Jonas Savimbi
Angolan politician
Jonas Savimbi
Jonas Malheiro Savimbi (lo,,plko,Movement for the Liberation of Angola|MPLA]] during the decolonization conflict, 1974–75, and after independence in 1975 fought the ruling MPLA in the Angolan Civil War until his death in a clash with government troops in 2002.
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Family of Angolan Rebel Chief Sues 'Call of Duty' Makers - Newsweek
Google News - about 1 year
Newsweek Family of Angolan Rebel Chief Sues 'Call of Duty' Makers Newsweek 0115_Jonas_Savimbi Angolan UNITA rebel leader Jonas Savimbi was killed in a clash with government troops in Moxcia province in 2002. His family is suing the makers of the video game 'Call of Duty' for depicting him as a “barbarian.” Luis d'Orey/file ... Call of Duty: Black Ops III Tops 2015 SalesPC Magazine Call of Duty is being sued for portraying a dead Angolan rebel leader as a ...Quartz 7 years as king of the hill — Call of Duty is again the top-selling game of ...VentureBeat Engadget -The Guardian all 145 news articles »
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Google News article
Family of Angolan rebel Savimbi sue over 'Call of Duty' character
Yahoo News - about 1 year
The family of slain Angolan rebel chief Jonas Savimbi are suing the makers of the popular video game "Call of Duty" for representing his character as a "barbarian", their lawyer said Thursday. Three of Savimbi's children, who live in the Paris region, are seeking one million euros in damages from the French branch of game publisher Activision Blizzard. Savimbi was the founder and leader of the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), which fought a 27-year civil war with the government in Luanda.
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[OPINION] Opponents Of Jega’s INEC Card Reader Not Working For Jesus Christ By Obinna Akukwe
Information Nigeria - almost 2 years
Those who antagonized the use of INEC Card Reader from the just concluded election which has been described as the freest and fairest presidential poll in Nigeria, have been just proved not to be agents of Jesus Christ, even if they preach in their churches. The leader of CAN, Pastor Oritsejafor is among the clerics who opposed the use of card reader, some Muslim clerics also opposed it. MASSOB, OPC, and some other faceless groups opposed it, obviously because they wanted a particular candidate to win. I wrote this piece titled ‘INEC Card Reader: Antagonists not Working for Jesus Christ’ on the 20th of March, eight days before that historic election, where card reading technology minimized incidences of electoral fraud in Nigeria. I wish to represent the piece prophetically written to help Nigerian politicians deliver the nation from the self-destruct of rigging, electoral fraud and electoral criminality, calling upon the incoming government to improve upon this technology for future ...
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Information Nigeria article
[OPINION] Antagonists Of INEC Card Reader Are Not Working For Jesus Christ Written By Obinna Akukwe
Information Nigeria - almost 2 years
Antagonists of the innovative method of curbing electoral corruption and rigging in Nigeria in the form of INEC Card readers cannot be working for Jesus Christ even if some of them bear Christian names and even preach in their churches. I  have also been informed by some Muslim clerics who reacted to my recently released write up on INEC titled ‘Prof Attahiru Jega, Hero of Nigeria’s Democratic Innovations: Needs International Support Now, and Why Progressives Should Support Him’ that though the Quran did not specifically mention rigging, however, it is against any form of robbery, if it is applied puritanically. Therefore, all these Pastors, Bishops, Imams, Mallams who have enlisted in the campaign to stop Nigeria’s electoral umpire , Attahiru Jega from using card readers to stop electoral fraud in Nigeria probably because he is an Hausa Man and Muslim, are just agents of Lucifer, Asmodeus, and Leviathan and will soon face the judgments of God. In the Bible, Jesus Christ was ...
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Information Nigeria article
Five African Nations Sign Up for Conservation Zone the Size of California - National Geographic
Google News - over 5 years
Plans to put the scheme together go back to 2003, the year after the end of Angola's civil war was signaled by the public display of Unita leader Jonas Savimbi's bullet-ridden body after a final bloody encounter with MPLA forces in the country's
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Google News article
A paz é um dos grandes feitos do presidente José Eduardo dos Santos - AngolaPress
Google News - over 5 years
Lembrou que 29 Julho de 2000 foi felicitado pela ONU, pelo anúncio de que perdoaria a todos os rebeldes armados, incluindo o seu líder (Jonas Savimbi), desde que reconhecesse as autoridades legítimas e contribuíssem para a consolidação do regime
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Google News article
Art meets humanitarian aid - Idaho Mountain Express and Guide
Google News - over 5 years
Aossey said the main reason that some leaders, such as Angola's former leader Jonas Savimbi, seek power is to control natural resources. "Whether it is oil, diamonds or minerals, these are the real reasons they are in power
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Google News article
Tribute to Career Journalist Andere - Middle East North Africa Financial Network
Google News - over 5 years
To others, he was Savimbi, thanks to his uncanny resemblance to former Angolan freedom fighter Jonas Savimbi. On learning of Amboka's death, Nation Media Group Editorial Director Joseph Odindo, who worked with him in the 1980s, said his death was a
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Google News article
22 August 2011 | Everyday News for Everyday People - NewsDay
Google News - over 5 years
Jonas Savimbi in Angola had no such luck. I mentioned Hosni Mubarak last week. He was a hero during the 1973 war against Israel. If he was Zimbabwean, that would make him a prime candidate for Heroes' Acre. Yitzhak Rabin of Israel, on the other hand,
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Google News article
Full Story - Nigerian Observer
Google News - over 5 years
In the fight for Angola, Nigeria shocked and dazed America when Murtala-led the country to back Augustiho Neto's MPLA as against US support of Jonas Savimbi's UNITA. This facilitated the decolonization process and in the Angola independence election,
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Google News article
Nueva antología de la literatura cubana alternativa - El Nuevo Herald
Google News - over 5 years
El opositor, periodista independiente y psicólogo cubano, que estuvo 11 meses en Angola entre 1980-81, tuvo allí su primer encuentro con los horrores de la guerra cuando las tropas de Jonas Savimbi emboscaron al inexperto grupo de pre-cadetes de la
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Google News article
Truth and omission in the history of SWAPO - Politicsweb
Google News - over 5 years
An important complementary account by a major British journalist, Fred Bridgland, Jonas Savimbi: A Key to Africa (Mainstream, Edinburgh, 1986), is likewise not recorded. So too is my book, Inside Quatro; Uncovering the Exile History of the ANC and
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Google News article
UNITA realizou colóquio em Luanda - Rádio Nacional de Angola
Google News - over 5 years
A UNITA realizou Quarta-feira, 03/08, em Luanda um colóquio em memoria de seu líder fundador, Jonas Savimbi, que completaria 77 anos de idade, constatou a RNA. O encontro, que juntou membros do seu comité permanente, serviu também para recordar a obra
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Google News article
A diamond in the rough - Ha'aretz
Google News - over 5 years
... socialist ruling party MPLA ‏(the People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola‏) and President dos Santos, desperately needed arms to fight its rival, UNITA ‏(the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola‏), led by Dr. Jonas Savimbi
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Google News article
Who is wrong With the American Government - Westside Gazette
Google News - over 5 years
Additionally, while promoting US Support for groups like Mozambique's RENAMO and Jonas Savimbi's UNITA in Angola, Norquist was also working with a support Network for disgraced Col. Oliver North's not so legal endeavors with the Nicaraguan Contras,
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Google News article
"Time has come to overcome the suspicions that remain" - Prof. Wijesinha - Ministry of Defence (press release)
Google News - over 5 years
This refers to the forces of Jonas Savimbi, who was very similar to the Tamil Tiger leader Velupillai Prabhakaran. Du Toit had set up, with no reference to the Sri Lankan government with whom he was supposed to be working, a network of secret informers
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Google News article
Call to Probe the Appointment of Chris du Toit as UN Security Chief in Sri Lanka - Lankaweb
Google News - over 5 years
Also, have the crimes committed by the terrorist group led by Jonas Savimbi and trained by Chris du Toit been brought before a tribunal or a Truth and Reconciliation Commission in Angola? Has Chris du Toit answered to his covert activities involving
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Google News article
Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Jonas Savimbi
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 2002
    Age 67
    Savimbi was succeeded by António Dembo, who assumed UNITA’s leadership on an interim basis in February 2002.
    More Details Hide Details But Dembo had sustained wounds in the same attack that killed Savimbi, and he died from them ten days later and was succeeded by Paulo Lukamba. Six weeks after Savimbi's death, a ceasefire between UNITA and the MPLA was signed, but Angola remains deeply divided politically between MPLA and UNITA supporters. Parliamentary elections in September 2008 resulted in an overwhelming majority for the MPLA, but their legitimacy was questioned by international observers. In the years since Savimbi's death, his legacy has been a source of debate. "The mistake that Savimbi made, the historical, big mistake he made, was to reject (the election) and go back to war," Alex Vines, head of the Africa program at London-based Chatham House research institute said in February 2012. University of Oxford Africa expert Paula Roque says Savimbi was "a very charismatic man, a man that exuded power and leadership. We can't forget that for a large segment of the population, UNITA represented something."
    After surviving more than a dozen assassination attempts, and having been reported dead at least 15 times, Savimbi was killed on 22 February 2002, in a battle with Angolan government troops along riverbanks in the province of Moxico, his birthplace.
    More Details Hide Details In the firefight, Savimbi sustained 15 gunshot wounds to his head, throat, upper body and legs. While Savimbi returned fire, his wounds proved fatal; he died almost instantly.
  • 1998
    Age 63
    Savimbi declined the vice-presidency that was offered to him and again renewed fighting in 1998.
    More Details Hide Details Savimbi also reportedly purged some of those within UNITA whom he may have seen as threats to his leadership or as questioning his strategic course. Savimbi's foreign secretary Tito Chingunji and his family were murdered in 1991 after Savimbi suspected that Chingunji had been in secret, unapproved negotiations with the Angolan government during Chingunji's various diplomatic assignments in Europe and the United States. Savimbi denied his involvement in the Chingunji killing and blamed it on UNITA dissidents.
  • FIFTIES
  • 1992
    Age 57
    In late October 1992, Savimbi dispatched UNITA Vice President Jeremias Chitunda and UNITA senior advisor Elias Salupeto Pena to Luanda to negotiate the details of the run-off election. On 2 November 1992 in Luanda, Chitunda and Pena's convoy was attacked by government forces and they were both pulled from their car and shot dead.
    More Details Hide Details Their bodies were taken by government authorities and never seen again. The MPLA offensive against UNITA and the FNLA has come to be known as the Halloween Massacre where over 10,000 of their voters were massacred nationwide by MPLA forces. Alleging governmental electoral fraud and questioning the government's commitment to peace, Savimbi withdrew from the run-off election and resumed fighting, mostly with foreign funds. UNITA again quickly advanced militarily, encircling the nation's capital of Luanda. In 1994, UNITA signed a new peace accord.
    Under military pressure from UNITA, the Angolan government negotiated a cease-fire with Savimbi, and Savimbi ran for president in the national elections of 1992.
    More Details Hide Details Foreign monitors claimed the election to be fair. But because neither Savimbi (40%) nor Angolan President José Eduardo dos Santos (49%) obtained the 50 percent necessary to prevail, a run-off election was scheduled.
    In February 1992, Antonio da Costa Fernandes and Nzau Puna defected from UNITA, declaring publicly that Savimbi was not interested in a political test, but on preparing another war.
    More Details Hide Details
    As U.S. support began to flow liberally and leading U.S. conservatives championed his cause, Savimbi won major strategic advantages in the late 1980s, and again in the early 1990s, after having taken part unsuccessfully in the general elections of 1992.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1990
    Age 55
    In January 1990 and again in February 1990, Savimbi was wounded in armed conflict with Angolan government troops.
    More Details Hide Details The injuries did not prevent him from again returning to Washington, where he met with his American supporters and President Bush in an effort to further increase US military assistance to UNITA. Savimbi's supporters warned that continued Soviet support for the MPLA was threatening broader global collaboration between Gorbachev and the US.
  • 1989
    Age 54
    At the height of his military success, in 1989 and 1990, Savimbi was beginning to launch attacks on government and military targets in and around the country's capital, Luanda.
    More Details Hide Details Observers felt that the strategic balance in Angola had shifted and that Savimbi was positioning UNITA for a possible military victory. Signaling the concern that the Soviet Union was placing on Savimbi's advance in Angola, Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev raised the Angolan war with Reagan during numerous U.S.-Soviet summits. In addition to meeting with Reagan, Savimbi also met with Reagan's successor, George H. W. Bush, who promised Savimbi "all appropriate and effective assistance."
  • 1988
    Age 53
    Two years later, with the Angolan Civil War intensifying, Savimbi returned to Washington, where he was filled with gratitude and praise for the Heritage Foundation's work on UNITA's behalf. "When we come to the Heritage Foundation", Savimbi said during a June 30, 1988 speech at the foundation, "it is like coming back home.
    More Details Hide Details We know that our success here in Washington in repealing the Clark Amendment and obtaining American assistance for our cause is very much associated with your efforts. This foundation has been a source of great support. The UNITA leadership knows this, and it is also known in Angola." Complementing his military skills, Savimbi also impressed many with his intellectual qualities. He spoke seven languages fluently – four European, three African. In visits to foreign diplomats and in speeches before American audiences, he often cited classical Western political and social philosophy, ultimately becoming one of the most vocal anti-communists of the Third World. Some dismiss this intellectualism as nothing more than careful handling by his politically shrewd American supporters, who sought to present Savimbi as a clear alternative to Angola's communist government. But others saw it as genuine and a product of the guerrilla leader's intelligence. Savimbi's biography describes him as "an incredible linguist. He spoke four European languages, including English although he had never lived in an English-speaking country. He was extremely well read. He was an extremely fine conversationalist and a very good listener." Savimbi also accused his political opponents in UNITA of witchcraft, and participated in the public burning of entire families as witches. These contrasting images of Savimbi would play out throughout his life, with his enemies calling him a power-hungry warmonger, and his American and other allies calling him a critical figure in the West's bid to win the Cold War.
  • 1986
    Age 51
    During a visit to Washington, D.C. in 1986, Reagan invited Savimbi to meet with him at the White House.
    More Details Hide Details Following the meeting, Reagan spoke of UNITA winning "a victory that electrifies the world."
  • 1985
    Age 50
    In 1985, with the backing of the Reagan administration, Jack Abramoff and other U.S. conservatives organized the Democratic International in Savimbi's base in Jamba, in Cuando Cubango Province in southeastern Angola.
    More Details Hide Details Savimbi was strongly supported by the influential, conservative Heritage Foundation. Heritage foreign policy analyst Michael Johns and other conservatives visited regularly with Savimbi in his clandestine camps in Jamba and provided the rebel leader with ongoing political and military guidance in his war against the Angolan government. Savimbi's U.S.-based supporters ultimately proved successful in convincing the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to channel covert weapons and recruit guerrillas for Savimbi's war against Angola's Marxist government, which greatly intensified and prolonged the conflict.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1966
    Age 31
    Upon returning to Angola in 1966 he launched UNITA and began his career as an anti-Portuguese guerrilla fighter.
    More Details Hide Details He also fought the FNLA and MPLA, as the three resistance movements tried to position themselves to lead a post-colonial Angola. Portugal later released PIDE archives revealing that Savimbi had signed a collaboration pact with Portuguese colonial authorities to fight the MPLA. Following Angola's independence in 1975, Savimbi gradually drew the attention of powerful Chinese and, ultimately, American policymakers and intellectuals. Trained in China during the 1960s, Savimbi was a highly successful guerrilla fighter schooled in classic Maoist approaches to warfare, including baiting his enemies with multiple military fronts, some of which attacked and some of which consciously retreated. Like the People's Liberation Army of Mao Zedong, Savimbi mobilized important, although ethnically confined segments of the rural peasantry – overwhelmingly Ovimbundu – as part of his military tactics. From a military strategy standpoint, he can be considered one of the most effective guerrilla leaders of the 20th century.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1964
    Age 29
    He was rebuffed by the MPLA, and joined forces with the National Liberation Front of Angola (FNLA) in 1964.
    More Details Hide Details The same year he conceived UNITA with Antonio da Costa Fernandes. Savimbi went to China for help and was promised arms and military training.
  • 1960
    Age 25
    While there, probably in August 1960, he met Holden Roberto who was already a rising star in émigré circles.
    More Details Hide Details Roberto was a founding member of the UPA (União das Populações de Angola) and was already known for his efforts to promote Angolan independence at the United Nations. He tried to recruit Savimbi who seems to have been undecided whether to commit himself to the cause of Angolan independence at this point in his life. Savimbi sought a leadership position in the MPLA by joining the MPLA Youth in the early 1960s.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1934
    Born
    Savimbi was born on 3 August 1934, in Munhango, Moxico Province, a small town on the Benguela Railway, and raised in Bié Province.
    More Details Hide Details Savimbi's father, Lote, was a stationmaster on Angola's Benguela railway line and a preacher of the Protestant Igreja Evangélica Congregacional de Angola, founded and maintained by American missionaries. Both his parents were members of the Bieno group of the Ovimbundu, the people who later served as Savimbi's major political base. In his early years, Savimbi was educated mainly in Protestant schools, but also attended Roman Catholic schools. At the age of 24, he received a scholarship to study in Portugal. There he finished his secondary studies, with the exception of the subject "political organization" that was compulsory during the regime established by António de Oliveira Salazar, so that he was unable to start studying medicine as originally intended. Instead he became associated with students from Angola and other Portuguese colonies who were preparing themselves for anti-colonial resistance and had contacts with the clandestine Portuguese Communist Party. He knew Agostinho Neto, who was at that time studying medicine and who later went on to become president of the MPLA and Angola's first state President. Under increasing pressure from the Portuguese secret police (PIDE), Savimbi left Portugal for Switzerland with the assistance of Portuguese and French communists and other sympathizers, and eventually wound up in Lausanne. There he was able to obtain a new scholarship from American missionaries and studied social sciences. He then went on to the University at Fribourg for further studies.
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