will be part of the first class this December. “To be inducted into this newly created Hall of Fame ceremony and to be honored along
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In Astoria, the films of Gus Van Sant - Queens Chronicle
Google News - over 5 years
John Robinson in “Elephant,” Gus Van Sant's take on the Columbine massacre, showing Sept. 24. Posted: Thursday, September 22, 2011 12:00 pm | Updated: 3:00 pm, Thu Sep 22, 2011. What do a murderous TV news wannabe, the Columbine massacre,
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The Roar makes Robinson worthy of first-ballot Hall of Fame induction - Las Vegas Review-Journal
Google News - over 5 years
Former UNLV football coach John Robinson, second from right, chats with fiancee Beverly Chalfant and UNLV athletic director Jim Livengood on Tuesday afternoon at the Texas de Brazil restaurant in Town Square during a lunch honoring the inaugural class
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Lindsay: Scripps Legend Poll worth a look | The Republic - The Republic
Google News - over 5 years
John Robinson and USC? These are some of the team assignments the Scripps Legends uses. And unlike the clandestine current coaches' poll set-up, each Legends' voter's vote is open to the public each week, as well. Despite its strengths, the Scripps
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Venomous2000 - The Most Efficient ft. Cymarshall Law, John Robinson, El Da Sensei - YouTube
Google News - over 5 years
Cymarshall Law, John Robinson, El Da Sensei (prod. Sci Fi Stu, cuts by DJ Priority) [Official Music Video] The Most Efficient is track number 3 off the album "A Moment To Reflect II" now available for download at http://www.venomous2000.bandcamp.com/
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Rev. John W. Robinson Sr. -- Orangeburg - The Times and Democrat
Google News - over 5 years
The Robinson family's Methodist ministerial heritage began in 1884 with his grandfather, Thomas Glenn Robinson, an elder who served for 30 years, and his father, Thomas John Robinson, who served for 45 years. Robinson's legacy continued with his son,
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Defense Agency Plans Platform-As-A-Service Offering - InformationWeek
Google News - over 5 years
The new offering, which DISA solutions architect John Robinson likened to Google App Engine and Microsoft Windows Azure, is a platform on which apps and services can be deployed, but which doesn't require users to have to worry about provisioning the
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Auburn motorcyclist killed in Turner crash - Lewiston Sun Journal
Google News - over 5 years
Police said 54-year-old Margaret Wing of 20 Gage Lane was killed instantly when her 2005 Harley Davidson motorcycle was struck by a pickup driven by John Robinson, 73, of Turner. Wing was not wearing a helmet, according to a press release issued by the
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USDA's cotton production estimate coming under scrutiny - Delta Farm Press
Google News - over 5 years
Extension economist John Robinson, speaking at the August Ag Market Network conference call, was as surprised as anyone by the revision in the production number. Based on what he's seen in Texas, he looks for USDA's estimate of the cotton crop to stay
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Inspiring life story of Syracuse University grad John Robinson now available ... - Syracuse.com (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
By The Post-Standard By Laura T. Ryan Syracuse University Press recently released a new paperback edition of "Get Off Your Knees: A Story of Faith, Courage, and Determination," by John Robinson, with Dave Allen. The book tells the story of Robinson,
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Teen beats clerk, steals beer twice - KFOR
Google News - over 5 years
"To watch the video is disturbing," Enid Police Detective John Robinson said. "You see the clerk on the ground, and he's kicking him and just striking him repeatedly. It's hard to watch." That was the second visit in one night investigators say
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Cotton's curious crossings - Daniels Trading
Google News - over 5 years
Not since the Civil War has the soft fiber endured so sizable a price spike, agricultural economics professor John Robinson of Texas A&M University told Reuters. Robinson, who operates a cotton marketing website, noted several global events that were
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Drought index indicates worsening Ark. conditions - BusinessWeek
Google News - over 5 years
Meteorologist John Robinson of the National Weather Service in North Little Rock said Thursday that a much larger part of Arkansas is now under a moderate drought designation. Far south Arkansas is in an extreme drought and part of far west Arkansas is
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of John Robinson
    FIFTIES
  • 1625
    Age 50
    He died on 1 March 1625 and was interred on 4 March at the Pieterskerk.
    More Details Hide Details After Robinson died, the remnant congregation at Leiden began a period of gradual decline. In time, there were only a few members left as several had between 1629 and 1633 sporadically relocated to the Plymouth Colony. This included Robinson's son Isaac who arrived in 1631 and joined the Pilgrims at the Plymouth Colony. In 1658 Professor John Hoornbeek of the University of Leiden claimed that Bridget and her children who were still residing at Leiden eventually joined the Dutch Reformed Church. John Robinson and Bridget White were the parents of upwards of eight children, seven of whom have known first names, with only six living beyond early adolescence. There was no daughter named Ann born at Norwich in 1605 as this purported child was misidentified by Burgess, Dexter and Sumner in both England and at Leiden: After her husband's death, the widow Bridget Robinson continued to live at Leiden. Her inclusion in 1629 as an intended passenger of the so-called Mayflower II to New England is a fabrication. On 6 April 1640 at Leiden she witnessed the marriage of George Materce to the widow Elizabeth (Jepson) Loder. On 3 July 1641 at Leiden, Bridget is named as then living, aged about 66, in the affidavit of Rose (Lisle) Jennings, widow of John Jennings, regarding Bridget's former financial support of Mary Jennings, who died at Leiden in November 1640.
    The departure for most of the rest of the congregation was delayed for several years. Robinson became ill on 22 February 1625 but recovered enough to preach twice the next day, which was Sunday.
    More Details Hide Details By the next Sunday, Reverend John Robinson was dead.
  • FORTIES
  • 1615
    Age 40
    On 5 September 1615, John Robinson entered Leiden University as a student of theology.
    More Details Hide Details He attended the lectures of the noted theologians, Simon Episcopius and Johannes Polyander. His entry into the university “freed him from control of the magistrates” and entitled him to other privileges of the university's intellectuals. Every month he was eligible to receive a half tun (126 gallons) of beer, and ten gallons of wine every three months free of all taxes. In addition, no troops could be quartered in his home except during military emergencies. He also became exempt from standing night watch, and making contributions to public works and fortifications. During his time at the university, Robinson was an active participant in the Arminian controversy, siding with the Calvinists. The Arminians believed in free will, rejected predestination, and advocated the possibility of salvation for all. Calvinists, on the other hand, which was the basis of the state's Dutch Reformed Church, maintained that God is sovereign in the areas of redemption and regeneration. They believed that God saves whom he will, when he will, and how he will.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1611
    Age 36
    “On this spot, lived, taught, and died John Robinson, 1611-1625.”
    More Details Hide Details On 24 July 1891 under auspices of the Congregational Church of the United States, a bronze marker in his memory was placed on the wall of Pieterskerk. Present were delegates from the United States (including his descendant Rev. William Robinson of Vermont, who was a member of the committee responsible for the marker's erection) and England, the city and University of Leiden, and the city’s clergy. On this marker was inscribed: The General Society of Mayflower Descendants erected a tablet on the wall of Pieterskerk in 1928. It is inscribed: The John Robinson Memorial Church in Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, was dedicated in 1897; the cornerstone had been laid by Thomas F. Bayard, U.S. Ambassador.
    In January 1611, Robinson, William Jepson, Henry Wood, and Robinson's sister-in-law Jane White, signed a contract to purchase for 8,000 guilders property called the "Groene Poort" or Green Gate near the Pieterskerk (St. Peter's Church) and within short walking distance of the University of Leiden. The purchase was completed on 12 May 1611 with a 2,000 guilder downpayment and mortgage for the balance to be paid annually at the rate of 500 guilders, the first payment due in May 1612. In the meantime, in April 1611 at Leiden, Jane White married Randulph (i.e., Ralph) Thickens, with Thickens replacing wife Jane as the fourth named party to the purchase mortgage.
    More Details Hide Details Unlike other non-Dutch Reformed Church congregations at Leiden whose religious facilities were owned, funded and their ministers compensated by the Dutch state, no church structure or funding was ever requested or provided to the Leiden Separatists. Thus, the property that Robinson and his associates purchased served both as the Robinson home and a church. Over the next several years, twenty-one apartments were constructed in the rear garden for less affluent members of the congregation.
  • 1609
    Age 34
    The congregation initially settled at Amsterdam. The local congregation of Separatists, called the "Ancient Church," soon became strife-ridden, and in February 1609 Robinson and about 100 followers petitioned the City of Leiden for permission to resettle there by 1 May 1609, the latter date being the Dutch "moving day."
    More Details Hide Details Leiden was a bustling city in 1609. It contained a number of imposing buildings, and was one of Europe’s most important centers of learning. Some of the most important scholars of the day were on the faculty of the University of Leiden, and it attracted students from all over western Europe as well as England. Soon after the congregation resettled at Leiden, John Robinson became the Leiden Separatist's sole pastor with William Brewster as ruling elder. Under the leadership of Robinson and Brewster, the congregation grew steadily, and in time the congregation came to number several hundred.
  • 1607
    Age 32
    In circa 1607 Robinson became associated with the Scrooby Separatists.
    More Details Hide Details The Scrooby Congregation met at the home of William Brewster, Scrooby Manor. Brewster was the local postmaster and bailiff, and he was instrumental in the formation of the group. He was an old friend of Robinson as well as a Cambridge alumnus. Richard Clyfton served as their minister, and John Robinson became the assistant pastor. Other leaders included William Bradford, latter who gave them the name by which they are known in history when Bradford described himself and Robinson's followers at Leiden as “pilgrims and strangers upon the earth.” In the autumn of 1607, the Scrooby congregation decided to emigrate to the Netherlands. English Separatists had been settled at Amsterdam since the late 1500s and were able to worship as they chose. The Separatists secretly packed their belongings, and set out on foot for the sixty mile journey to the port town of Boston in Lincolnshire. Awaiting them was a sea captain, who had agreed to smuggle them out of the country.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1605
    Age 30
    He subsequently preached privately at various locations in northern Nottinghamshire, including in the Spring of 1605 at his home village of Sturton-Le-Steeple.
    More Details Hide Details Though vigorously persecuted, Separatist congregations had been active, especially in London, for a number of years. Later that year, a group of Puritans at the village of Scrooby in northwest Nottinghamshire formed a Separatist congregation that came to number about one hundred members.
  • 1604
    Age 29
    College fellows were prohibited from marrying so Robinson resigned his fellowship to wed Bridget White, on 15 February 1604 at St. Mary's Church, Greasley in western Nottinghamshire.
    More Details Hide Details Bridget was the daughter of Alexander and Eleanor (Smith) White, formerly prosperous yeoman farmers at Sturton-Le-Steeple, who were deceased at the time of the wedding. At her marriage, Bridget was residing near Greasley on land held under a 99 year lease by her older brother Charles, who had inherited the lease by their father's will.
  • 1603
    Age 28
    In August 1603, Robinson became associate pastor of St. Andrew's Church in the commercial center of Norwich.
    More Details Hide Details This city had contacts on the continent with Holland and Flanders and had a considerable number of foreign workers and refugees. In addition, the most influential political leaders and merchants in Norwich were Puritans. Soon after he assumed his duties in St. Andrew's, James I issued a proclamation requiring that all ministers conform to a new book of canons. The deadline to conform was set for the end of November. Robinson left the church but remained a resident of Norwich, where he was unsuccessful in gaining the mastership of the Great Hospital.
    The monarch, then as now, was the Supreme Governor of the Church of England. Elizabeth I followed a largely tolerant policy toward the Puritans and Separatists. When James I succeeded her in 1603, however, he instituted a policy designed to enforce religious conformity.
    More Details Hide Details The Puritans would, he warned, adhere or he would "harry them out of the land". It was the King's belief that his throne depended on the Church hierarchy: "No Bishop, no King". James I vigorously enforced The Act Against Puritans (1593), 35 Elizabeth, Cap. 1, making it illegal for separatists to hold their own services. Anyone who did not attend the services of the Church of England for forty days, and who attended private services
  • 1599
    Age 24
    This was followed one year later in 1599 by his Master of Arts degree.
    More Details Hide Details Following the attainment of his Master's degree, he obtained two positions at Corpus: Praelector Graecus, a lectureship in Greek, and Decanus, a post involving student oversight. Cambridge was a center of Puritanism. During his years there, Robinson gradually accepted its principles. The leaders of this movement strongly criticized the English Church because they believed its beliefs and rituals were too much like those of the Roman Catholic Church. The reforms they advocated would “purify” the established church from within; for this reason they became known as “Puritans”. Some Puritans who despaired of getting the changes they favored in the established Church, decided to leave to form Separatist churches.
  • 1598
    Age 23
    In May 1598 he was admitted a Fellow of his college and ordained a priest of the Church of England.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1596
    Age 21
    He received his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1596.
    More Details Hide Details
  • TEENAGE
  • 1592
    Age 17
    He was educated at Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School, Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, and entered Corpus Christi College at the University of Cambridge in April 1592.
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  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1576
    Age 1
    Robinson was born at Sturton-Le-Steeple in Nottinghamshire, England between March and September 1576, this range of dates deduced by comparing two records at Leiden (Leyden) that give his age at the time of the event.
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