Juan de Oñate

Juan de Oñate


Don Juan de Oñate y Salazar was a Mexican explorer, colonial governor of the New Spain province of New Mexico, and founder of various settlements in the present day American Southwest.

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Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Juan de Oñate.


1550 Birth Oñate was born either in 1550 or 1552, (his true birth date has been lost to history) at Zacatecas in New Spain (colonial México) to a family of Spanish-Basque colonists and silver mine owners. … Read More


1595 45 Years Old 1 More Event
In response to a bid by Juan Bautista de Lomas y Colmenares, and subsequently rejected by the King, in 1595 Philip II's Viceroy de Velasco selected Oñate from two other candidates to organize the resources of the newly acquired territory. … Read More
1596 46 Years Old This review caused Oñate to suspend his expedition in the summer of 1596.
1598 48 Years Old 1 More Event
In March of 1598, Oñate's expedition moved out and forged the Rio Grande (Río del Norte) south of present-day El Paso and Ciudad Juárez in late April. … Read More
1599 49 Years Old In January 1599, Oñate retaliated for the loss of his nephew, by sending the man's father Vicente de Zaldívain (Don Juan's brother) on an offensive known as the Acoma War. … Read More


1601 51 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1601, Oñate undertook a large expedition east to the Great Plains region of central North America. … Read More
1606 56 Years Old In 1606, Oñate was recalled to Mexico City for a hearing into his conduct. … Read More


1614 64 Years Old In 1614, Oñate was exiled from what is now New Mexico and charged with mismanagement and excessive cruelty, especially at Acoma Pueblo in 1599, where he ordered the right foot chopped off of 24 Acoma warriors. … Read More
1626 76 Years Old Eventually Oñate went to Spain, where the king appointed him head of all mining inspectors in Spain. He died in Spain in 1626. … Read More
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juan_de_Oñate.
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