Profile

Josephine Baker

U.S.-born French Actress + Singer + Dancer; World War Ii French Resistance Volunteer
Female
Born Jun 3, 1906
Hometown City of St Louis
Died Apr 12, 1975
Death Place Paris, France
Religion Baptist
Height 5' 7" (170 cm)
Measurements 36-24-36

Josephine Baker was a dancer, singer, and actress who found fame in her adopted homeland of France. Born in St. Louis, Missouri, she renounced her American citizenship in 1937 to become French. She was given such nicknames as the "Bronze Venus", the "Black Pearl", and the "Créole Goddess". Baker was the first African American female to star in a major motion picture, to integrate an American concert hall, and to become a world-famous entertainer.… Read More

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Timeline

Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Josephine Baker.

CHILDHOOD

1906 Birth Born on June 3, 1906.

TEENAGE

1921 15 Years Old She married Willie Baker in 1921 but that marriage also was short-lived. … Read More
1925 19 Years Old She traveled to Paris, France, for a new venture, and opened in "La Revue Nègre" on October 2, 1925, at the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées. … Read More

TWENTIES

1934 28 Years Old In 1934, she took the lead in a revival of Jacques Offenbach's opera La créole, which premiered in December of that year for a six-month run at the Théâtre Marigny on the Champs-Élysées of Paris. … Read More
1935 29 Years Old Upon a visit to the United States in 1935–36, American audiences rejected the idea that a black woman could be so sophisticated; her star turn in the Ziegfeld Follies generated less than impressive box office numbers, and she was replaced by Gypsy Rose Lee later in the run. … Read More

THIRTIES

1937 31 Years Old 1 More Event
Baker returned to Paris in 1937, married a Jewish Frenchman, Jean Lion, and became a French citizen. … Read More
1939 33 Years Old In September 1939, when France declared war on Germany in response to the invasion of Poland, Baker was recruited by Deuxième Bureau, French military intelligence, as an "honorable correspondent". … Read More
1941 35 Years Old Later in 1941, she and her entourage went to the French colonies in North Africa; the stated reason was Baker's health (since she really was recovering from another case of pneumonia) but the real reason was to continue helping the Resistance. … Read More

FORTIES

1947 41 Years Old In 1947, she married French composer Jo Bouillon whom she also divorced. … Read More
1949 43 Years Old In 1949, a reinvented Baker returned in triumph to the Folies Bergere. … Read More
The year 1951 saw Baker invited back to the US for a nightclub engagement in Miami. … Read More

FIFTIES

1963 57 Years Old In 1963, she spoke at the March on Washington at the side of Martin Luther King, Jr. Baker was the only official female speaker and while wearing her Free French uniform emblazoned with her medal of the Légion d'honneur she introduced the "Negro Women for Civil Rights." … Read More
1964 58 Years Old In 1964, Josephine Baker lost her castle due to unpaid debts; after, Princess Grace offered her an apartment in Roquebrune, near Monaco.

LATE ADULTHOOD

1968 62 Years Old 1 More Event
…  She was once offered unofficial leadership in the movement in the United States by Coretta Scott King in 1968, following Martin Luther King, Jr.'s assassination. … Read More
1975 69 Years Old 1 More Event
On April 8, 1975, Baker starred in a retrospective revue at the Bobino in Paris, Joséphine à Bobino 1975, celebrating her 50 years in show business. … Read More
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Josephine_Baker.
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