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Otto von Habsburg

Crown Prince + Knight
Male
Born Nov 20, 1912
Hometown Reichenau an der Rax
Died Jul 4, 2011
Death Place Germany
Other Names Archduke Otto

Otto von Habsburg, also known by his royal name as Archduke Otto of Austria, was the last Crown Prince of Austria-Hungary from 1916 until the dissolution of the empire in 1918, a realm which comprised modern-day Austria, Hungary, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, and parts of Italy, Montenegro, Poland, Romania, Serbia and Ukraine.… Read More

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Otto von Habsburg
Otto von Habsburg
d.2011

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CHILDHOOD

1912 Birth Born on November 20, 1912.
1921 8 Years Old He remained the Crown Prince of Hungary until the deposition of the Habsburgs in Hungary in 1921.
He subsequently became the pretender to the former thrones, Head of the Imperial House of Habsburg, and Sovereign of the Order of the Golden Fleece in 1922.

TWENTIES

1935 - 1937 2 More Events
1938 25 Years Old Otto strongly opposed the Anschluss of Austria to Nazi Germany. In 1938 he requested Austrian Chancellor Kurt Schuschnigg to resist the Nazis and supported an international intervention, and offered to return from exile to take over the reins of government in order to repel Hitler. … Read More
1940 27 Years Old …  For his own safety, he left the European continent and lived from 1940 to 1944 in Washington, D.C. In his war-time exile in the United States, he worked to stop or limit the bombing campaign against Austria. … Read More
1941 28 Years Old In 1941, Adolf Hitler personally revoked the citizenship of Otto, his mother, and his siblings, and the imperial-royal family found themselves stateless. … Read More

THIRTIES

1946 33 Years Old As he did not possess a passport and was effectively stateless, he was given a passport of the Principality of Monaco, thanks to the intervention of Charles de Gaulle in 1946. … Read More
1951 38 Years Old He was married to Princess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen from 1951 until her death in 2010. … Read More

FORTIES

1956 43 Years Old On 8 May 1956, Otto was recognized as an Austrian citizen by the provincial government of Lower Austria.
1957 44 Years Old The Austrian Interior Ministry approved this declaration of Citizenship, but on the condition that he accept the name Dr. Otto Habsburg-Lothringen, on 8 February 1957. … Read More
1958 45 Years Old Otto had already submitted a written statement, on 21 February 1958, that he and his family would renounce all privileges formerly entitled a member of the House of Habsburg, but this first declaration did not satisfy the requirements of the Habsburg Law, which stated that Otto and other descendants of Charles could only return to Austria if they renounced all royal claims and accepted the status of private citizens.
1961 48 Years Old 1 More Event
In a declaration dated 31 May 1961, Otto renounced all claims to the Austrian throne and proclaimed himself "a loyal citizen of the republic", a move that he made only after much hesitation and certainly "for purely practical reasons".

FIFTIES

1963 50 Years Old The Austrian administrative court found on 24 May 1963 that Otto's statement was sufficient to meet this requirement.
1965 52 Years Old His wife and he were then issued a Certified Proof of Citizenship on 20 July 1965. … Read More
1966 53 Years Old It was only on 1 June 1966, after the People's Party won an outright majority in the national election, that Otto was issued an Austrian passport, and was finally able to visit his home country again on 31 October 1966 for the first time in 48 years. … Read More
1967 54 Years Old Later, he visited Vienna on 5 July 1967.

LATE ADULTHOOD

1973 60 Years Old An early advocate of a unified Europe, Otto was president of the International Paneuropean Union from 1973 to 2004.
Otto von Habsburg was Vice President (1957–1973) and President (1973–2004) of the International Paneuropean Union, and served as a Member of the European Parliament for the Christian Social Union of Bavaria (CSU) 1979–1999.
1989 76 Years Old He was one of the men instrumental in organising the so-called Pan-European Picnic at the Hungary-Austria border on 19 August 1989. … Read More
2000 87 Years Old He resigned as Sovereign of the Golden Fleece in 2000 and as head of the Imperial House in 2007.
2006 93 Years Old In December 2006, he observed that, "The catastrophe of 11 September 2001 struck the United States more profoundly than any of us, whence a certain mutual incomprehension. … Read More
2007 94 Years Old 1 More Event
In a 2007 interview on the occasion of his approaching 95th birthday, Otto stated:
2008 95 Years Old On the 2008 anniversary of the Anschluss, Otto von Habsburg made a very controversial statement, as part of his "1938 Remembrance Day" address before Parliament that "there is no country in Europe that has a better claim to be a victim of the Nazis than Austria". … Read More
2010 97 Years Old After the death of his wife, Regina in 2010, Otto stopped appearing in public.
His son, Karl von Habsburg, also defended his father's words, in a 2011 statement, stating that "there were guilty parties in practically every country".
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otto_von_Habsburg.
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