John Wayne
American film actor
John Wayne
Marion Mitchell Morrison, better known by his stage name John Wayne, was an American film actor, director and producer. An Academy Award-winner, Wayne was among the top box office draws for three decades, and was named the all-time top money-making star. An enduring American icon, he epitomized rugged masculinity and is famous for his demeanor, including his distinctive calm voice, walk, and height.
Biography
John Wayne's personal information overview.
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Photo Albums
Popular photos of John Wayne
News
News abour John Wayne from around the web
Ex-Laker arrested at John Wayne Airport - OCRegister
Google News - over 5 years
SANTA ANA – Former Los Angeles Laker Javaris Crittenton was arrested at John Wayne Airport on Monday night, hours after FBI officials announced that he was being sought by Atlanta authorities on murder charges ... - -
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Selby Man Copy Cat Happy Slapped While Watching John Wayne - The Spoof (satire)
Google News - over 5 years
A Selby man was subject to a happy slap attack by his wife and sister-in-law today while watching the John Wayne western Rio Bravo. The incident appears to have been a copy cat version of a similar attack last month. Barry Glimpse, 47, of Ikea Close,
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The John Wayne of the American stage - Irish Times
Google News - over 5 years
There's much about his work that clicks with Irish audiences, writes SARA KEATING SAM SHEPARD is the John Wayne of American theatre: an archetypal cowboy, restlessly exploring the frontiers of dramatic representation. He has written some of the
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John Wayne Parr Injures Hand, Is Out of September Bout With Frank Giorgi - Head Kick Legend
Google News - over 5 years
While it looked as though John Wayne Parr would be competing twice in short order this fall, the Australian fighter has been forced out of his September bout with Frank Giorgi. Dave Walsh at LiverKick reports that Parr has injured his right hand,
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Laguna food, culture lands at John Wayne Airport - Coastline Pilot
Google News - over 5 years
A rendering of the concept for the Fresh Market concession at John Wayne Airport. (Courtesy OCAIR.COM) By Joanna Clay, joanna.clay@latimes.com Travelers at John Wayne Airport will get a taste of Laguna Beach starting early next year with the addition
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John Wayne's Rooster Cogburn costume could be yours...for £100000 - Metro
Google News - over 5 years
The costume worn by John Wayne in the 1969 classic Western True Grit is expected to fetch a six-figure sum when it goes under the hammer at auction. The Hollywood legend wore the outfit for his Oscar-winning role as Rooster Cogburn, the one-eyed US
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John Wayne's beloved yacht gets historical protection - Los Angeles Times
Google News - over 5 years
The vessel, anchored in Newport Beach, is now among some 200 boats listed on the National Register of Historic Places. "While our focus has, and perhaps always will be, predominantly on buildings, the programs include a broad spectrum of property types ... -
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John Wayne mocking leads to assault - The Spokesman Review (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
A homeless man was sentenced today to 15 months in prison after he attacked another man with a claw hammer for making fun of John Wayne. Joel S. Parsons, 42, had been charged with first-degree assault but agreed to a plea agreement for second-degree
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Gaffes are always lurking in campaigns - Wisconsin Rapids Tribune
Google News - over 5 years
Like Dean, the congresswoman from Minnesota occasionally sticks her foot in her mouth, as she did when she confused John Wayne's Iowa birthplace and erroneously placed a Revolutionary War battlefield in the wrong state. Dean's gaffes tended to be
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Texas education program helps reduce hunting accidents - Sacramento Bee
Google News - over 5 years
John Wayne starred as Rooster Cogburn. It's interesting what elements in a movie make an impression after 42 years. In case you've never seen "True Grit," it's the story of how a 14-year-old girl talks a drunkard federal marshal into pursuing the
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343: “Master Chief Is The John Wayne” Of Halo - TheSixthAxis
Google News - over 5 years
Because Master Chief is the John Wayne character of that universe, and that's who you want to play.” The Halo 4 reveal trailer wasn't a total surprise at E3 this year, the game was spoiled by Microsoft themselves two hours before the show. ... - -
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Man took gun from deputy's holster, was on drugs, officials say - Los Angeles Times
Google News - over 5 years
A man who grabbed a gun from the holster of a sheriff's deputy's gun Friday at John Wayne Airport admitted he had been taking drugs throughout the day leading up to the incident, authorities said Saturday. Police arrested Leonardo Alvarez, 31, ... - -
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Royal tour: who needs John Wayne? Prince William and Kate are out West - Telegraph.co.uk
Google News - over 5 years
No one could accuse the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge of not getting into the swing of things on their first overseas tour. By Gordon Rayner, in Calgary Dressed from head to toe in cowboy clothes – including 10 gallon hats – the royal couple let their
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Snoqualmie Tunnel gives cyclists, riders cool new link - The Seattle Times
Google News - over 5 years
The Snoqualmie Tunnel on the John Wayne Pioneer Trail is reopened, to the delight of hikers, bicyclists and backcountry horsemen. By Lynda V. Mapes Bicyclists go from bright sunshine into Snoqualmie Tunnel, a nearly 100-year-old railroad route under
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of John Wayne
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 1979
    Age 71
    Wayne's enduring status as an iconic American was formally recognized by the U.S. government in the form of the two highest civilian decorations. On May 26, 1979, he was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal.
    More Details Hide Details Hollywood figures and American leaders from across the political spectrum, including Maureen O'Hara, Elizabeth Taylor, Frank Sinatra, Mike Frankovich, Katharine Hepburn, General and Mrs. Omar Bradley, Gregory Peck, Robert Stack, James Arness, and Kirk Douglas, testified to Congress in support of the award. Robert Aldrich, president of the Directors Guild of America, made a particularly notable statement: Wayne was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom on June 9, 1980, by President Jimmy Carter. He had attended Carter's inaugural ball "as a member of the loyal opposition", as he described it. In 1998, he was awarded the Naval Heritage Award by the US Navy Memorial Foundation for his support of the Navy and military during his film career. In 1999, the American Film Institute (AFI) named Wayne 13th among the Greatest Male Screen Legends of Classic Hollywood cinema.
    He appeared with many important Hollywood stars of his era, and his last public appearance was at the Academy Awards ceremony on April 9, 1979.
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  • 1975
    Age 67
    His status grew so large and legendary that when Japanese Emperor Hirohito visited the United States in 1975, he asked to meet John Wayne, the symbolic representation of his country's former enemy.
    More Details Hide Details Wayne is the only actor to appear in every edition of the annual Harris Poll of Most Popular Film Actors, and the only actor to appear on the list after his death. Wayne has been in the top ten in this poll for 19 consecutive years, starting in 1994, 15 years after his death. The John Wayne Cancer Foundation was founded in 1985 in honor of John Wayne, after his family granted the use of his name for the continued fight against cancer. The foundation's mission is to "bring courage, strength and grit to the fight against cancer". The foundation provides funds for innovative programs that improve cancer patient care, including research, education, awareness, and support. Newport Beach, California-based John Wayne Enterprises sells products such as Kentucky straight bourbon using Wayne's picture. When the company tried to trademark the image appearing on one of the bottles, Duke University in Durham, North Carolina, filed a notice of opposition. According to court documents, Duke has tried three times since 2005 to stop the company from trademarking the name. The company wants a federal judge in Orange County, California, to declare that both brands can be allowed. The company's complaint filed in federal court says the university "does not own the word 'Duke' in all contexts for all purposes." The university's official position is not to object if Wayne's image is used, but if the company wants to use the Duke name without Wayne, the university says, "we are also committed to protecting the integrity of Duke University's trademarks."
  • 1974
    Age 66
    The ceremony was held on January 15, 1974, at the Harvard Square Theater and the award was officially presented in honor of Wayne's "outstanding machismo and penchant for punching people".
    More Details Hide Details Although the convoy was met with protests by members of the American Indian Movement and others, some of whom threw snowballs, Wayne received a standing ovation from the audience when he walked onto the stage. An internal investigation was launched into the Army's involvement in the day. Jensen, Richard. When the Legend Became Fact - The True Life of John Wayne. Nashville: Raymond Street Publishers, 2012.
    Wayne took on the role of gritty detective McQ in the 1974 crime drama.
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  • 1973
    Age 65
    In 1973, The Harvard Lampoon, a satirical paper run by Harvard University students, invited Wayne to receive The Brass Balls Award, created in his "honor", after calling him "the biggest fraud in history".
    More Details Hide Details Harvard Square had become known for leftist intellectualism and protest throughout the 1960s and 1970s. Wayne accepted the invitation as a chance to promote the recently released film McQ, and a Fort Devens Army convoy offered to drive him into the square on an armored personnel carrier.
    After his separation from his wife, Pilar, in 1973, Wayne became romantically involved and lived with his former secretary Pat Stacy (1941–1995) until his death in 1979.
    More Details Hide Details She published a biography of her life with him in 1983, titled Duke: A Love Story. Wayne's hair began thinning in the 1940s, and he started wearing a hairpiece by the end of that decade. He was occasionally seen in public without the hairpiece (notably, according to Life magazine, at Gary Cooper's funeral). During a widely noted appearance at Harvard University, Wayne was asked by a student "Is it true that your toupée is real mohair?" He responded: "Well sir, that's real hair. Not mine, but real hair." A close friend of Wayne's, California Congressman Alphonzo E. Bell, Jr., wrote of him, "Duke's personality and sense of humor were very close to what the general public saw on the big screen. It is perhaps best shown in these words he had engraved on a plaque: 'Each of us is a mixture of some good and some not so good qualities. In considering one's fellow man it's important to remember the good things... We should refrain from making judgments just because a fella happens to be a dirty, rotten SOB.'"
  • 1971
    Age 63
    The grave, which went unmarked for 20 years, is now marked with a quotation from his controversial 1971 Playboy interview: "Tomorrow is the most important thing in life.
    More Details Hide Details Comes into us at midnight very clean. It's perfect when it arrives and it puts itself in our hands. It hopes we've learned something from yesterday." Among the cast and crew who filmed the 1956 film The Conqueror on location near St. George, Utah, 91 developed some form of cancer at various times, including stars Wayne, Susan Hayward, and Agnes Moorehead, and director Dick Powell. The film was shot in southwestern Utah, east of and generally downwind from the site of recent U.S. Government nuclear weapons tests in southeastern Nevada. Many contend that radioactive fallout from these tests contaminated the film location and poisoned the film crew working there. Despite the suggestion that Wayne's 1964 lung cancer and his 1979 stomach cancer resulted from nuclear contamination, he believed his lung cancer to have been a result of his six-packs-a-day cigarette habit.
    In May 1971, Playboy magazine published an interview with Wayne which resulted in a firestorm of controversy.
    More Details Hide Details Wayne expressed his support for the Vietnam War, and made headlines for his resolute opinions about social issues and race relations in the United States: In the same Playboy interview, Wayne also responded to questions about whether social programs were good for the country:
  • 1970
    Age 62
    In 1970, Wayne won a Golden Globe Award for his performance in True Grit.
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    As shown below, Wayne was nominated for three Academy Awards, winning once for Best Actor in a Leading Role in 1970.
    More Details Hide Details The category's nominees for each year in which Wayne was nominated are shown, with that year's winner highlighted in yellow. The Golden Globe Awards are presented annually by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association (HFPA) to recognize outstanding achievements in the entertainment industry, both domestic and foreign, and to focus wide public attention upon the best in motion pictures and television. In 1953, Wayne was awarded the Henrietta Award (a now retired award) for being World Film Favorite: Male. The Cecil B. DeMille Award for lifetime achievement in motion pictures is an annual award given by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association at the Golden Globe Award ceremonies in Hollywood. It was named in honor of Cecil B. DeMille (1881–1959), one of the industry's most successful filmmakers; John Wayne won the award in 1966.
  • 1968
    Age 60
    He was asked to be the running mate for Democratic Alabama Governor George Wallace in 1968, but he rejected the offer and actively campaigned for Richard Nixon; Wayne addressed the Republican National Convention on its opening day in August 1968.
    More Details Hide Details For a while, he was also a member of the anti-communist John Birch Society. Wayne openly differed with the Republican Party over the issue of the Panama Canal, as he supported the Panama Canal Treaty in the mid-1970s; conservatives had wanted the U.S. to retain full control of the canal, but Wayne believed that the Panamanians had the right to the canal and sided with President Jimmy Carter and the Democrats. Wayne was a close friend of the late Panamanian leader Omar Torrijos Herrera, and Wayne's first wife, Josephine, was a native of Panama. His support of the treaty brought him hate mail for the first time in his life.
    Due to his enormous popularity and his status as the most famous Republican star in Hollywood, wealthy Texas Republican Party backers asked Wayne to run for national office in 1968, as had his friend and fellow actor Senator George Murphy.
    More Details Hide Details He declined, joking that he did not believe the public would seriously consider an actor in the White House. Instead, he supported his friend Ronald Reagan's runs for Governor of California in 1966 and 1970.
    He used his iconic star power to support conservative causes, including rallying support for the Vietnam War by producing, codirecting, and starring in the critically panned The Green Berets in 1968.
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  • FIFTIES
  • 1960
    Age 52
    Wayne supported Vice President Richard Nixon in the presidential election of 1960, but expressed his vision of patriotism when John F. Kennedy won the election: "I didn't vote for him but he's my president, and I hope he does a good job."
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  • FORTIES
  • 1952
    Age 44
    An ardent anti-communist and vocal supporter of the House Un-American Activities Committee, in 1952 he made Big Jim McLain to show his support for the anti-communist cause.
    More Details Hide Details Recently declassified Soviet documents reveal that, despite being a fan of Wayne's movies, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin contemplated Wayne's assassination as a result of his frequently espoused anti-communist politics.
  • 1949
    Age 41
    While these two polls are really an indication only of the popularity of series stars, Wayne also appeared in the Top Ten Money Makers Poll of all films from 1949 to 1957 and 1958 to 1974, taking first place in 1950, 1951, 1954, and 1971.
    More Details Hide Details With a total of 25 years on the list, Wayne has more appearances than any other star, beating Clint Eastwood (21) into second place. In later years, Wayne was recognized as a sort of American natural resource, and his various critics, of his performances and his politics, viewed him with more respect. Abbie Hoffman, the radical of the 1960s, paid tribute to Wayne's singularity, saying, "I like Wayne's wholeness, his style. As for his politics, well—I suppose even cavemen felt a little admiration for the dinosaurs that were trying to gobble them up." Reviewing The Cowboys (1972), Vincent Canby of the New York Times, who did not particularly care for the film, wrote: "Wayne is, of course, marvelously indestructible, and he has become an almost perfect father figure." Wayne was married three times and divorced twice. He was fluent in Spanish and his three wives, each of Hispanic descent, were Josephine Alicia Saenz, Esperanza Baur, and Pilar Pallete. He had four children with Josephine: Michael Wayne (November 23, 1934 – April 2, 2003), Mary Antonia "Toni" Wayne LaCava (February 25, 1936 – December 6, 2000), Patrick Wayne (born July 15, 1939), and Melinda Wayne Munoz (born December 3, 1940). He had three more children with Pilar: Aissa Wayne (born March 31, 1956), John Ethan Wayne (born February 22, 1962), and Marisa Wayne (born February 22, 1966).
    Broderick Crawford, who eventually got the role, won the 1949 Oscar for best male actor, ironically beating out Wayne, who had been nominated for Sands of Iwo Jima.
    More Details Hide Details He lost the leading role in The Gunfighter (1950) to Gregory Peck due to his refusal to work for Columbia Pictures because its chief, Harry Cohn, had mistreated him years before when he was a young contract player. Cohn had bought the project for Wayne, but Wayne's grudge was too deep, and Cohn sold the script to Twentieth Century Fox, which cast Peck in the role Wayne badly wanted but for which he refused to bend. One of Wayne's most popular roles was in The High and the Mighty (1954), directed by William Wellman, and based on a novel by Ernest K. Gann. His portrayal of a heroic copilot won widespread acclaim. Wayne also portrayed aviators in Flying Tigers (1942), Flying Leathernecks (1951), Island in the Sky (1953), The Wings of Eagles (1957), and Jet Pilot (1957).
    In 1949, director Robert Rossen offered the starring role of All the King's Men to Wayne.
    More Details Hide Details Wayne refused, believing the script to be un-American in many ways.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1944
    Age 36
    He took part in creating the Motion Picture Alliance for the Preservation of American Ideals in February 1944, and was elected president of that organization in 1949.
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  • 1943
    Age 35
    Wayne toured U.S. bases and hospitals in the South Pacific for three months in 1943 and 1944. with the USO By many accounts, his failure to serve in the military was the most painful part of his life.
    More Details Hide Details His widow later suggested that his patriotism in later decades sprang from guilt, writing: "He would become a 'superpatriot' for the rest of his life trying to atone for staying home." U.S. National Archives records indicate that Wayne had, in fact, made an application to serve in the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), that day's equivalent of the CIA, and had been accepted within the U.S. Army's allotted billet to the OSS. William J. Donovan, OSS Commander, wrote Wayne a letter informing him of his acceptance in to the Field Photographic Unit, but the letter went to his estranged wife Josephine's home. She never told him about it. Donovan also issued an OSS Certificate of Service to Wayne. Wayne's first color film was Shepherd of the Hills (1941), in which he co-starred with his longtime friend Harry Carey. The following year, he appeared in his only film directed by Cecil B. DeMille, the Technicolor epic Reap the Wild Wind (1942), in which he co-starred with Ray Milland and Paulette Goddard; it was one of the rare times he played a character with questionable values. He would appear in more than 20 of John Ford's films throughout the next two decades, including She Wore a Yellow Ribbon (1949), The Quiet Man (1952), The Searchers (1956), The Wings of Eagles (1957), and The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (1962) with James Stewart: the first movie in which he called someone "Pilgrim".
  • 1939
    Age 31
    He appeared in the similar Box Office poll in 1939 and 1940.
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  • 1938
    Age 30
    Wayne had several high-profile affairs, including one with Marlene Dietrich that lasted for three years and one with Merle Oberon that lasted from 1938 to 1947.
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  • TWENTIES
  • 1936
    Age 28
    Wayne was a prominent Republican in Hollywood, supporting anti-communist positions. Throughout most of his life, Wayne was a vocally prominent conservative Republican. Initially a self-described socialist during his college years, he voted for Democratic President Franklin D. Roosevelt in the 1936 presidential election and expressed admiration for Roosevelt's successor, fellow Democratic President Harry S. Truman.
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  • 1930
    Age 22
    By Wayne's own estimation, he appeared in about 80 of these horse operas from 1930 to 1939.
    More Details Hide Details In Riders of Destiny (1933), he became one of the first singing cowboys of film, albeit via dubbing. Wayne also appeared in some of the Three Mesquiteers Westerns, whose title was a play on the Dumas classic. He was mentored by stuntmen in riding and other Western skills. Famed stuntman Yakima Canutt and he developed and perfected stunts and onscreen fisticuffs techniques still used today. Wayne's breakthrough role came with director John Ford's classic Stagecoach (1939). Because of Wayne's B-movie status and track record in low-budget Westerns throughout the 1930s, Ford had difficulty getting financing for what was to be an A-budget film. After rejection by all the top studios, Ford struck a deal with independent producer Walter Wanger in which Claire Trevor—a much bigger star at the time—received top billing. Stagecoach was a huge critical and financial success, and Wayne became a mainstream star. Cast member Louise Platt credits Ford as saying at the time that Wayne would become the biggest star ever because of his appeal as the archetypal "everyman".
    In 1930, director Raoul Walsh saw him moving studio furniture while working as a prop boy and cast him in his first starring role in The Big Trail (1930).
    More Details Hide Details For his screen name, Walsh suggested "Anthony Wayne", after Revolutionary War general "Mad" Anthony Wayne. Fox Studios chief Winfield Sheehan rejected it as sounding "too Italian". Walsh then suggested "John Wayne". Sheehan agreed, and the name was set. Wayne was not even present for the discussion. The Big Trail was to be the first big-budget outdoor spectacle of the sound era, made at a then-staggering cost of over $2 million, using hundreds of extras and wide vistas of the American southwest, still largely unpopulated at the time. To take advantage of the breathtaking scenery, it was filmed in two versions, a standard 35-mm version and another in the new 70 mm Grandeur film process, using an innovative camera and lenses. Many in the audience who saw it in Grandeur stood and cheered. However, only a handful of theaters were equipped to show the film in its widescreen process, and the effort was largely wasted. Despite being highly regarded by modern critics, the film was considered a huge box office flop at the time.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1926
    Age 18
    Between 1926 and 1976, Wayne appeared in over 170 motion pictures, and became one of America's biggest box office stars.
    More Details Hide Details Only Clark Gable sold more tickets than Wayne, although the ticket prices were not commensurate since, although both actors started their careers at the same time, Gable's career height preceded Wayne's by approximately fifteen years.
    Early in this period, he had a minor, uncredited role as a guard in the 1926 film Bardelys the Magnificent.
    More Details Hide Details Wayne also appeared with his USC teammates playing football in Brown of Harvard (1926), The Dropkick (1927), and Salute (1929) and Columbia's Maker of Men (filmed in 1930, released in 1931). While working for Fox Film Corporation in bit roles, Wayne was given on-screen credit as "Duke Morrison" only once, in Words and Music (1929).
  • 1924
    Age 16
    He played football for the 1924 league champion Glendale High School team.
    More Details Hide Details Wayne applied to the U.S. Naval Academy, but he was not accepted. He instead attended the University of Southern California (USC), majoring in pre-law. He was a member of the Trojan Knights and Sigma Chi fraternities. Wayne also played on the USC football team under coach Howard Jones. A broken collarbone injury curtailed his athletic career; Wayne later noted he was too terrified of Jones's reaction to reveal the actual cause of his injury, a bodysurfing accident. He lost his athletic scholarship, and without funds, had to leave the university. As a favor to USC football coach Howard Jones, who had given silent western film star Tom Mix tickets to USC games, director John Ford and Mix hired Wayne as a prop boy and extra. Wayne later credited his walk, talk, and persona to his acquaintance with Wyatt Earp, who was good friends with Tom Mix. Wayne soon moved to bit parts, establishing a longtime friendship with the director who provided most of those roles, John Ford.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1916
    Age 8
    Wayne's family moved to Palmdale, California, and then in 1916 to Glendale, California, where his father worked as a pharmacist.
    More Details Hide Details A local fireman at the station on his route to school in Glendale started calling him "Little Duke" because he never went anywhere without his huge Airedale Terrier, Duke. He preferred "Duke" to "Marion", and the nickname stuck. Wayne attended Wilson Middle School in Glendale. As a teen, he worked in an ice cream shop for a man who shod horses for Hollywood studios. He was also active as a member of the Order of DeMolay, a youth organization of the Freemasons.
  • 1907
    Born
    The local paper, Winterset Madisonian, reported on page 4 of the May 30, 1907 edition that Wayne weighed 13 pounds at birth.
    More Details Hide Details His middle name was soon changed from Robert to Mitchell when his parents decided to name their next son Robert. Wayne's father, Clyde Leonard Morrison (1884–1937), was the son of American Civil War veteran Marion Mitchell Morrison (1845–1915). Wayne's mother, the former Mary "Molly" Alberta Brown (1885–1970), was from Lancaster County, Nebraska. Wayne's ancestry included English, Irish, Scots-Irish, and Scottish. He was brought up as a Presbyterian.
Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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