Joseph Sr.
Businessman, political figure, and father of John F. Kennedy
Joseph Sr.
Joseph Patrick "Joe" Kennedy, Sr. was a prominent American businessman, investor, and government official. Kennedy, an Irish American, was the father of U.S. President John F. Kennedy, United States Attorney General and Senator Robert F. Kennedy, United States Senator Edward M. Kennedy, naval officer Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr. , Special Olympics co-founder Eunice Kennedy Shriver, and former U.S.
Biography
Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr.'s personal information overview.
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News
News abour Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. from around the web
Chambers: Ronnie Hults should be crowd favorite Saturday at Colorado National ... - Denver Post
Google News - over 5 years
Ben Kennedy, 19, is the great-grandson of the late NASCAR founder Bill France Sr. Kennedy has made nine starts in the K&N Pro Series East (one top-five finish) and will be making his Pro Series West debut. No word if Lesa Kennedy also will be in town
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2011 All-district softball - San Antonio Express
Google News - over 5 years
Jefferson: Aurora Felan, CF, sr. Kennedy: Nicole Ibarra, C, soph.; Amber Lopez, CF, jr.; Samantha Valdez, 2B/1B, sr.; Laura Sampayo, 2B/P, sr. Lanier: Marina Cardenas, DP/P, sr. Memorial: Briana Contreras, C/SS, jr. Southside: Julie Gonzales, CF, sr.;
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Group Championships from South Plainfield -- Live (or at least tape delayed ... - The Star-Ledger - NJ.com (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
... 1 11 440 Anthony Harrell SR MORRISTOWN 11.47 11.37 NWI 1 12 732 Juwan Petties-Jack JR SOMERVILLE 11.59 11.50 NWI 2 13 631 Ryan Zauk SR RAMAPO 11.46 11.53 NWI 3 13 760 Jamal Williams JR TEANECK 11.36 11.53 NWI 1 15 303 Andre Sylvester SR KENNEDY,
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Migrants suffer over citizenship - Irish Independent
Google News - almost 6 years
"While other countries encourage migrants to become citizens in order to share those countries' values, Ireland could be seen to be using the process and its injustices as a way to prevent people from becoming citizens." Sr Kennedy said the present
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2011 Girls basketball all-district teams - San Antonio Express
Google News - almost 6 years
Jefferson: Brittany Garza, sr. Kennedy: Alyssa Ramos, sr. Lanier: Samantha Cortinas, jr.; Zoie Cuellar, sr. Memorial: Diamond Maldonado, sr. Southside: Julie Gonzalez, sr. Second team: Brackenridge: Dorene Ramirez, soph. Burbank: Karina Martinez, jr
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Paid Notice: Deaths KENNEDY, JAMES G. SR.
NYTimes - about 19 years
KENNEDY-James G. Sr. The Society of the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick in the City of New York, records with profound sorrow the death of James G. Kennedy, Sr., a Member of the Society, and extends sincere sympathy to his family. William J. Cronin, President Robert J. Reilly, Historian
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Paid Notice: Deaths KENNEDY, JAMES G., SR.
NYTimes - about 19 years
KENNEDY-James G., Sr. Irish wit and quiet good works embodied the spirit of this gallant gentleman. Knowing Jim, he's probably busy with the Lord right now renovating Heaven! Steve McFadden
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Paid Notice: Deaths KENNEDY, JAMES G. SR.
NYTimes - about 19 years
KENNEDY-James G. Sr. At home on December 24, 1997. James G. Kennedy Sr., Chairman of the Board of James G. Kennedy & Co., Inc., began his career as a plasterer for the old Davis, Brown Company. He was born in Manhattan's Harlem and attended Townsend Harris High School. ''Back then, it was a high school for City College,'' he recalled. Mr. Kennedy
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr.
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 1969
    Age 80
    He died at home in Hyannis Port on November 18, 1969, two months after his 81st birthday; he had outlived three of his four sons and one of his five daughters.
    More Details Hide Details He is buried at Holyhood Cemetery in Brookline, Massachusetts. His widow Rose outlived him by 25 years, dying on January 22, 1995 at the age of 104, and was buried with him, as was their daughter Rosemary upon her death on January 7, 2005, at the age of 86. Kennedy plays a significant role as a character in Winston's War, Michael Dobbs' fictionalized account of the rise of Winston Churchill. In Richard Condon's thriller Winter Kills, Pa Keegan is a fictionalized version of Kennedy and is portrayed by John Huston in the film version of that novel.
  • 1964
    Age 75
    In the alternate history novel Fatherland by Robert Harris set in 1964, the senior Kennedy—not his son John F. Kennedy—is president of the United States and about to arrive in Berlin to conclude a treaty with Adolf Hitler.
    More Details Hide Details A fictionalized version of Joe Kennedy appears in the fifth season of the show Boardwalk Empire. He is portrayed by Matt Letscher. Kennedy has been portrayed by:
    Kennedy did regain certain functions with the help of therapies; most notably, he went to The Institutes for the Achievement of Human Potential in 1964, a Philadelphia center that teaches therapies for people with brain injuries.
    More Details Hide Details Kennedy made gains with therapy, and began walking with the help of a cane. His speech also showed some improvement. However, being 75 years old and greatly weakened, Kennedy was soon confined to a wheelchair. His final public appearance was with his wife Rose and his son Sen. Ted Kennedy in a videotaped message to the country a few weeks after the death of his son Robert, which showed his extremely frail physical condition.
  • 1961
    Age 72
    On December 19, 1961, at the age of 73, Kennedy suffered another stroke.
    More Details Hide Details He survived but was left paralyzed on his right side and with a language disorder, aphasia, that severely affected his ability to speak. Despite his severe disabilities as a result of the stroke, he was still mentally alert.
    However, in 1961, Joe Kennedy suffered a stroke that placed even more limitations on his influence in his sons' political careers.
    More Details Hide Details Kennedy expanded the Kennedy Compound, which continues as a major center of family get-togethers. When John Kennedy was asked about the level of involvement and influence that his father had held in his razor-thin presidential victory, he would joke that on the eve before the election his father had asked him the exact number of votes he would need to win: there was no way he was paying "for a landslide." Kennedy was one of four fathers (the other three being Dr. George Tryon Harding, Nathaniel Fillmore, Jr., and George Herbert Walker Bush) to live through the entire presidency of a son.
  • 1960
    Age 71
    In 1960 Kennedy approached Nixon, praised his anti-Communism, and said "Dick, if my boy can't make it, I'm for you" for the presidential election that year.
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  • 1954
    Age 65
    When the Senate voted to censure McCarthy on December 2, 1954, Senator Kennedy was in the hospital and never indicated then or later how he would vote.
    More Details Hide Details Joe Kennedy strongly supported McCarthy to the end.
    By 1954 Robert F. Kennedy and McCarthy's chief aide Roy Cohn had had a falling out, and Robert no longer worked for McCarthy.
    More Details Hide Details John Kennedy had a speech drafted calling for the censure of McCarthy but he never delivered it.
    In 1954, when the Senate was threatening to condemn McCarthy, Senator John Kennedy faced a dilemma. "How could I demand that Joe McCarthy be censured for things he did when my own brother was on his staff?" asked JFK.
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  • 1953
    Age 64
    In 1953 at Kennedy's urging McCarthy hired Robert Kennedy (age 27) as a senior staff member of the Senate's investigations subcommittee, which McCarthy chaired.
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  • 1952
    Age 63
    In the Senate race of 1952, Kennedy apparently worked a deal so that McCarthy, a Republican, would not make campaign speeches for the GOP ticket in Massachusetts.
    More Details Hide Details In return, Congressman John F. Kennedy, running for the Senate seat, would not give any anti-McCarthy speeches that his liberal supporters wanted to hear.
  • 1950
    Age 61
    When McCarthy became a dominant voice of anti-Communism starting in 1950, Kennedy contributed thousands of dollars to McCarthy, and became one of his major supporters.
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    Kennedy's close ties with Republican (GOP) Senator Joseph McCarthy strengthened his family's position among Irish Catholics, but weakened it among liberals who strongly opposed McCarthy. Even before McCarthy became famous in 1950, Kennedy had forged close ties with the Republican Senator from Wisconsin.
    More Details Hide Details Kennedy often brought him to his family compound at Hyannis Port as a weekend house guest in the late 1940s. McCarthy at one point dated Patricia Kennedy.
  • FIFTIES
  • 1947
    Age 58
    A political conservative (John F. Kennedy once described his father as being to "the right of Herbert Hoover"), Kennedy supported Richard Nixon, who had entered Congress with John in 1947.
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  • 1946
    Age 57
    After grieving over his dead son, Joe Sr. then turned his attention to his second son, Jack, for a run for the presidency. After serving as a member of the House of Representatives beginning in 1946, and then a U.S. Senator beginning in 1952, the younger Kennedy entered the Presidential election in 1960, and won it.
    More Details Hide Details According to Harvey Klemmer, who served as one of Kennedy's embassy aides, Kennedy habitually referred to Jews as "kikes or sheenies". Kennedy allegedly told Klemmer that "some individual Jews are all right, Harvey, but as a race they stink. They spoil everything they touch." When Klemmer returned from a trip to Germany and reported the pattern of vandalism and assaults on Jews by Nazis, Kennedy responded, "Well, they brought it on themselves." On June 13, 1938, Kennedy met with Herbert von Dirksen, the German ambassador to the United Kingdom, in London, who claimed upon his return to Berlin that Kennedy had told him that "it was not so much the fact that we want to get rid of the Jews that was so harmful to us, but rather the loud clamor with which we accompanied this purpose. Kennedy himself fully understood our Jewish policy." Kennedy's main concern with such violent acts against German Jews as Kristallnacht was that they generated bad publicity in the West for the Nazi regime, a concern that he communicated in a letter to Charles Lindbergh.
  • 1944
    Age 55
    Kennedy wanted his eldest son, Joe Jr., to become president, but after Joe Jr.'s death in August 1944, he became determined to make his eldest surviving son, John Kennedy, president.
    More Details Hide Details Kennedy was consigned to the political shadows after his remarks during World War II ("Democracy is finished"), and he remained an intensely controversial figure among U.S. citizens because of his suspect business credentials, his Roman Catholicism, his opposition to Roosevelt's foreign policy, and his support for Joseph McCarthy. As a result, his presence in John F. Kennedy's presidential campaign had to be downplayed. However, Kennedy still drove the campaign behind the scenes. He played a central role in planning strategy, fundraising, and building coalitions and alliances. Kennedy supervised the spending and to some degree the overall campaign strategy, helped select advertising agencies, and was endlessly on the phone with local and state party leaders, newsmen, and business leaders. Kennedy connections and influence were turned directly into political capital for the senatorial and presidential campaigns of sons John, Robert and Ted. Historian Richard J. Whalen describes Kennedy's influence on John Kennedy's policy decisions in his biography of Joe. Joe was influential in creating the Kennedy Cabinet (Robert Kennedy as Attorney General although he had never argued or tried a case, for example).
    With his ambitions to achieve the White House no longer viable, Joe Kennedy held out great hope for his eldest son, Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., to seek the presidency. However, Joe Jr., who had become a U.S. Navy bomber pilot, was killed over the English Channel while undertaking Operation Aphrodite, a high-risk, new way to use heavy bombers to strike German missile sites in France, in 1944.
    More Details Hide Details His bomber accidentally detonated early, before Kennedy could bail out.
    On May 6, 1944, his daughter Kathleen married William "Billy" Cavendish, the eldest son of Edward Cavendish, who was the head of one of England's grandest aristocratic families.
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  • 1942
    Age 53
    Nevertheless, Kennedy supported Roosevelt's third term in return for Roosevelt's promise to support Joseph Kennedy, Jr., in a run for Governor of Massachusetts in 1942.
    More Details Hide Details However, even during the darkest months of World War II, Kennedy remained "more wary of" prominent American Jews, such as Associate Justice Felix Frankfurter, than he was of Hitler. Kennedy told the reporter Joe Dinneen: That does not mean that I.. believe they should be wiped off the face of the Earth.. Jews who take an unfair advantage of the fact that theirs is a persecuted race do not help much.. Publicizing unjust attacks upon the Jews may help to cure the injustice, but continually publicizing the whole problem only serves to keep it alive in the public mind. Kennedy used his wealth and connections to build a national network of supporters that became the base for his sons' political careers. He especially concentrated on the Irish American community in large cities, particularly Boston, New York, Chicago, Pittsburgh and several New Jersey cities. Kennedy also used Arthur Krock of The New York Times, America's most influential political columnist, for decades as a paid speechwriter and political advisor.
  • 1940
    Age 51
    Kennedy may have wanted to run for president himself in 1940 or later.
    More Details Hide Details Having effectively removed himself from the national stage, Joe Sr sat out World War II on the sidelines. Kennedy stayed active in the smaller venues of rallying Irish-American and Roman Catholic Democrats to vote for Roosevelt's re-election for a fourth term in 1944. Former Ambassador Kennedy claimed to be eager to help the war effort, but as a result of his previous gaffes, he was neither trusted nor invited to do so. Due to his philanthropy and a close friendship with Francis Spellman, Archbishop of New York (later Cardinal), during this time, Joseph Kennedy was invested as a knight of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, an honor which at that time he shared with just a few dozen Americans.
    In the face of national public outcry, and pressure from the Roosevelt Department of State, which no longer wanted him, Kennedy submitted his resignation late in November 1940.
    More Details Hide Details Throughout the rest of the war, relations between Kennedy and the Roosevelt Administration remained tense (especially when Joe, Jr. vocally opposed President Roosevelt's unprecedented nomination for a third term, which began in 1941).
    Kennedy also argued strongly against giving military and economic aid to the United Kingdom. "Democracy is finished in England. It may be here," he stated in the Boston Sunday Globe of November 10, 1940.
    More Details Hide Details With Nazi German troops having overrun Poland, Denmark, Norway, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, and France, and with bombs falling daily on Great Britain, Kennedy unambiguously and repeatedly stated his belief that this war was not about saving democracy from National Socialism (Nazism) or from Fascism. In an interview with two newspaper journalists, Louis M. Lyons, of The Boston Globe, and Ralph Coghlan, of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, Kennedy said: The whole reason for aiding England is to give us time... As long as she is in there, we have time to prepare. It isn't that is fighting for democracy. That's the bunk. She's fighting for self-preservation, just as we will if it comes to us.. I know more about the European situation than anybody else, and it's up to me to see that the country gets it.
    His term as ambassador and his political ambitions ended abruptly during the Battle of Britain in November 1940, with the publishing of his controversial remarks suggesting that "Democracy is finished in England.
    More Details Hide Details It may be here, the US." Kennedy resigned under pressure shortly afterwards. In later years, Kennedy worked behind the scenes to continue building the financial and political fortunes of the Kennedy family. After a disabling stroke in 1961, Kennedy developed aphasia and lost all power of speech, but remained mentally intact.
    Shortly before the Nazi aerial bombing of British cities began in September 1940, Kennedy once again sought a personal meeting with Hitler, again without the approval of the Department of State, "to bring about a better understanding between the United States and Germany".
    More Details Hide Details It has been surmised that Kennedy also had personal reasons for wanting to avoid war; "He feared for the lives of his three eldest sons, Joe, Jack, and Bobby, all of whom were or soon would be eligible to serve."
    By August 1940, Kennedy worried that a third term as the President for Roosevelt would mean war.
    More Details Hide Details As Leamer reports, "Joe believed that Roosevelt, Churchill, the Jews, and their allies would manipulate America into approaching Armageddon."
  • FORTIES
  • 1938
    Age 49
    Kennedy rejected the warnings of the prominent Member of Parliament Winston Churchill that any compromise with Nazi Germany was impossible. Instead, Kennedy supported Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain's apparent policy of appeasement. Throughout 1938, while the Nazi persecution of the Jews in Germany and Austria intensified, Kennedy attempted to arrange a meeting with Adolf Hitler.
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    In 1938, Roosevelt appointed Kennedy as the United States Ambassador to the Court of St. James's (the United Kingdom) in London.
    More Details Hide Details Kennedy hugely enjoyed his leadership position in London high society, which stood in stark contrast to his relative outsider status in Boston.
  • 1936
    Age 47
    In 1936, Kennedy worked with Roosevelt, Bishop Francis Spellman and Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli (later Pope Pius XII) to shut Coughlin down.
    More Details Hide Details When Coughlin returned to the air in 1940, Kennedy continued to battle against his influence among Irish Americans.
  • 1935
    Age 46
    Coughlin swung his support to Huey Long in 1935 and then to William Lemke's Union Party in 1936.
    More Details Hide Details Kennedy strongly supported the New Deal and believed as early as 1933 that Coughlin was "becoming a very dangerous proposition" as an opponent of Roosevelt and "an out and out demagogue".
    He left the SEC in 1935 to take over the Maritime Commission, which built on his wartime experience in running a major shipyard. Father Charles Coughlin was an Irish-Canadian priest near Detroit, who became perhaps the most prominent Roman Catholic spokesman on political and financial issues in the 1930s, with a radio audience that reached millions every week. A strong supporter of Roosevelt in 1932, Coughlin in 1934 broke with the president, who became a bitter opponent of Coughlin's weekly, anti-communist, anti-Semitic, anti–Federal Reserve and isolationist radio talks.
    More Details Hide Details Roosevelt sent Kennedy and other prominent Irish Catholics to try to tone down Coughlin.
  • 1933
    Age 44
    After Prohibition of alcohol ended in 1933, Kennedy consolidated an even larger fortune when he traveled to Scotland with Roosevelt's son James to buy distribution rights for Scotch whisky.
    More Details Hide Details His company, Somerset Importers, became the exclusive American agent for Gordon's Gin and Dewar's Scotch. In addition, Kennedy purchased spirits-importation rights from Schenley Industries, a firm in Canada. He owned the largest office building in the country, Chicago's Merchandise Mart, giving his family an important base in that city and an alliance with the Irish-American political leadership there.
  • 1932
    Age 43
    Kennedy's first major involvement in a national political campaign was his support in 1932 for Franklin D. Roosevelt's bid for the Presidency.
    More Details Hide Details He donated, loaned, and raised a substantial amount of money for the campaign. Roosevelt rewarded him with an appointment as the inaugural Chairman of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Kennedy had hoped for a Cabinet post, such as Secretary of the Treasury. After Franklin Roosevelt called Joe to Washington, D.C. to clean up the securities industry, somebody asked FDR why he had tapped such a crook. "Takes one to catch one," replied Roosevelt. Kennedy's reforming work as SEC Chairman was widely praised on all sides, as investors realized the SEC was protecting their interests. His knowledge of the financial markets equipped him to identify areas requiring the attention of regulators. One of the crucial reforms was the requirement for companies to regularly file financial statements with the SEC, which broke what some saw as an information monopoly maintained by the Morgan banking family.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1928
    Age 39
    In October 1928, he formally merged his film companies FBO and KAO to form Radio-Keith-Orpheum (RKO) and made a large amount of money in the process.
    More Details Hide Details Then, keen to buy the Pantages Theatre chain, which had 63 profitable theaters, Kennedy made an offer of $8 million ($ today). It was declined. He then stopped distributing his movies to Pantages. Still, Alexander Pantages declined to sell. However, when Pantages was later charged and tried for rape, his reputation took a battering and he accepted Kennedy's revised offer of $3.5 million ($ today). Pantages, who claimed that Kennedy had "set him up", was later found not guilty at a second trial. It is estimated that Kennedy made over $5 million ($ today) from his investments in Hollywood. During his three-year affair with film star Gloria Swanson, he arranged the financing for her films The Love of Sunya (1927) and the ill-fated Queen Kelly (1928). The duo also used Hollywood's famous "body sculptor", masseuse Sylvia of Hollywood. Their relationship ended when Swanson wondered why an expensive gift from Joseph had been charged to her account.
    In August 1928, he unsuccessfully tried to run First National Pictures.
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  • 1927
    Age 38
    He later purchased another production studio called Pathe Exchange, and merged those two entities with Cecil B. DeMille's Producers Distributing Corporation in March 1927.
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  • 1926
    Age 37
    Kennedy moved to Hollywood in March 1926 to focus on running the studio.
    More Details Hide Details Movie studios were then permitted to own exhibition companies which were necessary to get their films on local screens. With that in mind, in a hostile buyout, he acquired the Keith-Albee-Orpheum Theaters Corporation (KAO), which had more than 700 vaudeville theaters across the United States which had begun showing movies.
  • 1923
    Age 34
    In 1923, he left Hayden and set up his own investment company.
    More Details Hide Details Kennedy subsequently became a multi-millionaire during the bull market of the 1920s, and even more wealthy as a result of taking "short" positions in 1929. David Kennedy, author of Freedom From Fear, describes the Wall Street of the Kennedy era: Kennedy formed alliances with several other Irish-Catholic investors, including Charles E. Mitchell, Michael J. Meehan, and Bernard Smith. He helped establish the Libby-Owens-Ford stock pool, an arrangement in which Kennedy and colleagues created a scarcity of Libby-Owens-Ford stock to drive up the value of their own holdings in the stock, using inside information and the public's lack of knowledge. Pool operators would bribe journalists to present information in the most advantageous manner. Attempts to corner stocks were made that would cause the price to go up, and bear raids could cause the price to collapse downward. Kennedy got into a bidding war seeking control of founder John D. Hertz's company Yellow Cab.
  • 1920
    Age 31
    He happened to be on the corner of Wall and Broad Streets at the moment of the Wall Street bombing on September 16, 1920, and was thrown to the ground by the force of the blast.
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  • 1919
    Age 30
    In 1919, Kennedy joined the prominent stock brokerage firm of Hayden, Stone & Co. where he became an expert in dealing in the unregulated stock market of the day, engaging in tactics that were later labeled insider trading and market manipulation.
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  • TWENTIES
  • 1914
    Age 25
    On October 7, 1914, Kennedy married Rose Elizabeth Fitzgerald, the eldest daughter of Boston Mayor John F. "Honey Fitz" Fitzgerald (political rival of P. J.) and Mary Josephine "Josie" Hannon.
    More Details Hide Details The marriage joined two of the city's most prominent political families. The couple had nine children. As Kennedy's business success expanded, he and his family kept homes in the Boston area, suburban New York City, Hyannis Port, Massachusetts, and Palm Beach, Florida. Kennedy allowed surgeons to perform a lobotomy (one of the earliest in the U.S.) on his eldest daughter Rosemary in 1941. Various reasons for the operation have been given, but it left her permanently incapacitated. Rosemary has since been deemed "mentally retarded," and she may have been "mentally ill" (for which no treatment other than incarceration was considered to exist in the 1940s). She died in 2005 at age 86. Rosemary's name "was never mentioned in the house" according to Janet Des Rosiers, Kennedy's secretary and mistress of nine years. Kennedy made a large fortune as a stock market and commodity investor and also by investing in real estate and a wide range of industries. He never built a significant business from scratch, but his timing as both buyer and seller was usually excellent. Sometimes he made use of inside information in ways which were legal at the time but were later outlawed. In fact, it was Kennedy who later assisted in outlawing the very manipulations he had once engaged in, in the course of his role on the SEC, after President Franklin D. Roosevelt had appointed him as its first-ever chairman.
  • 1913
    Age 24
    In 1913, the Columbia Trust Bank, in which his father held a significant share, was under threat of takeover.
    More Details Hide Details Kennedy told the press he was "the youngest" bank president in America. Kennedy emerged as a highly successful entrepreneur with an eye for value. For example, as a real estate investor, he turned a handsome profit from ownership of Old Colony Realty Associates, Inc., which bought distressed real estate. During World War I, President Woodrow Wilson asked the Intercontinental Rubber Company owned by Bernard Baruch, J. P. Morgan and Kennedy to grow guayule. Guayule is a plant that produces latex and can be used to make rubber if, as many feared, the German navy were to cut off shipping lanes and imports of rubber from Asia. As a result, Intercontinental established the Continental Farm and the little town of Continental in southeastern Arizona in 1916. Guayule growing operations didn't last for long, though, and in 1922 the Continental Farm was sold to Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands, who rented the fields to cotton farmers for several years.
  • 1912
    Age 23
    After graduating from Harvard with an A.B. in economics in 1912, he took his first job as a state-employed bank examiner, allowing him to learn a great deal about the banking industry.
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  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1888
    Born
    Born on September 6, 1888.
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