Madhav Sadashiv Golwalkar
Madhav Sadashiv Golwalkar
Madhav Sadashiv Golwalkar, popularly known as Pujyaniya Guruji, was the second "Sarsanghchalak" (supreme chief) of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh a social and cultural organization of India.
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  • 1973
    Age 67
    Guruji Golwalkar died of Cancer on June 5, 1973 in Nagpur, Maharashtra.
    More Details Hide Details He had written three letters as his testament and kept them with instructions to be opened after his demise: the first addressed to all the Swayamsevak brethren, the second about his successor, and the third relating to his posthumous rites. In his 33 year long stint at the helm, he transformed the RSS into a massive organisation and even today, is a revered personality in the Sangh Parivar.
  • 1963
    Age 57
    He was also the driving force behind the construction of the Vivekananda Rock Memorial in Kanyakumari in 1963.
    More Details Hide Details He wanted this memorial to remind the defeated nation about the clarion call of national resurgence by Vivekananda. Anxious to bring about reforms from within in the Hindu society and to provide a forum for bringing the Hindus of the world together, Vishwa Hindu Parishad was founded on the Krishna Janmashtami day in 1964 under his guidance. During the conventions of the VHP, the Sant-Sadhus assembled there proclaimed in unequivocal terms the natural brotherhood and equality of all Hindus. They declared in one voice that there is neither prescription nor any sanction for the most heinous practice of Untouchability in the Scriptures. They also defended the right of the Hindus for self-protection. Golwalkar was the force behind the formation of the numerous network of socio-cultural organisations in the entire country, popularly referred to as Sangh Parivar. The Bharatiya Jana Sangh (political party), Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh (trade union), Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (students union), Vanavasi Kalyan Ashram (Tribal welfare) and many other organisations were started by Swayamsevaks who forayed into various fields of public life.
  • 1962
    Age 56
    During the 1962 Sino-Indian War, He called upon the Swayamsevaks to stand by the Government in protecting the nation.
    More Details Hide Details Swayamsevaks responded in full measure and helped the Government in maintaining internal security in the metropolitan cities of Delhi, Calcutta and Mumbai. As a recognition of their services, Swayamsevaks were invited to take part in the 1963 Republic Day parade in New Delhi.
  • 1948
    Age 42
    Following the assassination of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi on 30 January 1948, the RSS and other Hindu nationalist organisations were banned and Golwalkar was arrested.
    More Details Hide Details The Courts and the judicial commissions enquiring into the assassination, absolved the RSS of any charges and Golwalkar was released. The government, however did not lift the ban on RSS. After talks with the government failed, Golwalkar gave a call for Sathyagraha and more than a hundred thousand Swayamsevaks offered Satyagraha all over India and were promptly jailed. At this stage, Many eminent personalities came forward for mediation and began negotiation with the Government and finally, the ban on the RSS was dropped. In his message to Swayamsevaks after the revoking of the ban, Golwalkar said: "Forget the nightmarish episode of the ban. You should not harbor even the slightest bitterness in your minds about those responsible for causing harm and injustice to us. After all they are our countrymen. Remember that both the tongue and the teeth always remain together. Once in a while, by accident the teeth may bite the tongue; but on that account we do not knock them down. If one leg trips the other, are we to cut that leg? Those who have harmed us are very much our own people, not outsiders. Hence, let us forget and forgive."
  • 1939
    Age 33
    In 1939, he was appointed the Sarkaryavah (General Secretary) of the Sangh.
    More Details Hide Details Dr. Hedgewar died of multiple complications on June 21, 1940. As per the wishes of Dr. Hedgewar, that he had expressed in a letter (that was requested to be opened only after his death), Guruji Golwalkar succeeded him as Sarsanghachalak. In one of his first messages to fellow Swayamsevaks (members of the RSS), Golwalkar said: "Let us not depend on any external instruments or sources of power. Let us draw inspiration from the memory of our beloved leader and his burning patriotism. Let us fulfil our mission with firm faith and let us strive hard to achieve our objective of ensuring a pride of place to Hindu Rashtra on the World stage." Then he began a series of countrywide tours during which he would spend each night in a different city or village, participating in shakas, rallies, meetings, discussions, training- camps, 'baithaks' (structured organizational meetings) and thus, guiding thousands of swayamsevaks, educating them about the significance of the work of the Sangh. Under his leadership, Sangh activities grew apace and Sangh Shakhas sprouted even in the remote corners of the country.
  • 1937
    Age 31
    He returned to Nagpur after the passing away of his Guru in 1937.
    More Details Hide Details In the meantime, Bhaiyyaji Dani, a student at BHU and a close associate of RSS Sarsanghachalak K. B. Hedgewar, started an RSS shakha in Varanasi. Inspired by the ideology and methodology of the RSS, Golwalkar joined the RSS and eventually, following a meeting with Dr.Hedgewar, went to the RSS' "Officers Training Camp" in Nagpur. Dr. Hedgewar was deeply impressed by Golwalkar and seeing him as a potential successor, persuaded him to take a more active role in the Sangh. Golwalkar rose rapidly in the organisation. Dr. Hedgewar started delegating greater responsibilities to him.
    On 13 January 1937, he was initiated into the order and eventually, received his 'diksha' but his Guru refused to permit him to become a Sanyasi and directed him to serve the society instead of seeking personal salvation.
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  • 1935
    Age 29
    After his teaching tenure ended, he returned to Nagpur and by 1935, he also obtained a LL.B. Degree.
    More Details Hide Details In Nagpur, the young Golwalkar came into contact with the Ramakrishna Mission. His inner urge was for spiritual pursuit and having been overpowered by that strong impulse, he left for the 'Saragachi' Ashram in Murshidabad district of Bengal seeking to renounce the world and become a Sanyasi. He became a disciple of Swami Akhandananda, a direct disciple of Shri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa and gurubandhu of Swami Vivekananda, at the Saragachi ashram.
  • 1928
    Age 22
    After completing his post graduation in 1928, he went to Madras to pursue Ph.D. in Marine Life but was unable to complete it as he was cash-strapped.
    More Details Hide Details Later for a couple of years he served his Alma Mater as a professor and it was then that he earned from his students the affectionate sobriquet of 'Guruji', a reverential attribute which stuck to him permanently in the years that followed.
  • 1926
    Age 20
    After having graduated in Science from the Hislop college of Nagpur in 1926, he joined the famous Benaras Hindu University of Varanasi for his Master's Degree in Science, during which period the benign and inspiring influence of Pt.
    More Details Hide Details Madan Mohan Malaviya, the founder of the University and the reputed Hindu leader of yester-years, prodded young Golwalkar to work for the Hindu cause.
  • 1906
    Age 0
    Golwalkar was born on 19 February 1906 (Magh Bahul Ekadashi, Vishswavasu Samvat) at Ramtek near Nagpur, Maharashtra; the only surviving son of the nine children of his parents: Sadashivrao, a school teacher and Lakshmibai.
    More Details Hide Details As a school teacher, his father was transferred to various places and as such his schooling took place in various places.
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