Louis Bonaparte
Sibling of Napoleon Bonaparte I, French army general, King of Holland
Louis Bonaparte
Louis Napoléon Bonaparte, Prince Français, Comte de Saint-Leu, King of Holland (1806–10), known as Lodewijk Napoleon in Dutch, was the fifth surviving child and the fourth surviving son of Carlo Buonaparte and Letizia Ramolino. His brother was the first Emperor of the French, Napoleon I, and his son was the last, Napoleon III.
Biography
Louis Bonaparte's personal information overview.
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News
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Workplace Conflict and the Shadows of the Past - Technorati
Google News - over 5 years
Karl Marx, in “The 18th Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte” states eerily “The past lies like a nightmare upon the present”. Here is where workplace conflict and its resolution becomes an interesting challenge. Conflict runs rampant in the workplace because
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Forced indoctrination -By Tesfay Atsbeha - Abugidainfo
Google News - over 5 years
The quotation is from Karl Marx in the book “The 18th Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte.” The book is considered by the left to be the best class analysis of the French revolution (1848 to 1851) and Bonapartism. Meles used Bonapartism insincerely (since it
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The Arab revolutions in perspective - International Viewpoint
Google News - over 5 years
There also remains, of course, the perspective of a phase of prolonged instability with social and economic consequences which – like the aftermath of the revolution of 1848 in France which led to the “18th Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte” –could
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Historic city home to Lightner collection - Historic City News
Google News - over 5 years
... unique glass piston machine made of blown and drawn glass in 1892 by Robert Howell, late 19th century period cut glass, and a Grande Dutch escritoire in the French tradition made for Louis Bonaparte, King of Holland; dated to the period 1806-1810
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London burning: history just went sci-fi - The Guardian (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
What Marx meant in his essay The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte is that history does not repeat itself at all. It only appears to, because human imaginations cannot keep up with the speed of change, so they dress it in costumes borrowed from
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«Le processus révolutionnaire» dans le monde arabe - À L'Encontre
Google News - over 5 years
Reste aussi, bien entendu, la perspective d'une phase d'instabilité prolongée avec ses conséquences économiques et sociales qui – comme au lendemain de la révolution de 1848 en France qui a débouché sur «le 18 Brumaire de Louis Bonaparte» – pourrait
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The political crisis and the crisis of capitalism - In Defense of Marxism (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
The term “Bonapartism” is a historical analogy, based on Marx's work “The 18 th Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte”, used to describe a regime of military police dictatorship. Such a regime is characterised as “rule by the sword”, and in such situations one
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Marksist Olmak? - Halkın Gazetesi Birgün
Google News - over 5 years
Marx'ın siyasal olaylarla ekonomik çıkarlar arasındaki ilişkiyi ortaya koymak üzere kaleme aldığı ünlü yapıtı 'Louis Bonaparte'ın 18 Brumaire'i'nde "Nasıl özel yaşamda bir adamın kendisi hakkında düşündükleri ve söyledikleri ile gerçekte ne olduğu ve
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The Theatre of the Absurd and the Present Political Caricature - The Island.lk (subscription)
Google News - over 5 years
In The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte Karl Marx stated that "Men make their own history, but they do not make it as they please; they do not make it under self-selected circumstances, but under circumstances existing already,
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Côte d'Ivoire 2011 : Difficile résolution de l'équation militaire (2/2) - LeFaso.net
Google News - over 5 years
Echec de « l'houphouëtisme-historique » façon Félix Houphouët-Boigny ; échec de « l'houphouëtisme-clientéliste » façon Henri Konan Bédié donnant raison à Karl Marx (Le 18 Brumaire de Louis Bonaparte : « Hegel fait quelque part cette remarque que tous
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Ágnes Heller: non mi piace quest'Ungheria per ricchi - rassegna.it
Google News - over 5 years
Mi riferisco all'opera di Karl Marx Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte (Il 18 Brumaio di Luigi Bonaparte). L'elezione di Luigi Bonaparte a presidente avvenne con i due terzi dei voti popolari - situazione analoga alla nostra - poi Bonaparte
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Marx, Bonaparte and the Egyptian Revolution: Another Friday in Tahrir Square - TIME (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
Indeed, the father of modern communism may well have nailed the nature of the 2011 revolution in Egypt in The 18th Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte, a tract written by the German in 1852. And Friday's protest by tens of thousands in Cairo's Tahrir Square
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The Farce Of Bhimshakti And Shivshakti - CounterCurrents.org
Google News - over 5 years
By Dr Anand Teltumbde The famous quotation of Marx from The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte, which comes in reference to the rule of Napoleon I and thereafter of his nephew Louis Napoleon (Napoleon III), actually runs as follows: “Hegel remarks
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Il silenzio ungherese - Intervista a Agnes Heller - Notizie Radicali
Google News - over 5 years
Vorrei tornare alla definizione di bonapartismo che lei ha dato del governo Orbán. Mi riferisco all'opera di Karl Marx Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte (Il 18 Brumaio di Luigi Bonaparte). L'elezione di Luigi Bonaparte a presidente avvenne con i
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Bu çöküş, bu tükeniş... Bir çıkışı var elbet! - soL Haber Portalı
Google News - over 5 years
Alexis de Tocqueville'nin Louis Bonaparte için dediği gibi: “Hiçbir inançları yoktur ve insanların inançları olabileceğine de asla inanmazlar.” “İnsanların geleceğe kapalı yaşamaları ilk kez bugün olmuyor elbet. Ama insanlar eskiden konuşarak
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Nicolas Sarkozy, le meilleur ami des sondeurs - Les blogs du Diplo (Blog)
Google News - over 5 years
Ils sont en quelque sorte le substitut fonctionnel de l'armée putschiste de Louis Bonaparte. Pour ceux qui croyaient encore que les sondages étaient un détail de la machine à manipulation, le message est clair. Nicolas Sarkozy est le meilleur ami des
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L'éphéméride du dimanche 5 juin 2011 - nouvelobs.com
Google News - over 5 years
1806 -- Louis Bonaparte monte sur le trône de Hollande. 1741 -- La France et la Prusse signent le traité de Breslau, portant sur le partage du Saint Empire. 1595 -- Henri IV remporte une victoire décisive contre la Ligue catholique à la
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Great places, great food: part one - Grist Magazine
Google News - over 5 years
A more robust utopian strategy can be found in Marx (whose own utopian musings were actually pretty scant and vague) in his wonderful essay "The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte": "Men make their own history, but they do not make it just as they
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Louis Bonaparte
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  • 1846
    Louis Bonaparte died on 25 July 1846 in Livorno, and his remains were buried at Saint-Leu-la-Forêt, Île-de-France.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1844
    After the death of his eldest brother Joseph in 1844, Louis was seen by the Bonapartists as the rightful Emperor of the French, although Louis took little action himself to advance the claim.
    More Details Hide Details Louis's son and heir, the future Emperor Napoleon III, on the other hand, was at that time being imprisoned in France for having tried to engineer a Bonapartist coup d'état.
  • 1840
    His request to visit the Netherlands was denied several times by King William I of the Netherlands, but King William II allowed him a visit in 1840.
    More Details Hide Details Although traveling in the Netherlands under a false name, some people found out that it was their former king, which led to a cheering crowd gathering under the window of his hotel room. It is said that he was quite moved by this demonstration of affection from his former subjects.
  • 1811
    After his Dutch kingdom was taken away from him, the Austrian Emperor Francis I offered him asylum. Between 1811 and 1813, he found refuge in Graz, where he turned to writing and poetry.
    More Details Hide Details Louis wrote to Napoleon after the latter's defeat in Russia to request that the Dutch throne be restored to him; however, Napoleon refused.
  • 1810
    On 1 July 1810 Louis abdicated in favor of his second son, Napoleon Louis Bonaparte.
    More Details Hide Details He fled from Haarlem on 2/3 July and settled in Austria. Oudinot invaded Holland on 4 July. Napoleon annexed Holland to France by decree (of Rambouillet) on 9 July. After his abdication, Louis Bonaparte assumed the title of Count of Saint-Leu (comte de Saint-Leu), which was a reference to his property at Saint-Leu-la-Forêt near Paris. He was appointed as the Constable of France in 1808, a strictly honorary title.
  • 1809
    Unfortunately for Louis, the English landed an army of 40,000 in 1809 in an attempt to capture Antwerp and Flushing.
    More Details Hide Details With Louis unable to defend his realm, France sent 80,000 militiamen, commanded by future King of Sweden Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte and successfully repelled the invasion. Napoleon then suggested that Louis should abdicate, citing Louis's inability to protect Holland as a reason. Louis refused and declared the occupation of the Kingdom by a French army as unlawful.
  • 1807
    Two major tragedies occurred during the reign of Louis Bonaparte: the explosion of a cargo ship loaded with gunpowder in the heart of the city of Leiden in 1807, and a major flood in Holland in 1809.
    More Details Hide Details In both instances, Louis personally and effectively oversaw local relief efforts, which helped earn him the title of Louis the Good. Louis Bonaparte's reign was short-lived, however, which was due to two factors. The first was that Napoleon wanted to reduce the value of French loans from Dutch investors by two-thirds, meaning a serious economic blow to the Netherlands. The second factor was the one that became the pretext for Napoleon's demand of Louis's abdication. As Napoleon was preparing an army for his invasion of Russia, he wanted troops from the entire region under his control, the allied border countries. This included troops from the Netherlands. Louis, confronted by his brother's demand, refused point-blank. Napoleon then accused Louis of putting Dutch interests above those of France, and removed most of the French forces in Holland for the coming war in the east, leaving only about 9,000 garrison soldiers in the country.
  • 1806
    Hortense bore Louis's sons Napoleon Charles Bonaparte and Napoleon Louis Bonaparte in Paris, while Louis was in Holland. In 1806, Louis called for his son to be sent to him in Holland, but he was again refused by Hortense, who believed that her son would never be returned to France.
    More Details Hide Details When Louis appealed to his brother Napoleon for help, Napoleon sided with Hortense. Napoleon kept the boy in his own court, and he even had him named the heir to the French throne prior to the birth of his own son.
    Feeling that the Batavian Republic was too independent for his liking, Napoleon replaced it with the Kingdom of Holland on 5 June 1806, and placed Louis on the throne.
    More Details Hide Details Napoleon had intended for his younger brother to be little more than a French prefect of Holland. However, Louis had his own mind, and tried to be a responsible and independent ruler. In an effort to endear himself to his adopted country, he tried to learn the Dutch language; he called himself Lodewijk I (adopting the Dutch form of his name) and declared himself Dutch rather than French. Allegedly, his Dutch was initially so poor that he told the people he was the "Konijn van 'Olland" ("Rabbit of 'Olland"), rather than "Koning van Holland" ("King of Holland"). However, his sincere effort to learn Dutch earned him some respect from his subjects. Having declared himself Dutch, Louis tried to make his court Dutch as well. He forced his court and ministers (mostly provided by Napoleon) to speak only Dutch, and also to renounce their French citizenships. This latter was too much for his wife Hortense who, in France at the time of his demands, refused his request. Louis and Hortense had never gotten along, and this demand further strained their relationship. She only came to Holland reluctantly, and deliberately tried to avoid Louis as much as possible.
  • 1802
    Louis was married on 4 January 1802 to Hortense de Beauharnais, the daughter of the deceased general Alexandre, Vicomte de Beauharnais and his wife Josephine Tascher de la Pagerie.
    More Details Hide Details Josephine was the first wife of Louis's brother Napoleon. Thus Hortense was also Louis's step-niece. This marriage had been forced upon them and was rather loveless, though they supposedly consummated it and interacted often enough to produce three sons. As a rule, the Bonapartes, with the exception of Napoleon, loathed the Beauharnais. Hortense also certainly had extra-marital lovers. Hortense de Beauharnais gave birth to three sons which were officially claimed by Louis Bonaparte, despite his own doubts about their paternity: His Majesty Louis I, By the Grace of God and the Constitution of the Kingdom, King of Holland.
  • 1778
    Born in 1778.
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Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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