John White
led first attempt to establish English colony in America
John White
John White was an English artist, and an early pioneer of English efforts to settle the New World. He was among those who sailed with Richard Grenville to North Carolina in 1585, acting as artist and mapmaker to the expedition. During his time at Roanoke Island he made a number of watercolor sketches of the surrounding landscape and the native Algonkin peoples.
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John White's personal information overview.
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Young Reds United in their love for Red Devils - Midulster Today
Google News - over 5 years
Branch secretary John White stated that members from all over Northern Ireland have already taken up the opportunity to join the club. “At the moment we have over 160 children who have signed up as members. This is the first time a club for children
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Whittingham: White will get bulk of carries - College Fantasy Football Insider
Google News - over 5 years
In Monday's press conference, Utah coach Kyle Whittingham confirmed that John White will be the starting running back and said that "he will get the bulk of the carries." Whittingham said that White uses his speed and elusiveness to his advantage and
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Utah Utes football: John White frontrunner to carry the running load - Deseret News
Google News - over 5 years
Junior college transfer John White claimed the No. 1 spot on the depth chart at running back during fall camp and has clung to it ever since. However, he has looked better in each of the Utes' three scrimmages and is ready to put last year's
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Recovery School District principals' dismissals spark lawsuit - NOLA.com
Google News - over 5 years
View full sizeAmong the defendants in the lawsuit are Recovery School District Superintendent John White, left, and deputy superintendents Patrick Dobard, center, and Ramsey Green. The plaintiffs are accusing administrators at the state-run Recovery
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John White Claims Hampton Open Championship - Drexel Dragons
Google News - over 5 years
John White , the head coach of the Dragons who was once the top-ranked player in the world, proved once again that he remains an elite squash performer over the weekend when he claimed the Hampton Open men's pro singles championship with a three-game
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John White, TU4SD's model citizen? - Tucson Citizen
Google News - over 5 years
Last week she was calling John White a “rabid racist ranter.” This week she is defending “John White, a Viet Nam veteran”… a “disabled American vet” that Judy Burns is defaming. TU4SD's Loretta Hunnicutt this week, defending the "racist ranter" John
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Carries no longer equally spread among Utah's RBs - Salt Lake Tribune (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
It will be harder and harder for Harvey Langi and Thretton Palamo to overtake John White or Tauni Vakapuna for the starting running back role in the future as their carries are going to be limited. Utah coach Kyle Whittingham said Vakapuna and White ... - -
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Utes running back battle is wide open - ABC 4
Google News - over 5 years
Three players, Harvey Langi, John White and Thretton Palamo are all vying for the job, and as of now, there doesn't seem to be a clear cut favorite. "They're all three working hard," said head coach Kyle Whittingham. "We're really not going to be able
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IN THE GARDEN; What's Left Behind
NYTimes - over 5 years
CLEVELAND THIS city contains 20,000 vacant lots, more or less. Probably more. Every year, demolition crews knock down another 1,000 houses. And the housing market being what it is, few souls are returning. A vacant lot may be a lot of things: an eyesore, a dump, a symbol of American industrial decline. But one thing it is not is vacant. When we
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African cuisine raises cash for school - Oxford Mail
Google News - over 5 years
HUSBAND and wife John White and Dee Taylor entertained guests with African food and music at a fund-raising dinner party. The Abingdon couple were raising cash to buy teaching materials for Longido Primary School in northern Tanzania, where they both
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Banged Up Abroad, Sunday, July 17 - Sydney Morning Herald
Google News - over 5 years
This one has Irish oilfield engineers Tom Lynch and John White recount the nightmare they endured after they were captured trying to flee Iraq during the Gulf War in 1990. Having heard that Saddam Hussein planned to use Westerners as human shields,
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John Leslie White - Amarillo.com
Google News - over 5 years
John was born April 9, 1930, in Agatite to TA and Hazel Hall White. He married Jan Marshall on July 7, 1970, in Wichita Falls. Survivors include four sons, John White of Quanah, Mark White of Burkburnett, Jim Bob White and Barry White, both of Vernon;
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John White to be Admiral of the Day - Ledger Independent
Google News - over 5 years
AUGUSTA -- Taking the honorary helm of Augusta Riverfest Regatta activities will be Augusta community leader John White who will serve as Admiral of the Day. "He is very active in activities which benefit Augusta," said Doug Padgett, Bracken/Augusta
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LETTERS; Sunday Dialogue: What to Do To Make Our Schools Better
NYTimes - over 5 years
A lively debate about charter schools, high-stakes testing and impoverished students arose as David Brooks criticized Diane Ravitch, she answered back and readers joined the fray. THE LETTER To the Editor: Re ''Smells Like School Spirit,'' by David Brooks (column, July 1): Mr. Brooks has misrepresented my views. While I have criticized charter
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John White officially announces Albany Mayoral Candidacy - WFXL FOX 31
Google News - over 5 years
ALBANY, GA -- Former Georgia Representative John White officially announced on Thursday night that he will be running in the race to become Albany's next mayor. He says he has a vision for Albany to utilize its resources and return the
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Elizabeth Hurley & Shane Warne: Elton John's White Tie and Tiara Ball Lovers - StyleBistro
Google News - over 5 years
Bombshell Elizabeth Hurley and her new boyfriend, Shane Warne made their red carpet debut together arm-in-arm at Sir Elton John's White Tie and Tiara Ball. The pair, who has been dating since December, was seen leaving Elizabeth's home, wearing super ... - -
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of John White
    FIFTIES
  • 1593
    Age 53
    Died in 1593.
    More Details Hide Details
    The last surviving document related to White is a letter he wrote from Ireland in 1593 to the publisher of the prints of his Roanoke drawings.
    More Details Hide Details However, a record from May 1606 that a Bridget White was appointed estate administrator for her brother "John White" may refer to him. White is chiefly remembered today for his watercolors, which represent a unique record of 16th-century Algonquian society. All of White's surviving works are now in the print room of the British Museum. In 2007, the British Museum placed the entire group of John White's watercolors on public display under the collection, "A New World: England's First View of America." There are more than seventy watercolors in the traveling exhibit. There were plans to show the collection at the North Carolina Museum of History.
  • 1590
    Age 50
    White returned to Plymouth, England, on October 24, 1590.
    More Details Hide Details The loss of the colony was a personal tragedy for White, from which he never fully recovered. He would never return to the New World, and in a letter to Richard Hakluyt he wrote that he must hand over the fate of the colonists and his family "to the merciful help of the Almighty, whom I most humbly beseech to helpe and comfort them." Little is known of White's life after the failure of the Roanoke Colony. He lived in Plymouth, and also owned a house at Newtown, Kylmore (Kilmore, County Cork), Ireland. He appears to have been in Ireland living on the estates of Sir Walter Raleigh, making maps of land for Raleigh's tenants, and reflecting upon the "evils and unfortunate events" which had ruined his hopes in the New World, though never giving up hope that his daughter and granddaughter were still alive.
    Governor White finally reached Roanoke Island on August 18, 1590, his granddaughter's third birthday, but he found his colony had been long deserted.
    More Details Hide Details The buildings had collapsed and "the houses were taken downe." The few clues about the colonists' whereabouts included the letters "CRO" carved into a tree, and the word "CROATOAN" carved on a post of the fort. Croatoan was the name of a nearby island (likely modern-day Hatteras Island) and of a local tribe of Native Americans. Roanoke Island was not the original planned location for the colony and the idea of moving elsewhere had been discussed. Before the Governor's departure, he and the colonists had agreed that a message would be carved into a tree if they had moved and would include an image of a Maltese Cross if the decision was made by force. White found no such cross and was hopeful that his family were still alive. True to their word, the colonists had looked after White's belongings, which had been carefully buried and hidden. However, local Indians had evidently looted the hiding place, and White found "about the place many of my things spoyled and broken, and my books torne from the covers, the frames of some of my pictures and mappes rotten and spoyled with rayne, and my armour almost eaten through with rust."
    Finally, in March 1590, with the immediate threat of a Spanish invasion by now abated, Raleigh was able to equip White's rescue expedition.
    More Details Hide Details Two ships, the Hopewell and the Moonlight set sail for Roanoke. The return journey was prolonged by extensive privateering and a number of sea battles, and White's eventual landing at the Outer Banks was further imperiled by poor weather. The landing was hazardous and was beset by bad conditions and adverse currents. During the landing on Roanoke, of the mariners who accompanied White, "seven of the chiefest were drowned."
  • FORTIES
  • 1588
    Age 48
    In early 1588 White was able to scrape together a pair of small pinnaces, the Brave and the Roe, which were unsuitable for military service and could be spared for the expedition to Roanoke.
    More Details Hide Details Unluckily for White, they were barely suited for the Atlantic crossing and the governor endured further bad luck as the ships were intercepted by French pirates, who "playd extreemely upon us with their shot," hitting White (to his great embarrassment) "in the side of the buttoke." White and his crew escaped to England with their lives, but "they robbed us of all our victuals, powder, weapons and provision," and the journey to Virginia had to be abandoned. By this stage White appears to have formed the view that he was born under "an unlucky star."
  • 1587
    Age 47
    On October 16, 1587 the desperate crew at last landed in Smewicke, in the west of Ireland, and White was finally able to make his way back to Southampton.
    More Details Hide Details Further bad news awaited White on his return to England. Just two weeks previously Queen Elizabeth I had issued a general "stay of shipping," preventing any ships from leaving English shores. The reason was the "invincible fleetes made by the King of Spain, joyned with the power of the Pope, for the invading of England" - the Spanish Armada. White's patron Sir Walter Raleigh attempted to provide ships to rescue the colony but he was overruled by the Queen.
    However, the colonists’ food supplies soon began to grow short, and in late 1587 the settlers pressed White to return to England "for the better and sooner obtaining of supplies, and other necessaries."
    More Details Hide Details Because the colony had been deposited in Roanoke rather than the Chesapeake area, supply ships from England ignorant of Fernandez's change of plan would most likely not land in Roanoke at all, and the settlement might not survive the coming winter. White was reluctant to abandon his colony, anxious that his enemies in England "would not spare to slander him falsely" should he leave, and worried that his "stuffe and goods might be spoiled and most of it pilfered away." Eventually the colonists agreed to stand surety for White's belongings and he was prevailed upon to sail, "much against his will," in order to seek help. Misfortune struck White's return to England from the beginning. The anchor of the flyboat on which White was quartered could not be raised, and many crew members were severely injured during the attempt. Worse, their journey home was delayed by "scarce and variable winds" followed by "a storme at the north-east," and many sailors starved or died of scurvy.
    On August 18, 1587, there was happier news - White became a grandfather. "Elenora, daughter to the governour and wife to Ananias Dare, one of the assistants, was delivered of a daughter in Roanoke."
    More Details Hide Details The child was healthy and "was christened there the Sunday following, and because this childe was the first Christian borne in Virginia, she was named Virginia."
    On August 8, 1587, White led a dawn attack on the Dasamongueponkes that went disastrously wrong.
    More Details Hide Details White and his soldiers entered the Dasamongueponke village in the morning "so early that it was yet dark," but mistakenly attacked a group of hitherto friendly Indians, killing one and wounding many. "We were deceaved," wrote White in his journal, "for the savages were our friendes." Henceforth, relations with the local tribes would steadily deteriorate.
    In May 1587 White's colonists sailed for Virginia in the Lion.
    More Details Hide Details They were guided by the Portuguese navigator Simon Fernandez, the same pilot who had led the 1585 expedition and who was given by his fellow sailors the unhappy nickname of "the swine." The settlers' chosen destination was not Roanoke but the Chesapeake Bay. But, upon reaching Roanoke in late July, and allowing the colonists to disembark, Fernandez refused to let White's men re-board ship. According to White's journal, Fernandez's deputy "called to the sailors in the pinesse, charging them not to bring any of the planters settlers back againe, but leave them on the island." Faced with what amounted to a mutiny by his navigator, White appears to have backed down and acquiesced in this sudden change of plan. Despite the governor's protests, Fernandez held that "summer was farre spent was almost over, wherefore hee would land all the planters in no other place."
    His efforts did not go unrewarded; on January 7, 1587, Raleigh named “John White of London Gentleman, to be the chief Governor” of the new colony.<ref name="ncpedia"/.
    More Details Hide Details White, with thirteen others, were incorporated under the name of “The Governor and Assistants of the Cities of Raleigh of Virginia”.
  • 1586
    Age 46
    During 1586 White was able to persuade 113 prospective colonists to join Raleigh's expedition, including his daughter Eleanor and his son-in-law Ananias Dare, recently married at St Bride's Church in Fleet Street.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1585
    Age 45
    In 1585 White had been commissioned to "draw to life" the inhabitants of the New World and their surroundings.
    More Details Hide Details During White's time at Roanoke Island, he completed numerous watercolor drawings of the surrounding landscape and native peoples. These works are significant as they are the most informative illustrations of a Native American society of the Eastern seaboard, and predate the first body of "discovery voyage art" created in the late 18th century by the artists who sailed with Captain James Cook. They represent the sole-surviving visual record of the native inhabitants of America encountered by England's first settlers. White's enthusiasm for watercolor was unusual - most contemporary painters preferred to use oil-based paints. White's watercolors would soon become a sensation in Europe; it was not long before the watercolors were engraved by the Flemish master engraver Theodore de Bry. Through the medium of print, the illustrations became widely known and distributed; they were published in 1590 under the title America. After Lane's colonists returned to England in 1586, Sir Walter Raleigh, who held the land patent for the proposed English colony of Virginia, tasked White with the job of organizing a new settlement in the Chesapeake Bay area, one which would be self-sustaining and which would include women and children.
    In the late sixteenth century efforts to establish an English colony in the New World began to gain momentum, and White soon became an enthusiastic supporter. In 1585 White accompanied the expedition led by Sir Ralph Lane to attempt to found the first English colony in North America.
    More Details Hide Details White was sent by Sir Walter Raleigh as Sir Richard Grenville's artist-illustrator on his first voyage to the New World; he served as mapmaker and artist to the expedition, which encountered considerable difficulties and returned to England in 1586.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1540
    Age 0
    John White's exact date of birth is unknown but it seems likely he was born some time between 1540 and 1550.
    More Details Hide Details There is a record dated February 22, 1539, of a christening in the Church of St Augustine, London, of a "John White" on that same day; but there is no proof this is the same person. White is known to have attended church in the parish of St. Martin Ludgate in London. In 1566 he married Tomasyn Cooper; with whom he had a son, Tom, who died young, and a daughter Eleanor. Little is known of White's training as an artist but it is possible that he apprenticed as an illustrator under a London master.
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