Lee Hays
American politician
Lee Hays
Lee Hays, was an American folk-singer and songwriter, best known for singing bass with The Weavers. Throughout his life, he was concerned with overcoming racism, inequality, and violence in society. Hays wrote or co-wrote "Wasn't That a Time?", "If I Had a Hammer, "and "Kisses Sweeter than Wine", which became Weavers' staples. He also familiarized audiences with songs of the 1930s labor movement, such as "We Shall Not be Moved".
Lee Hays's personal information overview.
Photo Albums
Popular photos of Lee Hays
View family, career and love interests for Lee Hays
News abour Lee Hays from around the web
Poplarville pounds Columbia - Picayune Item
Google News - over 5 years
Columbia came right back, as running back Lee Hays needed just three carries to cover 71 yards, including a 47-yard scoring run. Lockhart blocked the extra point attempt, and Poplarville carried a 14-6 lead into the second quarter
Article Link:
Google News article
Growing pains may hurt Columbia - Hattiesburg American
Google News - over 5 years
The every-down back, senior Lee Hays, is 5-foot-7. The good news for Columbia fans is the offensive line, which returns three of the top interior linemen in the division, should take some of the pressure off of those skill positions
Article Link:
Google News article
Abilene Christian churns out wins, NFL prospects - Fort Worth Star Telegram
Google News - over 5 years
Stephens, who will start under center for the Texans this year, said Tarleton could be the LSC dark horse and attributes much of that to new offensive coordinator Lee Hays, who previously coached at Houston and Baylor and helped fine-tune the spread
Article Link:
Google News article
We Are Wisconsin Benefit with Arlo Guthrie - Isthmus Daily Page
Google News - over 5 years
He grew up surrounded by dancers and musicians: Pete Seeger, Ronnie Gilbert, Fred Hellerman and Lee Hays (The Weavers), Leadbelly, Cisco Houston, Ramblin' Jack Elliott, Sonny Terry and Brownie McGhee, all of whom were significant influences on Arlo's
Article Link:
Google News article
Trent names new director of alumni affairs - Peterborough Examiner
Google News - over 5 years
Trent University alumnus Lee Hays is to become the school's new director of alumni affairs effective July 1, a press release states. Hays has been working at Trent as the co-ordinator of annual giving and, most recently, as the assistant campaign
Article Link:
Google News article
Getting our minds on the meaning of the day - Santa Ynez Valley News
Google News - over 5 years
The song was written by Pete Seeger and Lee Hays, who first recorded it in 1949 with their group, the Weavers. The sociopolitical tone and texture of the song was still years ahead of pop consciousness then, but in 1962, when the Peter,
Article Link:
Google News article
Have Hammer, Will Build: Norm Abrahamson Volunteers His Time And Skills to Aid ... - Patch.com
Google News - almost 6 years
While lyricists, Lee Hays and Pete Seeger, weren't talking about the building trade when they wrote, If I Had a Hammer, (in fact they were referring to the progressive movement in the country) they could have been talking about Abrahamson nonetheless
Article Link:
Google News article
ARTS | WESTCHESTER; Seeger and Friends, Newly Inspired, Will Meet for Benefit
NYTimes - almost 6 years
WHEN the remaining giants of American folk music and their graying audience gather, the weight of history hangs heavy in the room. Memories of shared civil rights marches and antiwar rallies come flooding back, as do the inevitable questions about how the language of dissent they forged together can remain relevant. But those questions may recede
Article Link:
NYTimes article
Irwin Silber, 84, Champion Of the Folk Music Revival
NYTimes - over 6 years
Irwin Silber, a founder and the longtime editor of the folk-music magazine Sing Out!, who was one of the prime movers behind the folk-music revival of the 1950s and 1960s and, on a famous occasion, treated Bob Dylan to a public scolding for abandoning his political songs, died on Wednesday in Oakland, Calif. He was 84. The cause was complications
Article Link:
NYTimes article
MOVIE REVIEW | 'PETE SEEGER: THE POWER OF SONG'; Hammering Out Songs Of Freedom (and Nuance)
NYTimes - over 9 years
As he ambles through his 80s, Pete Seeger has been collecting his share of tributes: honors at the Kennedy Center from President Bill Clinton; a paean from a fictional colleague in John Updike's short story ''Licks of Love''; a lively CD of folk songs from Bruce Springsteen and a gaggle of talented session players; a rousing song on Steve Earle's
Article Link:
NYTimes article
History's Tangled Threads
NYTimes - about 10 years
FEW aspects of the American past have inspired more colorful mythology than the Underground Railroad. It's probably fair to say that most Americans view it as a thrilling tapestry of midnight flights, hairbreadth escapes, mysterious codes and strange hiding places. So it's not surprising that the intriguing (if only recently invented) tale of
Article Link:
NYTimes article
HAVENS | Eagles Mere, Pa.; Near A Lake, And Away From It All
NYTimes - over 10 years
IN Eagles Mere in central Pennsylvania, many of the cottagers (local lingo for second-home owners) spent their first summers in diapers on the beach at Eagles Mere Lake. Families have vacationed there every summer for generations. ''We've been going every summer for 15 years, and we're still newcomers,'' said Holly Schadler, 50, a lawyer from Chevy
Article Link:
NYTimes article
Arts, Briefly; Lifetime Grammy Awards
NYTimes - about 11 years
David Bowie, Richard Pryor, Merle Haggard, Cream, Jessye Norman, Robert Johnson, below, and the Weavers will receive lifetime achievement awards at the Grammys next month, the Recording Academy announced yesterday. ''Their work exemplifies the highest artistic and technical standards, creating a timeless legacy that has positively affected multiple
Article Link:
NYTimes article
A House on the Heights
NYTimes - about 12 years
To the Editor: When I was working on ''The Unknown Kurt Weill'' with Teresa Stratas, I had the opportunity to examine many Kurt Weill manuscripts, most of which were stamped ''Property of Mrs. George Davis.'' First chance I got, I asked Lotte Lenya (Weill's widow; most of the material came from her) who that was. ''Mrs. George Davis?'' she replied,
Article Link:
NYTimes article
NYTimes - about 13 years
Best Bet Harbor Hill, the estate of Clarence and Katherine Mackay, was one of the most famous 20th-century country houses of the rich and famous on Long Island. ''It was probably the most expensive country house on Long Island, with extensive gardens and landscaping and filled with tremendous art work, Old Masters that are now in museums like the
Article Link:
NYTimes article
To Pete Seeger, It's Still the Song of the River
NYTimes - over 17 years
YOU would think after turning 80 last month that Pete Seeger, the balladeer and folk music icon, would want to slow down. But he is enjoying his garden, where he picks asparagus, and his mountainside log cabin he built about 50 years ago in Beacon and says he is very much booked for the near future. ''I'm afraid to say,'' he said with a laugh,
Article Link:
NYTimes article
He Caught Folk On the Rise And Held On
NYTimes - about 18 years
It was Veterans Day, and as Harold Leventhal ducked into Carnegie Hall through the back and followed a yellowish strip on an Indian red floor, you got the feeling he had been here before. ''Harold!'' boomed a voice from what's officially known as the ticket office office, ''How are you? You're looking great. Today's your day, Harold. You're a
Article Link:
NYTimes article
Millard Lampell, 78, Writer And Supporter of Causes, Dies
NYTimes - over 19 years
Millard Lampell, a screenwriter, novelist and songwriter who survived blacklisting to become an award-winning television writer, died on Oct. 3 at his home in Ashburn, Va. He was 78. The cause was lung cancer, said his wife, Ramona. Mr. Lampell was a socially conscious writer who communicated in every medium he could: books, songs, public speaking,
Article Link:
NYTimes article
As Its Stars Age, Folk Music Stays Forevewr Young
NYTimes - about 22 years
IN folk music, there is almost always a message. So when Tom Paxton writes a new song with a chorus that ends, "I wish I could start all over again," Mr. Paxton just may be trying to tell us something. "The heavy touring is going to end in May, when our first grandchild arrives," the 56-year-old troubadour, who has been challenging the world's
Article Link:
NYTimes article
Metropolitan Diary
NYTimes - over 22 years
DEAR DIARY: My wife, who teaches first grade at the Grace Church School in Greenwich Village, heard one of the boys humming the first few bars of "The Star-Spangled Banner." She went over to his desk and asked him, "Scott, do you know what that is that you're humming?" "Yes," he replied. "It's an old baseball song." LEE HAYS . . . When is a window
Article Link:
NYTimes article
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Lee Hays
  • 1981
    Age 66
    His last public performance with the group took place in June 1981 at the Hudson River Revival in Croton Point Park.
    More Details Hide Details Two months later he was dead. The documentary film The Weavers: Wasn't That a Time!, for which Hays had written the script, was released in 1982. Near the end of his life Hays, wrote a farewell poem, "In Dead Earnest", inspired perhaps by Wobbly organizer Joe Hill's lyrical "Last Testament" but with an earthy Ozark frankness: In Dead Earnest If I should die before I wake, All my bone and sinew take: Put them in the compost pile To decompose a little while. Sun, rain, and worms will have their way, Reducing me to common clay. All that I am will feed the trees And little fishes in the seas. When corn and radishes you munch, You may be having me for lunch. Then excrete me with a grin, Chortling, "There goes Lee again!" Twill be my happiest destiny To die and live eternally.
  • 1980
    Age 65
    His bad health notwithstanding, Hays performed in several Weavers reunion concerts, the last of which was in November 1980 at New York City's Carnegie Hall.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1960
    Age 45
    Hays, who had always been overweight, had been diagnosed in 1960 with diabetes, brought on by alcoholism, depression, and the use of a strong drug, a condition the doctors thought he had probably suffered from, along with TB, for many years previously.
    More Details Hide Details This led to a heart condition and he was fitted with a pacemaker. Both his legs eventually had to be amputated. Younger friends, among them Lawrence Lazare and Jimmy Callo, helped to take care of him.
    At the insistence of his old friend Woody's son, Arlo Guthrie, however, he did appear, playing himself as a preacher at a 1960 evangelical meeting, in the film Alice's Restaurant (1969), based on Arlo's hit song of that name.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1958
    Age 43
    In 1958, Hays began recording a series of children's albums with The Baby Sitters, a group that included a young Alan Arkin, the son of a family friend of the Robinsons.
    More Details Hide Details After the great financial success of Peter Paul and Mary's cover of "If I Had a Hammer" in the mid-1960s, Hays, whose mental and physical health had been shaky for years, lived mostly on income from royalties. In 1967, he moved to Croton-on-Hudson, New York where he devoted himself to tending his organic vegetable garden, cooking, writing, and socializing. He wrote to a friend that in his new surroundings he had no idea how to earn new money but that, "Having a listed number with no fear of Trotskyite crank calls is a huge relief".
  • 1955
    Age 40
    In 1955 he was subpoenaed by the House Committee on Un-American Activities: he declined to testify, pleading the Fifth Amendment. 1955 was also the year of a sold-out Weavers Carnegie Hall reunion concert.
    More Details Hide Details The Weavers had not lost their audience appeal - the LP of the concert (The Weavers at Carnegie Hall) issued two years later by Vanguard, was one of the three top-selling albums of the year. This led to a tour (made difficult by Hays' invalidism and anxieties), another album, and more tours, including one to Israel. box
  • 1953
    Age 38
    In 1953, Hays' mother, whom he had seen only once since her entry into custodial care, died.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1952
    Age 37
    Their records dropped from Decca's catalog and from radio broadcasts, and unable to perform live on television, radio, or in most music venues, The Weavers broke up in 1952.
    More Details Hide Details Subsequently, Hays liked to maintain that another entertainer, called Lee Hayes, spelled with an "e", was also banned from entertaining because of the similarity of his name. "Hayes couldn't get a job the whole time I was blacklisted," he claimed. Hays spent the blacklist years rooming with the family of fellow blacklist victim Earl Robinson (composer of "The House I Live In", "Ballad for Americans", and "Joe Hill"), in a brownstone in Brooklyn Heights. He wrote reviews and short stories, one of which, "Banquet and a Half", published in Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine and drawing on his experiences in the South in the 1930s, was the recipient of a prize and was reprinted in the U.S. and Britain.
  • 1949
    Age 34
    In 1949 the new quartet began appearing at leftist functions and soon they were featured on Oscar Brand's WNYC radio show as "The No Name Quartet". Four months later they settled on a name: The Weavers. box People's Artists sponsored the concert given by Paul Robeson and classical pianists Leonid Hambro and Ray Lev in Peekskill, NY, that sparked the Peekskill Riots on September 4, 1949.
    More Details Hide Details The Weavers were present. Hays escaped in a car with Guthrie and Seeger after a mob claiming to be anti-communist patriots attacked the cars of audience and performers after the show. Hays wrote a song, "Hold the Line", about the experience, that the Weavers recorded on Charter records with Robeson and writer Howard Fast. If I Had a Hammer", written with Pete Seeger and also recorded on the Charter label, dates from this embattled period. A few months later, in December, The Weavers began an incredibly successful run at the Village Vanguard. One fan, Gordon Jenkins, a bandleader who had had numerous hits under his belt and was a director of Decca records, returned night after night. Born in Missouri, Jenkins was especially entranced with Lee Hays' folksy stage patter, laced with colorful Ozark anecdotes. Jenkins convinced his reluctant fellow executives at Decca to record the group. Jenkins backed them up with his own lush string orchestra and huge chorus, but tactfully and with care, so as not to obscure the words and musical personalities of the groups' personnel. To everyone's surprise, The Weavers, who seemed to fit into no musical category, produced billboard hit after billboard hit, selling millions of singles. However, the Korean War had begun and the red scare was in full swing. In September 1950, Time magazine reviewed them this way: Last week a group of four high-spirited folksters known as the Weavers had succeeded in shouting, twanging and crooning folk singing out of its cloistered corner into the commercial big time
  • 1948
    Age 33
    In 1948, People's Songs put all of its efforts into supporting the 1948 presidential campaign of Henry Wallace on the Progressive Party ticket.
    More Details Hide Details Not long after Wallace's decisive defeat, People's Songs went bankrupt and disbanded. A spinoff, however, People's Artists, showed somewhat more vitality. The Thanksgiving after Wallace's defeat, People's Songs decided to put on a fundraising Hootenanny that included folk dances from many lands. A group of People's Artists, comprising Seeger, Hays, Fred Hellerman, and Ronnie Gilbert, worked up a musical accompaniment to the dances, which they called (in the "One World" spirit of the Progressive movement) "Around the World". It featured an Israeli song, the Appalachian "Flop-eared mule", and "Hey-lally-lally-lo" from the Bahamas. The audience went wild.
  • 1946
    Age 31
    Although the first year of People's Songs was very successful, once again his co-workers found Hays "difficult" and indecisive. At a board meeting in late 1946, Pete Seeger proposed Hays be replaced as executive secretary with energetic young friend of his, Felix Landau, whom Pete had met during his army days in Saipan.
    More Details Hide Details In retrospect, Pete confessed “I think it was a mistake. Lee’s perceptions were probably truer than mine.” Crushed, Hays returned to Philadelphia to stay with Walter Lowenfels and family. From there he began contributing a weekly column to the People's Songs Bulletin aiming to educate younger people about Claude Williams and the labor and civil rights struggles of the 1930s.
  • 1941
    Age 26
    The Almanac's first album, issued in May 1941, was the controversial Songs for John Doe, comprising six pacifist songs, two of them co-written by Hays and Seeger and four by Lampell.
    More Details Hide Details The songs attacked the peacetime draft and the big U.S. corporations which were then receiving lucrative defense contracts from the federal government while practicing racial segregation in hiring. Since at that time isolationism was associated with right-wing conservatives and business interests, the pro-business but interventionist Time Magazine lost no time in accusing the left-wing Almanacs of "scrupulously echoing" what it called "the mendacious Moscow tune" that "Franklin Roosevelt is leading an unwilling people into a J. P. Morgan war" (Time, June 16, 1941). Concurrently, in the Atlantic Monthly, Carl Joachim Friedrich, a German-born but anti-Nazi professor of political science at Harvard, deemed the Almanacs treasonous and their album "a matter for the Attorney General" because subversive of military recruitment and morale. On June 22, Hitler unexpectedly broke the Hitler-Stalin non-aggression pact and attacked Russia. Three days later, Franklin Roosevelt, threatened by black labor leaders with a huge march on Washington protesting segregation in defense hiring and the army, issued Executive Order 8802 banning racial and religious discrimination in hiring by recipients of federal defense contracts. The army, however, refused to desegregate. Somewhat mollified, nevertheless, labor leaders canceled the march and ordered union members to get behind the war and to refrain from strikes; copies of the isolationist Songs for John Doe were destroyed (a month after being issued). Asked by an interviewer in 1979 about his support of the Hitler-Stalin Pact, Hays said: “I do remember that the signing of the Hitler-Stalin pact was a very hard pill to swallow....
  • 1940
    Age 25
    The German-born Lowenfels, a highly cultured man and a modernist poet, who was fascinated by Walt Whitman and edited a book of his poetry, became another surrogate father to Hays, influencing him deeply. (Together the two men later wrote, perhaps Hays' best song, "Wasn't That a Time?") Under Lowenfels' influence, Hays also began to write modernist poems, one of which was published in Poetry Magazine in 1940.
    More Details Hide Details He also had pieces, based on Arkansas folklore, published in The Nation, which led to his forming a friendship with another Nation contributor, Millard Lampell. Arriving in New York, Hays and Lampell became roommates. They were soon joined by Pete Seeger, who like Hays was also contemplating putting together an anthology of labor songs. Together the trio began to sing at left-wing functions and to call themselves the Almanac Singers. It was a somewhat fluid group that included Josh White and Sam Gary and later Sis Cunningham (a fellow Commonwealth College alumna), Woody Guthrie, and Bess Lomax Hawes, among others.
    In 1940 the board expelled the avowedly Marxist Claude Williams for allegedly allowing Communist infiltration and for being excessively preoccupied with the issue of racial discrimination, and soon after, the institution was disbanded.
    More Details Hide Details box He was in charge of the sanitary facilities, and he kept it beautiful; he even put curtains up in the windows of the two-holer we had. But what he was best at was shoveling it out, a function which had to be performed periodically. He really put his back into it. As the clouds gathered around Commonwealth College, Hays headed north to New York, taking with him his collection of labor songs, which he planned to turn into a book. But a short stayover in Philadelphia with the poet Walter Lowenfels and his hospitable family turned into a long visit.
  • 1939
    Age 24
    That the pact gave Stalin more time was the story then put out; millions around the world didn’t buy it part because of Stalin’s 1939 attack on Finland and at that point lost faith in the Soviet Union... (Many others had lost faith earlier, during the Moscow purge trials.) But as a disciple of Claude Williams, Lee in 1940 held firm with those who continued to believe that America and Britain were maneuvering not to defeat Nazi Germany, or rather, not just yet, but first to turn Hitler to their desired end of destroying the Soviet Union..
    More Details Hide Details In short, 1940 was a bad time to say a good word for “peace.” Worse, the only other voices opposing the war emanated from the extreme right, particularly America Firsters, a group suspected of harboring the hope that Hitler would eventually triumph.... Whatever uneasiness the Hitler-Stalin pact churned up, Lee hoped to submerge by throwing his vast energies into the service of the dynamic Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) — the challenger to the fat and lazy and bureaucratic old American Federation of Labor. A singing labor movement, that was the goal. If you got the unions singing, peace and brotherhood had to follow. It seemed so clear and simple. The Almanacs, who now included Sis Cunningham, Woody Guthrie, Cisco Houston, and Bess Lomax Hawes, discarded their anti-war material with no regrets and continued to perform at union halls and at hootenanies. In June 1941 they embarked on a CIO tour of the United States, playing in Detroit, Chicago, and Seattle. They also issued several additional albums, including one, Dear Mr. President (recorded c. January 1942, issued in May), strongly supporting the war. Bad publicity, however, pursued them because of their reputation as former isolationists who had become pro-war "prematurely" (i.e., six months before Pearl Harbor). As key members, Pete Seeger, Cisco Houston, and Woody Guthrie joined the war effort (Seeger in the army and Guthrie and Houston in the Merchant Marine) the group disbanded.
  • 1937
    Age 22
    Waldemar Hille, the dean of music at Elmhurst College in Chicago, who spent Christmas of 1937 at Commonwealth, thought that Hays was the most talented person at the college and was particularly enchanted with the folk songs and singing he encountered there.
    More Details Hide Details But by the next year, however, another observer noted that the "brilliant" and hitherto energetic Hays appeared "disheveled" and was "sick all the time". Doris Willens, his biographer, speculates that Lee's physical and mental states were possibly a response to the ongoing tribulations of his mentor and of Commonwealth College. Long subject to the virulent hostility of its neighbors and in dire financial straits, the embattled school was riven by internecine struggles between its more radical members and the more moderate socialists on its board.
    In 1937, when Claude Williams was appointed director of Commonwealth College in Mena Arkansas, a labor organizing school, he hired Lee Hays to direct a theater program.
    More Details Hide Details The school newspaper, the Commonwealth Fortnightly, announced that: Lee Hays, a native of Little Rock, will join Commonwealth's faculty at the beginning of the fall quarter... to teach Workers' Dramatics and to supervise Commonwealth's drama groups. The announcement noted that as former assistant to the drama director at Highlander Folk School and a member of the Sharecropper Film Committee which produced America's Disinherited: "Lee Hays brings with him to Commonwealth valuable experience and ability." While at Commonwealth, Hays and his drama group wrote and produced numerous plays, of which one by Hays, One Bread, One Body, toured with considerable success. He also compiled a 20-page songbook of union organizing songs based on hymns and spirituals. Playwright and fellow student Eli Jaffe, said that Hays "was deeply religious and extremely creative and imaginative and firmly believed in the Brotherhood of Man."
  • 1934
    Age 19
    From 1934 to 1940, writes Doris Willens, "Williams was the dominant figure in Hays' life - a surrogate father - a man of the cloth but with a radical difference".
    More Details Hide Details The following year, Williams was dismissed by the elders of his Paris, Arkansas, church for being too radical (i.e., for fraternizing with blacks) and was subsequently jailed, beaten, and almost killed when he tried to organize an interracial hunger march of tenant farmers in Fort Smith, Arkansas, near the Oklahoma border. His life was only saved because his activities attracted newspaper publicity and the attention of northerners. One of these was Willard Uphaus, a professor of divinity at Yale University, who had recently been appointed executive secretary of the National Religion and Labor Foundation, and who became Williams' admirer and supporter. After his release from jail, Williams moved his family away from Fort Smith to Little Rock to get them out of harm's way. Hays dropped out of school in order to follow them, living on odd jobs for a time. He then went to visit Zilphia, who had married Myles Horton, a founder and the director of the Highlander Folk School, an adult education and labor organizing school in Monteagle, Tennessee.
  • 1932
    Age 17
    In 1932, Hays moved out of his brother's house into a room at the Cleveland YMCA, where he stayed for two years.
    More Details Hide Details Hearing about the activities of the radical white Presbyterian minister Claude C. Williams, a Christian Marxist, who had become converted to the cause of racial equality and was trying to organize a coal miners' union in Paris, Arkansas. Hays decided to return to Arkansas and join Williams in his work. He enrolled at the College of the Ozarks, a Presbyterian school that allows students to work in lieu of tuition, intending to study for the ministry and devote his life to the poor and dispossessed. There he met a fellow student, Zilphia Johnson (later Zilphia Horton), another acolyte of Williams, who was to become almost as important in Hays' life as Williams himself. An accomplished musician and singer, Zilphia had broken with her father, who was the owner of the Arkansas coal mine that Williams was trying to organize, and had become a union organizer herself. Hays moved in with Williams and his family: "I got to be his Williams' chief helper for quite a while", he later wrote.
  • 1930
    Age 15
    His brothers, both recently married, sent him to Emory Junior College in Georgia from which he graduated in 1930 at sixteen (but already over six feet tall and looking much older than his years).
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1929
    Age 14
    He traveled alone to enroll at Hendrix-Henderson College (now Henderson State University) in Arkansas, the Methodist school that his father and siblings had attended, but the expense of their mother's institutionalization and the effects of the Wall Street Crash of 1929 meant that college tuition money was not available for Lee.
    More Details Hide Details Instead he moved to Cleveland, Ohio, where his oldest brother, Reuben, who worked in banking, was now located. Reuben found Lee a job as a page in a public library. There the rebellious Hays embarked on an extensive program of self-education, in the process becoming radicalized: Every book that was considered unfit for children to read was marked with a black rubber stamp. So I'd go through the stacks and look for these black stamps. Always the very best books. they weren't locked-up books, just books that would not normally issued to children - D. H. Lawrence, a number of European novels. Reading those books was like doors opening. Don't forget that the fundamentalist South was a closed, fixed society. The world was made in six days; everything was foreordained and fixed in the universe.... This was the time of the Great Depression... the whole country was in the grip of a terrible sickness, which troubled me as it did everyone else. And I didn't understand it until I started reading Upton Sinclair and the little magazines... Somewhere along in there I became some kind of Socialist, just what kind, I have never figured out.
  • 1927
    Age 12
    In 1927, when Lee was thirteen, his childhood came to an abrupt end as tragedy struck the family.
    More Details Hide Details The Reverend Hays was killed in an automobile accident on a remote road and soon afterward Lee's mother had to be hospitalized for a mental breakdown from which she never recovered. Lee's sister, who had begun teaching at Hendrix-Henderson College, also broke down temporarily and had to quit her job to move in with their oldest brother in Boston, Massachusetts. The period immediately following his father's death was so painful that Lee Hays could not bring himself to talk much about it, even to Doris Willens, the writer he selected to be his biographer.
  • 1914
    Born on March 14, 1914.
    More Details Hide Details
Original Authors of this text are noted here.
All data offered is derived from public sources. Spokeo does not verify or evaluate each piece of data, and makes no warranties or guarantees about any of the information offered. Spokeo does not possess or have access to secure or private financial information. Spokeo is not a consumer reporting agency and does not offer consumer reports. None of the information offered by Spokeo is to be considered for purposes of determining any entity or person's eligibility for credit, insurance, employment, housing, or for any other purposes covered under the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA)