Maximilian I of Mexico

Maximilian I of Mexico

Emperor of Mexico + Austrian Archduke
Born Jul 6, 1832
Hometown Vienna
Died Jun 19, 1867
Death Place Querétaro

Maximilian I was the only monarch of the Second Mexican Empire. After a distinguished career in the Austrian Navy, he was proclaimed Emperor of Mexico on 10 April 1864, with the backing of Napoleon III of France and a group of Mexican monarchists who sought to revive the Mexican monarchy. Many foreign governments, including that of the United States, refused to recognize his administration.… Read More

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Maximilian I of Mexico
Maximilian I of Mexico


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1832 Birth Maximilian was born on 6 July 1832 in the Schönbrunn Palace, located in Vienna, capital of the Austrian Empire. … Read More


1854 22 Years Old He was made a lieutenant in the navy at the age of eighteen. In 1854, he sailed as commander in the corvette Minerva, on an exploring expedition along the coast of Albania and Dalmatia. At the age of twenty-two, Archduke Ferdinand Max took office as Commander-in-Chief of the Austrian Navy in 1854. … Read More
1857 25 Years Old 1 More Event
In his political views, Archduke Ferdinand Max was very much influenced by the progressive ideas in vogue at the time. He had a reputation as a liberal, and this led, in February 1857, to his appointment as viceroy of the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia.
1859 27 Years Old In 1859, Ferdinand Maximilian was first approached by Mexican monarchists — members of the Mexican aristocracy, led by local nobleman José Pablo Martínez del Río — with a proposal to become the Emperor of Mexico.
1861 29 Years Old In Paris, 20 October, 1861, Maximilian received a letter from Gutierrez de Estrada asking him to take the Mexican throne. … Read More


1864 32 Years Old In April 1864, Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian conceded his duties as Commander-in-Chief of the Austrian Navy. … Read More
1865 33 Years Old In 1865, the U.S. used increasing diplomatic pressure to persuade Napoleon III to end French support of Maximilian and to withdraw French troops from Mexico. … Read More
1866 34 Years Old Nevertheless, by 1866, the imminence of Maximilian's abdication seemed apparent to almost everyone outside Mexico. … Read More
…  This helped to ensure the success of republican forces led by Benito Juárez, and Maximilian was captured and executed in 1867. … Read More
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