Kenneth Walker
United States Air ForceMedal of Honorrecipient
Kenneth Walker
Brigadier General Kenneth Newton Walker was a United States Army aviator and a United States Army Air Forces general who had a significant influence on the development of airpower doctrine. He posthumously received the Medal of Honor in World War II. Walker joined the United States Army in 1917, after the American entry into World War I. He trained as an aviator and became a flying instructor.
Biography
Kenneth Walker's personal information overview.
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Edison professor suspended in course swapping controversy returns to work - Naples Daily News
Google News - over 5 years
President Kenneth Walker announced to faculty and staff on Tuesday that Bill Roschon is serving as interim dean of the Hendry/Glades Center in LaBelle, effective Monday. Roschon was dean of business and technical studies at the college when he was
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Suspended Edison State dean returns to work - The News-Press
Google News - over 5 years
Bill Roshon, who was dean of professional and technical studies, has been named interim dean of Edison's Hendry/Glades center in LaBelle, District President Kenneth Walker announced today to staff. Walker also appointed Mary Myers, dean of Edison
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Norcross Gets First Pictorial History Book - Patch.com
Google News - over 5 years
As for Ramsay, he remembers a photo of Kenneth Walker and his family, given by his daughter, Deborah Walker-Little. Kenneth Walker was a soldier in World War II who cooked for the army after being a chef in Norcross. He felt that the recipes the army
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Big Foot's ground game wears down Comets - Janesville Gazette
Google News - over 5 years
Big Foot, a four-time defending champion in the Rock Valley, did all its damage in the first half behind Dixon's touchdown runs of 32 and 4 yards and Kenneth Walker's 44-yard touchdown run to lift the Chiefs (2-0) to victory
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Kenneth Walker commits to Cal - ESPN
Google News - over 5 years
ATH Kenneth Walker (Richmond, Calif./Kennedy) committed to his longtime leader and will play receiver for California. Walker nearly committed to Cal at The Opening last July but wanted to wait until he took the ACT first
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Walker's big day helps Chiefs pummel Falcons - Lake Geneva Regional News
Google News - over 5 years
PADDOCK LAKE — Kenneth Walker needs to ask his parents to buy him a lottery ticket. As a matter of fact, he might want the whole roll. It was that kind of Friday night for the Big Foot senior running back. Celebrating his 17th birthday, Walker's gift
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Q&A: Big Foot's Kenneth Walker - Beloit Daily News
Google News - over 5 years
Walker opened the 2011 prep football season in style, returning the opening kickoff 92 yards in Big Foot's season-opening 49-21 victory over Westosha Central last Friday. Walker scored three of his four touchdowns in the first quarter
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Walker leads Chiefs - Beloit Daily News
Google News - over 5 years
Kenneth Walker scored three of his four touchdowns in the first quarter, leading Big Foot to a 49-21 non-conference triumph over Westosha Central in Friday night's season-opener. With the win, the Chiefs were the only Rock Valley Conference South
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Keeping Up With the Nickersons - CardinalReport.com (subscription)
Google News - over 5 years
10-overall prospect Shaq Thompson and wide receiver Kenneth Walker, who nearly committed at NIKE's The Opening. Throw in big Westlake Village (Calif.) Oaks Christian wide out Jordan Payton, and the Bears will have the building blocks of yet another
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Special Report: Your Tax Dollars, At Work - Daytona Beach News-Journal
Google News - over 5 years
Consider this example from Southwest Florida: Edison State College President Kenneth Walker was paid $643000, more than Sharples if you don't include the latter's buyout. (Walker agreed to a 22 percent cut in salary and benefits in April after coming
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Event for families of deceased veterans held - Muskogee Daily Phoenix
Google News - over 5 years
The second represented her deceased son Kenneth Walker, a Vietnam veteran. The flags were given out at an event at the Jack C. Montgomery VA Medical Center for families of veterans who have died within the past six months. Organized by Chaplain Julia
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California Football Recruiting: Jordan Payton, Kenneth Walker, Ishmael Adams ... - SB Nation
Google News - over 5 years
Ishmael Adams and Jordan Payton both play at Oaks Christian in Westlake Village, California. Payton plays wide receiver, Adams cornerback, so both are quite familiar with each other on the field as well as off of it. Payton decommitted from USC a month
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Edison State College course swappers will be allowed to keep degrees; 2 ... - Marco Island Sun Times
Google News - over 5 years
Kenneth Walker, district president, left, and Steve Atkins, vice president for student affairs, at Edison State College addressed issues about improper course substitutions among some students who were able to graduate by taking general education
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Edison course swaps under state scrutiny - The News-Press
Google News - over 5 years
None attended Thursday's news conference when District President Kenneth Walker and Vice President for Academic Affairs Steve Atkins disclosed findings of the college's internal investigation. Walker said Friday that he doesn't have an exact number of
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Edison's Project HOPE gets $20000 grant - Cape Coral Daily Breeze
Google News - over 5 years
Morgan said the program began after President Kenneth Walker read about the challenges youths were facing in a newspaper article. He said Walker came up with the idea of the scholarship and turned it into an incentive program to keep students on track
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The Opening 7-on-7 Tournament: Bryce Treggs, Kenneth Walker To Commit ... - SB Nation Bay Area
Google News - over 5 years
Two top offensive talents from California (one from the East Bay) could potentially be committing to the California Golden Bears sometime this weekend. Wide receiver Bryce Treggs from St. John Bosco's in Bellflower and athlete Kenny Walker from John F
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Edison faculty, trustees at odds - Marco Island Sun Times
Google News - over 5 years
He will work with District President Kenneth Walker and Steve Atkins, vice president for academic affairs, on developing a process for bringing forth issues. Faculty levied a barrage of complaints this spring, questioning executive pay,
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Kenneth Walker
    FORTIES
  • 1943
    Age 44
    In March 1943, Roosevelt presented Kenneth Walker Jr. with the medal in a ceremony at the White House.
    More Details Hide Details It was one of 38 Medals of Honor awarded to flying personnel of the US Army Air Forces in World War II. The citation read: Neither Walker's body nor the wreck of his aircraft was found, and as of June 2013 it remains undiscovered. Walker was therefore listed on the Tablets of the Missing at Manila American Cemetery and Memorial, Philippines, where servicemen missing in action or buried at sea in the Southwest Pacific are commemorated. On 7 December 2001, a headstone marker was erected in Section MC-36M of Arlington National Cemetery to give family members a place to gather in the United States. General Walker's military awards include:
    On 9 January 1943, MacArthur issued a communiqué praising the forces under his command for the victory that had been achieved at Buna and announcing the award of the Distinguished Service Cross to twelve officers, including Walker.
    More Details Hide Details On 3 January 1943, Kenney received intelligence from Allied Ultra codebreakers that the Japanese were about to attempt a reinforcement run from their main base at Rabaul to Lae, on the mainland of New Guinea. He ordered Walker to carry out a full-scale dawn attack on the harbor's shipping before it could depart. Walker demurred. His bombers would have difficulty making their rendezvous if they had to leave Port Moresby in the dark. He recommended a noon attack instead. Kenney acknowledged Walker's concerns but was insistent; he preferred bombers out of formation to bombers shot down by the enemy fighters that were certain to intercept a daylight attack. In spite of this, Walker ordered that the attack be made at noon on 5 January. Bad weather over northern Australia prevented participation by the bombers there, which left Walker with only those based at Port Moresby: six B-17s and six B-24s. This force was far too small for the tactics that he wanted to use. He flew in the lead plane, B-17 #41-24458, nicknamed "San Antonio Rose I", from the 64th Bombardment Squadron, 43rd Bombardment Group, which was piloted by Lieutenant Colonel Jack W. Bleasdale, the group's executive officer. The 64th Bombardment Squadron's commanding officer, Major Allen Lindberg was also on board. The briefing officer for the mission, Major David Hassemer, did not think that it was a good idea for so many senior officers to fly in the same plane, but his objection was overruled.
    On 5 January 1943, he was shot down and killed leading a daylight bombing raid over Rabaul, for which he was awarded the Medal of Honor.
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  • 1942
    Age 43
    In April 1942 Walker joined the Operations Division (OPD) of the War Department General Staff as executive officer of Brigadier General St. Clair Streett's Theater Group.
    More Details Hide Details He co-authored a memorandum with Brigadier General Dwight Eisenhower in which they advanced the position that the determinations of the Joint Chiefs of Staff "must be taken as authoritative unless and until modified by the same or higher authority." After his death, Walker was awarded the Legion of Merit in recognition of his contributions as a staff officer at OPD. Walker was promoted to brigadier general on 17 June 1942 and was transferred to the Southwest Pacific Area, flying to Australia in the company of Brigadier General Ennis Whitehead, another newly promoted brigadier general. The commander of Allied Air Forces there, Lieutenant General George Brett, aware that he would soon be replaced, sent the two newcomers on an inspection trip. Walker learned a great deal. He joined three combat missions over New Guinea, experiencing for himself the difficulties that his aircrews faced. He also experienced an air raid in Port Moresby. For this, Walker was awarded the Silver Star. His citation read:
  • 1941
    Age 42
    The Air War Plans Division was tasked with developing a production requirements plan for President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who wanted it by 10 September 1941.
    More Details Hide Details In just nine days in August 1941, George, Olds, Fairchild, Walker, Kuter and Hansell drafted the AWPD-1 plan for a war against Germany. Reflecting their belief in bombardment as the principal form of aviation, the plan was based upon the number of bombers that they estimated would be required to knock out Germany's key industries – electric power, transportation and petroleum. In order to neutralize anticipated opposition from the German Air Force, they planned for bombing aircraft factories and the sources of the light metals needed for aircraft production. These targets were collated along with the estimated tonnage of bombs required to destroy them. The plan called for a bomber force of 98 medium, heavy and very heavy bomber groups, totaling 6,834 aircraft. Sixteen fighter groups would defend the bombers' bases. Should this bomber force prove insufficient to defeat Germany without a major land offensive, provision was made for a tactical air force of 13 light bomber groups, two photo reconnaissance groups, five fighter groups, 108 observation squadrons and 19 transport groups. In retrospect, this part of the plan represented a considerable underestimate. The plan required 2,164,916 personnel, including 103,482 pilots. At the moment though, the United States had, as General Arnold put it, "plans but not planes". Due to poor security, verbatim extracts of AWPD-1 were published in the Chicago Tribune and other newspapers on 4 December.
    In the June 1941 reorganization of the Air Corps, Spaatz became chief of staff to the Commanding General, United States Army Air Forces, Major General Henry H. Arnold, who appointed Colonel Harold L. George, a former student of Walker at the Air Corps Tactical School from 1931 to 1932, to replace Spaatz as head of the Air War Plans Division.
    More Details Hide Details Walker joined George's planning team, along with Majors Haywood S. Hansell and Laurence S. Kuter. All were former instructors at the Air Corps Tactical School and members of the "Bomber Mafia".
    Walker returned to the United States in January 1941 and joined the Air War Plans Division in the Office of the Chief of the United States Army Air Corps in Washington, D.C., as an assistant chief of staff.
    More Details Hide Details Brigadier General Carl Andrew Spaatz was head of the division. Lieutenant Colonels Olds and Muir S. Fairchild, old colleagues of Walker's from the Air Corps Tactical School, were two of Spaatz' assistants. Walker was promoted to temporary lieutenant colonel on 15 July 1941.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1938
    Age 39
    In 1938 Walker began a three-year tour in Hawaii, where he was operations officer of the 5th Bombardment Group at Luke Field, executive officer at Hickam Field, and then commander of the 18th Pursuit Group at Wheeler Field.
    More Details Hide Details Commanding a pursuit group involved a considerable change of pace for a man whose career thus far had been spent in bombers. His adjutant, First Lieutenant Bruce K. Holloway felt that Walker never demonstrated the "emotional exhilaration toward flying a high performance machine that is so typical of fighter pilots." Nor did he warm to the Curtiss P-36 Hawk fighter, especially after a near-fatal accident.
  • 1937
    Age 38
    He had another accident in 1937, when he crashed a B-17 on take off from Denver Municipal Airport but this time his flying skills were credited with saving the entire crew of nine from injury.
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  • 1935
    Age 36
    He was temporary major from 20 October 1935 to 16 June 1936, and again on 4 October 1938, before the rank finally became substantive on 1 July 1940.
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    After fifteen years in the rank, jokes circulated about his being the most senior first lieutenant in the Air Corps, but he was finally promoted to captain on 1 August 1935.
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  • 1934
    Age 35
    Walker's marriage ended in divorce in 1934, after he had an affair. He remarried and had a son named John, but his second marriage also ended in divorce. Walker graduated from the Command and General Staff School in June 1935 and was posted to Hamilton Field, first as Intelligence and Operations Officer of the 7th Bombardment Group, and then as commander of the 9th Bombardment Squadron.
    More Details Hide Details While landing a Martin B-12 bomber, he overshot the runway. The station commander, Brigadier General Henry Arnold reported that Walker, "supposed to be one of our best pilots, apparently cuts out completely, uses up and finally hits a concrete block and spoils a perfectly good airplane when he normally would have given her the gun and gone around again."
  • 1930
    Age 31
    In his article "Driving Home the Bombardment Attack", published in the Coast Artillery Journal in October 1930, he argued that fighters could not prevent a bombing attack and that "the most efficacious method of stopping a bombardment attack would appear to be an offensive against the bombardment airdrome."
    More Details Hide Details The Bomber Mafia argued that bombers flew too high and too fast to be intercepted by fighters, that even if they were intercepted, the bombers had enough firepower to drive off their attackers, and enough armor and resilience to absorb any damage their attackers might attempt to inflict. The Air Corps Tactical School developed a doctrine that became known as industrial web theory, which called for precision attacks against carefully selected critical industrial targets. Walker drove home his belief in bombardment with a famous dictum from his lectures: "A well-organized, well-planned, and well-flown air force attack will constitute an offensive that can not be stopped." Walker published another professional article in 1933, entitled "Bombardment Aviation: Bulwark of National Defense". "Whenever we speak in terms of 'air force' we are thinking of bombardment aviation," he wrote, dismissing other forms of aviation. This was orthodox at the Air Corps Tactical School, which taught that "every dollar which goes into the building of auxiliary aviation and special types, which types are not essential for the efficient functioning of the striking force can only occur at the expense of that air force's offensive power." Walker's major thesis was that "a determined air attack, once launched, is most difficult, if not impossible to stop when directed against land objectives." At the conclusion of his article, he renewed his call for the creation of an independent air force "as a force with a distinct mission, of importance co-equal to that of the Army and the Navy."
  • 1929
    Age 30
    In June 1929 he graduated from the Air Corps Tactical School, where he studied under Captain Robert Olds, a former aide to air power pioneer Billy Mitchell and a passionate advocate of strategic bombing.
    More Details Hide Details He then served at the Air Corps Tactical School as an instructor under Captain Olds in the Bombardment Section until July 1933, both at Langley and at Maxwell Field, where the school was relocated in 1931. Walker became part of a small clique of Air Corps Tactical School instructors that became known as the "Bomber Mafia", that argued that bombardment was the most important form of airpower. Its members also included Haywood Hansell, Donald Wilson, Harold L. George, and Robert M. Webster, Their influence was such that, during their tenure, bombardment achieved primacy over pursuit in the development of Air Corps doctrine. One of Walker's tasks was to rewrite the bombardment text. He felt it was flawed because it failed to drive home what he saw as the most important fact, that "bombardment aviation is the basic arm of the air force". Following the views of air power theorists Billy Mitchell, Hugh Trenchard, and Giulio Douhet, Walker enunciated two fundamental principles: that bombardment would take the form of daylight precision bombing; and that it should be directed against critical industrial targets.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1925
    Age 26
    Walker returned to the United States in February 1925 and was posted to Langley Field, where he became a member of the Air Service Board.
    More Details Hide Details He served successively as adjutant of the 59th Service Squadron, commander of the 11th Bombardment Squadron, and operations officer of the 2nd Bomb Group there.
  • 1924
    Age 25
    In November, Kenney arranged for a demonstration attack on the SS Pruth, a ship that had sunk off Port Moresby in 1924 and was often used for target practice.
    More Details Hide Details After the attack Walker and Kenney took a boat out to the wreck to inspect the damage. As expected, none of the four bombs dropped had hit the stationary wreck; but the instantaneous fuses had detonated the bombs when they struck the water, and bomb fragments had torn holes in the sides of the ship. Walker reluctantly conceded the point. "Ken was okay," Kenney later recalled. "He was stubborn, over-sensitive, and a prima donna, but he worked like a dog all the time. His gang liked him a lot but he tended to get a staff of 'yes-men'. He did not like to delegate authority. I was afraid that Ken was not durable enough to last very long under the high tension of this show." In December, Kenney learned that Whitehead had been on board a B-25 in which a Japanese antiaircraft gun had blown a hole in the wing "big enough for him to jump through without touching the sides", and that Walker had flown on a B-17 that had clipped a tree and lost part of a wing. Kenney then repeated his earlier order, explaining the reasons behind it:
    He was then posted to the Philippine Air Depot, where he served at various times as property officer, supply officer, adjutant, and depot inspector, before ultimately being assigned to the 28th Bombardment Squadron in 1924.
    More Details Hide Details In August 1923 he crashed an Airco DH.4 on take off but walked away unhurt. The Walkers had two sons, Kenneth Jr., born in February 1927, and Douglas, born in January 1933.
    He was promoted to first lieutenant again on 24 July 1924. Walker courted Marguerite Potter, a sorority member and sociology graduate at the Norman campus of the University of Oklahoma. The two were married in September 1922.
    More Details Hide Details In lieu of a honeymoon, they boarded a troop transport to the Philippines on 12 December 1922. Walker initially became Commander of the Air Intelligence Section at Camp Nichols.
  • 1922
    Age 23
    Already a command pilot, he also qualified as a combat observer in 1922.
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  • 1920
    Age 21
    Walker became one of many officers holding wartime commissions to receive a commission in the Regular Army, into which he was commissioned as a first lieutenant on 1 July 1920, but was subsequently reduced in rank to second lieutenant on 15 December 1922, another common occurrence in the aftermath of World War I when the wartime army was demobilized.
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  • TEENAGE
  • 1918
    Age 19
    During 1918, the School for Aerial Observers and the Air Service Flying School were built at nearby Post Field, where Walker spent the next four years as a pilot, instructor, supply officer, and post adjutant.
    More Details Hide Details
    He was awarded his Aircrew Badge and commissioned as a temporary second lieutenant in the United States Army Air Service on 2 November 1918.
    More Details Hide Details He then attended the Flying Instructor's School at Brooks Field in San Antonio, Texas, and became an instructor at the flight training center at Barron Field. In March 1919, he was posted to Fort Sill as an instructor at the Air Service Flying School.
  • 1917
    Age 18
    From January to June 1917 he took a course at the YMCA Night School in Denver.
    More Details Hide Details He then studied business administration at La Salle Extension University. Walker enlisted in the United States Army in Denver, on 15 December 1917. He received flight training at the University of California's School of Military Aeronautics and at the pilot training base at Mather Field, near Sacramento, California.
  • 1913
    Age 14
    He went to Central High School for a time until 1913 when he started at the Omaha High School of Commerce, from which he graduated in 1915.
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  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1905
    Age 6
    Kenneth began his education at the Maria Mitchell School in Denver, Colorado, from 1905 to 1908, and then attended the Columbian School there from 1908 to 1912.
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  • 1898
    Born
    Walker was born in Los Cerrillos, New Mexico, on 17 July 1898 to Wallace Walker and his wife Emma née Overturf.
    More Details Hide Details The family subsequently moved to Denver, Colorado. Kenneth's father left when he was young, and Emma became a single mother.
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