Martha Layne Collins
American businesswoman and politician
Martha Layne Collins
Martha Layne Collins is a businesswoman and politician from the U.S. state of Kentucky who served as the state's 56th governor from 1983 to 1987. Prior to her election as governor, she was the 48th Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky, serving under John Y. Brown, Jr. As of 2012, she is the only woman to have served as governor of Kentucky. Her election made her the highest-ranking Democratic woman in the U.S.
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Martha Layne Collins's personal information overview.
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High Schoolers Use Chat Rooms to Reach College Admissions' Officers
Education Week - about 4 years
High school students today are collecting information about colleges—from the majors they offer to admissions standards to on-campus social life— through forums that many teenagers are probably already familiar with: online chats. Students are able to gather details directly from admissions officials, and in some cases from students at the higher education institutions they're considering attending, through a service named CollegeWeekLive, as noted in a recent story by the Los Angeles Times. About 500 colleges, including two- and four-year and public and private institutions, participate in the service, paying a fee based on how they use the site, Martha Collins, a spokeswoman for the Needham, Mass.-based company, told Education Week. Students are asked to register and then can use the site for free; 1.2 million students, from 50 states and 191 countries, are currently signed up. Not surprisingly, the busiest time for the service runs from roughly November through Feb ...
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Education Week article
3 more area incumbents file to run for office - Gainesville Times
Google News - over 5 years
Elsewhere, Oakwood City Councilwoman Martha Collins of Post 4 joins Montie Robinson of Post 5 in turning in paperwork to seek another four-year term. Councilman Gary Anderson of Post 3 has said he hasn't decided whether to seek re-election
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Google News article
Carol Lee 'Nan' (Collins) Reed - phillyBurbs.com
Google News - over 5 years
18, 1939, in Avoca, Pa., to the late Grant and Martha Collins. She was preceded in death by her loving husband of 50 years, Arthur N. Reed; and their children, Timothy, Linda, and George Reed. Carol is survived by her children, Arthur (Trish) Reed,
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Google News article
Local qualifying process to begin for 2011 election - Gainesville Times
Google News - over 5 years
In Oakwood, an election will be held to fill Posts 3, 4 and 5 seats on the city council now held, respectively, by Gary Anderson, Martha Collins and Montie Robinson Sr. Collins and Robinson have said they plan to seek re-election
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Google News article
To do list - Boston Globe
Google News - over 5 years
617-635-3911. www.cityofboston.gov/arts Spreading the word The First and Last Word Poetry Series has everything in between with readings by Martha Collins, Robert K. Johnson, and Catherine Sasanov. Poetry at the Café is hosted by Harris Gardner and
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Google News article
Real estate notes - Pittsburgh Tribune-Review
Google News - over 5 years
The board also will be asked by Martha Collins to approve use of 3000 square feet in a building at 8023 Bennett St., Homewood, for a restaurant with liquor license; by Union Real Estate Co. of Pittsburgh to use one drive-up window as accessory to a
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Google News article
Oakwood OKs changes to allow for insurance business - Gainesville Times
Google News - over 5 years
The council approved the annexation request 3-1 on first reading, with Councilman Gary Anderson opposed and Councilwoman Martha Collins absent. Final approval will come at the August meeting. The vote was the same on the rezoning request
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Google News article
Daniel Myron McVey - Monmouth Daily Review Atlas
Google News - over 5 years
4, 1936, near Rozetta, the son of Joseph and Martha Collins McVey. On Nov. 24, 1956, he married Patricia Jones in Biggsville. She preceded him in death on April 20, 2010. McVey served in the United States Navy from 1955 to 1959
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Google News article
Water tower payment received - Weekly Citizen
Google News - almost 6 years
Parish Grants Officer Martha Collins said the parish secured $600000 in funding for the LA 70 water tower project. Of that total, the Environmental Protection Agency provided $275000 in State and Tribal Assistance Grant money (EPA/STAG) while the
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Google News article
Oakwood sets election for council, Sunday sales - Gainesville Times
Google News - almost 6 years
Also, an election will be held to fill Post 3, 4 and 5 City Council seats now held, respectively, by Gary Anderson, Martha Collins and Montie Robinson Sr. Their four-year terms end on Dec. 31. Outside of Monday's meeting, Anderson said he hasn't
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Google News article
In Bynum, the music plays on - News & Observer
Google News - almost 6 years
Martha Collins can't remember a time when the Bynum General Store wasn't there. She was born and raised in Bynum in the 1940s and '50s, and back then, life in the Chatham County village centered on the cotton mill on the
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Google News article
Kroger reopens Cold Spring store Thursday - Cincinnati.com (blog)
Google News - almost 6 years
A new meat and seafood counter, expanded natural foods section, floral shoppe, sandwich station and hot soup bar and drive-through pharmacy are among the additions to a renovated Kroger store at 70 Martha Collins Boulevard. About 50 new workers were
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Google News article
Back and Forth: Pine Island Cheese Fest is next week - Post-Bulletin
Google News - almost 6 years
It's called the Collins-Glamm House, built in 1917-18 as a retirement home for SP and Martha Collins, nearby farmers. After that, their son and his wife, AB and Sarah Collins, were residents. Lastly, Frederick and Nettie Irene Collins-Glamm lived there
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New water tower along Hwy. 70 is fully operational - Weekly Citizen
Google News - almost 6 years
Parish Grants Officer Martha Collins said the parish secured $600000 in funding for the water tower project. Of that total, the Environmental Protection Agency offered $275000 in State and Tribal Assistance Grant money while the parish matched that
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Google News article
Despite cuts, Bozeman schools will be even stronger, superintendent says - The Bozeman Daily Chronicle
Google News - almost 6 years
Tage thanked Tami Phillippi, teachers' union president, for helping form the group. Superintendent Miller thanked departing Trustee Martha Collins for her "great, great passion for kids and tenacity doing the right thing for taxpayers."
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On the Porch - Chapel Hill News
Google News - almost 6 years
Martha Collins can't remember a time when the Bynum General Store wasn't there. She was born and raised in Bynum in the 1940s and '50s. When she was a young girl, life in the little Chatham County village revolved around the
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Google News article
Wine festival - Las Cruces Sun-News
Google News - almost 6 years
From left, Martha Collins, Leandra Contreras, Aaron Agins, Nancy Schaughency and Marissa Collins enjoy wine and turkey legs Saturday at the 2011 La Vi a Spring Wine Festival in La Union. From left, Martha Collins, Leandra Contreras, Aaron Agins,
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Jimmie Sue Easterling - Clanton Advertiser
Google News - almost 6 years
She was preceded in death by: son, Keith Cease; brother, Ted Easterling; and sister, Martha Collins. Visitation will be held Friday, April 29 from 5-8 pm at Ellison-Mims Funeral Home. Funeral services will be held Saturday, April 30 at 3 pm from the
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Martha Layne Collins
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 2010
    Age 73
    Martha Layne Collins High School in Shelby County was named in her honor and opened in 2010.
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  • 2009
    Age 72
    In 2009, she was inducted into the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star by the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs for her contributions "to strengthening economic and cultural exchanges between Japan and the United States of America".
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  • 2005
    Age 68
    In January 2005, she became the chairwoman and chief executive officer of the Kentucky World Trade Center.
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  • 2003
    Age 66
    In 2003, Kentucky's Bluegrass Parkway was renamed the Martha Layne Collins Bluegrass Parkway in her honor; Collins also received the World Trade Day Book of Honor Award for the state of Kentucky from the World Trade Centers Association that year.
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  • 2001
    Age 64
    In 2001, Governor Paul E. Patton named her co-chair of the Kentucky Task Force on the Economic Status of Women.
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  • 1999
    Age 62
    In 1999, she was named Honorary Consul General of Japan in Kentucky, a position which involved promoting Japanese interests in Kentucky, encouraging Japanese investment in the state, and encouraging cultural understanding between Kentucky and Japan.
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  • 1998
    Age 61
    When her contract with the University of Kentucky expired in 1998, Collins took a part-time position as "executive scholar in residence" at Georgetown College, which allowed her more time to pursue other interests.
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  • FIFTIES
  • 1996
    Age 59
    In 1996, Collins resigned as president of Saint Catharine College to direct the International Business and Management Center at the University of Kentucky.
    More Details Hide Details Later that year, she was a co-chair of the Credentials Committee at the Democratic National Convention.
  • 1993
    Age 56
    In 1993, Collins' husband, Bill, was charged in an influence-peddling scandal.
    More Details Hide Details The prosecution claimed that while Collins was governor, Dr. Collins exploited a perception that he could influence the awarding of state contracts through his wife. It was alleged that he exploited this perception to pressure people who did business with the state to invest nearly $2 million with him. He was convicted on October 14, 1993, after a seven-week trial; he was given a sentence of five years and three months in federal prison, which was at the low end of the range prescribed by the federal sentencing guidelines. He was also fined $20,000 for a conspiracy charge that involved kickbacks disguised as political contributions. Governor Collins was called to testify in the trial, but was not charged. The scandal tarnished her image, however, and may have cost her an appointment in the administration of President Bill Clinton. Collins was also rumored to be considering running for the U.S. Senate, a bid which never materialized following her husband's conviction. The Collinses reunited following Dr. Collins' release from prison on October 10, 1997.
    The 1993 conviction of Collins' husband, Dr. Bill Collins, in an influence-peddling scandal, damaged her hopes for a return to political life.
    More Details Hide Details Prior to her husband's conviction it had been rumored that she would be a candidate for the U.S. Senate, or would take a position in the administration of President Bill Clinton. From 1998 to 2012, Collins served as an executive scholar-in-residence at Georgetown College. Martha Layne Hall was born December 7, 1936, in Bagdad, Kentucky, the only child of Everett and Mary (Taylor) Hall. When Martha was in the sixth grade, her family moved to Shelbyville, Kentucky, and opened the Hall-Taylor Funeral Home. Martha was involved in numerous extracurricular activities both in school and at the local Baptist church. Her parents were active in local politics, working for the campaigns of several Democratic candidates, and Hall frequently joined them, stuffing envelopes and delivering pamphlets door-to-door.
  • 1990
    Age 53
    In 1990, Collins accepted the presidency of Saint Catharine College in Springfield, Kentucky, becoming the first president of the small, Catholic college who was not a Dominican nun.
    More Details Hide Details College officials stated that Collins was recruited for the presidency to raise the college's profile.
    At the time, Kentucky governors were not eligible for reelection. Collins taught at several universities after her four-year term as governor. From 1990 to 1996, she was the president of Saint Catharine College near Springfield, Kentucky.
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  • 1989
    Age 52
    Concurrent with her position at Harvard, Collins was named to the board of regents for Midway College in 1989; the following year, she was removed from the board of regents of Southern Baptist Theological Seminary.
    More Details Hide Details Her removal was automatically triggered after she missed three consecutive board meetings between 1986 and 1989.
  • 1988
    Age 51
    When Western Kentucky University president Kern Alexander resigned to accept a position at Virginia Tech in 1988, Collins was among four finalists to succeed him.
    More Details Hide Details Some faculty members publicly expressed concerns about Collins' lack of experience in academia, and she withdrew her name from consideration shortly before the new president was announced. After fulfilling her one-year commitment to the University of Louisville, Collins was named a fellow of the Harvard Institute of Politics' John F. Kennedy School of Government, teaching non-credit classes on leadership styles once a week.
    In 1988, she accepted a position as "executive in residence" at the University of Louisville, giving guest lectures to students in the university's business classes.
    More Details Hide Details She also started an international trade consulting firm in Lexington.
  • 1987
    Age 50
    Collins' term expired on December 8, 1987, and under the restrictions then present in the Kentucky Constitution, she was ineligible for consecutive terms.
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  • FORTIES
  • 1985
    Age 48
    On May 10, 1985, she was named to the University of Kentucky Alumni Association's Hall of Distinguished Alumni.
    More Details Hide Details She also chaired the Southern Growth Policies Board, Southern States Energy Board, and was co-chair of the Appalachian Regional Commission.
    Collins chaired the Tennessee–Tombigbee Waterway Authority and held that position when the waterway opened to the public in 1985.
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    She returned there in October 1985, and also visited China – a first for any Kentucky governor – to encourage opening Chinese markets for Kentucky goods and to establish a "sister state" relationship with China's Jiangxi province.
    More Details Hide Details Collins' efforts in Japan yielded her most significant accomplishment as governor – convincing Toyota to locate an $800 million manufacturing plant in Georgetown. According to published reports, the Kentucky location was chosen over proposed sites in Indiana, Missouri, Tennessee, and Kansas. The agreement with Toyota was contingent upon legislative approval of $125 million in incentives promised to Toyota by Collins and state Commerce Secretary Carroll Knicely. They included $35 million to buy and improve a tract to be given to Toyota for the plant, $33 million for initial training of employees, $10 million for a skills development center for employees, and $47 million in highway improvements near the site. The incentive package was approved in the 1986 legislative session. State Attorney General David L. Armstrong expressed concerns that the incentives might conflict with the state constitution by giving gifts from the state treasury to a private business, but concluded that the General Assembly had made "a good-faith effort to be in compliance with the constitution".
    In March 1985, Collins embarked on the first of several trade missions to Japan.
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    Collins followed up her success in the 1985 special session with a push for more higher education funding in the 1986 legislative session.
    More Details Hide Details Lawmakers obliged by approving an additional $100 million for higher education in the biennial budget. They also approved implementation of a pilot preschool program and the purchase of new reading textbooks, but failed to act on Collins' request for an additional $3.9 million to improve the state's vocational education system. Legislators approved calling a referendum on a constitutional amendment – supported by Collins – to make the state superintendent of education an appointive, rather than elective, office. The amendment was defeated by the state's voters in November 1986, despite a Collins-led campaign in favor of it. The increased corporate tax intended to cover the cost of the increased education budget was, however, inadequate. In 1987, a plan to increase revenue through changes in the state income tax was abandoned when Wallace Wilkinson, the Democratic gubernatorial nominee who would go on to succeed Collins, announced his opposition to it.
    Collins announced a new education package in June 1985 that included a five percent across-the-board pay raise for teachers, a reduction in class sizes, funding for construction projects, aides for every kindergarten teacher in the state, and a "power equalization" program to make funding for poorer school districts more equal to that of their more affluent counterparts.
    More Details Hide Details After favorable reaction to the plan from legislators, she called a special legislative session to convene July 8 to consider the plan. After two weeks of deliberation, the General Assembly approved Collins' education plan, tripling the corporate licensing tax to $2.10 per $1,000 in order to pay for the package. The Assembly rejected a proposed five-cents-per-gallon increase in the state gasoline tax to finance other spending.
    In January 1985, Collins renewed her push for additional education funding and changes by appointing herself secretary of the state Education and Humanities Cabinet.
    More Details Hide Details Following the announcement, Collins and several key legislators held a series of meetings in every county, advocating for her proposed changes and seeking information about what types of changes the state's citizens desired. At the meetings, Collins was careful to separate the issues of her proposed education plan and potential tax increases. She believed that opposition to increased taxes had prevented her previous package from being enacted.
  • 1984
    Age 47
    In mid-1984, the Democratic National Committee chose Collins to preside over the 1984 Democratic National Convention in San Francisco.
    More Details Hide Details This engagement prevented Collins from chairing the state delegation to the convention, as was typical of governors. The party appointed Collins' son, Steve as state chair. Prior to the convention, Walter Mondale, the presumptive presidential nominee, interviewed Collins as a possible vice-presidential candidate before choosing Geraldine Ferraro as his running mate. A writer for The Miami Herald later opined, based on interviews with Mondale advisers, that Collins was never given serious consideration by Mondale. He reported that she was included in his list of potential running mates primarily to blunt potential charges of "tokenism" in considering other women and minorities.
    After opposition to her proposal developed among legislators during the 1984 biennial legislative session, Collins revised the tax package.
    More Details Hide Details She retained the corporate licensing tax increase, but replaced the sales tax and income tax modifications with a flat five percent personal income tax and phasing out the deductions for depreciation which corporations could claim on their state taxes. With the state still recovering from an economic recession and an election year upcoming, legislators refused to raise taxes. Collins eventually withdrew her request and submitted a continuation budget instead. Some education proposals advocated by Collins were passed, including mandatory kindergarten, remedial programs for elementary school children, mandatory testing and internship for teachers, and the implementation of academic receivership for underperforming schools. Among the other accomplishments of the 1984 legislative session were passage of a tougher drunk driving law, and a measure allowing state banking companies to purchase other banks within the state. By virtue of her election as Kentucky's governor, Collins became the highest-ranking Democratic woman in the nation. The only two women in the U.S. Senate at the time were Republicans, and Collins was the only woman governor of any state. Shortly after her election, she appeared on Good Morning America, where she was asked about her interest in the vice-presidency and gave a non-committal answer. Four days after her inauguration as governor, she was chosen to deliver the Democratic response to President Ronald Reagan's weekly radio address. At a news conference following her speech, Collins was asked again if she would be willing to be considered as the Democrats' vice-presidential candidate in the upcoming election; she replied "No, not at this time."
  • 1983
    Age 46
    Nearing the end of her term as lieutenant governor, Collins announced her intent to run for governor in 1983.
    More Details Hide Details Her opponents for the Democratic nomination included Louisville mayor Harvey Sloane and Grady Stumbo, the former secretary of the state's Department of Human Resources. Collins had the support of many leaders in the Democratic Party, but just before the primary, Governor Brown endorsed Stumbo, charging that both Sloane and Collins would use their gubernatorial appointment power to dispense party patronage. Although this was a common practice at the time, Brown notably shunned it during his term. With 223,692 votes, Collins edged out Sloane (219,160 votes) and Stumbo (199,795 votes) to secure the nomination. Sloane asked for a recanvass of the ballots, but ultimately decided it would not change the outcome and conceded defeat. In the general election, Collins faced Republican state senator Jim Bunning, who was later elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame for his achievements as a professional pitcher. The National Organization for Women, the National Women's Campaign Fund, and the Women's Political Caucus all refused to endorse Collins, citing her lukewarm support for the Equal Rights Amendment and her opposition to abortion except in cases of rape, incest, or when the mother's life was in danger. But, Bunning was not personable on the campaign trail and had difficulty finding issues that would draw traditionally Democratic voters to him. His Catholicism was a political liability among the majority-Protestant voters. Collins won the election by a vote of 561,674 to 454,650, becoming the first, and to date only, woman to be elected governor of Kentucky.
  • 1982
    Age 45
    In 1982, she was named to the board of regents of the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville.
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  • 1979
    Age 42
    In a field that included six major candidates, Collins secured the Democratic nomination for lieutenant governor in the 1979 primary, garnering 23 percent of the vote.
    More Details Hide Details She handily defeated Republican Hal Rogers in the general election 543,176 to 316,798. As lieutenant governor, she traveled the state, attending ceremonies in place of Democratic Governor John Y. Brown, Jr., who disliked such formal events and often chose not to attend. By the end of her term, she declared that she had visited all 120 counties in Kentucky. Governor Brown was frequently out of the state, leaving Collins as acting governor for more than 500 days of her four-year term. As lieutenant governor, Collins presided oer the state Senate. Members of both major parties praised Collins for her impartiality and knowledge of parliamentary procedure in this role. She was twice called upon to break tie votes in the Senate, once on a bill allowing the state's teachers to engage in collective bargaining and another on a bill to allow branch banking across county lines within the state; in both instances she voted in the negative, killing the bill. During her tenure, she also chaired the National Conference of Lieutenant Governors, becoming the first woman to hold that position.
    Collins was elected lieutenant governor in 1979, under Governor John Y. Brown, Jr. Brown was frequently out of the state, leaving Collins as acting governor for more than 500 days of her four-year term.
    More Details Hide Details In 1983, she defeated Republican Jim Bunning to become Kentucky's first woman governor. Her administration had two primary focuses: education and economic development. After failing to secure increased funding for education in the 1984 legislative session, she conducted a statewide public awareness campaign in advance of a special legislative session the following year; the modified program was passed in that session. She successfully used economic incentives to bring a Toyota manufacturing plant to Georgetown, Kentucky in 1986. Legal challenges to the incentives – which would have cost the state the plant and its related economic benefits – were eventually dismissed by the Kentucky Supreme Court. The state experienced record economic growth under Collins' leadership.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1976
    Age 39
    The Woodford County chapter of Business and Professional Women chose Collins as its 1976 Woman of Achievement, and in 1977, Governor Julian Carroll named her Kentucky Executive Director of the Friendship Force.
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  • 1975
    Age 38
    In 1975, Collins won the Democratic nomination for Clerk of the Kentucky Court of Appeals in a five-way primary.
    More Details Hide Details In the general election, she defeated Republican Joseph E. Lambert by a vote of 382,528 to 233,442. During her term, an amendment to the state constitution changed the name of the Court of Appeals to the Kentucky Supreme Court; Collins was the last person to hold the office of Clerk of the Court of Appeals and the first to hold the office of Clerk of the Supreme Court. As Clerk, she compiled and distributed a brochure about the new role of the Supreme Court, and worked with the state department of education to create a teacher's manual for use in the public schools, detailing the changes effected in the court system as a result of the constitutional amendment.
    In 1975, she was chosen secretary of the state's Democratic Party and was elected clerk of the Kentucky Court of Appeals.
    More Details Hide Details During her tenure as clerk, a constitutional amendment restructured the state's judicial system, and the Court of Appeals became the Kentucky Supreme Court. Collins continued as clerk of the renamed court and worked to educate citizens about the court's new role.
  • 1972
    Age 35
    She quit her teaching job and went to work full-time at the state Democratic Party headquarters, as secretary of the state Democratic party and as a delegate to the 1972 Democratic National Convention.
    More Details Hide Details The following year, she worked for Huddleston's campaign for the U.S. Senate.
  • 1971
    Age 34
    By 1971, Collins was the president of the Jayceettes; through her work there, she came to the attention of Democratic state senator Walter "Dee" Huddleston.
    More Details Hide Details Huddleston asked Collins to co-chair Wendell Ford's gubernatorial campaign in the 6th District. J.R. Miller, then-chairman of the state Democratic Party, commented that "She organized that district like you wouldn't believe." After Ford's victory, he named Collins as a Democratic National Committeewoman from Kentucky.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1966
    Age 29
    In 1966, the Collinses moved to Versailles, Kentucky, where Martha taught at Woodford County Junior High School.
    More Details Hide Details The couple became active in several civic organizations, including the Jaycees and Jayceettes and the Young Democratic Couples Club. Through the club, they worked on behalf of Henry Ward's unsuccessful gubernatorial campaign in 1967.
  • 1957
    Age 20
    In 1957, Hall met Billy Louis Collins while attending a Baptist camp in Shelby County.
    More Details Hide Details He was a student at Georgetown College in Georgetown, Kentucky, about 13 miles from Lexington; he and Hall dated while finishing their degrees. Hall earned a Bachelor of Science degree in Home Economics in 1959. Having won the title of Kentucky Derby Festival Queen earlier that year, she briefly considered a career in modeling. Instead, she and Collins married shortly after her graduation. While Billy Collins pursued a degree in dentistry at the University of Louisville, Martha taught at Seneca and Fairdale high schools, both located in Louisville. While living in Louisville, the couple had two children, Steve and Marla.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1954
    Age 17
    Martha attended Shelbyville High School where she was a good student and a cheerleader. She frequently competed in beauty pageants and won the title of Shelby County Tobacco Festival Queen in 1954.
    More Details Hide Details After high school, Hall enrolled at Lindenwood College, then an all-woman college in Saint Charles, Missouri (It is now a co-ed university). After one year at Lindenwood, she transferred to the University of Kentucky in Lexington, Kentucky. She was active in many clubs, including the Chi Omega social sorority, the Baptist Student Union, and the home economics club, and was also the president of her dormitory and vice president of the house presidents council.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1936
    Born
    Born on December 7, 1936.
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Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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