Phillis Wheatley
American poet
Phillis Wheatley
Phillis Wheatley was the first African American poet and first African-American woman to publish her writing. Born in Gambia, Senegal, she was sold into slavery at the age of 7 or 8 and transported to North America. She was purchased by the Wheatley family of Boston, who taught her to read and write, and encouraged her poetry when they saw her talent.
Biography
Phillis Wheatley's personal information overview.
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Artifacts help 'tell the full story' of America - Atlanta Journal Constitution
Google News - over 5 years
A: I have a signed first edition of Phillis Wheatley's “Poems on Various Subjects Religious and Moral,” published in 1773. That was a pretty cool thing to get. Q: As for the collection at Emory, I'm assuming your most prized gets were the Alice Walker
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DON NOBLE: Author celebrates Katrina survivors - Tuscaloosa News (subscription)
Google News - over 5 years
After teaching for some time at Auburn, Trethewey moved to Emory University where she now holds the Phillis Wheatley Distinguished Chair in Poetry. Partly raised in Gulfport, Miss., Trethewey, in “Native Guard,” explored and celebrated the second
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It's Thursday, Sept. 1. Here's what's happening in your community - Lake Chelan Mirror
Google News - over 5 years
1773 -- Phillis Wheatley, a slave from Boston, publishes a collection of poetry, Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral, in London. • 1807 -- Aaron Burr is arrested in Mississippi for complicity in a plot to establish a Southern empire in
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FanIQ Spotlight Fan of the Week: originalcrash78 - FanIQ (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
2) My High School (Phillis Wheatley Sr.Hi) winning the State Championship in Basketball my senior year. Didn't know it then, but that was the last one they've won since. 1) The Rockets back-to-back titles in 1994-95 Clutch City baby!
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What is a nice Latino like me doing at a Tea Party like this? - American Thinker
Google News - over 5 years
I wrote The Colorful Conservative: American Conversations with the Ancients from Wheatley to Whitman, a monograph tracing the right-wing activism embodied by Sarah Palin back to the writers of the early Republic, especially Phillis Wheatley,
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Harlem Is Nowhere: A Journey to the Mecca of Black America by Sharifa Rhodes ... - The Guardian
Google News - over 5 years
Its holdings include rare material by the slave poet Phillis Wheatley, Haitian revolutionary Toussaint L'Ouverture, Malcolm X and Maya Angelou. Unsurprisingly the audience bristled at this limey's apostasies: a pedantic fellow panellist dismissed
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Overtown students among first to get cheap Internet access - The South Florida Times
Google News - over 5 years
4 at Phillis Wheatley Elementary School, 1801 NW 1st Place. The major digital provider has partnered with Miami-Dade Public Schools to provide low-income students with such access in their homes and help them purchase computers at discounted prices
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Sixteen Delaware schools win State Champions in Sportsmanship Awards - Brandywine East Community News
Google News - over 5 years
... Cape Henlopen High School, Lake Forest High School, Caravel Academy, Phillis Wheatley Middle School, Caesar Rodney High School, Wilmington Chirstian High School, Concord High School, Sussex Tech, Tower Hill School and William Penn High School
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Comcast ofrece Internet barato a familias de bajo ingreso - Telemundo Miami
Google News - over 5 years
Ofrecer acceso a Internet a los niños pobres es un "imperativo moral", dijo el Superintendente de las Escuelas Públicas de Miami-Dade, Alberto Carvalho, durante el anuncio de la iniciativa, que tuvo lugar en la Escuela Primaria Phillis Wheatley,
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Needy families offered cheap Internet service, computers - MiamiHerald.com
Google News - over 5 years
4 at Phillis Wheatley Elementary School, 1801 NW First Pl. in Miami, as part of a “town hall'' meeting about getting needy families online. By LAURA ISENSEE It's not just about Google for that research project. Nearly everything Miami-Dade students
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Black history exhibit ends today at Vacaville Museum - TheReporter.com
Google News - over 5 years
Board of Education of Topeka decision; a scanned copy of the Supreme Court's Dred Scott decision of 1857; a copy of the Emancipation Proclama-tion; original slave documents; and the frontispiece of a book of poems by Phillis Wheatley, the first black
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Clean-Up Day At The Phillis Wheatley Center - News Channel 7
Google News - over 5 years
Students and parents from Greenville Tech Charter High School held a clean-up day at the Phillis Wheatley Center to prepare for the new school year. They cleaned the inside and outside of the building doing things such as mopping floors, chain sawing
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10 things you might not know about the Founding Fathers (and Mothers) - Chicago Tribune
Google News - over 5 years
4 Phillis Wheatley, whose first name came from the slave ship that brought her from Africa as a child, was too frail for housework but brilliant at poetry. She wrote patriotic verse honoring George Washington and was welcomed at his headquarters — a
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More Dade schools earn top grades - MiamiHerald.com
Google News - over 5 years
In Miami-Dade, 70 percent of all elementary and middle schools (or 228 schools) earned an A or B. The district's top performers included Phillis Wheatley Elementary in Overtown, which improved its grade from F to A. “It came with a lot of effort and
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Checking in on Treme: Present at the Re-Creation - JohnJohnSaidIt.com
Google News - over 5 years
(See, eg, the library books at the Phillis Wheatley School, whose real-world situation I blogged about when I visited the Treme set last year.) yet the city does need work and money, and Hidalgo genuinely seems to fall in love with it,
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Big Easy Architectural Landmark Bites The Dust Ahead of Schedule - Curbed National (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
Charter schools & vouchers are leading toward complete privatization, a $640 billion neo-liberal wet dream. By Mary Urech Stallings If this former school is named after the African American poet, they should spell it correctly: Phillis Wheatley
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Commonwealth Avenue—Brahmins and Beyond - BU Today
Google News - over 5 years
At the Boston Women's Memorial, near Fairfield Street, bronze likenesses of Abigail Adams, abolitionist Lucy Stone, and African American poet Phillis Wheatley (a slave in colonial Boston) relax on gray granite blocks. Posed on a barnacle-encrusted
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Famed DJ seeks a home for African-American artifacts - Las Vegas Review - Journal
Google News - over 5 years
Very inspiring for me was to hold Phillis Wheatley's book of poems." Wheatley was the first published African-American poet. Irvin continues: "It's history you can touch, read, see and it's breathtaking the way it's been catalogued
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Phillis Wheatley School torn down 5 - NOLA.com
Google News - over 5 years
By Matthew Hinton, The Times-Picayune MATTHEW HINTON / THE TIMES-PICAYUNE Former Phillis Wheatley Elementary student Phyllis Montana-LeBlanc, an actress in the HBO series "Treme", author, and motivational speaker, watches while the school is demolished
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Phillis Wheatley
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  • 1784
    Wheatley died on December 5, 1784, at the age of 31.
    More Details Hide Details Her infant son died three and a half hours after her death. In 1768, Wheatley wrote "To the King's Most Excellent Majesty," in which she praised King George III for repealing the Stamp Act. As the American Revolution gained strength, Wheatley's writing turned to themes that expressed ideas of the rebellious colonists. In 1770 Wheatley wrote a poetic tribute to the evangelist George Whitefield, which received widespread acclaim. Her poetry expressed Christian themes, and many poems were dedicated to famous figures. Over one-third consist of elegies, the remainder being on religious, classical, and abstract themes. She seldom referred to her own life in her poems. One example of a poem on slavery is "On being brought from Africa to America": Historians have commented on her reluctance to write about slavery. Perhaps it was because she had conflicting feelings about the institution. In the poem above, critics have said that she praises slavery because it brought her to Christianity. But, in another poem, she wrote that slavery was a cruel fate.
    Her husband John Peters was imprisoned for debt in 1784, leaving an impoverished Wheatley with a sickly infant son.
    More Details Hide Details She went to work as a scullery maid at a boarding house to support them. The racism and sexism that marked the era had forced her into a kind of domestic labor that she had not been accustomed to, even before becoming a free person.
  • 1778
    In 1778, Wheatley was legally freed from slavery after her master's death, by the terms of her master's will.
    More Details Hide Details His daughter Mary Wheatley died soon afterward. Three months later, Phillis Wheatley married John Peters, a free black grocer. They struggled with poor living conditions and the deaths of two babies. Wheatley wrote another volume of poetry but was unable to publish it because of her financial circumstances; the loss of patrons after her emancipation (often publication of books was based on gaining subscriptions for guaranteed sales beforehand), and the competition from the Revolutionary War. However, some of her poems that were to be published in that volume were later published in pamphlets and newspapers.
  • 1776
    In 1776, Washington invited Wheatley to visit him at his headquarters in Cambridge, Massachusetts, which she did in March 1776.
    More Details Hide Details Thomas Paine republished the poem in the Pennsylvania Gazette in April 1776.
  • 1775
    In 1775, Phillis Wheatley sent a copy of a poem entitled, “To His Excellency, George Washington” to him.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1774
    In 1774, Phillis Wheatley wrote a letter to Reverend Samson Occom, commending him on his ideas and beliefs of how the slaves should be given their natural born rights in America.
    More Details Hide Details Wheatley also exchanged letters with the British philanthropist John Thornton, who in turn discussed Wheatley and her poetry in his correspondence with John Newton. Along with her poetry, she was able to express her thoughts, comments and concerns to others.
  • 1773
    She had an audience with the Lord Mayor of London (an audience with George III was arranged, but Phillis returned home beforehand), as well as with other significant members of British society, including Selina Hastings, the Countess of Huntingdon, who lent her support to Wheatley's work and allowed a volume of Wheatley's poems, published in London in 1773, to be dedicated to her.
    More Details Hide Details
    In 1773, at the age of 20, Phillis accompanied Nathaniel Wheatley to London in part for her health, but also because Susanna believed she would have a better chance publishing her poetry there.
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  • 1761
    Wheatley was brought to British-ruled Boston, Massachusetts, on July 11, 1761, on a slave ship called The Phillis.
    More Details Hide Details It was owned by Timothy Fitch and captained by Peter Gwinn. At the age of eight, she was sold to the wealthy Boston merchant and tailor John Wheatley, who bought the young girl as a servant for his wife Susanna. John and Susanna Wheatley named the young girl Phillis, after the ship that had brought her to America. She was given their last name of Wheatley, as was a common custom if any surname was used for slaves. The Wheatleys' 18-year-old daughter, Mary, first tutored Phillis in reading and writing. Their son Nathaniel also helped her. John Wheatley was known as a progressive throughout New England; his family gave Phillis an unprecedented education for an enslaved person, and for a female of any race. By the age of 12, Phillis was reading Greek and Latin classics and difficult passages from the Bible. At the age of 14, she wrote her first poem, "To the University of Cambridge, in New England." Recognizing her literary ability, the Wheatley family supported Phillis's education and left the household labor to their other domestic slaves. The Wheatleys often showed off her abilities to friends and family. Strongly influenced by her studies of the works of Alexander Pope, John Milton, Homer, Horace and Virgil, Phillis Wheatley began to write poetry.
  • 1753
    Although the date and place of her birth are not documented, scholars believe that Phillis Wheatley was born in 1753 in West Africa, most likely in present-day Gambia or Senegal.
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