Matthew C. Perry
American admiral
Matthew C. Perry
Matthew Calbraith Perry was a Commodore of the U.S. Navy and commanded a number of ships. He served in several wars, most notably in the Mexican-American War and the War of 1812. He played a leading role in the opening of Japan to the West with the Convention of Kanagawa in 1854. Perry was very concerned with the education of naval officers and helped develop an apprentice system that helped establish the curriculum at the United States Naval Academy.
Biography
Matthew C. Perry's personal information overview.
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News
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Friends alum builds home on Sunset Strip - Victoria Times Colonist
Google News - over 5 years
Actor Matthew Perry has bought a newly built custom house in the Sunset Strip area for $8.65 million. That might explain why he put his West Hollywood condo up for sale last month at $2995000
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Letter: Perry's legacy will endure - Anderson Independent Mail
Google News - over 5 years
Federal Judge Matthew Perry died recently. He was a South Carolina icon, pioneer civil rights leader and the person who selected Harvey Gantt as the best student to desegregate Clemson University with dignity. Judge Perry and the leadership of his
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Matthew Perry buys custom house in Sunset Strip area - Los Angeles Times
Google News - over 5 years
Actor Matthew Perry has bought a newly built custom house in the Sunset Strip area for $8.65 million. That might explain why he put his West Hollywood condo up for sale last month at $2995000. At his new home,
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Hot Property: It's time to make new friends - Kansas City Star
Google News - over 5 years
Actor Matthew Perry has bought a newly built custom house in the Sunset Strip area for $8.65 million. That might explain why he put his West Hollywood condo up for sale last month at $2995000. At his new home, walls of glass in the main
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Come Tour Matthew Perry's Ultra-Manly Ultimate Bachelor Pad - Curbed National (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
Perfectly fine to ignore the obvious color-altering and Photoshopping on this one—Matthew Perry's new 4000-square-foot midcentury modern, perched in the Hollywood Hills with views of the Strip, holds up just fine. Built in 1962, the temple of steel
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Matthew Perry buys $8m home - and is selling $2m condo - Monsters and Critics.com
Google News - over 5 years
Friends star Matthew Perry has put his West Hollywood condo up for sale just days after splashing out $8.65 million on a new custom-built house. Celebrities attend Disney ABC Television Group's 2010 Summer TCA
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Matthew Perry buys home in Sunset Strip area - Los Angeles Times
Google News - over 5 years
Actor Matthew Perry has bought a newly built custom house in the Sunset Strip area for $8.65 million. Walls of glass off the main living area and master bedroom open to an outdoor dining room, living room, lawn and swimming pool
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Selected tributes to Matthew Perry - The State
Google News - over 5 years
Congressman James Clyburn gives an eulogy during the funeral service for Judge Matthew Perry at Brookland Baptist Church. Joseph F. Anderson Jr. delivers a tribute during a service of remembrance celebrating the life of Judge Matthew J. Perry, ... - -
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'Friends'' Sex Lives: By the Numbers - Hollywood Reporter
Google News - over 5 years
Chandler Bing, played by Matthew Perry, only had nine partners over the show's 10-year run, after starting his serious relationship with Monica after season 4 (who he went on to marry in the show). 33.3 percent of them were serious relationships
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Ron Clark Makes Stop In Greenville - WITN
Google News - over 5 years
... Classes at the Barnes and Noble in Greenville. It is Clark's third book, and like his first two, focuses on teaching. Clark now runs a school bearing his name in Atlanta. He was the subject of the 2006 film The Ron Clark Story starring Matthew Perry
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Ron Clark's extraordinary solutions for teachers and parents - WXIA-TV
Google News - over 5 years
His biography became a made-for-TV movie starring Matthew Perry, and he founded one of the most fascinating schools in the country, the Ron Clark Academy in Atlanta. Clark shared some of his 101 Extraordinary Solutions for Parents and Teachers with
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Faces, facts of the 'New Reconstruction' - The State
Google News - over 5 years
Ernest Finney – With Matthew Perry, the SC State law school grad defended 6000 civil rights activists who faced charges. In 1972, Finney was elected to the SC House. In 1976, he was elected a circuit judge. In 1985, Finney was elected to the SC Supreme
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Phish frontman Trey Anastasio gets confessional at drug court conference - Washington Post (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
The lead guitarist and vocalist for jam band Phish, along with actors Matthew Perry and Martin Sheen, turned a four-day conference on drug courts into an AA-style confessional about their messy personal addictions. “My life was a complete catastrophe,”
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Hey, isn't that. . . ?: Matthew Perry - Washington Post (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
By The Reliable Source (Angela Weiss/Getty Images) • Matthew Perry at the Starbucks at 3rd and Penn SE on Capitol Hill Tuesday morning. Blue suit, lavender tie, rockabilly-style hairdo with long sideburns. His drink: a venti Frappucino with whipped
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Martin Sheen, Matthew Perry push for Drug Courts support at D.C. event - Daily Caller
Google News - over 5 years
“The Departed” star Martin Sheen and “Friends” actor Matthew Perry paid a visit to the nation's capital Tuesday to encourage Congress to support Drug Courts funding. Sheen, who has voiced his liberal political views ... - -
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Who, What, Where: Matthew Perry & Martin Sheen On Capitol Hill - Glittarazzi
Google News - over 5 years
Martin Sheen and Matthew Perry will be on Capitol Hill tomorrow to rally for the National Association of Drug Court Professionals (NADCAP). NADCAP is hosting the rally to petition members of Congress to fund drug courts, versus continuing to spend
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Matthew C. Perry
    OTHER
  • 1858
    He died awaiting further orders on March 4, 1858, in New York City, of rheumatism that had spread to the heart, compounded by complications of gout and alcoholism.
    More Details Hide Details Initially interred in a vault on the grounds of St. Mark's Church in-the-Bowery, in New York City, his remains were moved to the Island Cemetery in Newport, Rhode Island on March 21, 1866, along with those of his daughter, Anna, who died in 1839. In 1873, an elaborate monument was placed by his widow over his grave in Newport. Commodore Perry was married to Jane Slidell Perry (1816–1864) and had ten children: Through his mother, Perry was a direct descendant of the uncle of Scottish nobleman William Wallace (d. 1305). A replica of Perry's US flag is on display on board the memorial in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, attached to the bulkhead just inboard of the Japanese surrender signing site on the starboard side of the ship. The original flag was brought from the U.S. Naval Academy Museum to Japan for the Japan surrender ceremony and was displayed on that occasion at the request of Douglas MacArthur, who was himself a blood-relative of Perry. Photographs of the signing ceremony show that this flag was displayed properly as all flags on vessels (known as ensigns) on the starboard side are, with the stars in the upper right corner. The cloth of the historic flag was so fragile that the conservator at the Museum directed that a protective backing be sewn on it. Today, the flag is preserved and on display at the Naval Academy Museum in Annapolis, Maryland.
  • 1857
    Perry spent his last years preparing for publication his account of the Japan expedition, announcing its completion on December 28, 1857.
    More Details Hide Details Two days later he was detached from his last post, an assignment to the Naval Efficiency Board.
  • 1855
    When Perry returned to the United States in 1855, Congress voted to grant him a reward of $20,000 (US$ SENT_ in) in appreciation of his work in Japan.
    More Details Hide Details He used part of this money to prepare and publish a report on the expedition in three volumes, titled Narrative of the Expedition of an American Squadron to the China Seas and Japan. He was also promoted to the grade of rear-admiral on the retired list (when his health began to fail) as a reward for his service in the Far East. Perry was known to have suffered severe arthritis that left him in frequent pain, and on occasion precluded him from his duties.
  • 1854
    After initial resistance, Perry was permitted to land at Kanagawa, near the site of present-day Yokohama on March 8, 1854, where, after negotiations lasting for around a month, the Convention of Kanagawa was signed on March 31, 1854.
    More Details Hide Details Perry signed as American plenipotentiary, and Hayashi Akira, also known by his title of Daigaku-no-kami signed for the Japanese side. Perry departed, mistakenly believing the agreement had been made with imperial representatives, not understanding the true position of the Shogun, the de facto ruler of Japan. Perry then visited Hakodate on the northern island of Hokkaido and Shimoda, the two ports which the treaty stipulated would be opened to visits by American ships.
    Perry returned on 13 February 1854, after only half a year rather than the full year promised, and with ten ships and 1600 men.
    More Details Hide Details Both actions were calculated to put even more pressure onto the Japanese.
  • 1853
    The decision was conveyed to Uraga, and Perry was asked to move his fleet slightly southwest to the beach at Kurihama (in modern-day Yokosuka), where he was allowed to land on July 14, 1853.
    More Details Hide Details After presenting the letter to attending delegates, Perry departed for Hong Kong, promising to return the following year for the Japanese reply.
    Perry finally reached Uraga at the entrance to Edo Bay in Japan on July 8, 1853.
    More Details Hide Details His actions at this crucial juncture were informed by a careful study of Japan's previous contacts with Western ships and what he knew about the Japanese hierarchical culture. As he arrived, Perry ordered his ships to steam past Japanese lines towards the capital of Edo, and turn their guns towards the town of Uraga. Perry refused Japanese demands to leave, or to proceed to Nagasaki, the only Japanese port open to foreigners. Perry attempted to intimidate the Japanese by presenting them a white flag and a letter which told them that in case they chose to fight, the Americans would destroy them. He also fired blank shots from his 73 cannons, which he claimed was in celebration of the American Independence Day. Perry's ships were equipped with new Paixhans shell guns, cannons capable of wreaking great explosive destruction with every shell. He also ordered his ship boats to commence survey operations of the coastline and surrounding waters over the objections of local officials.
  • 1852
    On November 24, 1852, Perry embarked from Norfolk, Virginia for Japan, in command of the East India Squadron in pursuit of a Japanese trade treaty.
    More Details Hide Details He chose the paddle-wheeled steam frigate as his flagship, and made port calls at Madeira (December 11–15), St Helena (January 10–11), Cape Town (January 24 – February 3), Mauritius (February 18–28), Ceylon (March 10–15), Singapore (March 25–29) and Macao and Hong Kong (April 7–28), where he met with American-born Sinologist Samuel Wells Williams, who provided Chinese language translations of his official letters, and where he rendezvoused with. He continued to Shanghai (May 4–17), where he met with the Dutch-born American diplomat, Anton L. C. Portman, who translated his official letters into the Dutch language, and where he rendezvoused with. Perry then switched his flag to Susquehanna and made call at Naha on Great Lewchew Island (now Okinawa) from May 17–26. Ignoring the claims of Satsuma Domain to the islands, he demanded an audience with the Ryukyuan King Shō Tai at Shuri Castle and secured promises that the Kingdom would be open to trade with the United States. Continuing on to the Ogasawara islands in mid-June, Perry met with the local inhabitants and purchased a plot of land.
    In 1852, Perry was assigned a mission by American President Millard Fillmore to force the opening of Japanese ports to American trade, through the use of gunboat diplomacy if necessary.
    More Details Hide Details The growing commerce between America and China, the presence of American whalers in waters offshore Japan, and the increasing monopolization of potential coaling stations by the British and French in Asia were all contributing factors. The Americans were also driven by concepts of manifest destiny and the desire to impose the benefits of western civilization on what they perceived as backward Asian nations. The Japanese were forewarned by the Dutch of Perry’s voyage, but were unwilling to change their 220-year-old policy of national seclusion. There was considerable internal debate in Japan on how best to meet this potential threat to Japan’s economic and political sovereignty.
  • 1847
    In July 1847 he attacked Tabasco personally, leading a 1,173-man landing force ashore and attacking the city of San Juan Bautista (Villahermosa today) from land.
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    Perry assembled the Mosquito Fleet and captured Tuxpan in April, 1847.
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  • 1843
    During his tenure in Brooklyn, he lived in Quarters A in Vinegar Hill, a building which still stands today. In 1843, Perry took command of the African Squadron, whose duty was to interdict the slave trade under the Webster-Ashburton Treaty, and continued in this endeavor through 1844.
    More Details Hide Details In 1845, Commodore David Conner's length of service in command of the Home Squadron had come to an end. However, the coming of the Mexican–American War persuaded the authorities not to change commanders in the face of the war. Perry, who would eventually succeed Conner, was made second-in-command and captained the. Perry captured the Mexican city of Frontera, demonstrated against Tabasco and took part in the capture of Tampico (November 14, 1846). He had to return to Norfolk, Virginia to make repairs and was still there when the amphibious landings at Veracruz took place. His return to the U.S. gave his superiors the chance to finally give him orders to succeed Commodore Conner in command of the Home Squadron. Perry returned to the fleet during the siege of Veracruz and his ship supported the siege from the sea. After the fall of Veracruz, Winfield Scott moved inland and Perry moved against the remaining Mexican port cities.
  • 1840
    Perry received the title of Commodore in June 1840, when the Secretary of the Navy appointed him commandant of New York Navy Yard.
    More Details Hide Details The United States Navy did not have ranks higher than captain until 1857, so the title of commodore carried considerable importance. Officially, an officer would revert to his permanent rank after the squadron command assignment had ended, although in practice officers who received the title of commodore retained the title for life, and Perry was no exception.
  • 1839
    He was called "The Father of the Steam Navy", and he organized America's first corps of naval engineers, and conducted the first U.S. naval gunnery school while commanding Fulton in 1839–1841 off Sandy Hook on the coast of New Jersey.
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  • 1833
    He spent the years 1833–1837 as second officer of the New York Navy Yard (later the Brooklyn Navy Yard), gaining promotion to captain at the end of this tour.
    More Details Hide Details He was a member of the Masons. Perry had an ardent interest and saw the need for the naval education, supporting an apprentice system to train new seamen, and helped establish the curriculum for the United States Naval Academy. He was a vocal proponent of modernizing the Navy. Once promoted to captain, he oversaw construction of the Navy's second steam frigate, which he commanded after its completion.
  • 1828
    Perry returned to Charleston, South Carolina for shore duty in 1828, and in 1830 took command of a sloop-of-war, the.
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  • 1826
    From 1826 to 1827 Perry acted as fleet captain for Commodore Rodgers.
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  • 1822
    On March 25, 1822, Perry sailed Shark to Key West and planted the U.S. flag, physically claiming the Keys as United States territory.
    More Details Hide Details Perry renamed Cayo Hueso "Thompson's Island" for the Secretary of the Navy Smith Thompson and the harbor "Port Rodgers" for the president of the Board of Navy Commissioners. Neither name stuck.
  • 1821
    Perry commanded the, a schooner with 12 guns, in 1821–1825.
    More Details Hide Details In 1763, when Britain possessed Florida, the Spanish contended that the Florida Keys were part of Cuba and North Havana. Certain elements within the United States felt that Key West (which was then named Cayo Hueso, meaning "Bone Key") could potentially be the "Gibraltar of the West" because it guarded the northern edge of the wide Straits of Florida—the deep water route between the Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico. In 1815 the Spanish governor in Havana deeded the island of Key West to Juan Pablo Salas of Saint Augustine. After Florida was transferred to the United States, Salas sold Key West to American businessman John W. Simonton for $2,000 in 1821. Simonton lobbied the U.S. Government to establish a naval base on Key West both to take advantage of its strategic location and to bring law and order to the area.
  • 1819
    Following the signing of the Treaty of Ghent which ended the war, he served on various vessels in the Mediterranean. Perry served under Commodore William Bainbridge during the Second Barbary War. He then served in African waters aboard USS Cyane during its patrol off Liberia from 1819–1820.
    More Details Hide Details After that cruise, Perry was sent to suppress piracy and the slave trade in the West Indies. Later during this period, while in port in Russia, Perry was offered a commission in the Imperial Russian Navy, which he declined.
  • 1812
    He continued in this capacity during the War of 1812.
    More Details Hide Details Perry was also aboard President when it engaged when Rodgers himself fired the first shot of the war at this vessel with a following shot that resulted in a cannon bursting, wounding Rodgers and Perry and killing and wounding others. Perry transferred to the, and saw little fighting in the war afterwards, since the ship was trapped in port at New London, Connecticut.
    Perry's early career saw him assigned to several ships, including the (where he served as an aide to Commodore John Rodgers (1772–1838)) which had been in a victorious engagement over a British vessel,, shortly before the War of 1812 was officially declared.
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  • 1809
    Matthew Perry was the son of Sarah Wallace (Alexander) and Navy Captain Christopher R. Perry and the younger brother of Oliver Hazard Perry. Matthew Perry received a midshipman's commission in the Navy in 1809, and was initially assigned to the, under the command of his elder brother.
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  • 1794
    Born on April 10, 1794.
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