Paul Éluard

Writer + Poet
Born Dec 14, 1895
Hometown France
Died Nov 18, 1952
Death Place Charenton-le-Pont
Nationality French
Other Names Eugène Émile Paul...

Paul Éluard, born Eugène Émile Paul Grindel, was a French poet who was one of the founders of the surrealist movement.

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1895 Birth Born in 1895.


1917 22 Years Old He met Gala, born Elena Ivanovna Diakonova, whom he married in 1917, in the Swiss sanatorium of Davos. … Read More
1921 26 Years Old After collaborating with German Dadaist Max Ernst, who had entered France illegally, in 1921, he entered into a menage a trois living arrangement with Gala and Ernst in 1922.
1924 29 Years Old After a marital crisis, he traveled, returning to France in 1924. Éluard's writings of this period reflect his tumultuous experiences.


1929 34 Years Old In 1929 he had another bout of tuberculosis and separated from Gala when she left him for Salvador Dalí, with whom she remained for the rest of her life.
1934 39 Years Old In 1934, he married Nusch (Maria Benz), a model who was considered somewhat of a mascot of the surrealist movement, whom Éluard had met through his friends Man Ray and Pablo Picasso. … Read More


1942 47 Years Old He joined the French Communist Party in 1942, which led to his break from the Surrealists, and he later eulogised Joseph Stalin in his political writings. … Read More


1946 51 Years Old His grief at the premature death of his wife Nusch in 1946 inspired the work "Le temps déborde" in 1947. … Read More
1948 53 Years Old He was a member of the Congress of Intellectuals for Peace in Wrocław in 1948, which he persuaded Pablo Picasso to participate in.
1949 54 Years Old Éluard met his last wife, Dominique Laure, at the Congress of Peace in Mexico in 1949. They married in 1951. … Read More
1952 57 Years Old Paul Éluard died from a heart attack in November 1952. … Read More
Original Authors of this text are noted onÉluard.
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