Nancy Ward
Eastern Cherokee Ghighau, or Beloved Woman, and warrior, introduced dairying and chattel slavery to Cherokee
Nancy Ward
Nanyehi, known in English as Nancy Ward was a Ghigau, or Beloved Woman of the Cherokee Nation, which meant that she was allowed to sit in councils and to make decisions, along with the other Beloved Women, on pardons. She believed in peaceful coexistence with European-Americans.
Biography
Nancy Ward's personal information overview.
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News
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Oregon GOP Removes (Some) Anti-Gay Language from 2012 Party Platform - Just Out
Google News - over 5 years
Guest speakers include Nancy Ward of the Family Funeral Guide and Jeanne Staehli of Funeral Consumers Alliance of Oregon. Light refreshments will be provided. To register, or for more information, call Friendly House at 503-228-4391,
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Nancy Ward Chapter Of DAR Inducts New Officers - The Chattanoogan
Google News - over 5 years
The Nancy Ward Chapter of the DAR swore in six new officers at their September luncheon at Fairyland. The chapters elect half their officers every two years. The program, presented by Anne Moore and Lori Cook, was on the History and the Importance of
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FEMA: FEMA Funding Made Available to Help California Fight "Comanche Fire" - 7thSpace Interactive (press release)
Google News - over 5 years
FEMA Region IX Administrator Nancy Ward said, "We are committed to our state and local fires to bring the resources available through the FMAG program to battle this wildfire." The President's Disaster Relief Fund provides funding for federal fire
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Nancy Ward DAR Members Attend Workshop - The Chattanoogan
Google News - over 5 years
A large number of Nancy Ward DAR members attended the Eastern DAR workshop. The work shops are held in August when meeting are in hiatus. The meetings are designed for members at every level of membership. There are programs for Junior members up to
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Grandmother stands behind teen accused of killing parents - Naples Daily News
Google News - over 5 years
Fourteen-year-old Alex Crain's grandmother, Nancy Ward, sits in the audience as Crain makes an appearance in Collier Circuit Judge Lauren Brodie's courtroom on Monday, Feb. 28 2011, in Naples. Crain's arraignment was further postponed
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Historic Bobber Cafe to close in Boonville - Boonville Daily News
Google News - over 5 years
Nancy Ward, Solomon's daughter, said he envisioned the business as the only truck stop between St. Louis and Kansas City. "He wanted to be open for the truckers whenever they might come through," Ward said. "I can't even remember when we first closed
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Another view of Cherokee history - Tahlequah Daily Press
Google News - over 5 years
After a look back at Beloved Woman Nancy Ward, it forges ahead through the decades and the tribulations of the Cherokees. They struggle to remain in their homeland, emigrate to Indian Territory on the Trail of Tears, and suffer divisions that prevail
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Jerry Lee Imes, Sr. - Ironton Tribune
Google News - over 5 years
The Forestdale native was born July 27, 1935, the son of the late Maynard Orland Imes and Nancy Ward Call. He is survived by his wife of 54 years, Rosemary Culp Imes, whom he married Jan. 5, 1957. Mr. Imes was a 1955 graduate of Ironton High School and
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New Lakewood superintendent facing tough financial challenges - Sun Star Courier
Google News - over 5 years
The second “Nancy,” Nancy Ward-Patterson, is the wife of Superintendent Jeffrey W. Patterson, who replaced Joseph Madak on Aug. 1. The new superintendent's resume and his attitude inspire confidence for the work ahead. Patterson, who has lived in
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James Milton Ward Jr. - The Tennessean
Google News - over 5 years
He is survived by his sons, James T. (Nancy) Ward, Larry C. (Barbara) Ward and Randy D. (Barbara) Ward; sister, Ernestine Brummitt; nine grandchildren; 14 great-grandchildren; and eight great-great grandchildren. Visitation will be held on Tuesday,
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'Horn in the West' offers discount for Davidson County residents - Lexington Dispatch
Google News - over 5 years
Actors portraying famous Americans such as Daniel Boone, the Cherokee Chief Attakullakulla, the Cherokee ambassador Nancy Ward and Colonial leaders such as North Carolina Gov. William Tryon will appear in the play. The drama takes place on the grounds
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Spartanburg Man Gets Letter to Clean Up Neighbor's Lawn - News Channel 7
Google News - over 5 years
We went to the Spartanburg county register of deeds office where employee Nancy Ward did some research for us. She tracked down all the paperwork we needed to prove Lebron's grandfather wasn't the owner and brought us to the assessor's office
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On The Town: Belmont helps cancer battle - Toledo Blade
Google News - over 5 years
Among the local attendees were Bob and Rosemary Price from Devil's Lake; Jim and Jeannie Schwerkoske, Roger Radaloff, and George and Nancy Ward, all of Catawba Island, and Bob and Lisa McPherson, Marv and Nancy Robon, Dave and Rebecca Schmitz,
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Fate of Minetti Road in question - Lompoc Record
Google News - over 5 years
The appeal, sent to the president through FEMA Region IX Administrator Nancy Ward, is requesting aid for recovery from the storm that struck the Central Coast from March 15 to 27. The state is claiming $51 million in damages. Rickard said the federal
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Pennridge Area Police Reports - Montgomery Newspapers
Google News - over 5 years
Gregory Behan, 22, of Newtown Road, Warminster; Phillip Burkhardt, 22, of Durrah Road, Warminster; Alexander Meletta, 22, of Fern Road, Southampton; and Robert Ripley, 22, of Nancy Ward Circle, Doylestown, were ticketed for trespassing about 7:15 pm
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Page of Week Offers Free Admission to Attractions - Patch.com
Google News - over 5 years
Nancy Ward noted, “Those were the good old days – the days before over development.” Five fans agreed. A quick post mentioning the success of the annual Fourth of July Block Party earned 11 thumbs-up. The link to the Westborough Patch photo gallery
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Nancy Ward
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 1822
    Age 84
    She died in 1822, or possibly 1824, before the Cherokee were removed from their remaining lands during the Trail of Tears.
    More Details Hide Details She and her son Fivekiller are buried at the top of a hill not far from the site of the inn, which is south of present-day Benton, Tennessee. In 1923 the Nancy Ward chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution, based in Chattanooga, placed a memorial marker at the grave sites near Benton, Tennessee. The Polk County Historical and Genealogical Society currently maintains a Nancy Ward Room in their genealogy library until such a time as the museum is created. Polk County, Tennessee where Benton is located, is trying to raise money to create a Nancy Ward Museum. After her death she was mentioned in many stories. Theodore Roosevelt mentions her in The Winning of the West (1905). She is also mentioned in the Calendar of Virginia State Papers, The South Carolina State Papers, James Mooney's History, Myths, and Sacred Formulas of the Cherokees, and the Draper Collection. A chapter of the The American Daughters Of the Revolution in Tennessee carries her name.
  • 1807
    Age 69
    On July 5, 1807, the Moravian mission school at Spring Place, Georgia, in the Cherokee Nation, was visited by three elderly women, including a very distinguished lady who had been a widow of fifty years and almost one hundred years old.
    More Details Hide Details She was described as "an unusually sensible person, honored and loved by both brown and white people." "This old woman, named Chiconehla, is supposed to have been in a war against an enemy nation and was wounded numerous times Her left arm is decorated with some designs, which she said were fashionable during her youth." Chiconehla stayed for two days, entertained by the students and discussing theology with the missionaries with the aid of translating by her distant relative, Mrs. James Vann (Margaret Scott). The circumstances of this high status woman leave little doubt that this Cherokee named Chiconehla was identical to the person known as Nancy Ward. Nancy Ward opened an inn in southeastern Tennessee on Womankiller Ford of what was then called the Ocowee River (present day Ocoee River). Her son cared for her during her last years.
  • FIFTIES
  • 1793
    Age 55
    On June 12, 1793, a delegation had gathered at Hanging Maugh's preparing to proceed to Philadelphia in compliance with an invitation from the President.
    More Details Hide Details The delegation was attacked without warning by a company of whites led by Captain John Beard, and Nancy's daughter Elizabeth was killed. Captain Beard was tried before a court martial but was acquitted. Emmet Starr writes that Nancy was a successful cattle raiser and is said to have been the first to introduce that industry among the Cherokees. The combination of loom weaving and dairy farming helped transform Cherokee society from a communal agricultural society into a society very similar to that of their European-American neighbors, with family plots and the need for ever-more labor. Thus some Cherokee adopted the practice of chattel slavery. Nanyehi was among the first Cherokee to own African-American slaves. After a truce, Carolina Rangers and Royal Scots joined the British light infantry invading Cherokee territory burning crops and towns. The Cherokees surrendered giving up a large portion of their lands.
  • FORTIES
  • 1781
    Age 43
    Nanyehi became a de facto ambassador between the Cherokee and the whites. She learned the art of diplomacy from her maternal uncle, the influential chief Attakullakulla ("Little Carpenter"). In 1781, when the Cherokee met with an American delegation led by John Sevier to discuss American settlements along the Little Pigeon River, Nancy expressed surprise that there were no women negotiators among the Americans.
    More Details Hide Details Sevier was equally appalled that such important work should be given to a woman. Nancy told him, "You know that women are always looked upon as nothing; but we are your mothers; you are our sons. Our cry is all for peace; let it continue. This peace must last forever. Let your women's sons be ours; our sons be yours. Let your women hear our words." An American observer said that her speech was very moving.
  • 1780
    Age 42
    In 1780, Ward continued warning American soldiers of attacks trying to prevent retaliations against her people.
    More Details Hide Details According to Harold Felton she even sent food in form of cattle to the starving militia. Her efforts couldn’t prevent another invasion of the Cherokee territory by the North Carolina militia, who destroyed more villages demanding further land cessions. Ward and her family were captured in the battle but they were eventually released and returned to Chota. One year later, in July, the Beloved Woman negotiated a peace treaty between her people and the Americans. After the treaty the Americans were able to send troops to support George Washington’s army against the British General Cornwallis in the American Revolution. Ward continued promoting alliance and mutual friendship between the Cherokees and the colonists, as she showed during the negotiation of the Treaty of Hopewell (1785). She led the Cherokee in the implementation of farming and dairy production. Later on she advised her people not to sell land to the settlers but failed in the attempt.
  • 1778
    Age 40
    The British supported Dragging Canoe’s war against the settlers supplying weapons but in 1778, 700 soldiers under Colonel Evan Shelby attacked his territory and limited the Cherokee resistance to a minor conflict.
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  • THIRTIES
  • 1776
    Age 38
    As a Ghigau, Nancy had the power to spare captives and in 1776, following a Cherokee attack on the Fort Watauga settlement on the Watauga River (at present day Elizabethton, Tennessee), she used that power to spare a Mrs. William (Lydia Russell) Bean, whom she took into her house and nursed back to health from injuries suffered in the battle.
    More Details Hide Details Mrs. Bean taught Nanyehi a new loom weaving technique, revolutionizing the Cherokee garments, which at the time were a combination of hides, handwoven vegetal fiber cloth, and cloth bought from traders. This weaving revolution also changed the roles of women in the Cherokee society, as they took on the weaving and left men to do the planting, which had traditionally been a woman's job. Mrs. Bean also rescued two of her dairy cows from the settlement, and brought them to Nanyehi, who learned to raise the cattle and to eat dairy products, which would sustain the Cherokee when hunting was bad.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1751
    Age 13
    About 1751 she married the Cherokee "Tsu-la" or Kingfisher, who according to Emmett Starr was a member of the Deer Clan.
    More Details Hide Details Starr writes that in the Battle of Taliwa against the Creeks Nancy lay behind a log in order to chew his bullets so that the resulting jagged edges might create more damage. Kingfisher was killed, and Nancy picked up his rifle and continued the fight leading her people to victory. Afterwards, at the age of 18 she was awarded with the title of “Ghigau”, making her a member of the tribal council of chiefs. She was also named the leader of the Women’s Council of Clan Representatives and took over the role of ambassador and negotiator for her people. She remarried to Bryant Ward with whom she had a daughter, Betsy, who later became the wife of General Joseph Martin. Bryant Ward was already married to a woman of European descent who lived in South Carolina. He returned to live with his first wife, but maintained relations with Nanye'hi.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1738
    Age 0
    Nanyehi was born around 1738 in the Cherokee capital, Chota (Cherokee: “City of Refuge”) in what today is known as Monroe County, Tennessee.
    More Details Hide Details Her mother, the sister of Attakullakulla was a member of the Wolf Clan. Though her mother is often referred to as "Tame Doe", the name is from a fictional story by E. Sterling King and has no other historical source. James Mooney writes "it is said her (Nancy's) father was a British officer named Ward". However, according to Nanyehi's descendant John Walker "Jack" Hildebrand, her father was a member of the Delaware tribe.
Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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