Patty Hearst
American newspaper heiress, actress
Patty Hearst
Patricia Campbell Hearst, now known as Patricia Campbell Hearst Shaw, is an American newspaper heiress, socialite, actress, kidnap victim, and convicted bank robber. Her kidnapping case is held by many as an example of Stockholm syndrome. The granddaughter of publishing magnate William Randolph Hearst, she gained notoriety in 1974 when she joined the Symbionese Liberation Army after they had kidnapped her.
Biography
Patty Hearst's personal information overview.
{{personal_detail.supertitle}}
{{personal_detail.title}}
{{personal_detail.title}}
News
News abour Patty Hearst from around the web
The Sky Horse Is the Limit - A Galloping Publisher
Huffington Post - about 1 month
There's sky blue; skyline: skyscraper: skyrocket; skylark; Skylab; Luke Skywalker. And then there's Skyhorse. Or, as I call it, the little colt that could. Skyhorse: a young, hot-to-trot company (www.skyhorsepublishing.com) that's just turned 10 -- overturning expectations, turning editorial heads, and turning $0 into $43 million! The maverick Mustang that's been kicking down corporate stalls, publishing a range of topics as wide as the Montana skies, from Putin to Pokemon Go; from fantasy and fashion (Corsets and Codpieces) to Fix-it and Forget-It series; from conspiracies to cookbooks--titles from Malcolm Nance's The Plot to Hack America to Kristy Carlson's Eat Like a Gilmore: The Unofficial Cookbook for Fans of Gilmore Girls. Photo Source (above): www.localriding.com Skyhorse: named after PEN/Hemingway award-winning Hispanic Native American Mexican author Brando Skyhorse. Seriously, now, could you ask for a more romantic derivation ? Photo Source: 'S' bend corset (r ...
Article Link:
Huffington Post article
27 Nonfiction Books By Women Everyone Should Read This Year
Huffington Post - about 2 months
New year, new books. At least, that’s what we wrote back in December, when we were just starting to add titles to our 2017 reading lists. Now that we’re nine days into the new year, our to-read list has only grown. And while our first book preview was filled with all the fiction you could handle, we wanted to take a moment to talk about the incredible wave of nonfiction we’re expecting this year, too. Particularly, we’re talking about nonfiction from women authors ― because a single year that includes memoir and essay collection releases from the likes of Roxane Gay, Patricia Lockwood, Joan Didion, Yiyun Li, Mary Gaitskill, Samantha Irby and Camille Paglia is worth celebrating. Behold: 27 nonfiction books by women everyone should read this year. JANUARY Birds Art Life: A Year of Observation by Kyo Maclear For many of us working full time in urban environments, the prospect of studying mushrooms or catching fireflies seems like a faraway fantasy. In 2012, writer Ky ...
Article Link:
Huffington Post article
'Network' Came Out 40 Years Ago And Trump Is Proof It Still Matters
Huffington Post - 5 months
The relationship we have with the media is a complicated one. We binge, hate-watch, cry, and laugh with characters familiar and unfamiliar. We equally suspend our disbelief and get all swept up in it. Few films have summarized (and satirized) this relationship as well as the movie “Network” ― a shocking feat when you remember that the film came out in 1976. Still, “Network” remains a provocative and influential film that acts as both a timepiece and a terrifying crystal ball.   The film follows respected anchorman Howard Beale, who we’re introduced to just as he gets fired from the network he works for, UBS. Distraught, Beale announces that he’s going to kill himself on air à la Christine Chubbuck, sending ratings through the roof. The black dramedy then takes many wild turns beginning with the ratings-hungry TV executives keeping Beale on the air as he mentally breaks down night after night. Other plot points include the beautiful, albeit heartless, reporter Diana Christen ...
Article Link:
Huffington Post article
"American Heiress" revisits dramatic saga of Patty Hearst
CBS News - 7 months
​In 1974, Patty Hearst's abduction gripped the nation -- a complicated story that Jeffrey Toobin chronicles in his new book
Article Link:
CBS News article
Re-Discovering Egypt's Boy Pharoah: No Ifs, ands or Tuts
Huffington Post - 12 months
There's the impatient saying, TUT TUT; the orchestral term TUTTI; the Olde English game TUT ball. And then of course there's our old pal King TUT. Tired of red carpets, insulting debates, and droning political pundits? Check out the first replica exhibit of Tut-orama and the newest incarnation of the Egyptian boy wonder: The Discovery of King Tut at midtown Manhattan's Premier Exhibitions space (www.tutnyc.com). Nope, don't know much about history ... and sure don't know much about Egyptology. But lately I've learned a thing or two about the famous boy pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty, who ruled from 1332BC - 1323BC, roughly 30 centuries ago. Who can think back to yesterday, much less 3,000 years ago? All I remember from school field trips to the Museum of Natural History is a few facts: Egypt was filled with pyramids and feisty pharaohs. Teen-age rulers were the thing. After all, Cleopatra was a mere adolescent when she took the throne. Her brother Ptolemy XIII was 11. England fo ...
Article Link:
Huffington Post article
Patty Hearst makes headlines again - thanks to her dog
CBS News - about 2 years
4 decades after infamous kidnapping and prison sentence, heiress makes news for her shih tzu winning at Westminster Kennel Club show
Article Link:
CBS News article
40 years since Patty Hearst kidnapping
CNN - about 3 years
A look back at the kiddnapping of Patty Hearst
Article Link:
CNN article
40 years ago today: Patty Hearst kidnapped
CBS News - about 3 years
On Feb. 4, 1974, media heiress was kidnapped by armed radical group, before taking up their cause and robbing bank
Article Link:
CBS News article
Would You Really Want Your Life to Be Like the Disney Princesses?
Huffington Post - about 3 years
The latest craze on social media seems to be Disney princesses. From gay guys to teenage girls, you cannot scroll through your Facebook newsfeed without a Buzzfeed quiz asking, "Which Disney Princess Are You?" or an article called, "If All Disney Princesses Were Replaced With Beyonce." Sure, these movies are timeless classics that never get old and sharing them with a new generation continues to keep these legends alive. However, when you really think about it -- would you really want your life to be like a Disney princess? Would Beyonce? When you get down to the bottom line of what really makes these women tick -- their lives are really not as glamorous as you may think. Sleeping Beauty - Let's talk about a girl who doesn't listen. For 16 years straight, girl is basically told: "Whatever you do under any circumstances, do not touch a spinning wheel. Ever. Like, don't do it." The first time one is presented to her -- what does she do? She touches the damn thing. Granted being raised ...
Article Link:
Huffington Post article
Early 80's Activism.
CNN - over 3 years
I didn't have to look far to come up with this photo of me in the early 80's.   This assignment is right up my alley. Style and Politics? I had it all. haha   I was fascinated with Patty Hearst during this phase of my life. I was in my early 20's and was very active in the anti-nuke movement. I think that button on my beret said "Nuclear Power? No Thanks."   I think this pic was taken in Albuquerque, NM. That is my bf from that time. Aren't we hip? ;)   I was headed up to Washington state (from Guatemala) when this photo was taken but my friends in upstate New York drove my car out to New Mexico for me.   If I wasn't so lazy right now, I'd dig up some other photos from the early eighties. oh well, this will have to suffice. haha   Enjoy and thanks for reading!
Article Link:
CNN article
AP Exclusive: New cause for ex-radical Olson
Fox News - almost 4 years
Sara Jane Olson, the Minnesota woman who served seven years in prison for her involvement in high-profile 1970s radicalism, is edging back into public life — this time voluntarily — as she and a friend petition the Obama administration to reduce disparities in prison sentences for crack and powder cocaine. Olson returned to Minnesota after her 2009 parole from a California prison, and lives with her husband in the same St. Paul home where she was arrested in 1999. Once known as Kathleen Soliah, Olson spent 25 years as a fugitive after joining the short-lived Symbionese Liberation Army, the small group best known for the 1974 kidnapping of California heiress Patty Hearst. Captured in 1999, Olson finally pleaded guilty to helping place pipe bombs under Los Angeles police cars and participating in a bank robbery near Sacramento in which a woman was killed. Deeply private since her release, Olson said she decided to talk to The Associated Press because of s ...
Article Link:
Fox News article
Nico Lang: We Need To Give Up Transphobia
Huffington Post - almost 4 years
Trigger warning: Transphobia. A lot of transphobia. A month ago my friend Todd Clayton came out as a recovering transphobe in an incisive Huffington Post blog post, "The Queer Community Has to Stop Being Transphobic." In the piece Clayton details his personal journey toward transgender acceptance, explaining how a speech by Matrix co-director Lana Wachowski, an out trans woman, opened his eyes to the quiet bigotry in his own life. Clayton hadn't openly attacked trans people or worked against their freedoms; he was transphobic in ways that a lot of cisgender members of the gay, lesbian and bisexual communities are: insensitive and dismissive, not realizing the ways in which trans lives and struggles intersect with our own. When he asked me to read the piece, I told him that his experience is common among cisgender people in the LGB community. In fact, I've made a similar journey. I told Todd that if he ever published his piece, I would come out with my own story. This is ...
Article Link:
Huffington Post article
The Woman That Missed Out On 'Seinfeld'
Huffington Post - almost 4 years
Lee Garlington has been steadily working in Hollywood since the '80s. "I haven't had to say, 'Would you like fries or Caesar salad with that?' since 1984," she said. But, the actress added, she hasn't peaked yet. "I plan to peak in my 70s," Garlington told The Huffington Post in a phone interview. "I have another decade to go before I'm going to really hit my stride. I'm going to be Doris Roberts, knocking 'em dead on my big hit show." A serial guest star and regular film supporting player, Garlington is perhaps best known for having one the biggest show business "tragedies": She was the original female star in the "Seinfeld" pilot. Garlington's regular TV appearances and supporting roles in films like "Field of Dreams" and "Cobra" made her a perfect subject for HuffPost's "Isn't That ... ?," a new feature highlighting those character actors you recognize from a variety of projects, but don't know much else about. Garlington, 59, who now teaches classes and helps youn ...
Article Link:
Huffington Post article
Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Patty Hearst
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 2015
    Age 61
    Hearst and her dogs have participated in dog shows and on February 16, 2015, her Shih Tzu, Rocket, won the "Toy" category at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show at Madison Square Garden.
    More Details Hide Details "
  • FIFTIES
  • 2009
    Age 55
    In a 2009 interview for an NBC program on the case, she described the prosecutor's suggestions that she had been in a consensual relationship with Wolfe as an insult to rape victims and "outrageous".
    More Details Hide Details Dissatisfied with other documentaries made on the subject, she produced a special for the Travel Channel titled Secrets of San Simeon with Patricia Hearst, in which she took viewers inside her grandfather's mansion Hearst Castle, providing unprecedented access to the property. Hearst has appeared in feature films for director John Waters, who cast her in Cry-Baby, Serial Mom, Pecker, A Dirty Shame, and Cecil B. DeMented. With Cordelia Frances Biddle, Hearst collaborated on the writing of a novel titled Murder at San Simeon (Scribner, 1996), based upon the death of Thomas H. Ince on her grandfather's yacht.
  • FORTIES
  • 2001
    Age 47
    She recovered full rights when President Bill Clinton granted her a pardon on January 20, 2001, his last day in office. Two months after her release from prison, Hearst wed Bernard Shaw, a policeman whom she had met when he was part of a dozens-strong private security detail protecting her on bail. The marriage lasted until his death in 2013.
    More Details Hide Details They had two children, Gillian and Lydia Hearst-Shaw. Hearst became prominent on the East Coast society and charitable fundraising scene, being particularly involved with a foundation helping children suffering from AIDS.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1981
    Age 27
    Her memoir, titled Every Secret Thing, was published in 1981.
    More Details Hide Details In contradiction of assertion that she had been given immunity on the Crocker robbery, the book caused authorities to consider bringing a new prosecution against her.
  • 1979
    Age 25
    The 1979 release was under stringent conditions and she remained on probation for the state sentence on the surplus store plea.
    More Details Hide Details President Ronald Reagan reportedly gave serious consideration to pardoning Hearst.
  • 1978
    Age 24
    Hearst's bail was revoked in May 1978 when appeals failed and the Supreme Court declined to hear her case.
    More Details Hide Details The prison took no special security measures for Hearst's safety until she found a dead rat on her bunk the day William and Emily Harris were arraigned for her abduction. The Harrises were convicted on a simple kidnapping charge (as opposed to the more serious kidnapping for ransom or kidnapping with bodily injury); they were released after serving a total eight years each. Although there were some articles in legal journals about the issues in the case the definition of duress in law remained unchanged. In the weeks before Representative Leo Ryan was murdered in Jonestown, Guyana, he was collecting signatures for Patty's release, mentioning his own Synanon mass death threats, comparisons to Manson, and questions of the Patty Hearst case. Actor John Wayne, speaking after the Jonestown cult deaths, said it was odd people accepted that one man had brainwashed 900 human beings into mass suicide, but would not accept that a group like the Symbionese Liberation Army could have brainwashed a kidnapped teenage girl.
  • 1976
    Age 22
    Hearst, who was being held in solitary confinement for security reasons, was granted bail for an appeal in November 1976, on condition she was protected on bond.
    More Details Hide Details Dozens of bodyguards were hired by her father. Saying he considered that Hearst's actions had not been voluntary, Superior Court judge Talbot Callister gave her probation on the surplus store charge when she pleaded no contest. California Attorney General Evelle J. Younger, said if there was a double standard for the wealthy it was the opposite of what was generally believed, and though Hearst had no legal brainwashing defense there was a good deal of equity favoring her in the essential point that everything started with her kidnapping.
    On March 20, 1976 Hearst was convicted of bank robbery and using a firearm in a felony.
    More Details Hide Details She was given the maximum sentence possible of 35 years' imprisonment pending a reduction at final sentence hearing, which Carter declined to specify. Because Judge Carter had died, William Horsley Orrick, Jr. decided on Hearst's sentence. He gave her seven years imprisonment, commenting that "rebellious young people who, for whatever reason become revolutionaries, and voluntarily commit criminal acts will be punished". Hearst suffered a collapsed lung in prison (the beginning of a series of medical problems) and underwent emergency surgery, which prevented her appearing to testify against the Harrises on eleven state charges including robbery, kidnapping and assault; she was also arraigned for those charges.
    Hearst alone was arraigned for the Hibernia Bank robbery, the trial commenced on January 15, 1976.
    More Details Hide Details Judge Oliver Jesse Carter, who was a professional acquaintance of a junior member of the prosecution team, ruled Hearst's taped and written statements after the bank robbery while she was a fugitive with the SLA members were voluntary. He did not allow expert testimony that stylistic analysis indicated the 'Tania' statements and writing were not wholly composed by Hearst, and permitted the prosecution to introduce statements and actions of Hearst long after the Hibernia robbery as evidence of her state of mind at the time of the robbery. Carter allowed into evidence a recording made by prison authorities of a friend's prison visit with Hearst in which she used profanities and spoke of her radical and feminist beliefs, but did not allow tapes of the interviews of Hearst by psychiatrist Louis Jolyon West to be heard by the jury. Judge Carter appeared to be 'resting his eyes' during testimony favorable to the defense by West and others.
  • 1975
    Age 21
    At the time of her arrest, Patty Hearst weighed only 87 pounds and was described by Dr. Margaret Singer in October 1975 as "a low-IQ, low-affect zombie".
    More Details Hide Details Shortly after her arrest, there were some clear signs of trauma and several DSM-5 classifications: her IQ was measured at 112 from 130 previously (a loss of 18 points); there were huge gaps in her memory regarding her pre-Tania life; she was smoking heavily; she had nightmares. Without a mental illness or defect, a person was held fully responsible for any criminal action not done under duress, defined as a clear and present threat of death or serious injury rather than peer pressure or being a low ranking member of a conspiracy. Securing an acquittal on the basis of brainwashing would be completely unprecedented. Court-appointed doctor and brainwashing theory proponent Louis Jolyon West stated after a 15-hour interview with Hearst that she was a "classic case" of coercive persuasion or brainwashing: "If (she) had reacted differently, that would have been suspect" After some weeks Hearst repudiated her SLA allegiance.
    On September 18, 1975, Hearst was arrested in a San Francisco apartment with Wendy Yoshimura, another SLA member, by San Francisco Police Inspector Timothy F. Casey and FBI Special Agent Thomas J. Padden.
    More Details Hide Details While being booked into jail, she listed her occupation as "Urban Guerilla" and asked her attorney to relay the following message: "Tell everybody that I'm smiling, that I feel free and strong and I send my greetings and love to all the sisters and brothers out there."
    Hearst helped make improvised explosive devices, one of which failed to detonate, in two unsuccessful attempts to kill policemen during August 1975.
    More Details Hide Details Marked money found in the apartment when she was arrested linked Hearst to the SLA armed robbery of Crocker National Bank in Carmichael, California. She was the getaway car driver for the robbery in which a woman was shot dead by a masked Emily Harris, thereby creating a potential for felony murder charges against Hearst, and making her a possible witness against Harris for a capital offence.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1974
    Age 20
    In May 1974, a surplus store manager observed a minor spur-of-the-moment theft by William Harris who had been shopping with Emily Harris, while Hearst waited across the road in a van.
    More Details Hide Details Accompanied by a female employee, the manager followed him out and confronted him. During the ensuing scuffle one of Harris's wrists was manacled, and his pistol fell out of his waistband. Hearst, who had been taught to use guns by her father, discharged the magazine of an automatic carbine into the overhead storefront, causing the manager to dive behind a lightpost. When he tried to shoot back with the pistol, Hearst, now firing single shots with another weapon, brought her fire closer, blasting fragments around him and holing the light post. Escaping from the area, Hearst and the Harrises hijacked two cars, abducting the owners. One, a young man, found Hearst so personable that he was reluctant to report the incident. At the trial he testified to her having discussed the effectiveness of cyanide-tipped bullets, and repeatedly asking if he was okay. Police had surrounded their main base by the time they made their way back and on May 17, 1974, the six SLA members inside died in a gunfight. It was at first thought that Hearst had also perished. Subsequently her father publicly worried that she might be killed in revenge; to allay his fears, the abduction victim gave police a more complete account and a warrant was issued for Hearst's arrest for several felonies, including two counts of kidnapping.
    A grand jury indicted her for the robbery in June 1974.
    More Details Hide Details
    On April 15, 1974, she was photographed wielding an M1 carbine while robbing the Sunset District branch of the Hibernia Bank at 1450 Noriega Street in San Francisco.
    More Details Hide Details Hearst announced herself under her pseudonym of Tania. Two men who entered the bank while the robbery was occurring were shot and wounded. According to later testimony at her trial, a witness thought Hearst had been several paces behind the others when running to the getaway car. Within days, United States Attorney General William B. Saxbe said Hearst was a "common criminal" and "not a reluctant participant" in the bank robbery. James L. Browning, Jr. said that all participation in the robbery may have been voluntary, clarifying an earlier comment of his in which he said that Hearst may have been coerced into taking part. The FBI agent heading the investigation had said SLA members were photographed pointing guns at Hearst during the robbery.
    On April 3, 1974, two months after she was abducted, Hearst announced on an audiotape that she had joined the SLA and assumed the name "Tania" (inspired by the nom de guerre of Haydée Tamara Bunke Bider, Che Guevara's comrade).
    More Details Hide Details
    On February 4, 1974, the 19-year-old Hearst was kidnapped from her Berkeley, California apartment.
    More Details Hide Details She was beaten and lost consciousness during the abduction. Shots were fired from a machine gun during the incident. Responsibility was claimed by an urban guerrilla group called the Symbionese Liberation Army (SLA). The SLA was formed through contacts made by a leftist-oriented study group, coordinated by a University of California, Berkeley professor. Its purpose was the tutelage of black inmates, and over time the ethos became increasingly radicalized. Eventually, black convicts were viewed as heroic political prisoners, victimised by a racist American society. On March 5, 1973, Donald DeFreeze escaped from prison. Radical penal activists and future SLA members, Russell Little and William Wolfe, took DeFreeze to Patricia Soltysik's house. The SLA was led by DeFreeze, who, after a prison acquaintance named Wheeler left, was the only African American. By the time the group became active most of the members of the tiny group were women, some of whom have, like Soltysik and her roommate Nancy Ling Perry, been described as in lesbian relationships. The members included William and Emily Harris and Angela Atwood.
    In 1974, while she was a 19-year-old student living in Berkeley, California, Hearst was abducted by a left-wing terrorist group known as the Symbionese Liberation Army.
    More Details Hide Details After being isolated and threatened with death, she became supportive of their cause, making propaganda announcements for them and taking part in illegal activities. Hearst was found 19 months after her kidnapping, by which time she was a fugitive wanted for serious crimes. She was held in custody, despite speculation that her family's resources would prevent her spending time in jail. At her trial, the prosecution suggesting that she had joined the Symbionese Liberation Army of her own volition, and sexual activities between her and SLA members had not amounted to rape. She was found guilty of bank robbery. Hearst's sentence was commuted by President Jimmy Carter, and she was pardoned by President Bill Clinton. Hearst's grandfather, William Randolph Hearst, created the largest newspaper, magazine, newsreel and movie business in the world. Her great-grandmother was philanthropist Phoebe Hearst. The family was associated with immense political influence and anti-Communism going back to before World War II.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1954
    Age 0
    Born on February 20, 1954.
    More Details Hide Details
Original Authors of this text are noted here.
All data offered is derived from public sources. Spokeo does not verify or evaluate each piece of data, and makes no warranties or guarantees about any of the information offered. Spokeo does not possess or have access to secure or private financial information. Spokeo is not a consumer reporting agency and does not offer consumer reports. None of the information offered by Spokeo is to be considered for purposes of determining any entity or person's eligibility for credit, insurance, employment, housing, or for any other purposes covered under the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA)