Martha Gellhorn
American journalist
Martha Gellhorn
Martha Ellis Gellhorn was an American novelist, travel writer, and journalist, considered by the London Daily Telegraph, among others, to be one of the greatest war correspondents of the 20th century. She reported on virtually every major world conflict that took place during her 60-year career. Gellhorn was also the third wife of American novelist Ernest Hemingway, from 1940 to 1945. At the age of 89, ill and almost completely blind, she committed suicide.
Biography
Martha Gellhorn's personal information overview.
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News
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Low level of participation at incinerator groundbreaking - Oshawa Express
Google News - over 5 years
Through their indifference, Durham residents have demonstrated, once again, what Martha Gellhorn called the “democratic laissez-faire mindset.” “People will say with pride: 'I'm not interested in politics.' They might just as well say: 'I'm not
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Motherhood and warfare: The rise of women reporters on the front-line - Daily Mail
Google News - over 5 years
My inspiration was Martha Gellhorn, a wife of Ernest Hemingway, she was a beautiful, glamorous and tough creature who made her debut during the Spanish Civil War where she shared a room at the Hotel Florida along with Hemingway and ate tinned sardines
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It's battle stations: Why the girls are on top at the front - Irish Independent
Google News - over 5 years
One of the first, and most famous, was Martha Gellhorn, Ernest Hemingway's wife. A fashion writer for Vogue, she pitched an article on "the beauty problems of the middle-aged woman" to pay for her ticket to Spain so she could follow her charismatic
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New exclusive bar brings Cuba to the US - WTOP
Google News - over 5 years
The ex-pat spent 20 years on the Caribbean island and made Finca Vigia his primary residence with his third wife, journalist Martha Gellhorn. For those able to visit Cuba, Hemingway's Havana home will be open for educational and cultural exhibits
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Monocolumn: Quality News Reporting Doesn't Need HD - PSFK
Google News - over 5 years
Crawford joins a long list of smart war correspondents including a large number of women from Martha Gellhorn in the Spanish Civil War to Margaret Bourke-White at Buchenwald, from the BBC's Kate Adie (from the Gulf War to Yugoslavia) and Christiane
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Hemingway Bar: Cuba's Clever Daiquiri Diplomacy - The Atlantic
Google News - over 5 years
And what is as interesting is that the Cuban national historical landmark, the Finca Vigia, which was the Havana hills home built by Ernest Hemingway and his third wife, journalist Martha Gellhorn, will be providing educational and cultural exhibits
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TV news in the 50s was more thrilling than The Hour - The Guardian
Google News - over 5 years
Well, there's the butch Martha Gellhorn character on the foreign desk and there's producer Bel. I'm sorry to dwell on appearances, but what is Bel wearing? Our one female producer, Di Edwards-Jones, a dynamic and motor-mouthed Welshwoman, wore whatever
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Strathairn brings 'Alpha' self to TV - Chicago Sun-Times
Google News - over 5 years
I hadn't really known about Martha Gellhorn [a war correspondent played by Nicole Kidman]. She was groundbreaking in many ways. She smuggled herself onto a Red Cross plane to get to the D-Day invasion. These great women may be standing in the shadow of
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The Scourge Of 'Peak Oil' - CounterCurrents.org
Google News - over 5 years
... entitled Dahr Jamail's MidEast Dispatches. Jamail writes for the Inter Press Service news agency, among other outlets. He has been a frequent guest on Democracy Now!. Jamail is the recipient of the 2008 The Martha Gellhorn Prize for Journalism
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An Open Letter to Andreas Whittam Smith - New Statesman (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
What pressure has the Independent brought to bear on the Council of the Martha Gellhorn Award in its deliberations as to whether Mr Hari should retain his Martha Gellhorn Award? 12. Has the Independent used lawyers in its dealings with either the
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Israel's war on nonviolent protest - Green Left Weekly
Google News - over 5 years
[Jonathan Cook won this year's Martha Gellhorn Special Prize for Journalism. His latest books are Israel and the Clash of Civilisations: Iraq, Iran and the Plan to Remake the Middle East (Pluto Press) and Disappearing Palestine: Israel's Experiments in
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Expat takes UK journalist Johann Hari to task over portrayal of Dubai - The National
Google News - over 5 years
It went on to serve its author well, last year winning him the national newspaper section in the Amnesty Media Awards and forming part of a portfolio of three articles that bagged him the Martha Gellhorn Prize "for journalism at the cutting edge
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Johann Hari: Martha Gellhorn Prize refuses to investigate serious complaint ... - Telegraph.co.uk (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
The article, in The Independent, was one of three which won Hari the Martha Gellhorn Prize, set up to “celebrate journalism that challenges secrecy and mendacity”. The Martha Gellhorn Prize does not, alas, seem quite so concerned with alleged mendacity
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His first and truest love - Sydney Morning Herald
Google News - over 5 years
Which explains why many know that Martha Gellhorn was married to Ernest Hemingway (she was often described as his Spanish Civil War wife) but who on earth knew or remembered the first of his four wives, Hadley Richardson?
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Fulford: Hemingway's enduring legacy - National Post (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
And HBO is preparing a television film for showing this coming season, Hemingway & Gellhorn, with Clive Owen as Hemingway and Nicole Kidman as Martha Gellhorn, his third and most challenging wife, the one who had the nerve to annoy him by enjoying her
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Working mother Nicole Kidman goes from red carpet and royalty to juggling her ... - Daily Mail
Google News - over 5 years
... Jennifer Lopez, Jennifer Garner and Barbra Streisand at the A-list event. Nicole recently wrapped filming on TV movie Hemingway & Gellhorn, with Clive Owen, about the romance between Ernest Hemingway and WWII correspondent Martha Gellhorn
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Robust and reckless, Hemingway was understated only in style - Irish Times
Google News - over 5 years
Hemingway left Hadley for his second wife, Pauline Pfeiffer, whom he would leave in turn for the journalist Martha Gellhorn. Hemingway and Gellhorn covered the Spanish Civil War together, an adventure he fictionalised in For Whom the Bell Tolls
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Martha Gellhorn
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 1998
    Age 89
    In her last years, Gellhorn was in frail health, nearly blind and suffering from ovarian cancer that had spread to her liver. On February 15, 1998, she committed suicide in London apparently by swallowing a cyanide capsule.
    More Details Hide Details The Martha Gellhorn Prize for Journalism was established in 1999 in her honor. During her lifetime Gellhorn published books of fiction, travel writing, and reportage. Her selected letters were published posthumously in 2006. On October 5, 2007, the United States Postal Service announced that it would honor five 20th-century journalists with first-class rate postage stamps, to be issued on April 22, 2008: Martha Gellhorn; John Hersey; George Polk; Rubén Salazar; and Eric Sevareid. Postmaster General Jack Potter announced the stamp series at the Associated Press Managing Editors Meeting in Washington, D.C. In 2011, Gellhorn was the subject of an hour-long episode of the World Media Rights series Extraordinary Women, which airs on the BBC, and periodically in the United States on PBS. In 2012, Gellhorn was played by Nicole Kidman in Philp Kaufman's film, Hemingway & Gellhorn.
  • 1979
    Age 70
    She passed her 70th birthday in 1979, but continued working in the following decade, covering the civil wars in Central America.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1972
    Age 63
    Regarding sex, in 1972 Gellhorn wrote:
    More Details Hide Details If I practised sex, out of moral conviction, that was one thing; but to enjoy it... seemed a defeat. I accompanied men and was accompanied in action, in the extrovert part of life; I plunged into that... but not sex; that seemed to be their delight and all I got was a pleasure of being wanted, I suppose, and the tenderness (not nearly enough) that a man gives when he is satisfied. I daresay I was the worst bed partner in five continents. On her relationship with Hemingway, she said "I provided sex only after all excuses failed and with the hope that it would be over quickly."
  • FIFTIES
  • 1963
    Age 54
    She and Matthews divorced in 1963.
    More Details Hide Details In 1949, Gellhorn adopted a boy, Sandy, from an Italian orphanage. Although Gellhorn was briefly a devoted mother, she was not by nature maternal. She eventually left Sandy in the care of relatives in Englewood, New Jersey, for long periods of time, with Sandy enduring many absences from Gellhorn during her travels, and eventually he attended boarding school. He was reported to have grown to disappoint her, and their relationship was said to have become embittered. However, the legacy of Gellhorn's personal life remains shrouded in controversy. Supporters of Gellhorn say her unauthorized biographer, Carl Rollyson, is guilty of "sexual scandal-mongering and cod psychology". Several of her prominent close friends (among them the actress Betsy Drake; journalist John Pilger; writer James Fox; and Martha's younger brother, Alfred) have dismissed the characterizations of her as sexually manipulative and maternally deficient. Her supporters include her stepson, Sandy Matthews, who describes Gellhorn as "very conscientious" in her role as stepmother; and Jack Hemingway once said that Gellhorn, his father's third wife, was his "favorite other mother".
  • FORTIES
  • 1954
    Age 45
    In 1954, she married the former managing editor of Time Magazine, T. S. Matthews, and moved to London, which was to be her home for the rest of her life.
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  • THIRTIES
  • 1945
    Age 36
    Between marriages after divorcing Hemingway in 1945, Gellhorn had romantic liaisons with "L", Laurance Rockefeller, an American businessman (1945); journalist William Walton (1947) (no relation to the British composer); and medical doctor David Gurewitsch (1950).
    More Details Hide Details
    After four contentious years of marriage, they divorced in 1945.
    More Details Hide Details The 2012 film Hemingway & Gellhorn is based on these years. The 2011 documentary film No Job for a Woman: The Women Who Fought to Report WWII features Martha Gellhorn and how she changed war reporting. After the war, Gellhorn worked for the Atlantic Monthly, covering the Vietnam War and the Arab-Israel conflicts in the 1960s-70s.
  • 1943
    Age 34
    Increasingly resentful of Gellhorn's long absences during her reporting assignments, Hemingway wrote her when she left their Finca Vigía estate near Havana in 1943, to cover the Italian Front: "Are you a war correspondent, or wife in my bed?" Hemingway himself, however, would later go to the front just before the Normandy landings, and Gellhorn also went, with Hemingway trying to block her travel.
    More Details Hide Details When she arrived by means of a dangerous ocean voyage in war-torn London, she told him she had had enough. She had found, as had his other wives, that, as described by Bernice Kert in The Hemingway Women: "Hemingway could never sustain a long-lived, wholly satisfying relationship with any one of his four wives. Married domesticity may have seemed to him the desirable culmination of romantic love, but sooner or later he became bored and restless, critical and bullying."
  • 1940
    Age 31
    They were married in 1940.
    More Details Hide Details Gellhorn resented her reflected fame as Hemingway's third wife, remarking that she had no intention of "being a footnote in someone else's life". As a condition for granting interviews, she was known to insist that Hemingway's name not be mentioned.As she put it once, "I've been a writer for over 40 years. I was a writer before I met him and I was a writer after I left him. Why should I be merely a footnote in his life?" While married to Hemingway, Gellhorn had an affair with U.S. paratrooper Major General James M. Gavin, commanding general of the 82nd Airborne Division. Gavin was the youngest divisional commander in the U.S. army in World War II.
    She and Hemingway lived together off and on for four years, before marrying in December 1940. (Hemingway had ostensibly lived with his second wife, Pauline Pfeiffer, until 1939).
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  • TWENTIES
  • 1938
    Age 29
    Later, from Germany, she reported on the rise of Adolf Hitler, and in 1938 was in Czechoslovakia.
    More Details Hide Details After the outbreak of World War II, she described these events in the novel A Stricken Field (1940). She later reported the war from Finland, Hong Kong, Burma, Singapore, and England. Lacking official press credentials to witness the Normandy landings, she hid in a hospital ship bathroom, and upon landing impersonated a stretcher bearer; she later recalled, "I followed the war wherever I could reach it." She was the only woman to land at Normandy on D-Day on June 6, 1944. She was also among the first journalists to report from Dachau concentration camp after it was liberated by Allied Troops.
  • 1936
    Age 27
    Gellhorn first met Hemingway during a 1936 Christmas family trip to Key West, Florida.
    More Details Hide Details They agreed to travel to Spain together to cover the Spanish Civil War, where Gellhorn had been hired to report for Collier's Weekly. The pair celebrated Christmas of 1937 together in Barcelona.
  • 1930
    Age 21
    In 1930, determined to become a foreign correspondent, she went to France for two years, where she worked at the United Press bureau in Paris.
    More Details Hide Details While in Europe, she became active in the pacifist movement, writing about her experiences in her book What Mad Pursuit (1934). After returning to the United States, Gellhorn was hired by Harry Hopkins, who she had met through her friendship with First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, as a field investigator for the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA), created by Franklin D. Roosevelt to aid in the war on the Great Depression. Gellhorn traveled around the United States for FERA to report on the impact of the Depression on the country. She first went to Gastonia, North Carolina, where she used her observation and communication skills to report on how the people of that town were affected by the Depression. Later, she worked with Dorothea Lange, a photographer, to document the everyday lives of the hungry and homeless. Their reports later became part of the official government files for the Great Depression. They were able to investigate topics that were not usually open to women of the 1930s, which made Gellhorn, as well as Lange, major contributors to American history. Her findings were the basis of a collection of short stories, The Trouble I've Seen (1936).
  • TEENAGE
  • 1927
    Age 18
    In 1927, she left before graduating to pursue a career as a journalist.
    More Details Hide Details Her first published articles appeared in The New Republic.
  • 1926
    Age 17
    Gellhorn graduated in 1926 from John Burroughs School in St. Louis, and enrolled in Bryn Mawr College in Philadelphia.
    More Details Hide Details
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1908
    Born
    Born on November 8, 1908.
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