Nicholas Biwott
politician
Nicholas Biwott
Kipyator Nicholas Kiprono arap Biwott is a Kenyan businessman, politician and philanthropist. Biwott has served as a civil servant, Member of Parliament and government minister, during which time he has held eight senior ministerial positions, worked alongside Kenya’s first three presidents – Jomo Kenyatta, Daniel arap Moi and Mwai Kibaki – and with many significant public figures in post independence Kenya, including Bruce McKenzie and Tom Mboya.
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Nicholas Biwott's personal information overview.
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News
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Moi's Kanu Warms Up to Odinga - Middle East North Africa Financial Network
Google News - over 5 years
... that will come up in the next election. Sources indicate Raila's group may talk to the National Vision Party (NVP) to back the ODM alliance in 2012. The NVP is led by former powerful minister Nicholas Biwott who is a close ally of the Moi family
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Ruto unmoved as Raila acts on party rebels - Daily Nation
Google News - over 5 years
Prof Kamar, who has been assistant minister for Environment, is a wife of former Moi era powerman Nicholas Biwott, whose influence waned with the emergence of Mr Ruto. Prof Kamar said her appointment to the Higher Education ministry was “like going
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Reshuffle That Never Was Stokes ODM Wars - Middle East North Africa Financial Network
Google News - over 5 years
Mr Ruto is also battling a quiet campaign by some leaders from his home turf who include retired President Daniel Moi and his son Gideon, Kanu secretary general Nick Salat and powerful former minister Nicholas Biwott. Mr Biwott is upbeat that his
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Professionals urged to manage counties - The Standard
Google News - over 5 years
Assistant Minister Lina Chebii, MPs William Ruto (Eldoret North), Peris Simam (Eldoret South) and former Cabinet minister Nicholas Biwott were among leaders at the meeting. The forum brought together professionals, business people and politicians from
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Taxpayers may have to pay Sh1bn yearly to exit MPs - Daily Nation
Google News - over 5 years
For instance, former Electoral Commission Chairman Samuel Kivuitu, former VP Moody Awori, and former MP Nicholas Biwott (Kerio South) would be among the lucky ones since they were in Parliament in 1984, the magical cut-off year
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Goldenberg - the Aftermath [opinion] - Middle East North Africa Financial Network
Google News - over 5 years
Ibrahim also named former MP Nicholas Biwott, current co-operatives minister Joseph Nyagah, former CID director Noah arap Too, former foreign affairs minister Moses Wetangula, then Court of Appeal judge Effie Owuor, then Co-operative Bank chairman
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I won't quit over fraud, vows Ongeri - Daily Nation
Google News - over 5 years
The event was attended by among others Environment assistant minister Margaret Kamar, Keiyo South MP Jackson Kiptanui and former Cabinet minister Nicholas Biwott. “The Sh2.27 billion for the programme was released between June 2005 and June 2008
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New scramble for R. Valley after Ruto, Uhuru 'fallout' - Daily Nation
Google News - over 5 years
Photos/FILE Prime Minister Raila Odinga (left), retired President Daniel Moi through his son Gideon (centre), and former powerful minister Nicholas Biwott are each said to be making moves in a renewed scramble for votes in the region
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Kenya: Morality Dominates Mutunga Hearings - AllAfrica.com
Google News - over 5 years
He said that during their tenure at CKRC, Tobiko maintained a "destructive closeness" to Moi and former powerful minister Nicholas Biwott which was designed to undermine him and constitution making. Accusing Tobiko of not providing "not a single idea"
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Parties share spoils in civic polls - Daily Nation
Google News - over 5 years
Results from the Interim Independent Electoral Commission (IIEC) showed former minister Nicholas Biwott's National Vision Party scooped the Kamwosor civic seat. Mr David Kipkulei Kiptoo of NVP garnered 541 votes against UDM's Joseph Kipkulei Kiptoo who
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Kenya: Criticisms Can Help Determine Good Leaders - AllAfrica.com
Google News - almost 6 years
Indeed, we were all recently treated to discussions on Justice Alnashir Visram and his landmark libel award of Kshs. 30 million to the then powerful politician, Nicholas Biwott . We also know from ongoing interviews in search of the Chief Justice that
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To the Beat of a Hit Song, the New Kenya Sends Spirits Off the Charts
NYTimes - about 14 years
Until recently, Kenyans felt defeated and downtrodden as they watched their country's downward spiral of economic and social decay. But a political transformation with the defeat of Daniel arap Moi's handpicked successor in the country's first real elections, in December, has given them a new spirit that is best captured in a single word --
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In Libel Case, Kenyan Wins Late Round Over Envoy
NYTimes - over 15 years
When he was the United States ambassador to Kenya in the early 1990's, Smith Hempstone frequently became front-page news. Either the tough-talking envoy was denouncing the Kenyan government, or the Kenyan government was denouncing Mr. Hempstone. He left Nairobi almost a decade ago. But Mr. Hempstone's tit-for-tat with President Daniel arap Moi
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NYTimes article
A Kenyan Lawmaker in the Governing Party Is Shot to Death
NYTimes - over 15 years
A member of Parliament for Kenya's ruling party was shot dead in a seedy suburb of the capital early today, the first killing of a politician in the East African country in more than a decade. The police said the motive for the killing of Tony Ndilinge, 47, a former assistant trade minister, was unclear. Mr. Ndilinge was shot twice in the head by
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World Briefing
NYTimes - over 16 years
EUROPE BRITAIN: IRISH BOMB SNARLS LONDON -- A bomb planted by dissident Irish republicans on a suburban rail line brought traffic gridlock to London. Northern Ireland Secretary Peter Mandelson said the bombers used a known code word in telephone warning calls from Dublin. The police shut down the rail line and safely detonated the bomb. Renegade
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Brownouts in Kenya Highlight Its Chaos and Misrule
NYTimes - over 16 years
The generator, somewhere out back, groaned and the bare bulbs blinked. Smokin Wanjala, a lawyer who studies corruption in a nation where there is plenty to study, walked up a dim stairway to his office just before lunchtime. ''No power at home,'' he said. ''No power at the office. So it's darkness at noon.'' It is indeed dark in Kenya these days,
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The Last Safari
NYTimes - over 16 years
Carjackers forced Peter Behr to strip to his underpants. One kicked him in the face. Another shoved a pistol in his mouth. A third put a hunting knife to the throat of his 15-year-old son. After commandeering his Mazda outside a shopping complex in Nairobi, the carjackers became annoyed. Their hearts had been set on a Toyota. When they discovered
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World Briefing
NYTimes - almost 17 years
AFRICA RWANDA: BISHOP FACES EXECUTION -- Bishop Augustin Misago, on trial on genocide charges, received a telegram from Pope John Paul II, who said he prayed for him to be freed soon. Prosecutors asked the death penalty for the bishop, who is accused of helping plan the 1994 genocide in which about 800,000 Tutsi and Hutu died. The church has been
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NYTimes article
TALKS AND TURMOIL: WORKERS' RIGHTS; U.S. EFFORT TO ADD LABOR STANDARDS TO AGENDA FAILS
NYTimes - about 17 years
The Clinton administration failed today to rally broad support among nations to add labor standards to the World Trade Organization agenda, threatening its most important goal at a meeting here that has been plagued by sometimes violent protests. Caught between clashing demands of poor nations and the American labor movement, the administration
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Nicholas Biwott
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 2009
    Age 68
    Biwott is now but one name on a long list of Kenyan politicians and civil servants associated with the Moi era to have travel restrictions imposed on them by the United States and the UK including most recently, in October 2009, Kenya's Attorney General Amos Wako, in what has been described by Kenya's Foreign Minister Moses Wetang'ula as "megaphone diplomacy".
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  • FIFTIES
  • 2000
    Age 59
    In 2000, a Nairobi court awarded Mr Biwott record damages of Sh30 million arising from a case in which he sued a British journalist, Chester Stern, and others for linking him to the Ouko murder in a book entitled 'Dr Iain West's Casebook'.
    More Details Hide Details Chester Stern and the book's publishers, Little Brown, stated that they would "vigorously defend" the action but ultimately they did not do so and the case was uncontested. Earlier Biwott won Sh10 million from Bookpoint, a popular Nairobi bookshop, for stocking copies of the book Dr Ian West's Casebook.
  • 1993
    Age 52
    In 1993 the 'Goldenberg scandal' came to light in which the Kenyan government was found to have subsidised exports of gold by paying a company, Goldenberg International Ltd (GIL), 35 percent more (in Kenyan shillings) than the foreign currency earnings supposedly derived from the sale of gold.
    More Details Hide Details The scheme had begun in 1991 and is estimated to have cost Kenya the equivalent of more than 10 percent of its annual Gross Domestic Product. A Commission of Inquiry headed by Mr Justice Bosire reported its findings in October 2005 stating that Sh158.3 billion billion of Goldenberg money had been transacted through 487 companies and individuals. 1,559 'Adverse Notices' were issued against companies and individuals but although Nicholas Biwott was included on that list he was only mentioned directly or indirectly in three of the reports 847 paragraphs and the report, together with subsequent revelations would seem to absolve Biwott of any involvement in the scandal. The Report of the Judicial Commission of Enquiry into the Goldenberg Affair (to which Nicholas Biwott was not summonsed to appear) states on para 511 that Lima Limited, of which Biwott was shareholder and director, was 'said (to) have received Kshs.6,300,000.00 $84,000 from GIL'. However, it was subsequently revealed that the payment to Lima Ltd, a company that sold farm machinery and equipment, was made not from GIL but by Tandui Estates Ltd for the purchase of farm equipment, including a number of tractors and other machinery. Paragraph 693 of the same report mentions Biwott in conjunction with a payment of KShs. 6,000,000 $80,000, which involved Trade Bank Ltd, Pan-African Bank Ltd and Liabilities of H.Z. & Co. Ltd.
  • 1992
    Age 51
    In 1992, 1997, and 2002 he was elected the MP for Keiyo South Constituency.
    More Details Hide Details In the Parliamentary elections held on 27 December 2007, running on a KANU ticket, he lost his seat to Jackson Kiptanui arap Kamai of the Orange Democratic Party (ODM). The ODM swept to victory in all but one of KANU's seats on the Rift Valley. Following the 2002 election, Biwott served on the Devolution Committee of the Constitution of Kenya Review Commission. Biwott was the only Member of Parliament, however, he abstained on the Constitutional Referendum held in 2005, stating that the Draft Constitution 'would divide the country along ethnic lines'. The draft Constitution was rejected at the Referendum. More recently, Biwott has fought an election for leadership of KANU, the former party of government and now the official opposition, following years of decline in KANU political fortunes but lost the post to Uhuru Kenyatta following a decision by the Kenyan High Court.
  • 1991
    Age 50
    Ten government officials, including Biwott, were held in police custody for questioning for two weeks in November 1991 but a Kenyan Police investigation concluded that there was no 'evidence to support the allegations that Biwott was involved in the disappearance and subsequent death of the late minister Dr. Robert John Ouko'.
    More Details Hide Details In December 2003, Biwott issued a formal complaint against New Scotland Yard through his lawyer on the basis that Troon's investigation was 'fundamentally flawed and, in many cases erroneous' and called on New Scotland Yard 'to investigate Troon' and to issue an apology. The request was ultimately turned down in December 2004 by the Metropolitan Police as the original investigation 'did not involve any UK "victim", potential suspect, or even witnesses', and because 'the resources of the Metropolitan Police are limited'. Another reason given for the refusal by the Metropolitan Police to review the case was that the Kenyan Parliamentary Select Committee was investigating the death of Dr Robert Ouko and that it was 'open to Mr Biwott to make any representations he wishes to that Inquiry'. The Select Committee's proceedings, however, were abruptly terminated as Nicholas Biwott began to give his testimony.
  • FORTIES
  • 1990
    Age 49
    Biwott was named by Scotland Yard detective John Troon as a person of interest in the 1990 murder of Kenya's Foreign Affairs minister Robert Ouko.
    More Details Hide Details Troon's theories and the basis for them as to the motives for the murder have since been criticised.
    Nicholas Biwott’s name has been raised, ‘perhaps unfairly’ by his detractors both inside and outside Kenya regarding several controversies all which have date their origins to the years 1990–91.
    More Details Hide Details His supporters maintain that the allegations, none of which have ever been proved, arose from the campaign at the time to introduce multi-party democracy in Kenya coupled with Biwott's association with President Moi.
  • 1983
    Age 42
    In September 1983, Nicholas Biwott was made Minister of Energy and Regional Development and in March 1988 (following a reorganisation of ministry portfolios) he became Minister of Energy, a post he held until January 1991.
    More Details Hide Details Over the next seven years he was instrumental in establishing the National Oil Corporation, the building of National Oil storage facilities near Nairobi and connecting them to the Mombasa refinery, and extending the pipeline from Nairobi to Kisumu and Eldoret. This period that saw rapid advances in efforts to improve Kenya's electricity supply and delivery with a rural electrification programme, work beginning on the Sondu Mirei Dam, and the completions of the Masinga Multi Purpose Dam, the Kiambere Hydro Electric Dam and the Turkwell Hydro Electric Multi Purpose Dam. Although he remained a member of parliament, Biwott held no position in the Government of Kenya from 1991 until he re-entered government as Minister of State in the Office of the President of East Africa in 1997 before, in January 1998, he established and was appointed Minister of the new Ministry of East African and Regional Co-operation (1998–1999).
  • 1982
    Age 41
    In September 1982 he was appointed Minister of Regional Development, Science and Technology.
    More Details Hide Details Learning from examples of other regional development policies, notably in Australia and Tennessee in the USA, he created two regional development authorities, the Lake Basin Development Authority and the Kerio Valley Development Authority.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1979
    Age 38
    Following the election of 1979 (in which he was elected Member of Parliament for 1979 Keiyo South election, a seat he retained until December 2007), Nicholas Biwott returned to the Office of the President but now promoted to Minister of State (1979–1982) with responsibility for science and technology, cabinet affairs, land settlement and immigration.
    More Details Hide Details Under his auspices the Kenya Medical Research Institute was established in the same year to carry out health science research in Kenya. (Now in its 31st year, KEMRI continues its work as “a leading centre of excellence in the promotion of quality health”).
  • 1978
    Age 37
    Kenyatta's death in 1978 saw Daniel arap Moi elevated to the presidency and Nicholas Biwott promoted to Deputy Permanent Secretary in the Office of the President (1978–1979).
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  • 1974
    Age 33
    Following the 1974 election Nicholas Biwott was recalled to the Ministry of Home Affairs as Under Secretary (1974–1978) to Minister Daniel arap Moi, Kenya's Vice-President.
    More Details Hide Details With the ageing President Kenyatta unable to fulfil all the functions of the presidency, Moi took a leading role in the East African region with the result that Nicholas Biwott spent much of the next four years dealing with the Organisation of African Unity, the Commonwealth, the ‘non-aligned’ states and promoting the 'good neighbourliness' policy with states bordering Kenya.
    In 1974 Biwott stood as a candidate for the Keiyo South constituency in the general election of that year but was narrowly defeated.
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  • 1972
    Age 31
    In late 1972 Nicholas Biwott transferred to the Ministry of Home Affairs on the personal recommendation of President Kenyatta to work with his Vice-President and the Minister of Home Affairs, Daniel arap Moi.
    More Details Hide Details
    In 1972 he created and headed the External Aid Division and technical assistance program dealing with external resources, bringing in experts and arranging cultural exchanges.
    More Details Hide Details Notably he helped facilitate the establishment of the French School in Nairobi (now called the Lycee Denis Diderot), the French Cultural Centre with the Alliance de Francais, and the German Frederick Ebert Stifftung Foundation in co-operation with the Gurter Institute.
  • 1971
    Age 30
    In 1971 Nicholas Biwott moved to the Treasury as Senior Secretary under the Minister of Finance and Economic Planning, Mwai Kibaki.
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  • TWENTIES
  • 1968
    Age 27
    Having completed his master's degree in Australia in 1968, Nicholas Biwott returned to public service in the Ministry of Agriculture, GOK, Personal Assistant to Minister Bruce MacKenzie (1968–1970).
    More Details Hide Details He coordinated cereal production, the marketing of cereal crops and the management of the Ministry's fertiliser policy, and helped develop research into new strains of wheat and maize more suited to the growing conditions in Kenya. He played a similar co-ordinating role for the Ministry's work with the East African Council of Ministers (MacKenzie was also a member of the Council), guiding Kenya's policy in the region in the development of ports, railways and the East African Airways.
  • 1965
    Age 24
    Biwott entered government service in 1965 as the District Officer in South Imenti and Tharaki, Meru District (Jan 1965–66).
    More Details Hide Details As District Officer Biwott instituted, on a 'harrambe' basis, community fund-raising programmes to aid the development of local irrigation projects and roads, to build a health centre at Nkwene and schools at Nkubu and Kanyakini, develop employment at the Egoji quarries and promote the planting of coffee and tea. He was also actively involved in the resettlement of previously European owned land through the 'Land Transfer' programme, part of the 'Million Acres' scheme, and played a central role in the rehabilitation of the Mau Mau, many of whom still remained in the Mau Forest four years after the end of the 'Emergency', helping to persuade them to give up violence and organising the resettlement of many on to their own land.
  • OTHER
  • 1940
    Born
    Biwott was born in Chebior village, Keiyo District, Rift Valley Province in 1940.
    More Details Hide Details His mother Maria Soti and his father Cheserem, a market trader in Eldoret. Cheserem was initially a cattle herder and developed herds of cattle, sheep as well as goats. Biwott grew up herding these flocks in keeping with Kalenjin tradition. As a teenager and young man Biwott worked alongside his father and together they were market traders in Eldoret. Biwott was a member of parliament for 28 years. In 1974 he ran unsuccessfully as a prospective MP for the Keiyo South Constituency. At the next election in 1979 he was successful, standing on KANU ticket in Keiyo-Marakwet, retaining the seat in 1983 and 1988.
Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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