Lance Armstrong
American professional road racing cyclist
Lance Armstrong
Lance Edward Armstrong is an American former professional road racing cyclist. Armstrong had won the Tour de France a record seven consecutive times between 1999 and 2005, before being disqualified from those races and banned from cycling for life for doping offenses by the United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) in 2012.
Biography
Lance Armstrong's personal information overview.
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News
News abour Lance Armstrong from around the web
Lance Armstrong to head to court in US suit
Yahoo News - 6 days
A judge on Monday cleared the way for the doping-disgraced cycling icon Lance Armstrong to go to court, saying the US authorities' allegations against him merited trial. The US Justice Department is seeking nearly $100 million in damages from Armstrong, charging that he cheated the government when the US Postal Service sponsored the team he led. The decision by US District Judge Christopher Cooper, in Washington, DC, comes as a major blow to Armstrong, who had requested the case be thrown out.
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Yahoo News article
Novitzky says UFC anti-doping program tough but effective
Yahoo News - 9 days
By Philip O'Connor STOCKHOLM (Reuters) - The Ultimate Fighting Championship's 18-month-old anti-doping program may be making waves but its designer Jeff Novitzky, who came to prominence chasing high-profile drug cheats like cyclist Lance Armstrong and sprinter Marion Jones, says it is definitely helping clean up the sport. The UFC will host its first title fight of 2017 at UFC 208 in Denver on Saturday, with former bantamweight champ Holly Holm meeting Germaine de Randamie to decide who becomes the organization's first women's featherweight champion. Justino joins a growing list of big-name fighters like Jon "Bones" Jones and Brock Lesnar - both former title-holders - who have fallen foul of Novitzky's new program, which is administered by the United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA).
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Yahoo News article
Team Sky, Lance Armstrong deny secret motor cheating: report
Yahoo News - 21 days
Team Sky, which has produced four of the past five Tour de France champions, and doping-disgraced Lance Armstrong denied using secret motors in bicycles, a CBS television report said Sunday. A segment on the show "60 Minutes" examined the possibility of motorized cheating in pro cycling with three-time Tour de France winner Greg LeMond, admitted dope cheat ex-rider Tyler Hamilton and Hungarian designer Istvan Varjas, who makes hidden motors for bikes, saying they believe such cheating exists.
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Yahoo News article
LeMond, engineer say cheats use secret motors
Yahoo News - 23 days
A Hungarian designer of a secret bicycle motor says he thinks pro cyclists have used them to cheat since 1998 and US cycling legend Greg LeMond says he can't trust Tour de France results. Both were interviewed by the CBS television news show "60 Minutes" for a segment to be telecast Sunday where designer Istvan Varjas, a scientist and former cyclist, outlines mechanical cheating methods in a sport already rocked by infamous doping scandals, notably by disgraced US rider Lance Armstrong. Three-time Tour de France winner LeMond wants greater testing for motors by cycling officials.
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Yahoo News article
New Zealanders join Lance Armstrong in early morning ride
Yahoo News - 2 months
Several hundred cyclists turned out Tuesday for an early morning ride with Lance Armstrong, who is in New Zealand to film a commercial for a local brewery. Armstrong told the New Zealand Herald newspaper that he was glad to know he still has some support. New Zealand's Lion Breweries has confirmed it brought the 45-year-old Texan to New Zealand.
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Donald Trump Effigy Burns In England As Part Of Bonfire Night Celebrations
Huffington Post - 4 months
function onPlayerReadyVidible(e){'undefined'!=typeof HPTrack&&HPTrack.Vid.Vidible_track(e)}!function(e,i){if(e.vdb_Player){if('object'==typeof commercial_video){var a='',o='m.fwsitesection='+commercial_video.site_and_category;if(a+=o,commercial_video['package']){var c='&m.fwkeyvalues=sponsorship%3D'+commercial_video['package'];a+=c}e.setAttribute('vdb_params',a)}i(e.vdb_Player)}else{var t=arguments.callee;setTimeout(function(){t(e,i)},0)}}(document.getElementById('vidible_1'),onPlayerReadyVidible); LONDON (Reuters) - He turned “You’re fired” into his reality show catch-phrase, but it was Donald Trump who went up in flames on Saturday - or at least an effigy of him did, as part of Britain’s annual Bonfire Night celebrations. An 11-metre-high (36 feet) model of the Republican U.S. presidential candidate was burned at a fireworks display in the town of Edenbridge, 30 miles (50 km) south of London. The sculpture showed Trump, complete with his trademark mop ...
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Huffington Post article
Why This Austrian Designer Reads About Lance Armstrong And Elon Musk
Huffington Post - 7 months
Matthias Mentasti is an art director based in Vienna, Austria. Image credit: Awwwards. Matthias Mentasti is an art director and co-founder at WILD, an interactive production agency based in Vienna, Austria. He's also a judge at the FWA, an award organization showcasing innovation every day since 2000. I've asked him to share books that inspired him the most in life and career. Matthias reads not only design-related books but also about world class athletes and tech visionaries to live big and do what makes him happy. It's Not About the Bike: My Journey Back to Life by Lance Armstrong Just forget the fact that he was/is a cheater for a moment (no one knew at the time) Lance Armstrong did something incredible. He screwed death and dedicated his life to become a legend. He was a hero not only because he won the Tour de France seven times, but also because he lived a "pain is temporary, quitting lasts forever" lifestyle. But yes, he was cheating... not cool, bro! ...
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Huffington Post article
Cycling's whistleblower: Sports may never be fully clean
Yahoo News - 8 months
One of the most high-profile whistleblowers on the international anti-doping front believes cycling's problems could linger for another decade or more and isn't sure sports will ever reach a point where clean competition is guaranteed. Frankie Andreu, who blew the whistle on teammate Lance Armstrong years before Armstrong was stripped of his seven Tour de France titles, said cheating goes on in every corner of society and that sports should hope for continued strengthening of anti-doping programs to keep cheating at a minimum. In an interview with the World Anti-Doping Agency, Andreu lauded both WADA and the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency for trying to provide safe haven for whistleblowers to speak out when they see cheating.
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Yahoo News article
16 Of The Longest Suspensions In Sports History
Yahoo News - 8 months
Performance-enhancing drugs and gambling have derailed a handful of great careers.Keywords: Suspension, Ban, NFL, MLB, NBA, Tennis, Maria Sharapova, Alex Rodriguez, Ron Artest, Lance Armstrong, Black Sox, Ryan Braun, Luis Suarez
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Yahoo News article
Armstrong to join cyclists honoring 5 killed in Michigan
Yahoo News - 8 months
Lance Armstrong plans to be in Kalamazoo for a ''Finishing the Ride'' event in honor of the five cyclists killed when they were hit by a pickup truck. Armstrong said he couldn't believe it when he heard about the collision on June 7 in Kalamazoo County's Cooper Township, 160 miles from Chicago, that also left four others injured. Armstrong plans to join Kalamazoo-area cyclists in a 28.5-mile ride Tuesday from Kalamazoo to Plainwell and back.
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Yahoo News article
Lance Armstrong asking judge to end government lawsuit
Yahoo News - 10 months
Lance Armstrong has asked a federal judge to end a lawsuit against him by the U.S. government that seeks to recover millions of dollars in sponsorship money the U.S. Postal Service paid to his cycling teams. Armstrong's motion for summary judgment filed Wednesday in federal court in Washington says the case against him is ''long on speculation and hyperbole-but short on evidence and viable legal theories.'' The lawsuit alleges violations of the federal False Claims Act. It was initially filed by Armstrong's former teammate Floyd Landis.
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Yahoo News article
Russian doping official planned book before sudden death
Yahoo News - 12 months
Sunday Times sports writer David Walsh, renowned for his coverage of cycling champion Lance Armstrong's doping, reported that Nikita Kamaev wrote to him in November offering to reveal information on doping covering the last three decades since Kamaev began work for a ''secret lab'' in the Soviet Union. Kamaev's former boss at the RUSADA agency, Ramil Khabriev, told Russia's Tass agency that Kamaev planned a book but abandoned it because an ''American publisher'' had demanded too much influence over its contents. In Walsh's account, Kamaev was quick to contact The Sunday Times after a World Anti-Doping Agency commission accused RUSADA of helping to cover up doping by top Russian athletes as part of a systematic, state-sponsored program of drug use.
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Yahoo News article
19 New Netflix Programs To Get Stupidly Excited About In 2016
Huffington Post - about 1 year
Fun fact: Netflix plans to spend $6 billion this year developing original series, films and documentaries to keep us happily binge-watching our lives away. Everyone who is anyone already knows old favorites like "Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt" and "Orange Is the New Black" are coming back, but what about all these new shows and movies? We decided to go down the research rabbit hole and find out what's up with the roughly four dozen new titles expected to debut this year. Although we can't say which of the 19 titles below will become the next "Making a Murderer," we can say that we are irrationally excited about all of them.   ***  1. "Marseille" (May 5) Type: Political drama series Why we're excited: French Claire Underwood (possibly) Like its name, "Marseille" is super French -- it will star Gérard Depardieu -- and centers on a municipal election involving a "power struggle" and "all-consuming ambition." The lead character, Robert Taro (played by Dep ...
Article Link:
Huffington Post article
19 New Netflix Programs To Get Stupidly Excited About In 2016
Huffington Post - about 1 year
Fun fact: Netflix plans to spend $6 billion this year developing original series, films and documentaries to keep us happily binge-watching our lives away. Everyone who is anyone already knows old favorites like "Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt" and "Orange Is the New Black" are coming back, but what about all these new shows and movies? We decided to go down the research rabbit hole and find out what's up with the roughly four dozen new titles expected to debut this year. Although we can't say which of the 19 titles below will become the next "Making a Murderer," we can say that we are irrationally excited about all of them.   ***  1. "Marseille" (May 5) Type: Political drama series Why we're excited: French Claire Underwood (possibly) Like its name, "Marseille" is super French -- it will star Gérard Depardieu -- and centers on a municipal election involving a "power struggle" and "all-consuming ambition." The lead character, Robert Taro (played by Depardie ...
Article Link:
Huffington Post article
Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Lance Armstrong
    FORTIES
  • 2015
    Age 43
    On September 27, 2015, Armstrong and SCA agreed to a settlement.
    More Details Hide Details Armstrong issued a formal, public apology and agreed to pay SCA an undisclosed sum. In a series of emails in May 2010, Floyd Landis admitted to doping and accused Armstrong and others of the same. Based on Landis's allegations, U.S. Justice Department federal prosecutors led an investigation into possible crimes conducted by Armstrong and the U.S.Postal Service Cycling Team. The Food and Drug Administration and federal agent Jeff Novitzky were also involved in the investigation. In June 2010, Armstrong hired a criminal defense attorney to represent him in the investigation. The hiring was first reported in July when Armstrong was competing in the 2010 Tour de France. On February 3, 2012, federal prosecutors officially dropped their criminal investigation with no charges. The closing of the case was announced "without an explanation" by U.S. Attorney André Birotte, Jr. When Novitzky was asked to comment on it, he declined.
    On 4 February 2015 the arbitration panel decided 2-1 in SCA's favor and ordered Armstrong and Tailwind Sports Corp to pay SCA $10 million.
    More Details Hide Details The panel's decision was referred to the Texas 116th Civil District Court in Dallas on 16 February 2015 for confirmation. Panel members Richard Faulkner and Richard Chernick sided with SCA; Ted Lyon sided with Armstrong. Armstrong's attorney Tim Herman stated that the panel's ruling was contrary to Texas law and expected that the court would overturn it. The panel's decision said, in part, about Armstrong that, "Perjury must never be profitable" and "it is almost certainly the most devious sustained deception ever perpetrated in world sporting history."
  • 2014
    Age 42
    In June 2014, US district judge Robert Wilkins denied Armstrong's request to dismiss the government lawsuit stating "The court denies without prejudice the defendants' motion to dismiss the government's action as time-barred."
    More Details Hide Details
  • 2013
    Age 41
    In November 2013, Armstrong settled a lawsuit with Acceptance Insurance Company (AIC).
    More Details Hide Details AIC had sought to recover $3 million it had paid Armstrong as bonuses for winning the Tour de France from 1999 to 2001. The suit was settled for an undisclosed sum one day before Armstrong was scheduled to give a deposition under oath.
    In January 2013, Justice Department officials recommended joining the federal lawsuit aimed at clawing back money from Armstrong.
    More Details Hide Details In February, the United States Department of Justice joined the whistleblower lawsuit, which also accuses former Postal Service team director Johan Bruyneel and Tailwind Sports, the firm that managed the Postal Service team, of defrauding the U.S. In April 2014, documents from the AIC case were filed by lawyers representing Floyd Landis in relation to the whistleblower suit. In these documents, Armstrong stated under oath that Pepi Marti, Dr Pedro Celaya, Dr Luis Garcia del Moral and Dr Michele Ferrari had all provided him with doping products in the period up until 2005. He also named people who had transported or acted as couriers, as well as people that were aware of his doping practices. One week later, the USADA banned Johan Bruyneel from cycling for 10 years and Pedro Celaya and Jose "Pepi" Marti for eight years.
    In September 2013, he was asked by UCI's new president, Brian Cookson, to testify completely about his doping.
    More Details Hide Details Armstrong refused to testify until and unless he got a complete amnesty, which Cookson said is most unlikely to happen. After USADA's report, all of Armstrong's sponsors dropped him. He reportedly lost $75 million in a day. On May 28, 2013, Nike announced that it would be cutting all ties to Livestrong. In 2010, one of Armstrong's former teammates, the American Floyd Landis, whose 2006 Tour De France victory was nullified after a positive doping test, sent a series of emails to cycling officials and sponsors admitting to, and detailing, his systematic use of performance-enhancing drugs during his career. The emails also claimed that other riders and cycling officials participated in doping, including Armstrong. Landis filed a federal whistle-blower lawsuit against Armstrong under the federal False Claims Act. The False Claims Act allows citizens to sue on behalf of the government alleging the government has been defrauded. The existence of the lawsuit, initially filed under seal, was first revealed by The Wall Street Journal in 2010. In the lawsuit, Landis alleged that Armstrong and team managers defrauded the U.S. government when they accepted money from the U.S. Postal Service.
    In August 2013, Armstrong and The Sunday Times reached an undisclosed settlement.
    More Details Hide Details On August 23, 2005, L'Équipe, a major French daily sports newspaper, reported on its front page under the headline "le mensonge Armstrong" ("The Armstrong Lie") that 6 urine samples taken from the cyclist during the prologue and five stages of the 1999 Tour de France, frozen and stored since at "Laboratoire national de dépistage du dopage de Châtenay-Malabry" (LNDD), had tested positive for erythropoietin (EPO) in recent retesting conducted as part of a research project into EPO testing methods. Armstrong immediately replied on his website, saying, "Unfortunately, the witch hunt continues and tomorrow's article is nothing short of tabloid journalism. The paper even admits in its own article that the science in question here is faulty and that I have no way to defend myself. They state: 'There will therefore be no counter-exam nor regulatory prosecutions, in a strict sense, since defendant's rights cannot be respected.' I will simply restate what I have said many times: I have never taken performance enhancing drugs."
    In February 2013, a month after Armstrong admitted to doping, rather than filing criminal charges, the Justice Department joined Landis's whistle-blower lawsuit against him, to recover government funding given to Armstrong's cycling team.
    More Details Hide Details
    Armstrong owns homes in Austin, Texas, and Aspen, Colorado, as well as a ranch in the Texas Hill Country. He also has become a popular Twitter user, with almost 4 million followers as of January 2013. Armstrong met Kristin Richard in June 1997. They married on May 1, 1998, and had three children. The pregnancy was possible through sperm Armstrong banked three years earlier, before chemotherapy and surgery. The couple divorced in 2003.
    More Details Hide Details
    After years of public denials, Armstrong reversed course and admitted doping in an interview with Oprah Winfrey in January 2013.
    More Details Hide Details While admitting in the interview to the things he did, he also said it was "absolutely not" true that he was doping in 2009–10, and that the last time he "crossed the line" was in 2005.
    For much of his career, Armstrong faced persistent allegations of doping. Armstrong denied all such allegations until January 2013, often claiming that he never had any positive test in the drug tests he has taken over his cycling career.
    More Details Hide Details Armstrong has been criticized for his disagreements with outspoken opponents of doping such as Paul Kimmage and Christophe Bassons. Bassons was a rider for Festina at the time of the Festina affair and was widely reported by teammates as being the only rider on the team not to be taking performance-enhancing drugs. Bassons wrote a number of articles for a French newspaper during the 1999 Tour de France which made references to doping in the peloton. Subsequently, Armstrong had an altercation with Bassons during the 1999 Tour de France where Bassons said Armstrong rode up alongside on the Alpe d'Huez stage to tell him "it was a mistake to speak out the way I (Bassons) do and he (Armstrong) asked why I was doing it. I told him that I'm thinking of the next generation of riders. Then he said 'Why don't you leave, then?'"
    In a 2013 interview, Armstrong confessed that some of the allegations were true.
    More Details Hide Details He has declined to testify about the full extent of his use of the drugs. In the aftermath of his fall from grace, a CNN article wrote that "The epic downfall of cycling's star, once an idolized icon of millions around the globe, stands out in the history of professional sports."
  • 2012
    Age 40
    The following year, in 2012, Armstrong began pursuing qualification into the 2012 Ironman World Championship.
    More Details Hide Details He made his return to long distance triathlon in the inaugural Ironman 70.3 Panama race, on February 12, 2012. He finished with a time of 3:50:55, second overall to Bevan Docherty. He also entered half-Ironman distance races in Texas (7th) and St. Croix (3rd) before breaking through with victories at Ironman 70.3 Florida and Ironman 70.3 Hawaii. He was scheduled to next participate in Ironman France on June 24. However, the June suspension by USADA and eventual ban by WADA prohibited Armstrong from further racing Ironman branded events to due World Triathlon Corporation anti-doping policies. In July 2011 and July 2013, Armstrong participated in the non-competitive Register's Annual Great Bicycle Ride Across Iowa. Armstrong owns a coffee shop in downtown Austin, Texas called "Juan Pelota Cafe". The name is a joking reference to his testicular cancer, with the name "Juan" being considered by some a homophone for "one" and "Pelota" being the Spanish word for "ball". Out of the same building, Armstrong owns and operates a bike shop named "Mellow Johnny's", after another nickname of his derived from the Tour term "maillot jaune", which is French for "yellow jersey".
    In December 2012 The Sunday Times filed suit against Armstrong for $1.5 million.
    More Details Hide Details In its suit, the paper is seeking a return of the original settlement, plus interest and the cost of defending the original case.
    SCA's Jeff Dorough stated that on October 30, 2012, Armstrong was sent a formal request for the return of $12m in bonuses.
    More Details Hide Details It is alleged that Armstrong's legal team has offered a settlement of $1 million.
    In June 2012, the United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) accused Armstrong of doping and trafficking of drugs, based on blood samples from 2009 and 2010, and testimonies from witnesses including former teammates.
    More Details Hide Details Further, he was accused of putting pressure on teammates to take unauthorized performance-enhancing drugs as well. In October, USADA formally charged him with running a massive doping ring. It also sought to ban him from participating in sports sanctioned by WADA for life. Armstrong chose not to appeal the ban, saying it would not be worth the toll on his family.
  • THIRTIES
  • 2011
    Age 39
    Armstrong announced his retirement from competitive cycling 'for good' on February 16, 2011, while still facing a US federal investigation into doping allegations.
    More Details Hide Details Armstrong has recorded an aerobic capacity of 83.8 mL/kg/min (VO2 max), much higher than the average person (40–50), but lower than some other Tour de France winners, such as Miguel Indurain (88., although reports exist that Indurain tested at 92–94) and Greg LeMond (92.5). At his peak, he had a resting heart rate of 32–34 beats per minute (bpm) with a maximum heart rate of 201 bpm. Armstrong revolutionized the support behind his well-funded teams, asking sponsors and suppliers to contribute and act as part of the team. For example, rather than having the frame, handlebars, and tires designed and developed by separate companies with little interaction, his teams adopted a Formula One relationship with sponsors and suppliers named "F-One", taking full advantage of the combined resources of several organizations working in close communication. The team, Trek, Nike, AMD, Bontrager (a Trek company), Shimano, Sram, Giro and Oakley, collaborated for an array of products.
    He stated that after January 2011, he will race only in the U.S. with the Radioshack domestic team.
    More Details Hide Details
    In October, he announced the end of his international career after the Tour Down Under in January 2011.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 2010
    Age 38
    On June 28, Armstrong announced via Twitter that the 2010 edition would be his final Tour de France.
    More Details Hide Details Armstrong put in an impressive performance in the Tour de France prologue TT, finishing third, but was plagued by crashes in later stages that put him out of general classification contention, especially a serious crash in stage 8. He rallied for the brutal Pyreneean stage 16, working as a key player in a successful break that included teammate Chris Horner. He finished his last tour in 23rd place, 39 minutes 20 seconds behind former winner Alberto Contador. He was also a key rider in helping Team RadioShack win the team competition, beating Caisse d'Epargne by 9 minutes, 15 seconds.
    He made his European season debut at the 2010 Vuelta a Murcia finishing in seventh place overall.
    More Details Hide Details Armstrong was also set to compete in several classics such as the Milan–San Remo, Amstel Gold Race, Liège–Bastogne–Liège, and the Tour of Flanders, but bouts with gastroenteritis forced his withdrawal from three of the four races. Armstrong returned to the United States in mid-April to compete in the Tour of Gila and May's Tour of California, both as preparation for the Tour de France. However, he crashed outside Visalia early in stage 5 of the Tour of California and had to withdraw from the race. He showed fine shape after recovering from the Tour of California crash, placing second in the Tour of Switzerland and third in the Tour of Luxembourg.
    Armstrong made his 2010 season debut at the Tour Down Under where he finished 25th out of the 127 riders who completed the race.
    More Details Hide Details
    RadioShack was named as the main sponsor for Armstrong's 2010 team, named Team RadioShack.
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  • 2009
    Age 37
    On July 21, 2009, Armstrong announced that he would return to the Tour de France in 2010.
    More Details Hide Details
    Armstrong finished the 2009 Tour de France in third place overall, 5:24 behind the overall winner, his Astana teammate Alberto Contador.
    More Details Hide Details
    On July 7, in the fourth stage of the 2009 Tour de France, Armstrong narrowly failed to win the yellow jersey after his Astana team won the team time trial.
    More Details Hide Details His Astana team won the 39 km lap of Montpellier but Armstrong ended up just over two tenths of a second (.22) outside Fabian Cancellara's overall lead.
    On April 10, 2009, a controversy emerged between the French anti-doping agency AFLD and Armstrong and his team manager, Johan Bruyneel, stemming from a March 17, 2009, encounter with an AFLD anti-doping official who visited Armstrong after a training ride in Beaulieu-sur-Mer.
    More Details Hide Details When the official arrived, Armstrong claims he asked—and was granted—permission to take a shower while Bruyneel checked the official's credentials. In late April, the AFLD cleared Armstrong of any wrongdoing. Armstrong returned to racing after his collarbone injury at the Tour of the Gila in New Mexico on April 29.
    He had to retire from the 2009 Vuelta a Castilla y León during the first stage after crashing in a rider pileup in Baltanás, Spain, and breaking his collarbone.
    More Details Hide Details Armstrong flew back to Austin, Texas, for corrective surgery, which was successful, and was back training on a bicycle within four days of his operation.
  • 2008
    Age 36
    Australian ABC radio reported on September 24, 2008, that Armstrong would compete in the UCI Tour Down Under through Adelaide and surrounding areas in January 2009.
    More Details Hide Details UCI rules say a cyclist has to be in an anti-doping program for six months before an event, but UCI allowed Armstrong to compete.
    Armstrong announced on September 9, 2008, that he would return to pro cycling with the express goal of participating in the 2009 Tour de France.
    More Details Hide Details VeloNews reported that Armstrong would race for no salary or bonuses and would post his internally tested blood results online.
    In July 2008, Armstrong began dating Anna Hansen after meeting through Armstrong's charity work.
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  • 2007
    Age 35
    Armstrong created a YouTube video in 2007 with former President George H. W. Bush to successfully pass Proposition 15, a US$3 billion taxpayer bond initiative which created the Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas.
    More Details Hide Details Armstrong was co-chair of a California campaign committee to pass the California Cancer Research Act, a ballot measure defeated by California voters on June 5, 2012. Had it passed, the measure was projected to generate over $500 million annually for cancer research, smoking-cessation programs and tobacco law-enforcement by levying a $1-per-pack tax on tobacco products in California. In 1997, Armstrong founded the Lance Armstrong Foundation, which supports people affected by cancer. The foundation raises awareness of cancer and has raised more than $325 million from the sale of yellow Livestrong bracelets. During his first retirement beginning after the 2005 season, he also maintained other interests. He was the pace car driver of the Chevrolet Corvette Z06 for the 2006 Indianapolis 500. In 2007, Armstrong with Andre Agassi, Muhammad Ali, Warrick Dunn, Jeff Gordon, Mia Hamm, Tony Hawk, Andrea Jaeger, Jackie Joyner-Kersee, Mario Lemieux, Alonzo Mourning, and Cal Ripken, Jr. founded Athletes for Hope, a charity that helps professional athletes become involved in charitable causes and aims to inspire non-athletes to volunteer and support the community.
    In March 2007, Armstrong began dating designer Tory Burch. They announced their breakup in October 2007.
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  • 2006
    Age 34
    In July 2006, the Los Angeles Times published a story on the allegations raised in the SCA case.
    More Details Hide Details The report cited evidence at the trial including the results of the LNDD test and an analysis of these results by an expert witness. From the Los Angeles Times article: "The results, Australian researcher Michael Ashenden testified in Dallas, show Armstrong's levels rising and falling, consistent with a series of injections during the Tour. Ashenden, a paid expert retained by SCA Promotions, told arbitrators the results painted a "compelling picture" that the world's most famous cyclist "used EPO in the '99 Tour." Ashenden's finding were disputed by the Vrijman report, which pointed to procedural and privacy issues in dismissing the LNDD test results. The Los Angeles Times article also provided information on testimony given by Armstrong's former teammate, Swart, Andreu and his wife Betsy, and instant messaging conversation between Andreu and Jonathan Vaughters regarding blood-doping in the peloton. Vaughters signed a statement disavowing the comments and stating he had: "no personal knowledge that any team in the Tour de France, including Armstrong's Discovery team in 2005, engaged in any prohibited conduct whatsoever." Andreu signed a statement affirming the conversation took place as indicated on the instant messaging logs submitted to the court.
  • 2005
    Age 33
    Bush called Armstrong in France to congratulate him after his 2005 victory in August 2005, The Times reported the President had invited Armstrong to his Prairie Chapel Ranch to go mountain biking.
    More Details Hide Details In a 2003 interview with The Observer, Armstrong said: "He's a personal friend, but we've all got the right not to agree with our friends." In August 2005, Armstrong hinted he had changed his mind about politics. In an interview with Charlie Rose on PBS on August 1, 2005, Armstrong pointed out that running for governor would require the commitment that led him to retire from cycling. Also, in August 2005, Armstrong said that he was no longer considering politics:
    At Armstrong's request, his children flew to Paris for the Tour de France podium ceremony in 2005, where his son Luke helped his father hoist the trophy, while his daughters (in yellow dresses) held the stuffed lion mascot and bouquet of yellow flowers.
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    On July 24, 2005, Armstrong announced his retirement from professional cycling.
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    In 2005, Armstrong was beaten by American David Zabriskie in the stage 1 time trial by two seconds, despite having passed Ullrich on the road.
    More Details Hide Details His Discovery Channel team won the team time trial, while Armstrong won the final individual time trial. In the mountain stages, Armstrong's lead was attacked multiple times mostly by Ivan Basso, but also by T-mobile leaders Jan Ullrich, Andreas Kloden and Alexandre Vinokourov and former teammate Levi Leipheimer. But still, the American champion handled them well, maintained his lead and, on some occasions, increased it. To complete his record-breaking feat, he crossed the line on the Champs-Élysées on July 24 to win his seventh consecutive Tour, finishing 4m 40s ahead of Basso, with Ullrich third. Another record achieved that year was that Armstrong completed the tour at the highest pace in the race's history: his average speed over the whole tour was 41.7 km/h (26 mph).
  • 2004
    Age 32
    Allegations in the book were reprinted in The Sunday Times (UK) by deputy sports editor Alan English in June 2004.
    More Details Hide Details Armstrong sued for libel, and the paper settled out of court after a High Court judge in a pre-trial ruling stated that the article "meant accusation of guilt and not simply reasonable grounds to suspect." The newspaper's lawyers issued the statement: "The Sunday Times has confirmed to Mr. Armstrong that it never intended to accuse him of being guilty of taking any performance-enhancing drugs and sincerely apologized for any such impression." The same authors (Pierre Ballester and David Walsh) subsequently published L.A. Official and Le Sale Tour (The Dirty Trick), further pressing their claims that Armstrong used performance-enhancing drugs throughout his career. On March 31, 2005, Mike Anderson filed a brief in Travis County District Court in Texas, as part of a legal battle following his termination in November 2004 as an employee of Armstrong. Anderson worked for Armstrong for two years as a personal assistant. In the brief, Anderson claimed that he discovered a box of androstenone while cleaning a bathroom in Armstrong's apartment in Girona, Spain. Androstenone is not on the list of banned drugs. Anderson stated in a subsequent deposition that he had no direct knowledge of Armstrong using a banned substance. Armstrong denied the claim and issued a counter-suit. The two men reached an out-of-court settlement in November 2005; the terms of the agreement were not disclosed.
    In 2004, reporters Pierre Ballester and David Walsh published a book alleging Armstrong had used performance-enhancing drugs (L.A. Confidentiel – Les secrets de Lance Armstrong).
    More Details Hide Details Another figure in the book, Steve Swart, claims he and other riders, including Armstrong, began using drugs in 1995 while members of the Motorola team, a claim denied by other team members.
    In 2004, Armstrong finished first, 6 minutes 19 seconds ahead of German Andreas Klöden.
    More Details Hide Details Ullrich was fourth, a further 2 minutes 31 seconds behind. Armstrong won a personal-best five individual stages, plus the team time trial. He became the first biker since Gino Bartali in 1948 to win three consecutive mountain stages; 15, 16, and 17. The individual time trial on stage 16 up Alpe d'Huez was won in style by Armstrong as he passed Ivan Basso on the way despite having set out two minutes after the Italian. He won sprint finishes from Basso in stages 13 and 15 and made up a significant gap in the last 250 m to nip Klöden at the line in stage 17. He won the final individual time trial, stage 19, to complete his personal record of stage wins.
  • 2003
    Age 31
    Lance and Kristin Armstrong announced their divorce in 2003, the same year that Lance began dating singer-songwriter Sheryl Crow. The couple announced their engagement in September 2005 and their split in February 2006.
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    The pattern returned in 2003, Armstrong taking first place and Ullrich second.
    More Details Hide Details Only a minute and a second separated the two at the end of the final day in Paris. U.S. Postal won the team time trial on stage four, while Armstrong took stage 15, despite having been knocked off on the ascent to Luz Ardiden, the final climb, when a spectator's bag caught his right handlebar. Ullrich waited for him, which brought Ullrich fair-play honors.
  • 2002
    Age 30
    In 2002, Ullrich did not participate due to suspension, and Armstrong won by seven minutes over Joseba Beloki.
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  • TWENTIES
  • 2001
    Age 29
    In 2001, Armstrong again took top honors, beating Ullrich by 6 minutes 44 seconds.
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  • 2000
    Age 28
    Armstrong took one stage in the 2000 Tour, the second individual time trial on stage 19.
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    In 2000, Ullrich and Pantani returned to challenge Armstrong.
    More Details Hide Details The race began a six-year rivalry between Ullrich and Armstrong and ended in victory for Armstrong by 6 minutes 2 seconds over Ullrich.
  • 1999
    Age 27
    Among the allegations in the book were claims by Armstrong's former soigneur Emma O'Reilly that a backdated prescription for cortisone had been produced in 1999 to avoid a positive test.
    More Details Hide Details A 1999 urine sample at the Tour de France showed traces of corticosteroid. A medical certificate showed he used an approved cream for saddle sores which contained the substance. O'Reilly said she heard team officials worrying about Armstrong's positive test for steroids during the Tour. She said: "They were in a panic, saying: 'What are we going to do? What are we going to do?'" According to O'Reilly, the solution was to get one of their compliant doctors to issue a pre-dated prescription for a steroid-based ointment to combat saddle sores. He said she would have known if Armstrong had saddle sores as she would have administered any treatment for it. O'Reilly said that Armstrong told her: "Now, Emma, you know enough to bring me down." O'Reilly said on other occasions she was asked to dispose of used syringes for Armstrong and pick up strange parcels for the team.
    In 1999 he won the Tour de France, including four stages.
    More Details Hide Details He beat the second place rider, Alex Zülle, by 7 minutes 37 seconds. However, the absence of Jan Ullrich (injury) and Marco Pantani (drug allegations) meant Armstrong had not yet proven himself against the biggest names in the sport. Stage wins included the prologue, stage eight, an individual time trial in Metz, an Alpine stage on stage nine, and the second individual time trial on stage 19.
  • 1998
    Age 26
    Armstrong's cycling comeback began in 1998 when he finished fourth in the Vuelta a España.
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    By January 1998, Armstrong was engaged in serious training for racing, moving to Europe with the team.
    More Details Hide Details Before his cancer treatment, Armstrong had participated in four Tour de France races, winning two stages. In 1993, he won the eighth stage and in 1995; he took stage 18 which he dedicated to teammate Fabio Casartelli who had crashed and died on stage 15. Armstrong dropped out of the 1996 Tour after the fifth stage after becoming ill, a few months before his diagnosis.
  • 1997
    Age 25
    In February 1997, he was declared cancer-free.
    More Details Hide Details Shortly afterward he was told that his contract with the Cofidis team had been cancelled. A former boss at Subaru Montgomery offered him a contract with the US Postal team at a salary of $200,000 a year.
  • 1996
    Age 24
    Armstrong's final chemotherapy treatment took place on December 13, 1996.
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    On October 2, 1996, at age 25, Armstrong was diagnosed with stage three (advanced) testicular cancer (embryonal carcinoma).
    More Details Hide Details The cancer had spread to his brain, lungs and abdomen. He visited urologist Jim Reeves in Austin, Texas for diagnosis of his symptoms, including coughing up blood and a swollen testicle. On October 3, Armstrong had an orchiectomy to remove the diseased testicle. Asked in a later interview what he thought Armstrong's chances of survival were, Reeves said "Almost none. We told Lance initially 20 to 50% chance, mainly to give him hope. But with the kind of cancer he had, with the x-rays, the blood tests, almost no hope." After receiving a letter from Steven Wolff, an oncologist at Vanderbilt University, Armstrong went to the Indiana University medical center in Indianapolis and decided to receive the rest of his treatment there. The standard treatment for Armstrong's cancer was a "cocktail" of the drugs bleomycin, etoposide, and cisplatin (or Platinol) (BEP). The first chemotheraphy cycle that Armstrong underwent included BEP, but for the three remaining cycles, he was given an alternative, vinblastine etoposide, ifosfamide, and cisplatin (VIP), to avoid lung toxicity associated with bleomycin. Armstrong credited this with saving his cycling career. At Indiana University, Lawrence Einhorn had pioneered the use of cisplatin to treat testicular cancer. Armstrong's primary oncologist there was Craig Nichols. On October 25, his brain lesions which were found to contain extensive necrosis, were surgically removed by Scott A. Shapiro, a professor of neurosurgery at Indiana University.
    Two months later, in October 1996, he was diagnosed with advanced testicular cancer.
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    In August 1996 following the Leeds Classic, Armstrong signed a 2-year, $2m deal with the French Cofidis Cycling Team.
    More Details Hide Details Joining him in signing contracts with the French team were teammates Frankie Andreu and Laurent Madouas.
    In the 1996 Olympic Games, he finished 6th in the time trial and 12th in the road race.
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    Armstrong's successes were much the same in 1996.
    More Details Hide Details He became the first American to win the La Flèche Wallonne and again won the Tour DuPont. However, he was able to compete for only five days in the Tour de France.
  • 1995
    Age 23
    He won the Clásica de San Sebastián in 1995, followed by an overall victory in the penultimate Tour DuPont and a handful of stage victories in Europe, including the stage to Limoges in the Tour de France, three days after the death of his teammate Fabio Casartelli, who crashed on the descent of the Col de Portet d'Aspet on the 15th stage.
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  • 1994
    Age 22
    In 1994, he again won the Thrift Drug Classic and came second in the Tour DuPont in the United States.
    More Details Hide Details His successes in Europe occurred when he placed second in Liège–Bastogne–Liège and the Clásica de San Sebastián, where just two years before, he had finished in last place as his first all-pro event in Europe.
  • 1993
    Age 21
    In 1993, Armstrong won 10 one-day events and stage races, but his breakthrough victory was the World Road Race Championship held in Norway.
    More Details Hide Details Before his World Championships win, he took his first win at the Tour de France, in the stage from Châlons-sur-Marne to Verdun. He was 97th in the general classification when he retired after stage 12. He collected the Thrift Drug Triple Crown of Cycling: the Thrift Drug Classic in Pittsburgh, the K-Mart West Virginia Classic, and the CoreStates USPRO national championship in Philadelphia. He is alleged by another cyclist competing with in the CoreStates Road Race to have bribed that cyclist so that he would not compete with Armstrong for the win.
    He had notable success between 1993 and 1996, including the World Championship in 1993, Clásica de San Sebastián in 95, Tour DuPont in 95 and 96, and a handful of stage victories in Europe, including stage 18 of the 1995 Tour de France.
    More Details Hide Details In 1996, he was diagnosed with a potentially fatal metastatic testicular cancer. After his recovery, he founded the Lance Armstrong Foundation (now the Livestrong Foundation) to assist other cancer survivors. By January 1998, Armstrong had renewed serious cycling training, having signed a new racing contract with US Postal. He was a member of the US Postal/Discovery team between 1998 and 2005, in which he won his Tour de France titles, as well as a bronze medal in the 2000 Summer Olympics. In July 2005, Armstrong retired from racing at the end of the 2005 Tour de France, but returned to competitive cycling with the Astana team in January 2009, finishing third in the 2009 Tour de France later that year. Between 2010 and 2011, he raced with the UCI ProTeam he helped found, Team Radio Shack. He retired for a second time in 2011.
    He is the 1993 Elite Men's Road Race World Champion, and he had won the Tour de France seven consecutive times from 1999 to 2005, but was stripped of his Tour de France victories in 2012 after a protracted doping scandal.
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  • 1992
    Age 20
    In 1992 Armstrong turned professional with the Motorola Cycling Team, the successor of 7-Eleven team.
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  • TEENAGE
  • 1989
    Age 17
    At 16, Lance Armstrong became a professional triathlete and became national sprint-course triathlon champion in 1989 and 1990 at 18 and 19, respectively.
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    At age 16, Armstrong began competing as a triathlete and was a national sprint-course triathlon champion in 1989 and 1990.
    More Details Hide Details In 1992, Armstrong began his career as a professional cyclist with the Motorola team.
  • 1987
    Age 15
    Armstrong's total points in 1987 as an amateur were better than those of five professionals ranked higher than he was that year.
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    In the 1987–1988 Tri-Fed/Texas ("Tri-Fed" was the former name of USA Triathlon), Armstrong was ranked the number-one triathlete in the 19-and-under group; second place was Chann McRae, who became a US Postal Service cycling teammate and the 2002 USPRO national champion.
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  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1973
    Age 1
    His parents divorced in 1973 when Lance was two.
    More Details Hide Details The next year, his mother married Terry Keith Armstrong, a wholesale salesman, who adopted Lance that year. Eddie Gunderson died in 2012. At the age of 12, Armstrong started his sporting career as a swimmer at the City of Plano Swim Club and finished fourth in Texas state 1,500-meter freestyle. He stopped swimming-only races after seeing a poster for a junior triathlon, called the Iron Kids Triathlon, which he won at age 13.
  • 1971
    Born
    Armstrong was born Lance Edward Gunderson on September 18, 1971, at Methodist Hospital in Plano, Texas, north of Dallas to Linda Gayle (née Mooneyham), a secretary, and Eddie Charles Gunderson, a route manager for The Dallas Morning News.
    More Details Hide Details His great-grandfather was the son of Norwegian immigrants. He was named after Lance Rentzel, a Dallas Cowboys wide receiver.
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