Maximilian I of Mexico

Maximilian I of Mexico

Emperor of Mexico + Austrian Archduke
Born Jul 6, 1832

Maximilian I was the only monarch of the Second Mexican Empire. After a distinguished career in the Austrian Navy, he was proclaimed Emperor of Mexico on 10 April 1864, with the backing of Napoleon III of France and a group of Mexican monarchists who sought to revive the Mexican monarchy. Many foreign governments, including that of the United States, refused to recognize his administration.… Read More

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Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Maximilian I of Mexico.


1832 Birth Maximilian was born on 6 July 1832 in the Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna, capital of the Austrian Empire. … Read More


1854 22 Years Old 1 More Event
He was made a lieutenant in the navy at the age of eighteen. In 1854, he sailed as commander in the corvette Minerva, on an exploring expedition along the coast of Albania and Dalmatia. … Read More
In his political views, Archduke Maximilian was very much influenced by the progressive ideas in vogue at the time. He had a reputation as a liberal, and this led, in February 1857, to his appointment as viceroy of the Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia.
1859 27 Years Old In 1859, Ferdinand Maximilian was first approached by Mexican monarchists—members of the Mexican aristocracy, led by local nobleman José Pablo Martínez del Río—with a proposal to become the Emperor of Mexico. … Read More
1861 29 Years Old In Paris, 20 October 1861, Maximilian received a letter from Gutierrez de Estrada asking him to take the Mexican throne. … Read More


1863 31 Years Old After General Élie-Frédéric Forey's capture of Mexico City and a French-staged plebiscite that confirmed his proclamation of the empire, Maximilian consented to accept the crown in October 1863. … Read More
1864 32 Years Old In April 1864, Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian stepped down from his duties as Chief of Naval Section of the Austrian Navy. … Read More
1865 33 Years Old Maximilian issued his Black Decree on October 3, 1865. … Read More
1866 34 Years Old Nevertheless, by 1866, the imminence of Maximilian's abdication seemed apparent to almost everyone outside Mexico. … Read More
…  His self-declared empire collapsed, and he was captured and executed by the Mexican government in 1867. … Read More
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