Profile

Leon Trotsky

Ukraine-russian Revolutionary + Politician and Founder of the Red Army
Male
Born Nov 7, 1879
Hometown Kirovograd (Киров...
Died Aug 21, 1940
Death Place Coyoacán, D.F.
Political Party Sozialdemokratisc...
Religion Atheist
Other Names Lew Dawidowitsch ...

Leon Trotsky, born Lev Davidovich Bronshtein, was a Russian Marxist revolutionary and theorist, Soviet politician, and the founder and first leader of the Red Army. Trotsky was initially a supporter of the Menshevik Internationalists faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party. He joined the Bolsheviks immediately prior to the 1917 October Revolution, and eventually became a leader within the Party.… Read More

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Timeline

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CHILDHOOD

1879 Birth Born on November 7, 1879.

TEENAGE

1896 16 Years Old Trotsky became involved in revolutionary activities in 1896 after moving to the harbor town of Nikolayev (now Mykolaiv) on the Ukrainian coast with the Black Sea. … Read More
1897 17 Years Old Instead of pursuing a mathematics degree, Trotsky helped organize the South Russian Workers' Union in Nikolayev in early 1897. … Read More
1898 18 Years Old 1 More Event
In January 1898, more than 200 members of the union, including Trotsky, were arrested. … Read More

TWENTIES

1900 - 1902 4 More Events
…  Trotsky left the Mensheviks in September 1904 over their insistence on an alliance with Russian liberals and their opposition to a reconciliation with Lenin and the Bolsheviks.
Following the events of Bloody Sunday, Trotsky secretly returned to Russia in February 1905, by way of Kiev. … Read More
1906 26 Years Old 1 More Event
The following day, the Soviet was surrounded by troops loyal to the government and the deputies were arrested. Trotsky and other Soviet leaders were tried in 1906 on charges of supporting an armed rebellion.

THIRTIES

1910 30 Years Old Lev Kamenev, Trotsky's brother-in-law, was added to the editorial board from the Bolsheviks, but the unification attempts failed in August 1910 when Kamenev resigned from the board amid mutual recriminations.
Trotsky continued publishing Pravda for another two years until it finally folded in April 1912. … Read More
1914 34 Years Old 1 More Event
On 3 August 1914, at the outbreak of World War I, in which Austria-Hungary fought against the Russian empire, Trotsky was forced to flee Vienna for neutral Switzerland to avoid arrest as a Russian émigré. … Read More
1915 35 Years Old 1 More Event
In January 1915 in Paris, he began editing (at first with Martov, who soon resigned as the paper moved to the left) Nashe Slovo ("Our Word"), an internationalist socialist newspaper. … Read More
He arrived in New York City on 13 January 1917. … Read More
When he could no longer delay the negotiations, he withdrew from the talks on 10 February 1918, refusing to sign on Germany's harsh terms. … Read More
In mid-1919 the dissatisfied had an opportunity to mount a serious challenge to Trotsky's leadership: the Red Army grew from 800,000 to 3,000,000, and fought simultaneously on sixteen fronts. … Read More

FORTIES

1920 - 1922 5 More Events
In January 1923 the relationship between Lenin and Stalin completely broke down when Stalin rudely insulted Lenin's wife, Nadezhda Krupskaya. … Read More
…  Trotsky defended his position in a series of seven letters which were collected as The New Course in January 1924. … Read More
1925 - 1928 7 More Events
He was expelled from the Soviet Union to Turkey in February 1929, accompanied by his wife Natalia Sedova and his son Lev Sedov. … Read More

FIFTIES

1933 - 1935 3 More Events
In August 1936, the first Moscow show trial of the so-called "Trotskyite-Zinovievite Terrorist Center" was staged in front of an international audience. … Read More
The second show trial, of Karl Radek, Grigory Sokolnikov, Yuri Pyatakov and 14 others, took place in January 1937, during which more alleged conspiracies and crimes were linked to Trotsky.
1938 58 Years Old In 1938, Trotsky and his supporters founded the Fourth International, which was intended to be a revolutionary and internationalist alternative to the Stalinist Comintern.
1939 59 Years Old 1 More Event
Towards the end of 1939 Trotsky agreed to go to the United States to appear as a witness before the Dies Committee of the House of Representatives, a forerunner of the House Committee on Un-American Activities. … Read More

LATE ADULTHOOD

On 27 February 1940, Trotsky wrote a document known as "Trotsky's Testament", in which he expressed his final thoughts and feelings for posterity. … Read More
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leon_Trotsky.
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