Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

Second Iranian Shah of the Pahlavi Dynasty
Born Oct 26, 1919
Hometown · Tehran Metropolis
Died Jul 27, 1980
Death Place Cairo
Other Names Pahlavi, Shahansh...

Mohammad Rezā Shāh Pahlavi was The last Shah of Iran who ruled Iran from 16 September 1941 until his overthrow by the Iranian Revolution on 11 February 1979. He was the second and last monarch of the House of Pahlavi of the Iranian monarchy. Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi held several titles: His Imperial Majesty, Shahanshah (King of Kings, Emperor), Aryamehr (Light of the Aryans) and Bozorg Arteshtārān .… Read More

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News + Updates

Browse recent news and stories about Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.

  • National Briefing | New England; Massachusetts: Shah's Son Found Dead
    NYTimes - Jan 05, 2011
  • Politicus; Oil At Heart Of Dispute Over Iran
    NYTimes - Jan 12, 2010
  • Ideas &Amp; Trends: Iran And Guatemala, 1953 54; Revisiting Cold War Coups And Finding Them Costly
    NYTimes - Nov 30, 2003
  • Cars Seized After Iran's Revolt Find Home And Showroom
    NYTimes - Sep 08, 2003


Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.


1919 Birth Nevertheless, Reza Shah was always convinced that his sudden quirk of good fortune had commenced in 1919 with the birth of his son who was dubbed khoshghadam (bird of good omen). … Read More


1936 16 Years Old He would be the first Iranian prince in line for the throne to be sent abroad to attain a foreign education and remained there for the next four years before returning to obtain his high school diploma in Iran in 1936.
1938 18 Years Old After returning to the country, the Crown Prince was registered at the local military academy in Tehran where he remained enrolled until 1938. … Read More
1939 19 Years Old …  They married on 15 March 1939 in the Abdeen Palace in Cairo. Reza Shah did not participate in the ceremony. They were divorced in 1945 (Egyptian divorce) and in 1948 (Iranian divorce). … Read More


1941 21 Years Old 1 More Event
Suffering from angina, a frail Foroughi was summoned to the Palace and appointed Prime Minister when Reza Shah feared the end of the Pahlavi dynasty once the Allies invaded Iran in 1941. … Read More
1949 29 Years Old Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was the target of at least two unsuccessful assassination attempts. On 4 February 1949, he attended an annual ceremony to commemorate the founding of Tehran University. … Read More


1951 31 Years Old 1 More Event
…  In 1951, Mohammad Mossaddegh was elected Prime Minister and committed to nationalizing the Iranian petroleum industry controlled by the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (AIOC). … Read More
1952 32 Years Old Shortly prior to the 1952 presidential election in the United States, the British government invited CIA officer Kermit Roosevelt, Jr., to London to propose collaboration on a secret plan to force Mossaddegh from office. … Read More
…  Kermit Roosevelt returned to Iran on 13 July 1953, and again on 1 August 1953, in his first meeting with the king. … Read More
1958 38 Years Old The Shah and Soraya's controversial marriage ended in 1958 when it became apparent that, even through help from medical doctors, she could not bear children. … Read More
1959 39 Years Old …  They were married in 1959, and Queen Farah was crowned Shahbanu, or Empress, a title created especially for her in 1967. … Read More


1964 44 Years Old In July 1964, the Shah, Turkish President Cemal Gürsel and Pakistani President Ayub Khan announced in Istanbul the establishment of the Regional Cooperation for Development (RCD) organization to promote joint transportation and economic projects. … Read More
1965 45 Years Old The second attempt on the Shah's life occurred on 10 April 1965. … Read More
1967 47 Years Old On 26 October 1967, twenty-six years into his reign as Shah ("King"), he took the ancient title Shāhanshāh ("Emperor" or "King of Kings") in a lavish coronation ceremony held in Tehran. … Read More
1969 49 Years Old …  In April 1969, he abrogated the 1937 Iranian-Iraqi treaty over control of the Shatt al-Arab, and as such, Iran ceased paying tolls to Iraq when its ships used the Shatt al-Arab. … Read More


1972 52 Years Old When Nixon's National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger visited Tehran in May 1972, the Shah convinced him to take a larger role in what had, up to then, been a mainly Israeli-Iranian operation to aid Iraqi Kurds in their struggles against Iraq, against the warnings of the CIA and State Department that the Shah would ultimately betray the Kurds. … Read More
1973 53 Years Old 1 More Event
The Shah also manipulated America's dependence of Middle Eastern oil; although Iran did not participate in the 1973 oil embargo, he purposely increased production in its aftermath to capitalize on the higher prices.
1975 55 Years Old 1 More Event
By 1975, he abolished the multi-party system of government in favor of a one-party state under the Rastakhiz (Resurrection) Party. … Read More
1977 57 Years Old The overthrow of the Shah came as a surprise to almost all observers. The first militant anti-Shah demonstrations of a few hundred started in October 1977, after the death of Khomeini's son Mostafa. … Read More
1978 58 Years Old On 2 October 1978, the Shah declared and granted an amnesty to dissidents living abroad, including Ayatollah Khomenei.
…  Recognizing that even this level of violence had failed to crush the rebellion, the Shah abdicated the Peacock Throne and fled Iran on 16 January 1979. … Read More


1980 60 Years Old 1 More Event
After that event, the Shah again sought the support of Egyptian president Anwar El-Sadat, who renewed his offer of permanent asylum in Egypt to the ailing monarch. He returned to Egypt in March 1980, where he received urgent medical treatment, including a splenectomy performed by Michael DeBakey,
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