Louis Renault
French racing driver French businessman
Louis Renault
Louis Renault was a French industrialist, one of the founders of Renault and a pioneer of the automobile industry. Renault built one of France's largest automobile manufacturing concerns, which bears his name to this day. During World War I his factories contributed massively to the war effort notably so by the creation and manufacture of the first effective tank : the Renault FT tank.
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Louis Renault's personal information overview.
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AusGamers Ken Rolston Video Interview and Transcript - AusGamers
Google News - over 5 years
Whereas a live-action role-playing game, I love playing Louis Renault in a game called Casablanca and playing Louis Renault the policeman. He's supposed to keep peace in Casablanca and there are 70 other players who's job is to make things a total
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O sentido de ser Hermès (e não LVMH) - The Wall Street Journal Americas
Google News - over 5 years
Seu neto Émile-Maurice modernizou a empresa, alistando seus amigos Louis Renault e Ettore Bugatti para fazer porta-malas para carros, contratando o decorador Jean-Michel Frank para desenhar móveis, lançando cintos e costura e expandindo a rede de
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雷诺汽车即将登陆海南 - 中国网 (新闻发布)
Google News - over 5 years
并且,随着更多高品质高性价比的雷诺新车型将不断引进,客户服务体验也会随着海南汽车市场和消费者的需求日臻完美。 雷诺汽车公司成立于1898年,拥有悠久而灿烂的历史。公司以创始人路易・雷诺(Louis Renault)的姓氏命
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The Battle for Hermès - Wall Street Journal
Google News - over 5 years
His grandson Émile-Maurice modernized the company, enlisting his friends Louis Renault and Ettore Bugatti to make trunks for cars, commissioning decorator Jean-Michel Frank to design furniture, introducing belts and couture, and expanding the retail
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LAROCQUE: Hudak reinvents the wheel with political prop - Niagara Falls Review
Google News - over 5 years
Louis Renault — not very subtle, but it was effective. Harris was reelected in 1999, forcing McGuinty to sit four more years in Opposition before the Liberals would come to power in 2003. Now that McGuinty's in power and Hudak is knocking on the door
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125 Jahre Automobil - Motor Klassik
Google News - over 5 years
Begeistert vom Auto und dessen Weiterentwicklung zeigten sich die Franzosen, darunter Louis Renault. Mit 21 Jahren verwandelte er ein DeDion-Bouton-Dreirad in ein viersitziges Gefährt. Statt des damals üblichen Riemen- oder Kettenantriebs entschied er
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Thom Loverro: Here's looking at U, kid - Washington Examiner
Google News - over 5 years
So with a tip of the hat to Captain Louis Renault, I'm shocked -- shocked to learn athletes at the University of Miami reportedly were paid thousands of dollars; were supplied with gifts, strippers and prostitutes; and attended high-priced parties on
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Former Employee Wins U5 Defamation / Wrongful Termination FINRA Arbitration - Forbes
Google News - over 5 years
Put another way, this sort of smacks of the famous scene in the movie Casablanca where Captain Louis Renault closes down Rick's with the admonition that “I'm shocked, shocked to find that gambling is going on in here.” However, just as the good Captain
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Affaire Louis Renault : Annie Lacroix-Riz sur Radio-Galère (08:45) - Le Post (Blog)
Google News - over 5 years
Le mercredi 3 août 2011, Franck Ferrand a accueilli Laurent Dingli, mari d'une héritière de Louis Renault (une des huit plaignants qui ont assigné l'Etat en mai 2011 à les indemniser de la confiscation des usines Renault de 1945) à son émission « au
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雷诺:500元订金可换购科雷傲万元礼包(图) - 搜狐
Google News - over 5 years
雷诺公司以创始人路易斯·雷诺(Louis renault)的姓氏而命名,图形商标是四个菱形拼成的图案,象征雷诺三兄弟与汽车工业融为一体,表示“雷诺”能在无限的(四维)空间中竞争、生存、发展。本次购车节,雷诺旗下科雷傲、纬度
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Raven's "Cocktails and Characters" a Hit at Healdsburg Hotel - Patch.com
Google News - over 5 years
Captain Louis Renault (Bernie Lee) made sure that the “patrons” of Rick's Café Americaine maintained proper decorum. Samson Hood was majestic as Emperor Joseph II of Austria and Mark Bradshaw solicitous as Antonio Salieri. Constanze (Dana Scott) and
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“CASABLANCA” – The SF Symphony accompanies screening tonight, 7/22 - SanFranciscoSentinel.com
Google News - over 5 years
According to the Prefect of Police, Captain Louis Renault (Claude Rains), his men are busy rounding up twice the usual number of suspects and, in any event, they'll probably all wind up at “Rick's” tonight anyway. Because? Everybody winds up at Rick's
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Life on the water: a look back at the schooner Chryseis and its time in Texas - Greenfield Daily Reporter
Google News - over 5 years
BEAUMONT, Texas — Built in 1906 for Louis Renault, the inventor of the Renault automobile, a 120-foot schooner named Chryseis has a colorful history. It belonged to Italian dictator Benito Mussolini and starred in Hollywood films, then spent a short
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Los años más oscuros de Renault - El País.com (España)
Google News - over 5 years
El 23 de septiembre de 1944, Louis Renault, por entonces de 67 años, enfermo de afasia, fue arrestado en su señorial casa a un paso del Arco del Triunfo. París era entonces una ciudad convulsa que acababa de sacudirse la dominación de un Ejército nazi
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Glamorous 1920s demanded elegance, and Bugatti and Delage delivered - The National
Google News - over 5 years
Panhard and Levassor were joined by more familiar names such as Armand Peugeot, who made his first petrol-powered car in 1896, and Louis Renault, who joined the bandwagon two years later. In these early years of motoring, cars were exciting,
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For $22500, this T2 stars Régie not Arnold - Jalopnik
Google News - over 5 years
graverobber —French industrialist, Louis Renault died in prison after being convicted of collaborating with the Germans during the occupation. Today's Nice Price or Crack Pipe R5 Turbo 2 could occupy a lot of your time, but does its price make it
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Drum Brakes - Zigwheels.com
Google News - over 5 years
The first practical model of the drum brakes were conceived in 1902 by Louis Renault, which had mechanically operated rods and cables which, although not very reliable, was the best to be offered by an automobile company in the time
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Rutten: The Mark Halperin affair - Los Angeles Times
Google News - over 5 years
Louis Renault collects his winnings from the croupier of Rick's Cafe Americain while pronouncing himself "shocked, shocked to find that gambling is going on in here." Halperin, Time magazine's editor at large and its leading political journalist,
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Louis Renault
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 1944
    Age 67
    In 1944, after the expropriation of his company and his subsequent death, Renault's last will and testament was opened to reveal that he had left his company to his 40,000 employees.
    More Details Hide Details At the time the company was nationalized, Renault's wife Christiane and her son Jean-Louis owned 95% of the company stock and had received nothing, while the other stockholders were in fact compensated. By 1956 "Renault was now France's largest nationalized company, employing 51,000 Frenchmen, making 200,000 automobiles and a profit of $11 million a year." The director of the plant during the war obtained a judgment in 1949 stating that he and the plant had not collaborated. In 1956, Renault's widow, Christiane Renault, claimed that Louis Renault was murdered and sought "to establish that Louis Renault was another of the more than 9,000 Frenchmen listed by the government as having been killed by "irregular executions" in the post-Liberation vengeance," and Louis Renault's body was subsequently exhumed for autopsy. Madam Renault cited as evidence "a report showing Renault's urea content to be normal a week before his death, and an X-ray showing a fractured vertebra." In 2005, The Daily Telegraph reported that "according to eyewitness and family accounts, the previously wiry little 67-year-old had been tortured and beaten," and that "a nun at Fresnes testified that she saw Renault collapse after being hit over the head by a jailer wielding a helmet. An X-ray organised by his family indicated a broken neck vertebra."
    In October 1944, the provisional French government seized Louis Renault's company.
    More Details Hide Details The Minister of Information, Henri Teitgen, said at the time this was not a confiscation, rather "it was merely a step to get French industry back into production. Later a commission would examine the books, confiscate war profits, bring charges." On January 1, 1945, four months after Louis Renault's death, an order of General Charles de Gaulle's provisional government decreed the dissolution of Société Anonyme des Usines Renault and its nationalization, giving it the new name Régie Nationale des Usines Renault (RNUR). Thus, the company Louis Renault had created was nationalized on the official case of collaboration. Renault was charged posthumously with "guilty enrichment obtained by those who worked for the enemy".
    He died on October 24, 1944, four weeks after his incarceration, still awaiting trial and having claimed to have been mistreated in Fresnes Prison, with his 1918 French Legion of Honor for exceptional contribution to the victory of the First World War, having been expunged by the Vichy régime.
    More Details Hide Details No autopsy was performed and the exact cause of Renault's death remains unclear. An official report at the time gave the cause of death as uremia. Louis Renault is buried at his country home Chateau Herqueville, in Herqueville dans l'Eure.
    When Renault's health quickly declined on October 9, 1944 he was again moved to a private nursing home at the clinic Saint-Jean-de-Dieu in the Rue Oudinot, Paris at the request of his family and supporters, having gone into a coma.
    More Details Hide Details
    He was arrested outside Paris on September 22, 1944, on charges of industrial collaboration with Nazi Germany.
    More Details Hide Details At the time of his arrest, Renault "denied that his firm had received $120,000,000 from the Germans for war materials, said that he had kept his huge, much-bombed plant going at the request of Vichy to keep its materials and equipment out of Nazi hands and to save workers from deportation." He was incarcerated in Paris's Fresnes Prison being already seriously ill at the time. The records for the exact period of his incarceration at Fresnes would later turn out to be missing. Renault was moved on October 5 to a psychiatric hospital at Ville-Evrard in Neuilly-sur-Marne.
    Three weeks after France was liberated in 1944, Renault surrendered "on condition that he would not be jailed until indicted."
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  • 1942
    Age 65
    Renault's health issues worsened, including his severely diminished renal function, and in late 1942, he suffered aphasia, and was unable to speak or write.
    More Details Hide Details
    The Renault factories on Île Seguin in Billancourt had become top priority targets for the British bombers of the Royal Air Force and were ultimately severely damaged on March 3, 1942.
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  • 1940
    Age 63
    At the time Hitler's Wehrmacht invaded France in 1940, Louis Renault was in the U.S., sent by his government to ask for tanks.
    More Details Hide Details He returned to find the Franco-German armistice in place. Renault was faced with the choice of cooperating with the Germans and possibly forestalling them from moving his factory and equipment to Germany, which would lead to an accusation of collaboration with the enemy. He put his factories at the service of Vichy France, which meant that he was also assisting the Nazis. Over a period of four years, Renault manufactured 34,232 vehicles for the Germans. Renault argued that "by continuing operations he had saved thousands of workers from being transported to Germany." During the Nazi occupation of France, the company was under the control of the Germans, with people from Daimler-Benz in key positions. Renault himself became unpopular among members of the French resistance.
  • 1938
    Age 61
    In 1938, Renault visited Adolf Hitler, and by 1939 he had become an important supplier for the French army.
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  • FORTIES
  • 1918
    Age 41
    Louis Renault was decorated with the Grand Cross of the Légion d'honneur after the war for the major contribution of his factories to the war effort. His factories' mass production in 1918 of the revolutionary and highly effective Renault FT tank, which he had personally designed with Rodolphe Ernst-Metzmaier, was perhaps Renault's most significant contribution during that period.
    More Details Hide Details During the interwar period his right-wing opinions became well known, leading to various cases of labour unrest with proletarian avant-garde workers at the Boulogne Billancourt plant. He pleaded for a necessary union between European nations. Louis Renault competed fiercely with André Citroën, whom he called "le petit Juif" ("the little Jew"), growing increasingly paranoid and reclusive at the same time, and deeply concerned about the rising power of Communism and labor unions, eventually retreating to his country estate, a castle on the river Seine near Rouen. Renault remained in complete control of his company until 1942, dealing with its rapid expansion while designing several new inventions, most of which are still in use today, such as hydraulic shock absorbers, the modern drum brake and compressed gas ignition.
    On September 26, 1918 Renault, then aged 40, married the 21-year-old Christiane Boullaire (1897–1979), sister of French painter Jacques Boullaire.
    More Details Hide Details They had a son, Jean-Louis (January 24, 1920 – 1982). They kept homes at 90 Avenue Foch (formerly Avenue du Bois-de-Boulogne) in Paris and a country estate near Saint-Pierre-du-Vauvray, Rouen, in the department of Eure, called the Chateau de la Batellerie à Herqueville or simply Chateau Herqueville. The Chateau fronted on more than 3 km of the Seine, the entire grounds comprising 4,000 hectares. At Renault's request and expense, the small town hall of Herqueville was moved. Renault's personnel entered the residence via an underground tunnel. Locations of Chateau Herqueville:
  • THIRTIES
  • 1915
    Age 38
    Over 600 French 75mm guns were destroyed by premature explosions in 1915, and their crews killed or injured.
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  • 1914
    Age 37
    At the start of the First World War, in August 1914, in response to the then acute shortage of artillery ammunition Renault suggested that car factories such as Renault could manufacture 75mm shells using hydraulic presses rather than with the usual longer and costlier lathe operations.
    More Details Hide Details Identical methods were also used by Andre Citroen in his own factory. The resulting shells helped overcome the shortages, but as they had to be manufactured in two pieces they were inherently weak at the base thus sometimes letting hot gases detonate the melinite inside the shell.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1903
    Age 26
    Marcel was killed in the 1903 Paris-Madrid motor race, and in 1908, Louis Renault took overall control of the company after Fernand retired for health reasons.
    More Details Hide Details Fernand subsequently died in 1909.
  • 1899
    Age 22
    They formed the Renault Frères company on February 25, 1899.
    More Details Hide Details Initially, business and administration was handled entirely by the elder brothers, with Louis dedicating himself to design and manufacturing.
  • 1898
    Age 21
    On December 24, 1898, he won a bet with his friends that his invention with an innovative crankshaft could beat a car with a bicycle-like chain drive up the slope of Rue Lepic in Montmartre.
    More Details Hide Details As well as winning the bet, Renault received 13 definite orders for the vehicle. Seeing the commercial potential, he teamed up with his two older brothers, Marcel and Fernand, who had business experience from working in their father's button and textiles firm.
    He built his first car in 1898, hiring a pair of workmen to modify a used De Dion-Bouton cycle which featured a revolutionary universally jointed driveshaft and a three-speed gearbox with reverse, with the third gear in direct drive (which he patented a year later).
    More Details Hide Details Renault called his car the Voiturette.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1877
    Age 0
    Born on February 12, 1877.
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