Patsy Cline
American musician
Patsy Cline
Patsy Cline, born Virginia Patterson Hensley, was an American country music singer as part of the early 1960s Nashville sound. Cline successfully "crossed over" to pop music. At age 30, she died at the height of her career in a private plane crash. She was one of the most influential, successful and acclaimed female vocalists of the 20th century.
Biography
Patsy Cline's personal information overview.
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CALENDAR; Events in New Jersey
NYTimes - over 5 years
A guide to cultural and recreational events in New Jersey. Items for the calendar should be sent at least three weeks in advance to njtowns@nytimes.com . Commemorating 9/11 BLACKWOOD Camden County College 9/11 remembrance event with Murray Weiss, journalist, columnist and editor, who will discuss his book “The Man Who Warned America,” a
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NYTimes article
*Patsy Cline home opens to the public on Saturday - Northern Virginia Daily
Google News - over 5 years
Celebrating Patsy Cline Inc. plan to hold a ribbon-cutting ceremony at 608 S. Kent St. at 4 pm, attended by the late singer's husband, Charlie Dick and daughter Julie Fudge. Tours of the home will be offered
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Can you sing like 'Crazy'? Patsy Cline open auditions set in Midland - The Bay City Times - MLive.com
Google News - over 5 years
Patsy Cline." Auditions will take place in the Lecture Room of Midland Center for the Arts, 1801 W. St. Andrews Road, Midland. Casting is for two females. The Patsy Cline role is primarily a singing role; auditionees need not be Patsy Cline look-alikes
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ALWAYS...PATSY CLINE is charming at The Grand - Utah Theater Bloggers Association (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
-Russell Warne, UTBA staff SALT LAKE CITY — I'm not much of a country music fan, but even I know the name “Patsy Cline.” Cline's name is synonymous with a smooth silky voice that excelled at the country blues or a swingin' country dance song
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To do this week: Music on the Lawn ends with Patsy Cline tribute - Wellsville Daily Reporter
Google News - over 5 years
Penny Eckman will bring her version of Patsy Cline to Music on the Lawn at 7 pm Thursday in Island Park. By Kathryn Ross Penny Eckman of Tioga, Pa., will bring the music of Patsy Cline alive for the last concert of the season for Music on the Lawn
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Wynonna Judd to headline Patsy Cline Classic - Northern Virginia Daily
Google News - over 5 years
WINCHESTER -- Rolling Stone magazine once called Wynonna Judd "the greatest female country singer since Patsy Cline." Now, Judd will perform in Cline's hometown in October in the theater that bears the late
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Singer digs deep to create Patsy Cline - Fort Wayne Journal Gazette
Google News - over 5 years
Ashley Picciallo is a big Patsy Cline fan. “Huge, really,” she says, which may sound unusual for a person born and raised in small-town New Jersey. Nevertheless, Picciallo was drawn to Cline's twangy, lonesome voice and heartbreaking lyrics from an
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The Patsy Cline Historic House: Winchester, Virginia Home Now Open for Tours - Gather Celebs News Channel
Google News - over 5 years
Hear the name Patsy Cline and the first song you think of is 'Stand By Your Man'. Patsy recorded many songs, and she was extremely popular, and she still is. If you are a fan, you can now visit Patsy's home in Winchester, Virginia
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The Buzz | Alex Trebek injured chasing burglar - Louisville Courier-Journal
Google News - over 5 years
Patsy Cline fans curious about the early days of her brief but acclaimed country music career will finally be able to do more than just drive by her old house in Winchester, Va., and snap a picture. The Patsy Cline Historic House will open Tuesday as a
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Patsy Cline's house open to public: Will you visit? - Zap2it.com (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
Country singer Patsy Cline died in a plane crash in 1963, but her legend lives on, and she still has droves of die-hard fans nearly 50 years later. Fans regularly drive by the house where she once lived in Winchester, ... - -
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Butch Heath to help find the perfect Patsy Cline - Midland Daily News
Google News - over 5 years
This week at the Tunes by the Tridge will feature a showcase of classic country hits thanks to a Patsy Cline sing-a-like competition starting at 6 pm for a role in "Always...Patsy Cline" set to premiere March 9-18 at the Midland Center for the Arts
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Patsy Cline's Restored House Opening in Va - ABC News
Google News - over 5 years
By LARRY O'DELL AP Patsy Cline fans curious about the early days of her brief but highly acclaimed country music career will finally be able to do more than just drive by her old house in Winchester and snap a picture. The Patsy Cline Historic House
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'Patsy Cline' is magnetic in Fullerton - OCRegister
Google News - over 5 years
Patsy Cline," Ted Swindley was careful to avoid these pitfalls. The result is a wonderful show that traces the country singer's rise through her songs while also giving us an intimate, backstage look at her personality. Christa Jackson, left, stars as
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Patsy Cline
    OTHER
  • 1963
    Some of the more notable start in early 1964 with a Top 25 country hit "He Called Me Baby", a song recorded during her "last sessions" in 1963.
    More Details Hide Details The track was released on her 1964 album That's How a Heartache Begins. Her Greatest Hits album, released in 1967, continues to occasionally appear on the country music charts and was the longest album to stay on the country charts in country music history until Garth Brooks surpassed it in the 1990s. In 1973, Cline was the first female solo artist to be inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame. Johnny Cash announced the honor for the CMA Awards show, televised live from Ryman Auditorium. In the late 1970s, Cline's name occasionally appeared in magazine articles and television interviews with West and Lynn, who credited her with inspiration for their success. Although Lynn said in her 1976 autobiography that she would never record an album of Patsy's hits "because it would hurt too much", she did just that a year later. The tribute album, I Remember Patsy, was released in 1977 and contained the single "She's Got You" a hit with Cline in 1962, and renditions of such other Cline favorites as "Crazy", "Back in Baby's Arms" and "Sweet Dreams".
    The album featured many of her greatest hits, a few singles that had never been previously released on albums, and about half of the material recorded during the February 4–7 sessions of 1963.
    More Details Hide Details In 1988, the material was released almost in its entirety as The Last Sessions. Rather than being programmed into an album as all her previous releases had been, this release merely presented the tracks in their original chronological session order. Two tracks from the period—the first track recorded on February 4 (Faded Love), and the last track recorded on February 7 (I'll Sail My Ship Alone) -- do not appear in this compilation. By the mid-1960s, MCA had acquired Decca and continued to issue Cline albums into the early 1970s, garnering the artist several posthumous hits along the way.
    Instead of the last sessions being programmed into an album of their own and released intact, a double-album entitled The Patsy Cline Story was released in June 1963 by Decca (now Universal Music Group).
    More Details Hide Details
    Cline's flight crashed in heavy weather on the evening of March 5, 1963.
    More Details Hide Details Her recovered wristwatch had stopped at 6:20 p.m. The plane was found some from its Nashville destination, in a forest outside Camden, Tennessee. Forensic examination concluded that everyone aboard had been killed instantly. Until the wreckage was discovered the following dawn and reported on the radio, friends and family had not given up hope. Endless calls tied up the local telephone exchanges to such a degree that other emergency calls had trouble getting through. The lights at the destination Cornelia Fort Airpark were kept on throughout the night, as reports of the missing plane were broadcast on radio and TV. Early in the morning, Roger Miller and a friend went searching for survivors: "As fast as I could, I ran through the woods screaming their names -- through the brush and the trees -- and I came up over this little rise, oh, my God, there they were. It was ghastly. The plane had crashed nose down". Shortly after the bodies were removed, looters scavenged the area. Some of the items which were recovered were eventually donated to The Country Music Hall of Fame. Among them were Cline's wristwatch, Confederate flag cigarette lighter, studded belt and three pairs of gold lamé slippers. Cline's fee and her attire from the last performance were never recovered.
    On March 3, 1963, Cline performed a benefit at the Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Hall, Kansas City, Kansas, for the family of disc jockey "Cactus" Jack Call.
    More Details Hide Details He had died in an automobile crash a little over a month earlier. Call was a longtime DJ for KCKN, but had switched to KCMK a week before his death on January 25, 1963, at the age of 39. Also performing in the show were George Jones, George Riddle and The Jones Boys, Billy Walker, Dottie West, Wilma Lee and Stoney Cooper, George McCormick, the Clinch Mountain Boys as well as Cowboy Copas and Hawkshaw Hawkins. Cline, ill with the flu, gave three performances, at 2 p.m. and 5:15 p.m., with an 8 p.m. show added due to popular demand. All the shows were standing-room only. For the 2 p.m. show, she wore a sky-blue tulle-laden dress; for the 5:15 show a red shocker; and for the closing show at 8 p.m., Cline wore white chiffon, closing the evening to a thunderous ovation. Her final song was the last she had recorded the previous month, "I'll Sail My Ship Alone".
  • 1962
    And in December 1962, she became the first woman in country music to headline her own show in Las Vegas, at the downtown Mint Casino.
    More Details Hide Details This success enabled Cline to buy her dream home in the Goodlettsville suburb of Nashville, decorating it in her own style. It featured gold dust sprinkled in the bathroom tiles and a music room with the finest sound equipment. In The Real Patsy Cline, Lynn remembered: "She called me into the front yard and said, 'Isn't this pretty? Now I'll never be happy until I have my Mama one just like it. Cline called it "the house that Vegas built", since the money from the Mint covered its cost. After her death, Cline's home was sold to singer Wilma Burgess. With the new demand for Cline came higher earnings. Reportedly, she was paid at least $1,000 per appearance toward the end of her life. This was an unheard-of sum for country music women, whose average fees were less than $200 a show. Her penultimate concert, held in Birmingham, Alabama, grossed $3,000.
    While bands typically backed up the female singer, Cline led the band throughout the concerts instead. She was so respected by men in the industry that rather than introducing her to audiences as "Pretty Miss Patsy Cline", as her female contemporaries often were, she was given a more stately introduction—such as that given by Johnny Cash on their 1962 tour: "Ladies and Gentlemen, The One and Only – Patsy Cline".
    More Details Hide Details As an artist, she held her fans in extremely high regard, many of them becoming friends, staying for hours after concerts to chat and sign autographs. Cline was the first woman in country music to perform at New York's Carnegie Hall, sharing the bill with fellow Opry members Minnie Pearl, Jim Reeves, Faron Young, Bill Monroe, and Grandpa Jones. The performance garnered sharp disapproval from gossip columnist Dorothy Kilgallen, at whom Cline eloquently fired back. In Los Angeles, she headlined the Hollywood Bowl with Cash.
    In 1962, Cline appeared on Dick Clark's American Bandstand and released her third album, Sentimentally Yours in August.
    More Details Hide Details When asked in a WSM-AM interview about her vocal stylings, she said, "Oh, I just sing like I hurt inside". Life on the road was beginning to wear on Cline. She longed to spend more time with her children, Julie and Randy, and was starting to talk about a hiatus. But Randy, her manager insisted that they had to strike while the iron was hot. Cline was the first female country music star to headline her own show and receive billing above the male stars with whom she toured.
  • 1961
    In the fall of 1961, Cline was back in the studio to record an upcoming album for release in early 1962.
    More Details Hide Details One of the first songs was "She's Got You", written by Hank Cochran. Cochran pitched the song over the phone to Cline and she fell in love with it at once. It was one of the few songs she enjoyed recording. Released as a single in January 1962, it soon crossed over, reaching No. 14 on the pop charts, No. 3 on the adult contemporary charts (originally called "Easy Listening"), and as her second and final chart-topper, No. 1 on the country chart. She would never again enter the pop charts during her lifetime. "She's Got You" was also Cline's first entry in the United Kingdom singles chart, reaching No. 43. The cover by Alma Cogan, one of Britain's most popular female artists of the 1950s, performed notably as well. (The biggest Hit Parade UK record sales entry before her death was her version of the standard Heartaches, reaching the Top 30 in late 1962.)
    An album released in November 1961, entitled Patsy Cline Showcase, featured both of Cline's hits of that year.
    More Details Hide Details Loretta Lynn later reported on her album, I Remember Patsy, that on the night Cline premiered "Crazy" at the Grand Ole Opry, she received three standing ovations.
    On Thursday, August 17, 1961, with Cline on crutches, the session was the rare time that Cline couldn't complete a recording in one take.
    More Details Hide Details Working in a Quonset hut (where the original Bradley's Barn Studio was located before moving to Opryland), she tried to follow Nelson's idiosyncratic narrative style. Cline claimed this was too difficult, and her ribs, injured in the crash, were making it hard for her to reach the high notes. In an era when it was standard to record four songs in a three-hour run, those in the "Crazy" session spent four hours on a single song. It was eventually decided that Cline would return the following Monday and simply sing the lyrics, overdubbing her vocals on the best instrumental track. Able after rest to reach the high notes, she recorded her part in a single take. The popular appeal of the final version was attributed to Bradley's management of Cline's fear, because he convinced her to imbue the recording with her unique persona. The song became an intimate representation of Cline and is seen as completely unlike Nelson's version. Now a classic, "Crazy" ultimately became Cline's signature song.
    On June 14, 1961, she and her brother Sam were involved in a head-on collision on Old Hickory Boulevard in Nashville.
    More Details Hide Details The impact threw Cline into the windshield, nearly killing her. Upon arriving at the scene, Dottie West picked glass from Cline's hair, and went with her in the ambulance. When help arrived, Cline insisted that the other car's driver be treated first. She later said she saw the female driver of the other car die before her eyes. (West witnessed this, and the impression left upon her may have contributed to an unfortunate decision she made some three decades later. In 1991, when West was seriously injured in a car accident, she insisted that her driver be treated first. West died from her injuries, possibly because she had declined to be treated immediately.) Cline spent a month in the hospital, suffering from a jagged cut across her forehead that required stitches, a broken wrist, and a dislocated hip. Her friend Billy Walker (who died in a vehicle accident in 2006) said Cline rededicated her life to Christ while in the hospital, where she received thousands of cards and flowers from fans. When she was released, her forehead was visibly scarred. (For the rest of her career, she wore wigs and makeup to hide the scars, along with headbands to relieve the pressure that caused headaches.) Six weeks later, she returned to the road on crutches with a new appreciation for life.
  • 1960
    On January 9, 1960, Cline realized a lifelong dream when the Grand Ole Opry accepted her request to join the cast, making her the only person to achieve membership in such a fashion.
    More Details Hide Details She became one of the Opry's biggest stars. Even before that time, believing that there was "room enough for everybody", and confident of her abilities and appeal, Cline befriended and encouraged women starting out in the country music field at that time, including Loretta Lynn, Dottie West, Jan Howard, 16-year-old Brenda Lee and a 13-year-old steel-guitar player named Barbara Mandrell (with whom Cline once toured). All cited her as a major influence. According to both Lynn and West, Cline always gave of herself to friends, buying them groceries and furniture and even hiring them as wardrobe assistants. On occasion, she paid their rent so they could stay in Nashville and continue pursuing their dreams. Honky-tonk pianist and Opry star Del Wood said, "Even when she didn't have it, she'd spend it — and not always on herself. She'd give anyone the skirt off her backside if they needed it".
    When her Four Star contract expired in 1960, she signed with Decca Records-Nashville, directly under Owen Bradley, a legendary producer of female country singers.
    More Details Hide Details He was responsible for much of Cline's success and positively influenced the careers of both Brenda Lee and Loretta Lynn. Even though she was still scared of the lush Nashville sound arrangements, Bradley considered Cline's voice best-suited for country pop-crossover songs. His direction and arrangements helped smooth her voice into the silky, torch song style for which she won fame. Cline's first release for Decca was the country pop ballad "I Fall to Pieces" (1961), written by Hank Cochran and Harlan Howard. The song was promoted and won success on both country and pop stations. On the country charts, it slowly climbed to the top, garnering her first Number One ranking. In a major feat for country singers at the time, the song also hit No. 12 on the pop and No. 6 on the adult contemporary charts, making her a household name and demonstrating that women could achieve as much crossover success as men.
  • 1959
    In 1959 Cline met Randy Hughes, a session guitarist and promotion man.
    More Details Hide Details Hughes became her manager and helped her change labels.
  • 1958
    After the birth of their daughter, Julie, in 1958, Cline and her husband moved to Nashville, Tennessee.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1957
    Upon her divorce, Cline married Charles Allen Dick, known as Charlie (May 24, 1934November 8, 2015), a Linotype operator, on September 15, 1957.
    More Details Hide Details Cline regarded Dick as "the love of her life". It was a marriage with much-publicized controversy—and later, alleged abuse—but it lasted until her death. They were the parents of two children, Julia Simadore (called Julie; August 25, 1958) and Allen Randolph Dick (called Randy; January 22, 1961). Charlie Dick died in November 2015 and was buried next to Cline in Shenandoah Memorial Park, in her hometown of Winchester, Virginia.
  • 1956
    However, Four-Star Records lists Cline as a contributor to Barbara Vaughn's 1956 tune "Wicked Love", leading to speculation that she may have cut a demo of the song.
    More Details Hide Details
    Late in 1956, she auditioned for Arthur Godfrey's Talent Scouts in New York City, and was accepted to sing on the CBS-TV show on January 21, 1957.
    More Details Hide Details Godfrey's "discovery" of Cline was typical. Her scout (actually her mother) presented Patsy, who initially was supposed to sing "A Poor Man's Roses (Or a Rich Man's Gold)". However, the show's producers insisted she sing "Walkin' After Midnight" instead, since it was set to be released shortly thereafter by Decca Records. Though the song was heralded as a country song, and recorded in Nashville, Godfrey's staff insisted that Cline appear in a cocktail dress rather than in one of her mother's hand-crafted cowgirl outfits. The audience's enthusiastic ovations pushed the applause meter to its apex, winning the competition for her. After the Godfrey show, listeners began calling their local radio stations to request the song, so she released it as a single. Although Cline had been performing for almost a decade and had appeared on national TV three times, it took Godfrey to make her a star. For a couple of weeks thereafter, Cline appeared regularly on Godfrey's radio program. Disagreements over creative control caused Godfrey to fire her.
    In 1956, Cline met Winchester native Charlie Dick, a linotype operator and good-looking ladies man who frequented the local club circuit Cline played on weekends, in Berryville, VA, eight miles from Winchester, at an Armory dance where she was the vocalist.
    More Details Hide Details His raw charm and persistence resulted in an affair—though still married to Cline, and involved in an on again/off again relationship with manager Bill Peer. Tonk Angel, The Intimate Story of Patsy Cline, Pages 52–55. Later that year, while looking for material for her first album, Patsy Cline, "Walkin' After Midnight" appeared, written by Donn Hecht and Alan Block. Cline initially did not like the song because it was, according to her, "just a little old pop song". However, the song's writers and record label insisted that she record it.
  • 1955
    On July 1, 1955 Cline made her network television debut on the short-lived television version of the Grand Ole Opry on ABC-TV.
    More Details Hide Details This was followed by an appearance on the network's Ozark Jubilee later that month, before returning to the show in April.
    Between 1955 and 1957, Cline recorded honky tonk material, with songs like "Fingerprints", "Pick Me Up On Your Way Down", "Don't Ever Leave Me Again", and "A Stranger In My Arms".
    More Details Hide Details Cline co-wrote the last two. None of these songs gained notable success. She experimented with rockabilly. According to Decca Records producer Owen Bradley, the Four Star compositions only hinted at Patsy's potential. Bradley thought that her voice was best-suited for pop music, but Cline sided with Peer and the other Four Star producers, insisting that she could only record country songs, as her contract also stated. Every time Bradley tried to get her to sing the torch songs that would become her signature, she would panic, missing her familiar country fiddle and steel guitar. She often rebelled, only wishing to sing country and yodel. She recorded 51 songs with Four Star.
    Bill Peer, her second manager, gave her the name Patsy, from her middle name, Patterson. In 1955 he gained a contract for her at Four Star Records, the label he was then affiliated with.
    More Details Hide Details Four Star was under contract to the Coral subsidiary of Decca Records. Patsy signed with Decca at her first opportunity three years later. Her first contract allowed her to record compositions only by Four Star writers, which Cline found limiting. Later, she expressed regret over signing with the label, but thinking that nobody else would have her, she took the deal. Her first record for Four Star was "A Church, A Courtroom & Then Good-Bye", which attracted little attention, although it led to appearances on the Grand Ole Opry. As these performances were not "records" per se, they were not governed by her contract, and she could sing what she wanted, within reason. This somewhat eased her "stifled" feeling.
  • 1953
    Cline married Gerald Edward Cline (1925–1994), a contractor, on March 7, 1953. The marriage ended in divorce on July 4, 1957.
    More Details Hide Details The failure of their marriage was blamed on the conflict between her desire to sing professionally and his wishes that she be a housewife. They had no children.
  • 1947
    Her performance in 1947 was well received, and she was asked back.
    More Details Hide Details This led to appearances at local nightclubs, wearing fringed Western outfits her mother made from Patsy's designs. Cline performed in variety and talent shows in the Winchester and Tri-State areas. Along with this and increasing local radio appearances on local radio gained her a large following. In 1954 Jimmy Dean, already a young country star, heard of her and she became a regular with him on Connie B. Gay's Town and Country Jamboree radio show, airing weekday afternoons live on WARL in Arlington, Virginia.
  • 1932
    She was born Virginia Patterson Hensley on September 8, 1932, in Winchester, Virginia, in the city's Memorial Hospital.
    More Details Hide Details She was the eldest child of seamstress Hilda Virginia (Patterson; March 9, 1916December 10, 1998) and blacksmith Samuel Lawrence Hensley (August 16, 1889December 11, 1956). She soon had a younger brother and sister, Samuel Jr. (November 13, 1939November 1, 2004) and Sylvia (April 14, 1943). They were known in the family as Ginny, John, and Sis. The family moved often before finally settling in Winchester, Virginia, when Patsy was eight. Sam Hensley deserted his family in 1947, but the children's home was reportedly happy nonetheless. Cline was introduced to music at an early age, singing in church with her mother. She liked stars such as Kay Starr, Jo Stafford, Hank Williams, Judy Garland, and Shirley Temple. She had perfect pitch. Self-taught, she could not read music. When Patsy was thirteen, she was hospitalized with a throat infection and rheumatic fever. "The fever affected my throat and when I recovered I had this booming voice like Kate Smith".
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