Martha Gellhorn

Born Nov 8, 1908

Martha Ellis Gellhorn was an American novelist, travel writer, and journalist, considered by the London Daily Telegraph, among others, to be one of the greatest war correspondents of the 20th century. She reported on virtually every major world conflict that took place during her 60-year career. Gellhorn was also the third wife of American novelist Ernest Hemingway, from 1940 to 1945. At the age of 89, ill and almost completely blind, she committed suicide.… Read More

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1908 Birth Born on November 8, 1908.


1926 17 Years Old Gellhorn graduated in 1926 from John Burroughs School in St. Louis, and enrolled in Bryn Mawr College in Philadelphia.
1927 18 Years Old In 1927, she left before graduating to pursue a career as a journalist. … Read More


1930 21 Years Old In 1930, determined to become a foreign correspondent, she went to France for two years, where she worked at the United Press bureau in Paris. … Read More
1936 27 Years Old Gellhorn first met Hemingway during a 1936 Christmas family trip to Key West, Florida. … Read More
1938 29 Years Old Later, from Germany, she reported on the rise of Adolf Hitler, and in 1938 was in Czechoslovakia. … Read More


1940 31 Years Old 1 More Event
She and Hemingway lived together off and on for four years, before marrying in December 1940. (Hemingway had ostensibly lived with his second wife, Pauline Pfeiffer, until 1939).
1943 34 Years Old Increasingly resentful of Gellhorn's long absences during her reporting assignments, Hemingway wrote her when she left their Finca Vigía estate near Havana in 1943, to cover the Italian Front: "Are you a war correspondent, or wife in my bed?" Hemingway himself, however, would later go to the front just before the Normandy landings, and Gellhorn also went, with Hemingway trying to block her travel. … Read More
1945 36 Years Old 1 More Event
After four contentious years of marriage, they divorced in 1945. … Read More


1954 45 Years Old In 1954, she married the former managing editor of Time Magazine, T. S. Matthews, and moved to London, which was to be her home for the rest of her life.


1963 54 Years Old She and Matthews divorced in 1963. … Read More


1972 63 Years Old Regarding sex, in 1972 Gellhorn wrote: … Read More
1979 70 Years Old She passed her 70th birthday in 1979, but continued working in the following decade, covering the civil wars in Central America.
1998 89 Years Old 1 More Event
In her last years, Gellhorn was in frail health, nearly blind and suffering from ovarian cancer that had spread to her liver. On February 15, 1998, she committed suicide in London apparently by swallowing a cyanide capsule. … Read More
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