U.S.-born French actress, singer, dancer; World War II French Resistance volunteer
Josephine Baker was a dancer, singer, and actress who found fame in her adopted homeland of France. Born in St. Louis, Missouri, she renounced her American citizenship in 1937 to become French. She was given such nicknames as the "Bronze Venus", the "Black Pearl", and the "Créole Goddess". Baker was the first African American female to star in a major motion picture, to integrate an American concert hall, and to become a world-famous entertainer.