Margaret Murray

Born Jul 13, 1863

Margaret Alice Murray was a prominent British Egyptologist and anthropologist. Primarily known for her work in Egyptology, which was "the core of her academic career," she is also known for her propagation of the Witch-cult hypothesis, the theory that the witch trials in the Early Modern period of Christianized Europe and North America were an attempt to extinguish a surviving pre-Christian, pagan religion devoted to a Horned God.… Read More

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1863 Birth Margaret Murray was born in Calcutta, India on 13 July 1863. … Read More


1908 45 Years Old In 1908, she undertook the unwrapping of the Two Brothers, a Middle Kingdom non-royal burial excavated by Petrie in Egypt. … Read More


1921 58 Years Old During the First World War, the Egyptology department was out of action and so Murray turned her attention to another subject, the history of witchcraft in Europe. In 1921, Oxford University Press published her first book on the subject, The Witch-Cult in Western Europe. … Read More


1924 - 1926 2 More Events
1929 66 Years Old In 1929, she was commissioned to write the entry on "witchcraft" for the Encyclopaedia Brittanica. … Read More
1933 70 Years Old Murray reiterated her Witch-Cult theory in her 1933 book, The God of the Witches. … Read More
1953 90 Years Old 1 More Event
…  From 1953 to 1955, she was the president of the Folklore Society, although since her death various members of the society have attempted to dissociate the organisation from her and the Murrayite theory of the Witch-Cult.
1956 93 Years Old …  The character of the obsessed academic Rose Lorimer in Angus Wilson's 1956 novel Anglo-Saxon Attitudes is said to have been inspired in part by Murray and Frances Yates. … Read More
1961 98 Years Old For the autumn 1961 issue of their Folklore journal, the Folklore Society published a festschrift to Murray to commemorate her 98th birthday. … Read More
1963 101 Years Old Died on November 13, 1963.
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