Profile

Nelson Mandela

South African Politician and Anti-apartheid Fighter + President of South Africa
Male
Born Jul 18, 1918

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela is a South African anti-apartheid activist, revolutionary and politician who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999, the first to be elected in a fully representative, multiracial election. His administration focused on dismantling apartheid's legacy, and cutting racism, poverty and inequality. Politically a democratic socialist, he served as president of the African National Congress political party from 1990 to 1999.… Read More

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Timeline

Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Nelson Mandela.

CHILDHOOD

1918 Birth Mandela was born on 18 July 1918 in the village of Mvezo in Umtata, then part of South Africa's Cape Province. … Read More
1926 7 Years Old In 1926, Gadla was also sacked for corruption, but Nelson was told that his father had lost his job for standing up to the magistrate's unreasonable demands. … Read More

TEENAGE

1933 14 Years Old Intending to gain skills needed to become a privy councillor for the Thembu royal house, in 1933 Mandela began his secondary education at Clarkebury Methodist High School, Engcobo, a Western-style institution that was the largest school for black Africans in Thembuland. … Read More
1937 18 Years Old He completed his Junior Certificate in two years, and in 1937 moved to Healdtown, the Methodist college in Fort Beaufort attended by most Thembu royalty, including Justice. … Read More

TWENTIES

1939 - 1942 4 More Events
After he passed his BA exams in early 1943, Mandela returned to Johannesburg to follow a political path as a lawyer rather than become a privy councillor in Thembuland. … Read More
1944 25 Years Old 1 More Event
Deciding on the need for a youth wing to mass-mobilise Africans in opposition to their subjugation, Mandela was among a delegation that approached ANC President Alfred Bitini Xuma on the subject at his home in Sophiatown; the African National Congress Youth League (ANCYL) was founded on Easter Sunday 1944 in the Bantu Men's Social Centre, with Lembede as President and Mandela as a member of its executive committee. At Sisulu's house, Mandela met Evelyn Mase, a trainee nurse and ANC activist from Engcobo, Transkei. Entering a relationship and marrying in October 1944, they initially lived with her relatives until moving in to a rented house in the township of Orlando in early 1946. … Read More
In early 1947, his three years of articles ended at Witkin, Sidelsky and Eidelman, and he decided to become a full-time student, subsisting on loans from the Bantu Welfare Trust.

THIRTIES

1949 - 1951 4 More Events
…  After the Afrikaner minority government of the National Party established apartheid—a system of racial segregation that privileged whites—he was appointed President of the ANC's Transvaal branch, rising to prominence for his involvement in the 1952 anti-apartheid Defiance Campaign and the 1955 Congress of the People. … Read More
1953 - 1955 4 More Events
1956 37 Years Old 1 More Event
In March 1956 he received his third ban on public appearances, restricting him to Johannesburg for five years, but he often defied it. … Read More
She withdrew her petition of separation in November, but Mandela filed for divorce in January 1958; the divorce was finalised in March, with the children placed in Evelyn's care.

FORTIES

1959 - 1960 2 More Events
1961 42 Years Old 1 More Event
Over the following months, Mandela used his free time to organise an All-In African Conference near Pietermaritzburg, Natal, in March 1961, at which 1,400 anti-apartheid delegates met, agreeing on a stay-at-home strike to mark 31 May, the day South Africa became a republic. … Read More
1962 43 Years Old 1 More Event
The ANC decided to send Mandela as a delegate to the February 1962 Pan-African Freedom Movement for East, Central and Southern Africa (PAFMECSA) meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. … Read More
1964 45 Years Old 1 More Event
…  On 12 June 1964, justice De Wet found Mandela and two of his co-accused guilty on all four charges; although the prosecution had called for the death sentence to be applied, the judge instead condemned them to life imprisonment. … Read More

FIFTIES

1970 51 Years Old 1 More Event
…  In September 1970, he met British Labour Party MP Dennis Healey.
1974 55 Years Old South African Minister of Justice Jimmy Kruger visited in December 1974, but he and Mandela did not get on.
1975 56 Years Old 1 More Event
His wife was rarely able to visit, being regularly imprisoned for political activity, and his daughters first visited in December 1975; Winnie got out of prison in 1977 but was forcibly settled in Brandfort, still unable to visit him.
1978 59 Years Old Renewed international interest in his plight came in July 1978, when he celebrated his 60th birthday.

LATE ADULTHOOD

1979 - 1990 16 More Events
…  Ideologically an African nationalist and democratic socialist, he served as President of the African National Congress (ANC) party from 1991 to 1997.
1992 - 1993 3 More Events
Mandela and de Klerk negotiated an end to apartheid and organised the 1994 multiracial general election in which Mandela led the ANC to victory and became President. … Read More
By 1995, he had entered into a relationship with Graça Machel, a Mozambican political activist 27 years his junior who was the widow of former president Samora Machel. … Read More
Dedicated in February 1996, it held two years of hearings detailing rapes, torture, bombings, and assassinations, before issuing its final report in October 1998. … Read More
1997 - 1998 5 More Events
He declined a second presidential term and in 1999 was succeeded by his deputy, Thabo Mbeki. … Read More
2001 - 2011 10 More Events
In mid-2013, as Mandela was hospitalised for a lung infection in Pretoria, his descendants were involved in an intra-family legal dispute relating to the burial place of Mandela's children, and ultimately Mandela himself.
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nelson_Mandela.
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