Manuel L. Quezon

Filipino Politician
Born Aug 19, 1878

Manuel Luis Quezón y Molina served as president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines from 1935 to 1944. He was the first Filipino to head a government of the Philippines (as opposed to other historical states). Quezón is considered by most Filipinos to have been the second president of the Philippines, after Emilio Aguinaldo (1897–1901).… Read More

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1878 Birth Born on August 19, 1878.


1898 19 Years Old In 1898, his father Lucio and his brother Pedro were ambushed and killed by armed men while on their way home to Baler from Nueva Ecija. … Read More


1899 20 Years Old In 1899, Quezon cut short his law studies at the University of Santo Tomás in Manila to participate in the struggle for independence against the United States, led by Emilio Aguinaldo. … Read More
1900 21 Years Old However, after surrendering in 1900 wherein he made his first break in the American press, Quezon returned to the university and passed the bar examinations in 1903, achieving fourth place.
1906 27 Years Old He worked for a time as a clerk and surveyor, entering government service as an appointed fiscal (treasurer) for Mindoro and later Tayabas. He became a councilor and was elected governor of Tayabas in 1906 after a hard-fought election.
1907 28 Years Old In 1907, he was elected to the first Philippine Assembly – later became the House of Representatives – where he served as majority floor leader and chairman of the committee on rules as well as the chairman also of the committee on appropriations.


1909 30 Years Old From 1909 to 1916, he served as one of the Philippines' two resident commissioners to the U.S. House of Representatives, lobbying for the passage of the Philippine Autonomy Act or Jones Law.
1916 37 Years Old Quezon returned to Manila in 1916 to be elected into the Philippine Senate as Senator and later elected by his peers as Senate President, serving continuously until 1935 (19 years), becoming the longest serving.
1918 39 Years Old Quezon was married to his first cousin, Aurora Aragón Quezon, on December 17, 1918. … Read More


1919 40 Years Old He headed the first Independent Mission to the U.S. Congress in 1919 and secured the passage of the Tydings–McDuffie Act in 1934.
1922 43 Years Old In 1922, Quezon became the leader of the Nacionalista Party alliance


1933 54 Years Old When the Commonwealth Government was established, President Quezon implemented the Rice Share Tenancy Act of 1933. … Read More
1934 55 Years Old …  José Yulo who was Quezon's Secretary of Justice from 1934 to 1938 was elected Speaker. … Read More
Quezon was inaugurated in November 1935. … Read More
1936 57 Years Old Turning his attention to the matter of education in the country, President Quezon by virtue of Executive Order No. 19, dated February 19, 1936, created the National Council of Education, with Rafael Palma, former President of the University of the Philippines, as its first chairman. … Read More
1937 58 Years Old 1 More Event
In 2015, the Board of the International Raoul Wallenberg Foundation approved a posthumously bestowal of the Wallenberg Medal upon President Quezon and to the people of the Philippines for having reached-out, between 1937 and 1941, to the victims of the Holocaust. … Read More
1938 59 Years Old In 1938, President Quezon enlarged the composition of the Council of State through Executive Order No. 44.


On April 1, 1940, President Quezon officially authorized the printing and publication of the grammar and dictionary prepared by the Institute of the National Language. … Read More
1941 62 Years Old 1 More Event
In the 1941 presidential elections, Quezon was re-elected over former Senator Juan Sumulong with nearly 82% of the vote. … Read More
1942 63 Years Old 1 More Event
On June 2, 1942, President Quezon addressed the United States House of Representatives, impressing upon them the vital necessity of relieving the Philippine front. … Read More
1944 65 Years Old 1 More Event
Quezon suffered from tuberculosis and spent his last years in hospitals, such as at a Miami Beach Army hospital in April, 1944.
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