Melchior Ndadaye
President of Burundi
Melchior Ndadaye
Melchior Ndadaye was a Burundian intellectual and politician. He was the first democratically elected and first Hutu president of Burundi after winning the landmark 1993 election. Though he moved to attempt to smooth the country's bitter ethnic divide, his reforms antagonised soldiers in the Tutsi-dominated army, and he was assassinated amidst a failed military coup in October 1993, after only three months in office.
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Melchior Ndadaye's personal information overview.
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Au Rwanda comme au Burundi, l'argument ethnique ne fait plus recette - Monde Diplomatique
Google News - over 5 years
Signé grâce à une longue médiation de l'ancien président sud-africain Nelson Mandela, il met fin aux dix années de guerre civile qui avaient suivi l'assassinat du président hutu Melchior Ndadaye en 1993 (voir la chronologie)
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Impossible to stay neutral - Ha'aretz
Google News - over 5 years
A year before the genocide, the first Hutu president of Burundi, Melchior Ndadaye, was overthrown and later killed by the Tutsi militia. Massacres followed and hundreds of thousands of Hutu fled to Rwanda. Many Rwandan Hutus were anxious that the same
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La RPA dans le collimateur du Conseil national de la communication - Afriquinfos.com
Google News - over 5 years
... NU de 1995 et un autre rapport d'une ligue des droits de l'homme locale d'avoir trempé dans les massacres des personnes d'ethnie tutsi en 1993 consécutifs à l'assassinat du président Melchior Ndadaye (de l' ethnie hutu) le 21octobre de cette année
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El jaque final del "gran juego" - Rebelión
Google News - over 5 years
... que incluso ya en la organización del asesinato en octubre de 1993 del primer presidente democrático de Burundi, el hutu Melchior Ndadaye, habían participado personalidades anglosajonas de máximo nivel como la misma Margaret Tatcher
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Burundi: Pierre Buyoya "sage" à l'Union Africaine ? - Burundi Generation Africa News information
Google News - over 5 years
D'octobre 1993 à 2003, le Burundi a été plongé dans une guerre civile suite à l'assassinat du premier Président du Burundi démocratique - Feu Melchior Ndadaye- (de l'ethnie des Bahutu Barundi) par l'entourage virulent des -Bahima Barundi- du Major
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Madam President or a young PM? - by Paul Shipale - New Era
Google News - over 5 years
These female Presidents by default were Ruth Perry of Liberia after the overthrow of Samuel Doe in 1996, Sylvi Kinigi who acted as President in Burundi following the murder of President Melchior Ndadaye in 1993 and Carmen Pereira, who also acted as
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Major incidents of global terrorism where no Muslims were involved - The News International
Google News - over 5 years
... the President of Burkina Faso (1978), three Prime Ministers of Burundi-Messrs Louis Rwagasore (1961), Pierre Ngendandumwe (1965) and Joseph Bamina (1965), two Presidents of Burundi-Messrs Melchior Ndadaye (1993) and Cyprien Ntaryamira (1994),
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Can't beat home - The Aucklander
Google News - over 5 years
He says serious problems in his homeland erupted following the 1993 assassination of President Melchior Ndadaye, a democratically elected Hutu who had been in office only three months. "It was Hutu killing Tutsi, Tutsi killing Hutu and, in my case,
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Burundi : Fin du Congrès du CNDD/FDD. - Burundi Generation Africa News information
Google News - almost 6 years
En 1993, la guerre civile a débuté avec l'assassinat du premier président des Barundi, démocratiquement élu, SE Feu Melchior Ndadaye, lors d'une tentative de coup d'Etat par l'armée des Bahima, et a fait plus de 300 000 morts, en grande majorité civils
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Kenya: Warungu Exits BBC - AllAfrica.com
Google News - almost 6 years
The country's first democratically elected Hutu president, Melchior Ndadaye, had earlier been assassinated by Tutsi extremists. As a result of the killing, violence broke out between the Hutu and the Tutsi, leading to the death of 50000-100000 people
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Mitterrand et le génocide Rwandais - Le Post
Google News - almost 6 years
Juin : Au Burundi, élection pour la première fois d'un président Hutu, Melchior Ndadaye. Août : Signature des accords d'Arusha. Début des émissions incendiaires de la Radio-Télévision libre des Mille Collines (RTLM). - La résolution n° 872 du Conseil
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World Briefing | Africa: Burundi: Curfew Lifted After 13 Years
NYTimes - almost 11 years
The government lifted a midnight-to-dawn curfew for the first time since 1993, saying most of Burundi was stable after years of civil war. The curfew meant that Burundi's bars had long ordered patrons just before midnight to make a choice: leave immediately or spend the night. The curfew followed the assassination of Burundi's first elected
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Vatican Official Is Killed by Gunmen in Burundi
NYTimes - about 13 years
The Vatican's senior official in war-ravaged Burundi was killed Monday after gunmen fired at his car as he returned from pastoral duties, the Vatican said this evening. Archbishop Michael Aidan Courtney, the papal nuncio to that Central African nation, suffered gunshot wounds to the head, shoulder and leg as he passed Minago, a town about 30 miles
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Rebels Move Fighting Into Burundi's Capital
NYTimes - over 13 years
The caged parrot at the entrance of La Braisiere, a fine Continental restaurant here, does a surprisingly realistic imitation of incoming mortar fire -- and for good reason. Rebels, who for the last few years have limited their fighting to the rugged rural areas of this central African country, have made bold incursions into the heart of the
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World Briefing | Africa: Burundi: Power Transfer
NYTimes - almost 14 years
After years of negotiations aimed at ending a decade of civil war, President Pierre Buyoya, a minority Tutsi, is to hand over power today to his Hutu vice president, Domitien Ndayizeye, who is to be president for the next 18 months. Elections are to be held after that. But there are few expectations that the transfer will ease the suffering of a
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Rights Group Accuses Both Sides in Burundi Civil War of Abuses
NYTimes - almost 14 years
A human rights group accused Burundi's army today of killing dozens of civilians, raping women and burning and looting hundreds of houses last month, even after signing a cease-fire with rebels to end the central African nation's nearly decade-long civil war. The group, Human Rights Watch, which is based in New York, also accused rebels in the
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Foreign Troops Keep Burundi's Peace
NYTimes - about 15 years
Bullets have ended so many governments in this central African country that foreign troops have been invited in with the sole purpose of keeping its political leaders alive. The South African protection force arrived at the end of October. Its mission is to help guard the transitional government that took office Nov. 1 under a power-sharing
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Clinton, Visiting Tanzania, Calls for Peace in Burundi
NYTimes - over 16 years
President Clinton had hoped to witness the signing of a major peace deal and cease-fire among the warring factions in Burundi, but negotiations to end the country's seven-year civil war bogged down today when some Tutsi minority parties refused to sign an accord with the Hutu majority. Former South African President Nelson Mandela, who is brokering
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Peace in Burundi Still Elusive As Africa Readies for Clinton
NYTimes - over 16 years
In December, Nelson Mandela took on one of Africa's most frightening problems: the tiny and beautiful country of Burundi, where Hutu and Tutsi have taken turns massacring each other by the thousands for the last 40 years. Rumor was that he accepted the task reluctantly, but he has worked hard and pushed enemies near to a settlement. They are not
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Turn for the Worse in Burundi
NYTimes - about 17 years
Burundi's smoldering civil war has taken a sinister turn in recent weeks with the forced relocation of a third of a million Hutu into disease-ridden internment camps outside Bujumbura, the Burundian capital. This ruthless counterinsurgency tactic presents yet another agonizing dilemma for humanitarian relief groups and adds fresh urgency to a
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Melchior Ndadaye
    FORTIES
  • 1993
    Age 39
    Died on October 21, 1993.
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  • THIRTIES
  • 1993
    Age 39
    Though he moved to attempt to smooth the country's bitter ethnic divide, his reforms antagonised soldiers in the Tutsi-dominated army, and he was assassinated amidst a failed military coup in October 1993, after only three months in office.
    More Details Hide Details His assassination sparked an array of brutal tit-for-tat massacres between the Tutsi and Hutu ethnic groups, and ultimately sparked the decade-long Burundi Civil War.
    He was the first democratically elected and first Hutu president of Burundi after winning the landmark 1993 election.
    More Details Hide Details
    After surviving a failed coup attempt on July 3, Ndadaye was sworn in as President of Burundi on July 10, 1993.
    More Details Hide Details The victory made him both the first democratically elected and first Hutu president of Burundi. Ndadaye took a cautious, moderate approach as President, and attempted to resolve the deep ethnic divide in Burundian society. He named Sylvie Kinigi, a Tutsi, as the Prime Minister, and gave one third of the Cabinet posts and two regional governorships to Buyoya's Union for National Progress. He freed political prisoners, granted freedom of the press, granted amnesty to exiled former dictator Bagaza and moved slowly to address the entrenched disadvantage of the Hutus that had resulted from many years of minority Tutsi rule to avoid exacerbating tensions. Despite his cautious approach to the presidency, some of his actions nevertheless provoked tensions in the community. He questioned contracts and concessions approved under previous Tutsi governments, which threatened the economics of the powerful Tutsi elite and army. He began reforms to the military, shifting the national police to a separate command and changing the admission requirements for the military and police so as to reduce the entrenched Tutsi dominance. The dominance of FRODEBU caused problems at a local level, as Ndadaye's Hutu supporters took over many positions previously held by Tutsis in the public service, and botched the resettlement of refugees returning after the 1972 massacres in such a way as to leave many Tutsi families homeless. The issues were exacerbated by the newly-free press, who began reporting in such a way as to inflame ethnic tensions.
    The elections, held in June 1993, saw Ndadaye, endorsed by FRODEBU and three other predominately Hutu parties, the Rally for the People of Burundi (RPB), People's Party (PP), and the Liberal Party (PL), face up against the ruling Tutsi-dominated government under Buyoya.
    More Details Hide Details With the Hutu the dominant population in Burundi, Ndadaye won a crushing victory, receiving 65% of the vote to Buyoya's 32%. The poll was certified by international observers as being free and fair, and none of the candidates contested the poll. It was followed by success for his party in the legislative elections held later that month, winning 65 of 81 seats.
  • 1986
    Age 32
    Although opposition parties were banned in Burundi itself under the rule of military dictator Jean-Baptiste Bagaza, in 1986, Ndadaye and his supporters founded a new underground political movement, the moderate Front for Democracy in Burundi (FRODEBU).
    More Details Hide Details It remained underground until 1992, when Pierre Buyoya began a process of political liberalisation in advance of the country's first ever democratic elections and allowed the party to officially register.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1979
    Age 25
    He was involved in the foundation of the Burundi Workers' Party in 1979, and was actively involved in the party until his resignation in 1983 as a result of a dispute over party strategy.
    More Details Hide Details Ndadaye returned to Burundi in September of that year, by which time he was developing a political following of his own. Ndadaye had been a key leader of the Burundi Workers' Party, and it subsequently fell into decline after his departure, ultimately being disbanded in the mid-1980s.
  • 1976
    Age 22
    Ndadaye had become involved in politics while in Rwanda, serving as the inaugural president of the Mouvement des Étudiants Progressistes Barundi au Rwanda, a movement of exiled Burundian students from 1976 to 1979.
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  • TEENAGE
  • 1972
    Age 18
    Ndadaye was born in the town of Murama in Muramvya Province. He began studying as a teacher, but his education was interrupted by the massacres of 1972, whereupon he was forced to flee to Rwanda to avoid being killed.
    More Details Hide Details He finished his degree in education at the National University of Rwanda, and then completed a second degree in banking at the National Academy of Arts and Trades in France. He worked as a banker thereafter.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1953
    Born
    Born on March 28, 1953.
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