Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

Second Iranian Shah of the Pahlavi Dynasty
Born Oct 26, 1919
Hometown Tehran
Died Jul 27, 1980
Death Place Cairo
Other Names Pahlavi, Shahansh...

Mohammad Rezā Shāh Pahlavī was the last Shah of Persia from 16 September 1941 until his overthrow by the Iranian Revolution on 11 February 1979. He was the second and last monarch of the House of Pahlavi of the Iranian monarchy. At present, he is regarded as the last King of Iran. Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi held several titles: His Imperial Majesty, Shahanshah (King of Kings, Emperor), Aryamehr (Light of the Aryans) and Bozorg Arteshtārān .… Read More

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Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi



News + Updates

Browse recent news and stories about Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.

  • National Briefing | New England; Massachusetts: Shah's Son Found Dead
    NYTimes - Jan 05, 2011
  • Politicus; Oil At Heart Of Dispute Over Iran
    NYTimes - Jan 12, 2010
  • Ideas &Amp; Trends: Iran And Guatemala, 1953 54; Revisiting Cold War Coups And Finding Them Costly
    NYTimes - Nov 30, 2003
  • Cars Seized After Iran's Revolt Find Home And Showroom
    NYTimes - Sep 08, 2003


Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.


1919 Birth Nevertheless, Reza Shah was always convinced that his sudden quirk of good fortune had commenced in 1919 with the birth of his son who was dubbed khoshghadam (bird of good omen) … Read More


1936 16 Years Old He would be the first Iranian prince in line for the throne to be sent abroad to attain a foreign education and remained there for the next four years before returning to obtain his high school diploma in Iran in 1936.
1938 18 Years Old After returning to the country, the Crown Prince was registered at the local military academy in Tehran where he remained enrolled until 1938. … Read More
1939 19 Years Old …  They married in 1939 and were divorced in 1945 (Egyptian divorce) and 1948 (Iranian divorce). … Read More


1941 21 Years Old 1 More Event
Much of the credit for orchestrating a smooth transition from Reza Shah to his son was due to the efforts of Mohammad Ali Foroughi. Suffering from Angina pectoris, a frail Foroughi was summoned to the Palace and appointed Prime Minister when Reza Shah feared the end of the Pahlavi dynasty once the Allies invaded Iran in 1941. … Read More
1949 29 Years Old The Shah was the target of at least two unsuccessful assassination attempts. On 4 February 1949, the Shah attended an annual ceremony to commemorate the founding of Tehran University. … Read More


1951 - 1952 2 More Events
…  Kermit Roosevelt returned to Iran on 13 July 1953, and again on 1 August 1953, in his first meeting with the Shah. … Read More
1958 38 Years Old The Shah and Soraya's controversial marriage ended in 1958 when it became apparent that even through help from medical doctors she could not bear children. … Read More
1959 39 Years Old …  They were married in 1959, and Queen Farah was crowned Shahbanu, or Empress, a title created especially for her in 1967. … Read More


1964 44 Years Old On July 1964, Shah Pahlavi, Turkish President Cemal Gürsel and Pakistani President Ayub Khan announced in Istanbul the establishment of the Regional Cooperation for Development (RCD) organization to promote joint transportation and economic projects. … Read More
1965 45 Years Old The Shah maintained close relations with Pakistan also. During the Second Indian-Pakistani war of 1965 between Pakistan and India, the Shah provided free fuel to the Pakistani planes, which landed on Iranian soil, refueled and then took flight. … Read More


1971 51 Years Old In October 1971, the Shah celebrated the twenty-five-hundredth anniversary of the Iranian monarchy. … Read More
1975 55 Years Old …  Other actions that are thought to have contributed to his downfall include antagonizing formerly apolitical Iranians — especially merchants of the bazaars — with the creation in 1975 of a single party political monopoly (the Rastakhiz Party), with compulsory membership and dues, and general aggressive interference in the political, economic, and religious concerns of people's lives; and the 1976 change from an Islamic calendar to an Imperial calendar, marking the birth of Cyrus as the first day, instead of the migration of the Prophet Muhammad from Mecca to Medina. … Read More
1977 57 Years Old The overthrow of the Shah came as a surprise to almost all observers. The first militant anti-Shah demonstrations of a few hundred started in October 1977, after the death of Khomeini's son Mostafa. … Read More
…  By 1979, political unrest had transformed into a revolution which, on 16 January, forced the Shah to leave Iran. … Read More


1980 61 Years Old After that event, the Shah again sought the support of Egyptian president Anwar El-Sadat, who renewed his offer of permanent asylum in Egypt to the ailing monarch. The Shah returned to Egypt in March 1980, where he received urgent medical treatment, including a splenectomy performed by Dr. Michael DeBakey, but nevertheless died from complications of Waldenström's macroglobulinemia (a type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma) on 27 July 1980, aged 60. … Read More
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