Maria of Montferrat (1192–1212) was Queen of Jerusalem, the daughter of Conrad of Montferrat and Isabella, Queen of Jerusalem. She was known in her youth as The Marquise, because of her father's title.
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In 1212, Maria of Montferrat gave birth to a daughter, Isabelle (1212–1228) or Yolande, but died shortly afterwards, probably from puerperal fever.
More DetailsHide DetailsJohn retained the crown but only as regent on behalf of his daughter who married (in 1225) to Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor.
The lineage of Maria died out in 1268, with the death of her great-grand-grandson Conradin (or Conrad III of Jerusalem), he was executed in southern Italy on the orders of Charles of Anjou, who took the Kingdom of Sicily. After him, the descendants of Maria's younger half-sister (Alice of Champagne) inherit her kingdom.
The marriage was celebrated on September 4, 1210, then the couple were crowned King and Queen of Jerusalem on October 3, 1210 in Tyre Cathedral.
In 1209, Maria was seventeen the regency expired, so the government believed it best for Maria to marry so she could secure her post as queen.
More DetailsHide DetailsThe assembly of barons and prelates decided to seek advice from Philip II of France, who offered one of his followers, John of Brienne. However John was not a very rich man. To overcome his lack of fortune and to enable him to fund his sovereign obligations (court and army) King Philip and Pope Innocent III each paid him the sum of 40 000 livres.
Henry II of Champagne died in 1197, from this marriage Maria had gained three half-sisters.
More DetailsHide DetailsAmalric II of Cyprus married Isabella, he became joint ruler of Jerusalem with Isabella. He died on April 1, 1205.
Isabella died shortly thereafter and Marie became queen of Jerusalem, at the age of thirteen, while her stepbrother Hugh, from the first marriage of Amalric, became King of Cyprus and married Maria's half-sister, Alice of Champagne. The half-brother of her mother, John of Ibelin, the Old Lord of Beirut, acted as regent on behalf of Maria, wisely and to the satisfaction of the inhabitants of the kingdoms. Failing to conduct operations to reconquer the territories lost in 1187, he maintained the kingdom within its limits, a policy of peace with Al-Adil I, brother of Saladin, who had come to his estate by eliminating the other heirs.
On April 28, 1192, while the rivalry between Guy de Lusignan and Maria's father was about to find a term and Richard I of England was about to finish Third Crusade and return to England, Conrad was assassinated.
More DetailsHide DetailsHer mother remarried in haste on May 5 to Henry II, Count of Champagne, nephew of King Richard and Philip II of France. At the time of the wedding, Isabella was already visibly pregnant with Maria.
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