Murtaza Bhutto
Pakistani politician
Murtaza Bhutto
Mir Ghulam Murtaza Bhutto, PhD, was a Pakistani public socialite and left-wing intellectual . The elder son of the former Prime minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and First Lady Nusrat Bhutto, Murtaza Bhutto was fatally and publicly shot dead in a controversial Sindh Police encounter along with his six close confident on 20 September 1996, during the second government of Benazir Bhutto— Murtaza Bhutto's eldest sister.
Biography
Murtaza Bhutto's personal information overview.
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News
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Humble cardiac surgeon Dr AG Jatoi, the maker of Mideast Hospital, won hearts just as he mended them
The Express Tribune Blogs - almost 5 years
KARACHI: When cardiac surgeon Dr Abdul Ghaffar Jatoi bought a plot in Clifton for his hospital in the 1970s, people laughed. It will sink, they scoffed. Indeed, at the time, this part of Karachi was swampy and barely two cars drove past all afternoon. But when it closed down, nearly four decades later, there was widespread panic that people would have nowhere to go. Today Mideast Hospital stands no more, torn down six years ago after the elderly Dr Jatoi considered it best to wrap up. But this landmark’s memory lingers in Karachi’s mind. And on Tuesday night there was another turning point in its history as its creator passed away in London of a sudden heart attack. Dr Abdul Ghaffer Jatoi was born on July 28, 1938 in New Jatoi in Naushahroferoze. He went to MH Khawaja DC High School in Nawabshah, Hyderabad Public School and Karachi Grammar School before going to Liaquat Medical College, Jamshoro where he received his MBBS in 1961, securing first p ...
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The Express Tribune Blogs article
Bashir Qureshi’s death investigation to be on international standards: JSQM
The Express Tribune Blogs - almost 5 years
KARACHI: Jeay Sindh Qaumi Mahaz (JSQM) leaders, after holding a meeting with Sindh Home Minister Manzoor Wassan, announced that the investigation of Bashir Qureshi’s death will be done on international standards. Talking to the media on Tuesday, the JSQM leader said that he is hopeful that the truth behind the ‘murder’ will soon emerge after investigations are done on an international level. “This is a high-profile political murder, just like that of BB [Benazir Bhutto], Bhutto, Shahnawaz Bhutto and Murtaza Bhutto,” he added. “We have also given him the title of Shaheed-e-Sindh [martyr of Sindh]. The people of Sindh have given him this title.” After a detailed meeting between JSQM leaders and the home minister, it was agreed that the viscera will be sent to any country that JSQM asks for. The leadership of JSQM had alleged that Qureshi who passed away on April 7 had been poisoned in Sakrand, Benazirabad district, and had demand an impartial in ...
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The Express Tribune Blogs article
The Cossack hug means real friendship
Pakistan Patriot - almost 5 years
The PPP has shamefully buckled to external pressure and joined the obsequious Arab League in supporting Anti-Assad resolutions. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto would be turning in his grave as the despicable stand taken by the Zaradri coterie. The founder of the PPP sent fighters aircraft to defend Damascus in 1973 and guarded the citadel of Islam. Haafez Al Assad supported his friend ZAB to the very last. Today the Zardari cabal stands against those who sheltered Murtaza Bhutto and many Palestinians. Ellen Barry Has written an article in the NY Times titled “As Nations Line Up Against Syrian Government, Russia Sides Firmly With Assad” in which she laments the fact that Putin has taken a stand firmly in favor of Assad. “There are not many world capitals today where President Bashar al-Assad of Syria can count on unstinting support. But diplomats who passed through Moscow this week hoping to secure Russia’s help in forcing him from power were met with cold refusal” she writes. Western powers ...
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Pakistan Patriot article
Asifa, Bakhtawar Bhutto, Faryal distribute Eid gifts - International News Network
Google News - over 5 years
Besides Mohtarma Faryal Talpur, Mohtarma Bakhtawar Bhutto Zardari, Mohtarma Asifa Bhutto Zardari offered Fateha and laid floral wreaths on the mazars of Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto, Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, Shaheed Mir Murtaza Bhutto,
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Google News article
Smokers' Corner: Just a game - DAWN.com
Google News - over 5 years
The regime accused Gul of being a part of Murtaza Bhutto's Al-Zulfikar terrorist organisation that was being funded by the Soviet-backed communist regime in Kabul. Gul escaped to London in 1982. Tear-away fast bowler and controversial figure,
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Google News article
Zardari involved in Benazir's murder: Mumtaz Bhutto - The News International
Google News - over 5 years
He charged that Asif Ali Zardari was enjoying the presidential facilities despite cases, including the assassination of Mir Murtaza Bhutto against him. He called upon the people to rise up and come out on roads and streets against the government
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The death of a dedicated PPP worker - The News International
Google News - over 5 years
Waja Karim had defeated Mir Murtaza Bhutto on a ticket of the PPP during the general election of 1993. Lasi recalled that when Waja was elected MNA for a second time, he was an active member of the PPP opposition in the National Assembly during the
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Google News article
Shahbaz given statement against Zardari in presence of concrete evidences ... - South Asian News Agency
Google News - over 5 years
He said that four murder cases were registered on the complaints of relatives of the killed persons including Mir Murtaza Bhutto, former bureaucrat Almani Baloch, Justice Nazam and former Steels Mills chairman Sajjad Qureshi, adding that these cases
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Google News article
Law & Order: Pakistan - Toronto Star
Google News - over 5 years
In 1996, Benazir Bhutto's brother, the politician Murtaza Bhutto, was killed in an encounter with police. During an inquiry into his death, it was revealed cleaners in hospitals were routinely conducting post-mortem exams, Jahangir says
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Google News article
HCBA delegation visits Bhutto's family graveyard - Pakistan Observer
Google News - over 5 years
The delegation also laid a wreath at the grave of founder- chairman of PPP and former prime minister Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and the graves of late Shireen Amir Begum, the first wife of Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Shaheed Mir Murtaza Bhutto and
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Google News article
Pakistan Shouldn't Be on The Wrong Side of History in Libya - PKKH
Google News - over 5 years
Murtaza Bhutto had setup Al-Zullfiqar which carried out a number of militant acts against the Zia regime. After a Pakistani diplomat who was a son of an army general was killed and thrown of the plane the Zia government accepted their demands for the
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Benazir always believed in policy of reconciliation: Bhayo - Pakistan Daily Times
Google News - over 5 years
Recollecting his first meeting with ZAB, Bhayo remained silent for a moment and then said it was in 1972 when he and Mir Murtaza Bhutto were studying at the Aitchison College Lahore. “It was dusk when I and Murtaza returned from the playground
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Google News article
Militant liberal - DAWN.com
Google News - over 5 years
PSF-Tipu folded after Tipu, who too wanted to initiate urban guerrilla warfare against the Zia regime, escaped to Afghanistan and joined Murtaza Bhutto's Al-Zulfikar. Further reading: The Terrorist Prince – Raja Anwar (Verso Press)
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Google News article
Shahnawaz Bhutto's death anniversary observed - Pakistan Observer
Google News - over 5 years
... Khawani was held at Garhi Khuda Bux Bhutto and Al-Murtaza House, while wreaths were placed on the graves of Shaheed Mir Shahnawaz Bhutto, Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto and Shaheed Mir Murtaza Bhutto in Garhi Khuda Bux Bhutto
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Google News article
Judges not to be allowed to be hijacked: Asma Jahangir - International News Network
Google News - over 5 years
No notification could be issued without the consent of the respective judge, she added. Government should demonstrate sincerity , she urged. The opinion was sought from chief justice before commission in Murtaza Bhutto murder case was constituted,
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Google News article
Different protests staged outside the Hyderabad Press Club - TMC Net
Google News - over 5 years
The activists of SPSF-SB under the leadership of Majeed Soomro, Nizam Umrani and others recorded a protest demonstration for arrest of the killers of Mir Murtaza Bhutto. A man namely Imamuddin Qureshi, resident of Paradeabad recorded a protest
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Murtaza Bhutto
    FORTIES
  • 1996
    Age 41
    On Thursday, 20 September 1996 at 6:35 p.m., Bhutto, along with six other party activists, was killed in an encounter with police near his residence.
    More Details Hide Details Among the dead was Aashiq Jatoi, the acting provincial chief of the Pakistan Peoples Party (Shaheed Bhutto Group). Jatoi was a brother in-law of Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi, the former Prime Minister of Pakistan. The injured list included six activists of Murtaza Bhutto's party and three policemen, including Superintendent of Police of Saddar area of Karachi and two other station house officers (SHOs). A Sindh government handout issued late the night of Bhutto's death said that Bhutto's vehicle was allowed to proceed to his residence by SHO Clifton after it was stopped. Bhutto's gunmen, sitting on the land cruiser vehicle, resorted to indiscriminate firing injuring Area Superintendent of Police (ASP) Saddar, SHO Clifton and a person in a nearby taxi. Other gunmen sitting in Bhutto's vehicle also started firing straight at the police. The police, under the command of ASP Drakshan and ASP Saddar, returned fire in self-defence, and after an encounter of 20 to 25 minutes, took control of the situation.
    After Benazir's government was dismissed in 1996, Zardari was detained for having a part in Murtaza's assassination.
    More Details Hide Details However, no charges were ever proven due to lack of evidence. Just before his death, Bhutto, 42, had verbally attacked the government. "There would be trouble if the Police tries to arrest me without a warrant," he had declared. Bhutto was sought by the police on the charge of inciting attacks on two CIA centres the previous Tuesday where it was thought that his party activist Ali Sunara was detained.
    After increasing tensions between the two, he was shot dead along with six associates in a police encounter near his home in Karachi on 20 September 1996.
    More Details Hide Details Benazir's government was dismissed a month later by President Farooq Leghari primarily citing Murtaza's death and corruption. Zardari was arrested and indicted for Murtaza's murder, but acquitted in 2008. Murtaza's own faction of his father's Pakistan People's Party, Shaheed Bhutto, remains active in politics.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1993
    Age 38
    He returned to Pakistan in 1993 and was arrested for terrorism on the orders of his sister, then-Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto.
    More Details Hide Details Released on bail, Murtaza successfully contested elections to the Sindh Provincial Assembly, becoming a vocal critic of Benazir and her husband Asif Ali Zardari.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1977
    Age 22
    Zia had deposed the populist Bhutto regime in a military coup in July 1977.
    More Details Hide Details Bhutto was hanged by the Zia regime after a providing a fair trial. Ali Bhutto's two sons, Murtaza and Shahnawaz went into exile in Afghanistan which was at that time controlled by communist revolutionary government of Babrak Karmal. There the two sons formed Al-Zulfiqar along with hundreds of Pakistan Peoples Party militants who had escaped Zia's persecution. The Al-Zulfiqar Organization (AZO) was born at this point, and disgruntled elements among the younger members of the PPP, disappointed in the party's leadership, flocked to Murtaza's side. The AZO, however, went on to earn the title of terrorist organisation due to its various terrorist activities throughout the country, a label which dogged Murtaza till he died. For his part, Murtaza always denied the charge that he espoused the politics of terrorism. Al-Zulfiqar hijacked a Pakistan International Airlines flight en route to Peshawar from Karachi, and diverted it to Kabul in March 1981. The hijacking went on for thirteen days, during which Murtaza shot Major Tariq Rahim for being an Army officer. Rahim was executed following Murtaza's conferring with Afghan Intelligence (KHAD) chief Mohammad Najibullah. The execution forced the Zia regime to accept the demands of the hijackers, releasing dozens of Pakistan Peoples Party and other leftist political prisoners languishing in Pakistani jails.
    But on 16 September 1977 when Ali Bhutto was arrested at Al-Murtaza, he asked his son to leave the country.
    More Details Hide Details After Ali Bhutto was sentenced, Murtaza joined hands with his brother, Shahnawaz Bhutto, to initiate a campaign to muster international support to revoke the death penalty looming over his father's head. Leaders from Syria, Libya, and the PLO were particularly supportive. Mercy appeals were sent by several heads of state to General Zia-ul-Haq; however, all these appeals were disregarded and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was executed. Murtaza and Shahnawaz both cut short their respective courses of study and decided to devote themselves to avenge their father's death. Eventually they resorted to taking up arms, their main target being Zia-ul-Haq. This marked the beginning of a new and more controversial era in Murtaza's life. Like his elder sister, Benazir, Murtaza Bhutto was a novice to active politics until 1978 when his father, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, was sentenced to death by the Lahore High Court. In the span of 15 years, however, Murtaza managed to gain considerable notoriety for a brand of politics that has moved in a direction that was diametrically opposed to Benazir's. Al-Zulfiqar was a leftist insurgency and militant organisation of Pakistan. It was formed in the late seventies by the sons of former Pakistani Prime Minister, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, who was also the Chairman of Pakistan's biggest political party, the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP). Al-Zulfiqar was formed to avenge the execution of Ali Bhutto by the right-wing military regime of General Mohammad Zia-ul-Haq in 1976.
    Murtaza had been in Pakistan until Zulfikar Ali Bhutto's government was overthrown on 5 July 1977.
    More Details Hide Details Along with other family members, Murtaza had returned to Al-Murtaza, Larkana, and at the time was busy helping in the preparations for the elections scheduled for October 1977.
  • 1976
    Age 21
    In 1976, Bhutto graduated with his thesis entitled "Modicum of Harmony".
    More Details Hide Details His thesis dealt with the spread of nuclear weapons in general, and the implications of India's nuclear weapons on Pakistan in particular. Murtaza went on to attend Christ Church College Oxford, his father's alma mater, for a three-year MLitt degree course. Bhutto submitted his master thesis, containing a vast argumentative work on Nuclear strategic studies, where he advocated for Pakistan's right to develop its nuclear deterrence programme to counter Indian nuclear programme. While in Europe studying for his PhD studies, Benazir Bhutto had notified Murtaza Bhutto about the coup d'état led by General Zia-ul-Haq. Murtaza, along with his siblings, returned to Pakistan immediately. However, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto advised his children to leave the country in the shortest time possible. Murtaza was on the verge of rushing home when he received a message from his father asking him to remain abroad where he could mobilise an international campaign for his release.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1972
    Age 17
    In 1972, Murtaza went off to Harvard University where he took his bachelor's degree.
    More Details Hide Details For a period of time, he was the roommate of Texas gubernatorial candidate and former mayor of Houston, Bill White.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1954
    Born
    Born on September 18, 1954.
    More Details Hide Details
Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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