Julian Huxley

Evolutionary Biologist + Humanist and Internationalist

Sir Julian Sorell Huxley FRS was an English evolutionary biologist, eugenicist and internationalist. He was a proponent of natural selection, and a leading figure in the mid-twentieth century evolutionary synthesis. He was Secretary of the Zoological Society of London (1935–1942), the first Director of UNESCO, and a founding member of the World Wildlife Fund.… Read More

related links

News + Updates

Browse recent news and stories about Julian Huxley.


Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Julian Huxley.


1887 Birth Huxley was born on 22 June 1887, at the London house of his aunt, the novelist Mary Augusta Ward, while his father was attending the jubilee celebrations of Queen Victoria. … Read More


1905 18 Years Old In 1905 Huxley won a scholarship in Zoology to Balliol College, Oxford.
1906 19 Years Old In 1906, after a summer in Germany, Huxley took his place in Oxford, where he developed a particular interest in embryology and protozoa. … Read More


1909 - 1910 2 More Events
1912 25 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1912 his life took a new turn. … Read More
1913 26 Years Old In 1913 Huxley had a nervous breakdown after the break-up of his relationship with 'K', and rested in a nursing home. … Read More
1916 29 Years Old In September 1916 Huxley returned to England from Texas to assist in the war effort, working in the British Army Intelligence Corps, first in Sussex, and then in northern Italy. … Read More


1919 32 Years Old In 1919 Huxley married Juliette Baillot (1896–1994). … Read More
1925 38 Years Old In 1925 Huxley moved to King's College London as Professor of Zoology, but in 1927, to the amazement of his colleagues and on the prodding of H. G. Wells whom he had promised 1,000 words a day, he resigned his chair to work full-time with Wells and his son G. P. Wells on The Science of Life (see below). … Read More


1927 - 1929 2 More Events
1931 44 Years Old 1 More Event
He left no account of what transpired, but he was evidently not successful, and returned to England to resume his marriage in 1931. … Read More
1933 46 Years Old From 1933 to 1938 he was a member of the committee for Lord Hailey's Africa Survey.
1935 48 Years Old In 1935 Huxley was appointed secretary to the Zoological Society of London, and spent much of the next seven years running the society and its zoological gardens, the London Zoo and Whipsnade Park, alongside his writing and research. … Read More


1941 54 Years Old In 1941 Huxley was invited to the United States on a lecturing tour, and generated some controversy by saying that he thought the United States should join World War II: a few weeks later came the attack on Pearl Harbor. … Read More
1943 56 Years Old In 1943 he was asked by the British government to join the Colonial Commission on Higher Education. … Read More


1955 68 Years Old …  Lysenko ended his days in a Soviet mental hospital, and Vavilov's reputation was posthumously restored in 1955. … Read More
1956 69 Years Old In addition to his international and humanist concerns, his research interests covered evolution in all its aspects, ethology, embryology, genetics, anthropology and to some extent the infant field of cell biology. Julian's eminence as an advocate for evolution, and especially his contribution to the modern evolutionary synthesis, led to his awards of the Darwin Medal of the Royal Society in 1956, and the Darwin–Wallace Medal of the Linnaean Society in 1958. 1958 was the centenary anniversary of the joint presentation On the tendency of species to form varieties; and the perpetuation of varieties and species by natural means of selection by Darwin and Wallace. … Read More
1957 70 Years Old In 1957, Huxley coined the term "transhumanism" for the view that humans should better themselves through science and technology, possibly including eugenics, but also, importantly, the improvement of the social environment. … Read More
1958 71 Years Old …  He was also knighted in that same year, 1958, a hundred years after Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace announced the theory of evolution by natural selection.
1959 72 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1959 he received a Special Award of the Lasker Foundation in the category Planned Parenthood – World Population.
1962 75 Years Old …  In 1962 Huxley accepted the American Humanist Association's annual "Humanist of the Year" award. … Read More
1975 88 Years Old On Huxley's death at 87 in 1975, John Owen (Director of National Parks for Tanganyika) wrote "Julian Huxley was one of the world's great men… he played a seminal role in wild life conservation in East Africa in the early days… in the far-reaching influence he exerted on the international community".
Original Authors of this text are noted on
Text is made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.