Louis Bonaparte

Sibling of Napoleon Bonaparte I + French Army General + King of Holland

Louis Napoléon Bonaparte, Prince Français, Comte de Saint-Leu, King of Holland (1806–10), known as Lodewijk Napoleon in Dutch, was the fifth surviving child and the fourth surviving son of Carlo Buonaparte and Letizia Ramolino. His brother was the first Emperor of the French, Napoleon I, and his son was the last, Napoleon III.… Read More

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Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Louis Bonaparte.


1778 Birth Born in 1778.


1802 24 Years Old Louis was married on 4 January 1802 to Hortense de Beauharnais, the daughter of the deceased general Alexandre, Vicomte de Beauharnais and his wife Josephine Tascher de la Pagerie. … Read More
1806 28 Years Old 1 More Event
Feeling that the Batavian Republic was too independent for his liking, Napoleon replaced it with the Kingdom of Holland on 5 June 1806, and placed Louis on the throne. … Read More
1807 29 Years Old Two major tragedies occurred during the reign of Louis Bonaparte: the explosion of a cargo ship loaded with gunpowder in the heart of the city of Leiden in 1807, and a major flood in Holland in 1809. … Read More


1809 31 Years Old Unfortunately for Louis, the English landed an army of 40,000 in 1809 in an attempt to capture Antwerp and Flushing. … Read More
1810 32 Years Old On 1 July 1810 Louis abdicated in favor of his second son, Napoleon Louis Bonaparte. … Read More
1811 33 Years Old After his Dutch kingdom was taken away from him, the Austrian Emperor Francis I offered him asylum. Between 1811 and 1813, he found refuge in Graz, where he turned to writing and poetry. … Read More


1840 62 Years Old His request to visit the Netherlands was denied several times by King William I of the Netherlands, but King William II allowed him a visit in 1840. … Read More
1844 66 Years Old After the death of his eldest brother Joseph in 1844, Louis was seen by the Bonapartists as the rightful Emperor of the French, although Louis took little action himself to advance the claim. … Read More
1846 69 Years Old Louis Bonaparte died on 25 July 1846 in Livorno, and his remains were buried at Saint-Leu-la-Forêt, Île-de-France.
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