Mariano Rajoy
Spanish politician
Mariano Rajoy
Mariano Rajoy Brey is a Spanish People's Party politician and is the Prime Minister of Spain as of 21 December 2011. Under Prime Minister José María Aznar, Rajoy was Minister of Public Administration from 1996 to 1999 and Minister of Education from 1999 to 2000; he then served as Deputy Prime Minister from 2000 to 2003.
Biography
Mariano Rajoy's personal information overview.
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News
News abour Mariano Rajoy from around the web
Spanish Leader Calls for Aggressive Push Against Populism
Wall Street Journal - 3 months
Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy said in an interview that European leaders need to deliver growth and make a better case for the European Union, in what amounted to a pep talk to the beleaguered establishment.
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Wall Street Journal article
Mariano Rajoy hace un llamado para frenar la ola populista en Europa
Wall Street Journal - 3 months
En su primera entrevista tras ser reelegido como presidente del gobierno español, el mandatario dice que los políticos del bloque deben lograr crecimiento y articular mejor los beneficios de pertenecer a la Unión Europea.
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Wall Street Journal article
World Leaders React To Fidel Castro’s Death
Huffington Post - 3 months
function onPlayerReadyVidible(e){'undefined'!=typeof HPTrack&&HPTrack.Vid.Vidible_track(e)}!function(e,i){if(e.vdb_Player){if('object'==typeof commercial_video){var a='',o='m.fwsitesection='+commercial_video.site_and_category;if(a+=o,commercial_video['package']){var c='&m.fwkeyvalues=sponsorship%3D'+commercial_video['package'];a+=c}e.setAttribute('vdb_params',a)}i(e.vdb_Player)}else{var t=arguments.callee;setTimeout(function(){t(e,i)},0)}}(document.getElementById('vidible_1'),onPlayerReadyVidible); Heads of state from around the world are reacting to Fidel Castro’s death. Allies praised the global impact and legacy of Cuba’s former president, who died aged 90 on Friday. His opponents remembered him for heading a communist regime with a poor human rights record. President Barack Obama said that “at this time of Fidel Castro’s passing, we extend a hand of friendship to the Cuban people,” while President-elect Donald Trump simply confirmed the news. ...
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Huffington Post article
Basque Country leader to push for more autonomy from Spain
Yahoo News - 3 months
The Basque Country will seek more autonomy from Spain, its regional government chief said as he was sworn in for a second four-year term on Thursday, potentially putting him on course for a showdown with Madrid. Inigo Urkullu, whose center-right Partido Nationalista Vasco (PNV) won a regional election in September but fell short of an absolute majority. Last month conservative Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy won the confidence of the national Spanish parliament for a second term in office after the Socialists abstained in an investiture vote that ended a 10-month political stalemate.
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Yahoo News article
Spain's Rajoy gets taste of challenges ahead as opposition unites
Yahoo News - 3 months
By Angus Berwick MADRID (Reuters) - Spain's opposition parties have scored their first victory against newly reinstated Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy, paralyzing an education bill, in a taste of the challenges he will face in his second term. After two inconclusive elections, Rajoy now leads Spain's weakest minority government and will have to piece together support in a hostile and fragmented parliament to pass laws and, most pressingly, design a budget for 2017. The Socialists and smaller centrist party Ciudadanos enabled Rajoy to have a second term in a confidence vote last month but have said they will fight his policies and may form ad-hoc majorities to legislate against his conservative People's Party (PP).
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Yahoo News article
Spain PM seeking opposition support for leaner budget
Fox News - 3 months
Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy says his government has started talks with opposition parties on drafting a budget to meet the European Union's deficit target.
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Fox News article
Spain vows to quickly ratify climate pact
Yahoo News - 3 months
Spain will quickly ratify a global pact aimed at taming climate change, a step which had been delayed by months of political paralysis, Environment Minister Isabel Garcia Tejerina said Friday. Conservative Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy's new government, which was sworn in last week, will introduce the agreement in parliament on November 3 so it can be ratified "as soon as possible", she told a news conference after a weekly cabinet meeting. "Ratification will allow us to participate fully in all the decisions which will start to be adopted" after UN climate talks currently underway in Morocco which Rajoy will attend, she added.
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Yahoo News article
Tough test ahead for Spain's Rajoy
Reuters.com - 4 months
A tough test awaits Mariano Rajoy as he's sworn in for a second term as Spanish prime minister, the country awaiting a new cabinet - and new signals on reform - even as the economy, apparently, steams ahead. David Pollard reports.
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Reuters.com article
Mariano Rajoy Re-Elected Prime Minister of Spain
Wall Street Journal - 4 months
Mariano Rajoy takes office for a second term as Spain’s prime minister this week, overcoming a 10-month leadership impasse but heading a minority government with little maneuvering room to enact legislation.
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Wall Street Journal article
Rajoy set to win vote to be Spain's leader, ending gridlock
Yahoo News - 4 months
By Adrian Croft MADRID (Reuters) - Spain's 10 months without a government should end on Saturday when parliament is set to grudgingly grant conservative Mariano Rajoy a second term as prime minister. After two inconclusive elections and months of fruitless attempts at coalition-building, a controversial decision by the opposition Socialists to abstain should allow Rajoy to be confirmed as prime minister in a parliamentary confidence vote set for 7.45 p.m. (1745 GMT) on Saturday. The result will be a triumph for the 61-year-old Rajoy, who is renowned as a political survivor.
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Yahoo News article
Los reproches durante el debate de investidura de Rajoy auguran una difícil legislatura en España
Wall Street Journal - 4 months
El debate de investidura de Mariano Rajoy como presidente del gobierno español se tiñó el miércoles de reproches y ataques directos entre los portavoces de las cuatro principales formaciones políticas que auguran una legislatura difícil después de 10 meses de bloqueo político.
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Wall Street Journal article
Spain Moves From Deadlock to Gridlock
NYTimes - 4 months
Mariano Rajoy is expected to lead the government, but there is little chance that he will be able to get much done.
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NYTimes article
Mariano Rajoy Set to Lead Spain as 10 Months of Deadlock Come to an End
NYTimes - 4 months
The Socialist Party voted not to block the re-election of Mr. Rajoy, the caretaker prime minister, clearing the way for him to form a new government.
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NYTimes article
Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Mariano Rajoy
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 2016
    Age 60
    The election produced a fragmented parliament and an uncertain political situation that may lead to another election in 2016 if neither Rajoy nor the left-wing opposition can form a coalition government.
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  • FIFTIES
  • 2015
    Age 59
    On 16 December 2015, four days before elections, Rajoy was punched in the head by a boy while in Pontevedra in his native Galicia.
    More Details Hide Details The boy was arrested.
    His party lost their majority in the 2015 general election and currently he is the acting Prime Minister of a caretaker government.
    More Details Hide Details Rajoy was a Minister under the José María Aznar administration, occupying different leading roles in different Ministries between 1996 and 2003, and he also was the Deputy Prime Minister between 2000 and 2003. He was the Leader of the Opposition between 2004 and 2011 under José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero's government.
  • 2013
    Age 57
    In November 2013, Rajoy stated that an independent Scotland would have to reapply for membership of the European Union, causing considerable irritation to the Scottish Government and criticism that Rajoy was interfering in the internal affairs of another state.
    More Details Hide Details Relations between the Spanish and Scottish governments deteriorated further when the Scottish Government alleged that Rajoy invited a senior UK official to visit Madrid allegedly to co-ordinate British and Spanish opposition to the independence movements in Scotland and Catalonia.
    On 14 July, El Mundo published several text messages between Rajoy and Bárcenas, the latest dating from early 2013, after the discovery of Bárcenas' bank accounts in Switzerland and after some media had pointed to illegal payments within the PP.
    More Details Hide Details In those messages, Rajoy expressed his support to Bárcenas and asked him to keep quiet.
    On 4 January 2013 the association Democracia Real Ya (DRY), created after the 15 May 2011 protest movement, brought charges against Mariano Rajoy and another 62 deputies (including four ministers) before the Supreme Court, accusing them of diversion of public funds and misappropriation.
    More Details Hide Details Mariano Rajoy was accused of receiving a subsistence allowance despite the fact that he was living in the Moncloa Palace in Madrid. The lawsuit before the Supreme Court was a consequence of the data which had appeared in the media providing information about several deputies who had houses in Madrid but at the same time were receiving extra funds for lodging. According to the association DRY, these representatives, who could be lodged at no cost to the public purse, were paid a monthly subsistence allowance valued at 1,823.36 euros. Furthermore, if they had been elected by the constituency of Madrid and had a house in this city, they were allowed 870 euros per month to cover accommodation and food expenses resulting from the exercise of their functions that, with respect to Rajoy, were already covered – from the state budget – in the Moncloa Palace. DRY therefore accused them of diversion of public funds and misappropriation. Additionally, DRY demanded that they return all the money that didn't belong to them, particularly bearing in mind that "the cuts are making most Spaniards' life a misery".
  • 2012
    Age 56
    However, in 11 August, El Mundo published a paysheet, dated May 2012, issued by the PP for the ex-treasurer, as well as a letter sent by Bárcenas himself to Rajoy in April 2010 (just a few days after he Bárcenas had been officially "removed" from his duties as treasurer) informing Rajoy of his "re-incorporation" in the party.
    More Details Hide Details The 2015 general election was held on 20 December, the latest possible day. The result was that the People's Party remained the most voted-for party, but it lost 64 of its 187 seats and thus its majority.
    He added that his only increased public spending would be the revaluation of pensions, beginning 1 January 2012, and that he would not create any new jobs in the public sector, except for security forces.
    More Details Hide Details He stated an intention "to reduce the size of the public sector" and also wanted to reform public holidays so as to avoid encouragement of popular four-day weekends. This would be accomplished by incorporating the use of the nearest Monday for most public holidays. He also announced his desire to end the practice of early retirement. Rajoy was chosen by Parliament two days later with 187 votes in favor, 149 votes against and 14 abstentions, receiving the support of the People's Party, the Forum of Asturias (FAC) and the Navarrese People's Union (UPN), with Spanish Socialist Workers Party (PSOE), Convergence and Union (CiU), the United Left (IU) and Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) dissenting. The Basque Nationalist Party (PNV), the coalition Amaiur and the Canary Coalition (CC) abstained. He was appointed a few hours later as Prime Minister by Juan Carlos I and sworn in the next day at the Zarzuela Palace, before the King and Queen, Zapatero, the outgoing prime minister, and the Presidents of the Cortes Generales, and others.
    He stated that to achieve the objective of a deficit of 4.4% of GDP in 2012, an investment of 16.5 billion euros would be needed.
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  • 2011
    Age 55
    Rajoy, designated candidate for Prime Minister of the government of King Juan Carlos I, appeared before the Congress of Deputies on 19 December 2011.
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    Following the general election held in 2011, Rajoy was elected Prime Minister by the Congress of Deputies on 21 December 2011.
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    In November 2011, Rajoy’s right-wing People's Party won its biggest majority since the country’s return to representative democracy in the 1970s, securing 186 out of the 350 seats in the lower house of Parliament.
    More Details Hide Details Voters turned to him in hopes of alleviating the pain of Europe’s debt crisis.
    Rajoy slammed Spain's unemployment rate as "unbearable and unacceptable" as data showed 4,350 people per day losing their jobs in October 2011.
    More Details Hide Details The Socialists, he said, "did not know how to manage Spain's economy, and now the Spanish people are paying the price for that". He promised he would shepherd Spain out of its crisis and recover the shaky confidence of international investors and reduce the government's ominously high borrowing costs. The debt crisis in Greece had raised concerns over the solvency of other weak economies like Spain. The PP campaign slogan called on voters to "Join the change!" and the party manifesto stressed its commitment to cutting the country's budget deficit in line with EU requirements. It proposed tax breaks for savers and small firms who hired staff; benefits for those who took on young employees; more flexible labour contracts and wage negotiations and major cuts in red tape, to encourage entrepreneurs to set up businesses. At the same time, it pledged to protect public healthcare and education, saving money through efficiency and better management.
  • 2008
    Age 52
    Rajoy faced a serious situation within his party when he came under public pressure from the electorally successful Alberto Ruiz Gallardón (Madrid's Mayor) to be included in the PP lists for the March 2008 general election.
    More Details Hide Details Gallardón represents a more centrist sector within the party, whereas Rajoy, Angel Acebes and Eduardo Zaplana are widely accepted as representing a more conservative wing of the party, closer to Aznar. Rajoy's final decision was to leave Gallardón out of the list for those elections, an action which provoked concern about the alienation of potential PP voters. Some experts and newspapers even argued that it could cost Rajoy the elections. In any case, the power struggle for succession created a tense situation for him and for the party.
    On 30 January 2008, Rajoy received the support of Germany's Angela Merkel and France's Nicolas Sarkozy for the March 2008 general election.
    More Details Hide Details The PP was defeated in the general election, however, and Rajoy continued to lead his party in opposition. His criticisms of the Zapatero administration were focused on what he perceived as: In foreign policy: The 2011 general election campaign was dominated by economic issues. "Election campaign begins, crushed by the economic situation", was the headline in El Pais on 2 September 2011; the same day, El Mundo claimed that "the unemployment election campaign begun". The high rate of unemployment was a major issue in the campaign. Close to 5 million people were out of work at the time of the election, and 1.5 million households had no wage earners.
  • FORTIES
  • 2005
    Age 49
    On 1 December 2005, Rajoy survived a helicopter accident, along with Madrid Regional Government President Esperanza Aguirre; he broke a finger in the accident.
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  • 2004
    Age 48
    After the 14th Congress of the People's Party in October 2004, Rajoy became the new Chairman of the party, by then in the opposition, having lost the elections to the PSOE. On 11 March 2004, three days before the 2004 general elections, Madrid was struck by terrorist attacks, which the government initially blamed on the armed Basque separatist organisation, ETA.
    More Details Hide Details Aznar's government and government party leaders insisted on accusing ETA of the attacks, and on 13 March, Rajoy claimed to believe this because he was convinced of their will and capability for committing such crimes. The government was accused of attempting to blame ETA for the attacks in order to stay on track to win the elections (as they were favored to do), but then the Prisa center-left media company broke news that Al‑Qaida, rather than ETA, was responsible. On 14 March 2004 the PSOE, under the leadership of José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, won the elections with a majority of 1,300,000 votes over the PP, and obtained 164 deputies, while the PP obtained 9,763,144 votes but 148 deputies, 35 less than they obtained in 2000. Rajoy was elected for the province of Madrid.
    Approached, with Rodrigo Rato and Jaime Mayor Oreja, to succeed José Maria Aznar at the direction of the PP and as presidential candidate of the government in the 2004 general elections, he was chosen as future PP leader on 1 September 2003 and left the government two days later.
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  • 2003
    Age 47
    On 30 August 2003, Aznar announced that he would retire from politics in the 2004 elections and proposed Rajoy as his successor.
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  • 2002
    Age 46
    In the major cabinet reshuffle of 9 July 2002, he became minister of the presidency, retained his vice presidency and was appointed spokesman of the government.
    More Details Hide Details In his new role, he faced two very difficult times of Aznar's second term: the Prestige oil tanker disaster off the coast of Galicia, and the participation of Spain in the Iraq War, at the request of George W. Bush.
  • 2001
    Age 45
    Less than a year later, on 28 February 2001, he replaced Jaime Mayor Oreja, candidate for President of the Government of the Basque Country, as Interior Minister.
    More Details Hide Details In this role, he passed legislation including the Organic Law on the right of association, approved the decree implementing the Organic Law on the rights and duties of foreigners, and presented the draft law on the prevention of alcoholism.
  • 2000
    Age 44
    On 28 April 2000, Rajoy was appointed Senior Vice President of Government and Minister of the Presidency.
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    In 2000 he led the People's Party election campaign for the elections on 12 March, in which they won absolute majority.
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  • 1999
    Age 43
    He changed his portfolio on 20 January 1999 and replaced Esperanza Aguirre as Minister of Education and Culture.
    More Details Hide Details Just after his appointment, he was reelected vice-secretary general of the PP during its thirteenth national conference.
  • 1997
    Age 41
    His term was marked by the adoption, in 1997, of the Law on organization and operation of the general administration of the State (LOFAGE), which regulates the organization and functions of central government, and the Law on Government.
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  • 1996
    Age 40
    Rajoy married Elvira "Viri" Fernández Balboa on 28 December 1996, in La Toja island (Pontevedra).
    More Details Hide Details The couple have two children. While on the campaign trail in 2011, Rajoy published his autobiography, En Confianza (In Confidence).
  • THIRTIES
  • 1993
    Age 37
    He was re-elected in Pontevedra in the election on 6 June 1993.
    More Details Hide Details On 3 March 1996, the PP won the early parliamentary elections and formed a government with the support of the Basque Nationalist Party (PNV), Convergence and Union (CiU) and the Canarian Coalition. Rajoy, a long-time associate of newly elected Prime Minister José María Aznar, made the move into national politics in Aznar's first government when he was appointed Minister of Public Administration on 6 May.
    He was reelected to parliament in 1993. Before the PP's triumph in the 1996 elections, he was a PP-designated member of the Commission of Parliamentary Control of the RTVE. In April, the former president of Castile and León and presidential candidate of the government general elections in 1989, José María Aznar, was elected president of the PP.
    More Details Hide Details Confirmed in the National Executive, Mariano Rajoy was appointed deputy secretary general of the party.
  • 1989
    Age 33
    When in 1989 the AP merged with other parties to form the People's Party (PP), with Manuel Fraga as its president, Rajoy was named a member of its National Executive Committee and delegate for Pontevedra.
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  • 1988
    Age 32
    In May 1988 he was elected General Secretary of the PA in Galicia during an extraordinary congress of the regional party.
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  • 1987
    Age 31
    He occupied this latter position until the end of September 1987.
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  • 1986
    Age 30
    In the General Elections of 22 June 1986, he won a seat in the Congress of Deputies as the head of the AP's list for Pontevedra, although he resigned in November to take up the post of vice-president of the Xunta of Galicia following the resignation of Xosé Luis Barreiro and the rest of the ministers.
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    On 11 June 1986, Rajoy was elected President of the Provincial Council of Pontevedra, a position he held until July 1991.
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  • TWENTIES
  • 1982
    Age 26
    In 1982, he was appointed by Galician regional President, Xerardo Fernández Albor, as Minister of Institutional Relations of the Xunta de Galicia.
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  • 1981
    Age 25
    Rajoy started his political career in 1981 as a member of the right-wing party People's Alliance (AP), becoming a deputy in the inaugural legislature of the Galician Parliament.
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  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1955
    Born
    Born 27 March 1955 in Santiago de Compostela, A Coruña, Galicia, Rajoy is the grandson of Enrique Rajoy Leloup, one of the architects of the Statute of Autonomy of Galicia in 1932, who was removed from university teaching by the dictatorship in the early 1950s.
    More Details Hide Details He is the son of Mariano Rajoy Sobredo, a jurist, and president of the Provincial Court of Pontevedra, the city where he grew up. Later on, his father was transferred to León and the whole family moved there. He was duly enrolled, together with his brothers Luis and Enrique, and spent ten years there before moving to the Jesuit school in Vigo. After finishing secondary school he started university, enrolling in the Law Faculty in Santiago de Compostela. Rajoy graduated from the University of Santiago de Compostela and passed the competitive examination required in Spain to enter into the civil service, becoming the youngest-ever property registrar at age 23. He was assigned to Padrón (A Coruña), Villafranca del Bierzo (León) and Santa Pola (Alicante), a position he still holds. In that year, Rajoy sustained facial injuries in a traffic accident. Since then, he has always worn a beard to cover the scars from these injuries.
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