Margaret Thatcher

Margaret Thatcher

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC, FRS, née Roberts is a British politician, the longest-serving (1979–1990) Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of the 20th century, and the only woman ever to have held the post. A Soviet journalist nicknamed her the "Iron Lady", which became associated with her uncompromising politics and leadership style. As Prime Minister, she implemented Conservative policies that have come to be known as Thatcherism.… Read More

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Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Margaret Thatcher.


1925 Birth Thatcher was born Margaret Hilda Roberts in Grantham, Lincolnshire, on 13 October 1925. … Read More


1942 16 Years Old …  She was head girl in 1942–1943. … Read More
1945 19 Years Old He was Mayor of Grantham in 1945–1946 and lost his position as alderman in 1952 after the Labour Party won its first majority on Grantham Council in 1950.


1946 - 1948 2 More Events
Officials of the association were so impressed by her that they asked her to apply, even though she was not on the Conservative party's approved list: she was selected in January 1951, at age twenty-five, and added to the approved list post ante.
1953 27 Years Old Denis funded his wife's studies for the bar; she qualified as a barrister in 1953 and specialised in taxation. … Read More
1954 28 Years Old In 1954, Thatcher was narrowly defeated when she sought selection as the candidate for the Orpington by-election of January 1955.
1955 29 Years Old She was not a candidate in the 1955 general election, as it came fairly soon after the birth of her children.


1958 32 Years Old Afterwards, Thatcher began looking for a Conservative safe seat and was selected as the candidate for Finchley in April 1958 (narrowly beating Ian Montagu Fraser).
Originally a research chemist before becoming a barrister, Thatcher was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Finchley in 1959. … Read More
1961 35 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1961 she went against the Conservative Party's official position by voting for the restoration of birching as a judicial corporal punishment. … Read More
1964 38 Years Old After the Conservatives lost the 1964 election she became spokeswoman on Housing and Land, in which position she advocated her party's policy of allowing tenants to buy their council houses.


She moved to the Shadow Treasury team in 1966 and, as Treasury spokeswoman, opposed Labour's mandatory price and income controls, arguing that they would produce effects contrary to those intended and distort the economy.
1967 41 Years Old In 1967, the United States Embassy in London chose Thatcher to take part in the International Visitor Leadership Program (then called the Foreign Leader Program), a professional exchange programme that gave her the opportunity to spend about six weeks visiting various US cities and political figures as well as institutions such as the International Monetary Fund. … Read More
1970 44 Years Old Shortly before the 1970 general election, she was promoted to Shadow Transport spokesman and later to Education. … Read More
1973 47 Years Old The television critic Clive James, writing in The Observer during the voting for the leadership, compared her voice of 1973 to a cat sliding down a blackboard. … Read More


1976 - 1978 3 More Events
In a meeting in July 1979 with the Foreign Secretary Lord Carrington and Home Secretary William Whitelaw she objected to the number of Asian immigrants, in the context of limiting the number of Vietnamese boat people allowed to settle in the UK to fewer than 10,000. … Read More
1980 54 Years Old She condemned the invasion, said it showed the bankruptcy of a détente policy, and helped convince some British athletes to boycott the 1980 Moscow Olympics. … Read More
Thatcher's popularity during her first years in office waned amid recession and high unemployment until the 1982 Falklands War brought a resurgence of support, resulting in her re-election in 1983.
1983 57 Years Old 1 More Event
Thatcher became closely aligned with the Cold War policies of United States President Ronald Reagan, based on their shared distrust of Communism, although she strongly opposed Reagan's October 1983 invasion of Grenada. … Read More
After the two-year negotiations, Thatcher conceded to the PRC government and signed the Sino-British Joint Declaration in Beijing in 1984, agreeing to hand over Hong Kong's sovereignty in 1997. … Read More


In protest the Ulster Says No movement attracted 100,000 to a rally in Belfast, Ian Gow resigned as Minister of State in the HM Treasury, and all fifteen Unionist MPs resigned their parliamentary seats; only one was not returned in the subsequent by-elections on 23 January 1986. … Read More
Thatcher was re-elected for a third term in 1987. … Read More
1988 - 1990 6 More Events
Thatcher was replaced as Prime Minister and party leader by her Chancellor John Major, who oversaw an upturn in Conservative support in the 17 months leading up to the 1992 general election and led the Conservatives to their fourth successive victory on 9 April 1992. … Read More
1993 - 2001 6 More Events
After a series of small strokes in 2002, she was advised to withdraw from public speaking, and in 2013 she died of another stroke in London at the age of 87.
2003 - 2008 8 More Events
2009 83 Years Old 1 More Event
In 2009 she was hospitalised again when she fell and broke her arm.
2011 85 Years Old 1 More Event
On 4 July 2011, Thatcher was to attend a ceremony for the unveiling of a 10-foot statue to former American President Ronald Reagan, outside the American Embassy in London, but was unable to attend because of frail health.
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