Lazar Koliševski
Macedonian politician
Lazar Koliševski
Lazar Koliševski (was a Communist political leader in Socialist Republic of Macedonia and briefly the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia closely allied with Tito.
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  • 2000
    Age 86
    Died on July 6, 2000.
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  • 1980
    Age 66
    On New Years Day 1980 President Tito fell ill, leaving Koliševski in the role of acting leader in his absence.
    More Details Hide Details Tito died five months later, on 4 May 1980. Koliševski held the office of acting head of the presidency of Yugoslavia for another ten days, before the office passed on to Cvijetin Mijatović.
  • 1979
    Age 65
    On 15 May 1979 Koliševski was voted by the other Presidency members to become President of the Presidency and Vice President of Yugoslavia.
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  • 1974
    Age 60
    After the Yugoslav Constitution of 1974 was passed, Koliševski grew much more influential in the Yugoslav political world.
    More Details Hide Details The new constitution called for a rotating Yugoslav Vice-Presidency. Koliševski was picked from the Macedonian leadership to be the Macedonian representative to the Presidency.
  • 1953
    Age 39
    On 19 December 1953, Koliševski retired as the Prime Minister of PR Macedonia and assumed the office of President of the People's Assembly.
    More Details Hide Details He became the PR Macedonian head of state, but wielded less direct political power. However, he remained the Chairman of the League of Communists of Macedonia, the Macedonian division of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, which were the new names of the communist parties in Yugoslavia. He was still the most powerful person in the Republic because of his influence in the Yugoslav Communist Party. With his slow removal from politics in Macedonia he began traveling to other nations as a Yugoslav Diplomat. He made many major trips in the late 1950s and early 1960s to nations like Egypt, India, Indonesia and other nations that would later help form the Non-Aligned Nations. These diplomatic travels showed that Koliševski was very trusted by the Yugoslav leader Josip Broz Tito. Even after Tito had fall outs with some of his most trusted allies, Koliševski still remained.
  • 1945
    Age 31
    Thanks to Koliševski's reforms, the small Republic that in 1945 was the poorest area of Yugoslavia now had the fastest growing economy.
    More Details Hide Details After the second Five Year Economic Plan, PR Macedonia's economy advanced rapidly.
  • 1944
    Age 30
    In late 1944, Koliševski was freed by the new Bulgarian government, and soon became the Chairman of the Communist Party of Macedonia (an local division of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia).
    More Details Hide Details Near the end of the war Koliševski became the Prime Minister of the Federal State of Macedonia, a federal unit of the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia (DFY). It was essentially the highest office in the Federal State of Macedonia. For his efforts in the war, Koliševski was one of the many Macedonians who were awarded with the People's Hero of Yugoslavia medal. After World War II, Koliševski became the most powerful person in PR Macedonia and among the most powerful people in all of Yugoslavia. He began massive economic and social reforms. Koliševski finally brought the industrial revolution to Macedonia. By 1955, the capital city of Skopje had become one of the fastest growing cities in the region and became the third-largest city in Yugoslavia.
  • 1941
    Age 27
    In late 1941 he was arrested and sentenced to death by a Bulgarian military court.
    More Details Hide Details He wrote an appeal for clemency to Bulgarian Tsar, where he claimed to be "a son of Bulgarian parents who always felt and feels himself Bulgarian, and despite the dreadful slavery has preserved his Bulgarian lifestyle, language and mors " and had his sentence commuted to life imprisonment.
    Later in fall of 1941 Koliševski became the Secretary of the local Committee of the Yugoslav Communist Party.
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  • 1914
    Age 0
    Born on February 12, 1914.
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