Kaumualii Kaumualii
Last independent King of Kauaʻi and Niʻihau before becoming a vassal of Kamehameha I of the unified Kingdom of Hawaiʻi
Kaumualii Kaumualii
Kaumualiʻi was the last independent Aliʻi Aimoku (King of the island) of Kauaʻi and Niʻihau before becoming a vassal of Kamehameha I of the unified Kingdom of Hawaiʻi in 1810. He was the 23rd high chief of Kauaʻi, reigning from 1794-1810. Although he was sometimes known as George Kaumualiʻi, he should not be confused with his son who is more commonly known by that name.
Biography
Kaumualii's personal information overview.
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    FORTIES
  • 1824
    Age 46
    After Kaumualii's death in 1824, his son by a commoner, George "Prince" Kaumualii Humehume (1797–1826), also known as George Tamoree, attempted to re-establish the independence on Kauai, but was also eventually captured and taken to Honolulu.
    More Details Hide Details Humehume died of influenza in Honolulu and his only issue was a daughter Harriet Kawahinekipi Kaumualii. Humehume's half-brother Kealiiahonui was also forced to marry Kaahumanu. Kaahumanu would later abandon Kealiiahonui and embrace Christianity. Kealiiahonui later married Princess Kekauōnohi, the Governess of Maui and Kauai who was a widow of Kamehameha II. King Kaumualii's granddaughter Kapiolani (1834–1899) of Hilo (eldest daughter of Kaumualii's daughter Kekaulike Kinoiki) married king Kalākaua. In 1874, the couple was elected by the Hawaiian legislature as King and Queen of the Hawaiian Islands, as king Kalākaua and Queen Kapiolani. Her youngest sister Princess Victoria Kuhio Kinoike Kekaulike (1843–1884) of Hilo was later appointed Governor of the island of Kauai, Princess and Royal Highness. Her other sister Princess Virginia Kapooloku Poomaikelani (1839–1895) succeeded her sister as Governor of the island of Kauai and was made Guardian of the Royal Tombs.
  • 1821
    Age 43
    On September 16, 1821 the new young King Kamehameha II arrived and invited Kaumualii aboard.
    More Details Hide Details That night they sailed away to Honolulu, where Kaumualii was effectively under house arrest. To make the domination clear, Kaahumanu forced him to marry her, to ensure the island chain's union.
  • 1819
    Age 41
    Kamehameha I died in 1819, and the Hawaiians grew fearful that Kaumualii would sever Kauai's relationship with the united Hawaii.
    More Details Hide Details Kamehameha's widow Kaahumanu was the effective political force in the kingdom.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1817
    Age 39
    In 1817 he married Kekaihaakūlou who became known as Deborah Kapule.
    More Details Hide Details He ceded Kauai and Niihau to Kamehameha
  • 1816
    Age 38
    In 1816, an agreement was signed by Kaumualii to allow the Russians to build Russian Fort Elizabeth.
    More Details Hide Details Construction was begun in 1817, but by fall of that year Russians were expelled. Perhaps Kamehameha feared they would support Kaumualii in a bid for independence.
  • 1810
    Age 32
    In 1810, Kaumualii became Kamehameha's vassal, and all the islands were united for the first time.
    More Details Hide Details Kaumualii continued to serve as Kamehameha's governor of Kauai. In 1815, a ship from the Russian-American Company was wrecked on the island.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1803
    Age 25
    Kamehameha tried again in 1803, but disease ravaged his armies, and he called a retreat to heal his men and work on his strategy.
    More Details Hide Details Over the next years Kamehameha amassed the largest armada Hawaii had ever seen: foreign-built schooners and massive war canoes, armed with cannons and carrying his vast army. Kaumualii decided to negotiate a peaceful resolution rather than resort to bloodshed. The move was supported by Kamehameha as well as the people of Kauai and the foreign sandalwood merchants on the island, whose trade was hurt by the constant feuding.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1796
    Age 18
    Kauai and Niihau had eluded Kamehameha's control since he first tried to add them to his kingdom in 1796, a year after Kaumualii became king.
    More Details Hide Details At that time, the governor of Island of Hawaii led a rebellion against Kamehameha, forcing him to return home.
  • 1794
    Age 16
    When Kamakahelei died in 1794, he passed their titles and positions to the 16-year-old Kaumualii, who reigned under the regency of Chief Inamoo until he came of age.
    More Details Hide Details His first wife and queen was his half-sister Kawalu of Oahu. His second wife was his niece Kaʻapuwai Kapuaʻamohu of Kōloa, and finally the queen regent Kaahumanu (1768–1832), Kamehameha's widow.
    He was the 23rd high chief of Kauai, reigning from 1794-1810.
    More Details Hide Details Although he was sometimes known as George Kaumualii, he should not be confused with his son who is more commonly known by that name. In Hanamaulu, the King Kaumualii Elementary School is named after Kauai's last reigning chief. Kaumualii was the only son of Queen Kamakahelei, aliI nui of Kauai and Niihau, and her husband, Alii Kāeokūlani (c. 1754–1794), regent of Maui and Molokai. Kāeokūlani was the younger son of Kekaulike, the 23rd Alii Aimoku and Moi of Maui. He became the co-king and effectively ruler of Kauai by his marriage.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1778
    Age 0
    Born in 1778.
    More Details Hide Details
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