Louisa Adams

First Lady of the United States

Louisa Catherine Johnson Adams, born Louisa Catherine Johnson, wife of John Quincy Adams, was First Lady of the United States from 1825 to 1829.

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1775 Birth Born Louisa Catherine Johnson on February 12, 1775, in London, she was the daughter of Catherine Nuth Johnson (an Englishwoman) and Joshua Johnson (an American merchant), whose brother Thomas Johnson later served as Governor of Maryland and United States Supreme Court Justice. … Read More


1790 15 Years Old She met John Quincy Adams at her father's house in Cooper's Row, near Tower Hill, London. Her father had been appointed as United States consul general in 1790, and Adams first visited him in November 1795. … Read More


1797 22 Years Old 1 More Event
Adams, aged 30, married Louisa, aged 22, on July 26, 1797, at the parish church of All Hallows-by-the-Tower, Tower Hill. … Read More


1809 34 Years Old She left her two older sons in Massachusetts for education in 1809 when she took two-year-old Charles Francis Adams to Russia, where Adams served as a Minister. … Read More
1814 39 Years Old Peace negotiations called Adams to Ghent in 1814 and then to London. … Read More


1817 42 Years Old When John Quincy Adams was appointed James Monroe's Secretary of State in 1817, the family moved to Washington, D.C. where Louisa's drawing room became a center for the diplomatic corps and other notables. … Read More


1825 50 Years Old The pleasures of moving into the White House in 1825 were dimmed by the bitter politics of the election, paired with her deep depression. … Read More
1828 53 Years Old In his diary for June 23, 1828, her husband recorded her "winding silk from several hundred silkworms that she has been rearing," evidently in the White House.
1831 56 Years Old She thought she was retiring to Massachusetts permanently, but in 1831 her husband began seventeen years of service in the United States House of Representatives. … Read More


1852 77 Years Old She remained in Washington until her death of a heart attack on May 15, 1852, at the age of 77. … Read More
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