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Napoleon III

First President of the French Republic and Last Monarch of France
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Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte was the President of the French Second Republic and as Napoleon III, the ruler of the Second French Empire. He was the nephew and heir of Napoleon I, christened as Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte. Elected President by popular vote in 1848, he initiated a coup d'état in 1851, before ascending the throne as Napoleon III on 2 December 1852, the forty-eighth anniversary of Napoleon I's coronation.… Read More

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CHILDHOOD

1808 Birth Charles-Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, later known as Louis Napoleon and then Napoleon III, was born in Paris on the night of 20–21 April 1808.
His father was Louis Bonaparte, the younger brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, who made Louis the King of Holland from 1806 until 1810. … Read More

TWENTIES

1831 23 Years Old 1 More Event
…  In the spring of 1831, when he was twenty-three, the Austrian and papal governments launched an offensive against the Carbonari, and the two brothers, wanted by the police, were forced to flee.
1833 25 Years Old …  He also began writing about his political philosophy; In 1833, at the age of 25, he published his Rêveries politiques, or "political dreams", followed in 1834 by Considérations politiques et militaires sur la Suisse ("Political and military considerations about Switzerland"), followed in 1839 by Les Idées napoléoniennes ("Napoleonic Ideas"), a compendium of his political ideas, which was published in three editions and eventually translated in six languages. … Read More
1836 28 Years Old He planned for his uprising to begin in Strasbourg. The colonel of a regiment was brought over to the cause. On 29 October 1836, Louis Napoleon arrived in Strasbourg, in the uniform of an officer of artillery, and rallied the regiment to his side. … Read More

THIRTIES

1838 30 Years Old 1 More Event
She was finally buried in Reuil, in France, next to her mother, on 11 January 1838, but Louis-Napoleon could not attend, because he was not allowed in France.
1840 32 Years Old 1 More Event
Living in the comfort of London, he had not given up the dream of returning to France to complete his destiny. In the summer of 1840 he bought weapons and uniforms and had proclamations printed, gathered a contingent of about sixty armed men, hired a ship called the Edinburgh-Castle, and on 6 August 1840, sailed across the Channel to the port of Boulogne. … Read More
1846 38 Years Old 1 More Event
On 25 May 1846, with the assistance of his doctor and other friends on the outside, he disguised himself as a laborer carrying lumber, and walked out of the prison. … Read More

FORTIES

In February 1848, Louis Napoleon learned that the French Revolution of 1848 had broken out, and that Louis-Philippe, faced with opposition within his government and army, had abdicated. … Read More
1849 - 1850 2 More Events
1851 43 Years Old …  The 1851 constitution was retained, with the word "president" replaced by the word "emperor." … Read More
…  A decree on 23 January 1852 forbade the late King's family to own property in France, and annulled the inheritance he had given to his children before he became King. … Read More
1853 45 Years Old 1 More Event
…  The civil ceremony took place at Tuileries Palace on 22 January 1853, and a much grander ceremony was held a few days later at Cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris. In 1856, Eugénie gave birth to a son and heir-apparent, Napoléon, Prince Imperial. … Read More
1855 47 Years Old 1 More Event
The death of Czar Nicholas I on 2 March 1855, and his replacement by Alexander II, changed the political equation. … Read More
1856 48 Years Old The Paris Peace Conference of 1856 represented a high-water mark for the regime in foreign affairs. … Read More

FIFTIES

On the evening of 14 January 1858, he and the Empress escaped an assassination attempt unharmed. … Read More
In 1862, Napoleon III sent troops to Mexico in an effort to establish an allied monarchy in the Americas, with Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian of Austria enthroned as Emperor Maximilian I. … Read More
1865 57 Years Old In October 1865, Napoleon had a cordial meeting with Bismarck at Biarritz. … Read More
…  In the autumn of 1867, Napoleon III proposed a form of universal military service, similar to the Prussian system, to increase the size of the French Army, if needed, to one million. … Read More

LATE ADULTHOOD

1869 61 Years Old 1 More Event
Napoleon presented a proposed treaty of alliance on 4 June 1869, the anniversary of the joint French-Italian victory at Magenta. … Read More
By 1870, France had twenty thousand kilometers of railroads, linked to the French ports and to the railroad systems of the neighbouring countries, which carried over a hundred million passengers a year and transported the products of France's new steel mills, mines and factories. … Read More
1871 - 1872 2 More Events
1873 65 Years Old 1 More Event
His last words were, "Isn't it true that we weren't cowards at Sedan?" He was given last rites, and died on 9 January 1873. … Read More
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Napoleon_III.
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