Pola Negri
Actress, singer, memorist
Pola Negri
Pola Negri was a Polish stage and film actress who achieved worldwide fame during the Silent and Golden Eras of Hollywood and European film for her tragedienne and femme fatale roles. She was the first European film star to be invited to Hollywood, and become one of the most popular actresses in American silent film. She also started several important women's fashion trends that are still staples of the women's fashion industry.
Biography
Pola Negri's personal information overview.
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News
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Pola Negri: Życie jest snem - Rzeczpospolita
Google News - over 5 years
Dziś w Iluzjonie specjalny pokaz dokumentalnego filmu Mariusza Kotowskiego, autora biografii „Pola Negri. Legenda Hollywood". To okazja do przyjrzenia się losom jedynej polskiej aktorki, która zrobiła międzynarodową karierę – w okresie kina niemego
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Pola Negri: Życie jest snem w kinie - Rzeczpospolita
Google News - over 5 years
To drobiazgowa analiza kariery artystki połączona z opowieściami na temat jej życia prywatnego. Po projekcji zaplanowano spotkanie z reżyserem dokumentu Mariuszem Kotowskim. Pola Negri: Życie jest snem w kinie, Kino Iluzjon, Biblioteka Narodowa,
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Premiera odnowionego cyfrowo filmu "Mania" z Polą Negri - w niedzielę - Gazeta Wyborcza
Google News - over 5 years
W Berlinie Chałupiec zaczęła się posługiwać pseudonimem artystycznym Pola Negri. W 1923 roku aktorka wyjechała do USA, gdzie zagrała m.in. w "Hiszpańskiej tancerce", "Zakazanym raju", "Hotelu Imperial" i 'Miłości aktorki". "Mania
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On Books: Mary Stewart's tales of suspense reissued - Palm Beach Post
Google News - over 5 years
By Post Staff | Arts and Culture | August 21, 2011 After Mary Stewart published The Moon-Spinners in 1962, Walt Disney made a movie out of it that starred Hayley Mills and, in a return to the screen after more than 20 years, the silent star Pola Negri
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Az egyetlen magyar Oscar-díjas színészünk - Kultúrpart
Google News - over 5 years
A próbafelvétel várakozáson felül sikerült, arca nagyszerűen megfelelt arra a szerepre, amelyet a világhírű filmcsillag, Pola Negri filmjében kellett játszani. Sőt magának Pola Negrinek is tetszett a próbafelvétel, ami igen nagy szó, mert aa színésznő,
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Pola Negri i arcydzieła kina niemego na lato - TVP
Google News - over 5 years
Pola Negri uznawana jest za niekwestionowaną gwiazdę kina niemego (fot. PAP) Kino letnie startuje 19 sierpnia pokazem „Sumurun”, jednym z najbardziej znanych arcydzieł kina niemego. Pola Negri zasłynęła w tej produkcji rolą Jannaja – młodej tancerki,
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MANIA (1918) - zwiastun re-premiery filmu z Polą Negri - YouTube
Google News - over 5 years
W roli głównej: gwiazda światowego kina - Pola Negri. Jedyna zachowana na świecie kopia poddana została rekonstrukcji 4K w ramach projektu NITROFILM: „Konserwacja i digitalizacja przedwojennych filmów fabularnych w Filmotece Narodowej w Warszawie"
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Flickers from the silent era of movie history in Pasadena - Pasadena Star-News
Google News - over 5 years
The movie poster, showing 1920s silent movie vamp Pola Negri in "Bella Donna" at the Florence Theater in Pasadena, is from the program collection of the Pasadena Museum of History. (Hand in 8-3-11) PASADENA - In 1923,
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Pola Negri na Rynku Starego Miasta - Dziennik Łódzki
Google News - over 5 years
Film z 1918 roku, "Carmen" w reżyserii Ernsta Lubitscha, zobaczymy w piątek o godz. 21 na Rynku Starego Miasta w Letnim Kinematografie Rozrywkowym przygotowanym przez Muzeum Kinematografii. Spopularyzowana przez operę Georgesa Bizeta historia pięknej
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So klingt der Orient im Original - Hamburger Abendblatt
Google News - over 5 years
Sein Leichnam wurde nach Los Angeles überführt, die Stummfilm-Diva Pola Negri räumte die für sich bestimmte Grabstelle für den schönen Mann, von dem sie post mortem behauptete, er habe sie heiraten wollen. Im kurzen Leben eines der größten
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Fryzjerzy i gwiazdy na cześć największego stylisty XX wieku - Plejada.pl
Google News - over 5 years
Przy paryskiej Rue Cambone 5 gdzie mieściła się pracownia i słynny pierwszy salon Antoine'a regularnie bywały takie gwiazdy jak: Bridget Bardot, Greta Garbo, Pola Negri, Sarah Bernhardt, Eleonora Duse, Josephine Baker, Edith Piaf, czy jego wielka
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Problemas domésticos y piropos raros - Lanacion.com (Argentina)
Google News - over 5 years
... la lectura de Krishnamurti, el último viaje a Sevilla, las ovejas, un smoking, el aceite oliva extra virgen, los moños, los perfumes de Diptyque. Gente inolvidable, tanta... Alberto Greco, Halston, Warhol, Pola Negri, Mae West, John Cage
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100 lat temu urodziła się Loda Halama - "polska Józefina Baker" - Gazeta Wyborcza
Google News - over 5 years
Tę głośną partię tytułową tańczyła niegdyś wielka rosyjska tancerka Anna Pawłowa, aw Polsce Pola Negri. Loda Halama wywiązała się z niej nie gorzej niż jej poprzedniczki, jak twierdziła ówczesna prasa. Ta piekielnie trudna rola wymaga od wykonawczyni
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Geraldine Chaplin im Gespräch mit Frank Meyer - Deutschlandradio
Google News - over 5 years
Das war allerdings, bevor Pola Negri ihn angesprochen hat, und die Leute dachten: Oh, die kennt ihn? Dann muss er ja doch etwas Großes sein. Er kam dann ja 31 wieder, um Werbung für seinen Film "City Lights" zu machen, und das war ein Riesenerfolg,
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Natasza Urbańska: nie chcę rywalizować z Edytą Górniak - TVP
Google News - over 5 years
Pola Negri, gdy była młoda poszła do Sarah Bernhardt wielkiej wówczas aktorki i ona radziła Poli jak ma grać, jaka ma być, żeby zaistnieć, żeby odnieść sukces. Kiedyś zaprosiliśmy panią Ninę do "Buffo" na spektakl i po zakończonym przedstawieniu,
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Revue de l'association française de recherche sur l'histoire du cinéma - Revues.org
Google News - over 5 years
... and the Pedophilic Gaze »), au lexique de l'immigration dans la typologie de Pola Negri dans le contexte américain (« Immigrant Stardom in Imperial America : Pola Negri and the Problem of Typology » par Diane Negra), au rôle de l'actrice chinoise
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Narodziny gwiazdy - Onet.pl
Google News - over 5 years
Kiedy ktoś mnie zapyta o polską gwiazdę w Hollywood, odpowiem natychmiast – Pola Negri. A w Europie – Maria Curie – Skłodowska. To jedyne dwie nasze rodaczki, którym udało sie uciec z polskiego zaścianka w światową karierę. O tej ostatniej kręcić ma
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Pola Negri
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 1987
    Age 87
    Pola Negri died on 1 August 1987, aged 90.
    More Details Hide Details Her death was caused by pneumonia; however, she was also suffering from a brain tumor, for which she had refused treatment. Dr. Juan Nieto, a physician from San Antonio, Texas pronounced her death. At her wake at the Porter Loring Funeral Home in San Antonio, her body was placed on view wearing a yellow golden chiffon dress with a golden turban to match. Her death received extensive coverage in her hometown newspapers San Antonio Light, and San Antonio Express-News, and in publications such as Los Angeles Times and Variety magazine.
  • 1980
    Age 80
    Her final high-profile coverage in her lifetime was for a "Where Are They Now?" feature on silent film stars, which appeared in Life magazine in 1980.
    More Details Hide Details In 2015, she was referenced in popular turn of the century English series Downton Abbey when Lady Mary emerges from a (1920s era) makeover, and Lady Crawley comments, "Pola Negri comes to Yorkshire!".
  • 1978
    Age 78
    In 1978, Billy Wilder directed Fedora, and, although Negri does not appear in the film, the title character was reportedly based largely on her.
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  • 1975
    Age 75
    In 1975, director Vincente Minnelli approached Negri to appear as the Contessa Sanziani in A Matter of Time, but Negri was unable to accept due to poor health.
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  • 1972
    Age 72
    Negri was a guest of honor at the 1972 screening of Carmen held at the Witte Museum in San Antonio.
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  • 1970
    Age 70
    She made an appearance at The Museum of Modern Art on 30 April 1970, for a screening event in her honor, which featured her film A Woman of the World (1925) and selections from her films.
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    In 1970 she published her autobiography, Memoirs of a Star, which was published by Doubleday.
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  • 1964
    Age 64
    In 1964, Negri received an honorary award from the German film industry for her film work, followed by a Hemis-Film award in San Antonio in 1968.
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  • 1963
    Age 63
    Negri would live with Margaret West until the latter's death in 1963.
    More Details Hide Details Negri moved out of the home she had shared with West into a townhouse located at 7707 Broadway in San Antonio. She spent the remainder of her years there, largely out of the public eye. She came out of retirement to appear in the Walt Disney film The Moon-Spinners (1964), which starred Hayley Mills and Eli Wallach. Negri's appearance in the film as eccentric jewel collector Madame Habib was shot in London over the course of two weeks. While she was filming The Moon-Spinners, she made a sensation by appearing before the London press at her hotel in the company of a feisty cheetah on a steel chain leash.
  • FIFTIES
  • 1954
    Age 54
    Negri was interred in Calvary Cemetery, East Los Angeles next to her mother, Eleonora, who died in 1954 from pancreatic cancer.
    More Details Hide Details As Negri had no children or siblings, she left most of her estate to St. Mary's University in Texas, including a collection of memorabilia and several rare prints of her films. St. Mary's University also set up a scholarship in her name. In addition, a generous portion of her estate was given to the Polish nuns of the Seraphic Order; a large black and white portrait hangs in the small chapel next to Poland's patron, Our Lady of Częstochowa, in San Antonio, Texas. Pola Negri has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for her contribution to Motion Pictures at 6933 Hollywood Boulevard. She was the 11th star in Hollywood history to place her hand and foot prints in front of Grauman's Chinese Theatre. She received a star in Poland's Walk of Fame in Łódź and Poland's post office issued a postage stamp honoring her in 1996. The Polish Film Festival of Los Angeles remembered her with the Pola Negri Award, given to outstanding film artists, and the Pola Negri Museum in Lipno gives a Polita award for outstanding artist achievement.
  • FORTIES
  • 1948
    Age 48
    In 1948, director Billy Wilder approached Negri to appear as Norma Desmond in the film Sunset Boulevard (1950), after Mae Murray, Mae West, and Mary Pickford declined the role.
    More Details Hide Details Negri reportedly declined the role because she felt that the screenplay was not ready and that Montgomery Clift, who was slated to play the Joe Gillis character at the time, was not a good choice for the character. The role of Gillis eventually went to William Holden, and Gloria Swanson accepted the Norma Desmond role.
  • 1945
    Age 45
    According to her autobiography, she also appeared in a Boston supper club engagement in 1945 for a repertoire centered around the song "Paradise", and retired from the entertainment business altogether.
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  • 1944
    Age 44
    In 1944, Negri was engaged by booking agent Miles Ingalls for a nationwide vaudeville tour.
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  • 1943
    Age 43
    She was hired in a supporting role as the temperamental opera singer Genya Smetana for the 1943 comedy Hi Diddle Diddle.
    More Details Hide Details After the success of this film, Negri was offered numerous roles which were essentially rehashes of her role in Hi Diddle Diddle, all of which she turned down as derivative.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1937
    Age 37
    Mazurka gained much popularity in Germany and abroad, and became one of Adolf Hitler's favorite films, a fact that, along with her admiring comments about the efficiency of the German film industry, gave birth to a rumor in 1937 of Negri having had an affair with Hitler.
    More Details Hide Details Negri sued Pour Vous, the French magazine which had circulated the rumor, for libel, and won. Mazurka was remade (almost shot-for-shot) in the U.S. as Confession (1937), starring Kay Francis. After the success of Mazurka, Negri's former studio, the now-Joseph Goebbels controlled UFA, signed Negri to a new contract. Negri lived in France while working for UFA, making five films with them: Moskau-Shanghai (Moscow-Shanghai, 1936), Madame Bovary (1937), Tango notturno (1937), Die Fromme Lüge (The Secret Lie, 1938), and Die Nacht der Entscheidung (The Night of Decision, 1938). After the Nazis took over France, Negri fled back to the United States. She sailed to New York from Lisbon, Portugal, and initially lived by selling off jewelry.
  • 1931
    Age 31
    Negri returned to Hollywood in 1931 to begin filming her first talking film, A Woman Commands (1932).
    More Details Hide Details The film itself was poorly received, but Negri's rendition of the song "Paradise", the centerpiece of the film, became a sizable hit in the sheet music format. The song went on to become a minor standard, and was covered by many other performers, including Russ Columbo and Louis Prima and Keely Smith. Negri went on a successful vaudeville tour to promote the song. She was then employed in the leading role of the touring theatre production A Trip To Pressburg, which premiered at the Shubert Theater in New York. However, she collapsed after the final curtain at the production's stop at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania due to a gall bladder inflammation and was unable to complete the tour. Negri returned to France to appear in Fanatisme (Fanaticism, 1934), an historical costume film about Napoleon III. The film was directed by the directorial team of Tony Lekain and Gaston Ravel and released by Pathé. It was her only French film.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1929
    Age 29
    The resulting film, The Way of Lost Souls (also known as The Woman He Scorned), was released in 1929; it would be Negri's final silent film.
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  • 1928
    Age 28
    Negri's initial 1928 retirement turned out to be short-lived.
    More Details Hide Details Negri miscarried her pregnancy and later learned that her husband was gambling her fortune away on speculative business ventures, which strained their relationship. She went back to acting when an independent production company offered her work in a British film production that was to be distributed by Gaumont-British. Initially the film was to be a filmed version of George Bernard Shaw's Caesar and Cleopatra, and Shaw even offered to alter the play to suit the film. When the rights proved to be too expensive, the company settled on an original story and hired German Kammerspielfilm director Paul Czinner to direct.
    In 1928, her short volume featuring reflections on art and film, La Vie et Le Rêve au Cinéma, edited by Albin Michel, was published.
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    In 1928, Negri made her last film for Paramount Pictures, The Woman From Moscow, opposite Norman Kerry.
    More Details Hide Details Negri claimed in her autobiography she opted not to renew her contract with Paramount, choosing to retire from films and live as a wife at the Château de Rueil-Seraincourt, near Vigny, where she had married her second husband. She owned the Château at the time.
  • 1927
    Age 27
    Negri and Mdivani were married on 14 May 1927 (less than nine months after Valentino's death); shortly after she became pregnant, and Negri, who always wanted a child, started taking better care of her health and even considered retiring from movies in order to be a housewife and mother. However, she reportedly suffered a miscarriage. She grieved the loss of her child for the rest of her life. On 2 April 1931 they divorced.
    More Details Hide Details While residing at the Ambassador Hotel in New York in April 1932, Negri performed with Russ Columbo in George Jessel's variety revue at the Schubert Theatre, and was briefly involved with Columbo. After her film, A Woman Commands, premiered in Hollywood, Columbo performed Negri's signature song "Paradise" with his orchestra, and dedicated the song to her. Columbo also recorded and released the song as a 78 rpm single that year with slightly altered lyrics, and the single became a huge sensation with audiences across the country. When Negri returned to the United States in the early 1940s, she became close friends with Margaret West, an oil heiress and vaudeville actress that she had originally met in the 1930s. The two became housemates, and moved from Los Angeles to San Antonio, Texas, in 1957. Negri became a naturalized citizen of the United States on 12 January 1951.
  • 1926
    Age 26
    She caused a media sensation at his New York funeral on 24 August 1926, at which she "fainted" several times, and, according to actor Ben Lyon, arranged for a large floral arrangement, which spelled out "P-O-L-A", to be placed on Valentino's coffin.
    More Details Hide Details The press dismissed her actions as a publicity stunt. At the time of his death and for the remainder of her life, Negri would claim Valentino was the love of her life. Negri soon married again, to the Georgian self-styled "Prince" Serge Mdivani. This action caused public opinion in the United States to sour against her because it happened so quickly after Rudolph Valentino's death.
  • 1925
    Age 25
    By 1925, Negri's on-screen continental opulence was starting to wear thin with some segments of the American audience, a situation parodied in the Mal St. Clair-directed comedy, A Woman of the World (1925), in which Negri starred.
    More Details Hide Details Paramount transitioned into casting Negri in international peasant roles in films such as the Mauritz Stiller-directed and Erich Pommer-produced Hotel Imperial (1927), in an apparent effort to give her a more down-to-earth, relatable image. Although Hotel Imperial reportedly fared well at the box office, her next film Barbed Wire (1927) and a number of subsequent films did not, reportedly due to negative publicity about her behavior at Rudolph Valentino's funeral and her rebound marriage to Georgian prince Serge Mdivani, although her films continued to fare well internationally.
  • 1922
    Age 22
    The Hot Dog, a Cleveland monthly publication, in its own promotional advertisement for Paramount in February 1922 claimed Negri's true name was Paula Schwartz, and that she was Jewish, which was completely untrue.
    More Details Hide Details Negri ended up becoming one of the most popular Hollywood actresses of the era, and certainly the richest woman of the film industry at the time, living in a mansion in Los Angeles modeled after the White House. While in Hollywood, she started several ladies' fashion trends, some of which are still fashion staples today, including red painted toenails, fur boots, and turbans. Negri was a favorite photography subject of Hollywood portrait photographer Eugene Robert Richee, and many of her best-known photographs were taken during this period. Negri's first two Paramount films were Bella Donna (1923) and The Cheat (1923), both of which were directed by George Fitzmaurice and were remakes of Paramount films from 1915. Her first spectacle film was the Herbert Brenon-directed The Spanish Dancer (1923), based on the Victor Hugo novel Don César de Bazan. The initial screenplay was intended as a vehicle for Rudolph Valentino before he left Paramount, and was reworked for Negri. Rosita, Lubitsch's film with Mary Pickford, was released the same year, and happened to be based on Don César de Bazan. According to the book Paramount Pictures and the People Who Made Them, "Critics had a field day comparing the two. The general opinion was that the Pickford film was more polished, but the Negri film was more entertaining."
    She signed a contract with Paramount and arrived in New York in a flurry of publicity on 12 September 1922.
    More Details Hide Details This made Negri the first ever Continental star to be imported into Hollywood, setting a precedent for imported European stars that would go on to include Vilma Bánky, Greta Garbo, and Marlene Dietrich, among many others.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1919
    Age 19
    Negri's first marriage was with Count Eugeniusz Dąmbski, and would prove to be short lived. Negri married Dąmbski in St Mary's Assumption Church in Sosnowiec on 5 November 1919, thus becoming Countess Apolonia Dąmbska-Chałupec, having long since dropped the forename Barbara.
    More Details Hide Details After a long separation period, Negri and Dąmbski's union was dissolved in 1922. After she began working in the United States, she made headlines and gossip columns with a string of celebrity love affairs, most notably with film stars Charlie Chaplin, Rod La Rocque, and Rudolph Valentino. Negri had met Chaplin while in Germany, and what began as a platonic relationship there became a well-publicized affair and marriage speculation which received the headline, "The Queen of Tragedy To Wed The King of Comedy". The relationship soured, and Negri became involved for a time with actor Rod La Rocque, who appeared as her leading man in Forbidden Paradise (1924). Negri met Rudolph Valentino at a costume party held by Marion Davies and William Randolph Hearst at the San Simeon estate, and was reportedly Valentino's lover until his death in 1926.
    Paramount Pictures mogul Jesse Lasky saw the premiere of Madame DuBarry in Berlin in 1919, and Paramount invited Negri to come to Hollywood in 1921.
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  • 1918
    Age 18
    In 1918, Lubitsch convinced UFA to let him create a large-scale film with Negri as the main character.
    More Details Hide Details The result was Die Augen der Mumie Ma (The Eyes of the Mummy Ma, 1918), which was a popular success and led to a series of Lubitsch/Negri collaborations, each larger in scale than the previous film. The next was Carmen (1918, reissued in the United States in 1921 as Gypsy Blood), which was followed by Madame Dubarry (1919, released in the USA as Passion). Madame DuBarry became a huge international success, brought down the American embargo on German films, and launched a demand that briefly threatened to dislodge Hollywood's dominance in the international film market. Negri and Lubitsch made three German films together after this, Sumurun (aka One Arabian Night, 1920), Die Bergkatze (aka The Mountain Cat or The Wildcat, 1921), and Die Flamme (The Flame, 1922), and UFA employed Negri for films with other directors, including Vendetta (1920) and Sappho (1921), many of which were purchased by American distributors and shown in the United States.
  • 1917
    Age 17
    Negri's popularity in Poland provided her with an opportunity to move to Berlin, Germany, in 1917, to appear as the dancing girl in a German revival of Max Reinhardt's theatre production of Sumurun.
    More Details Hide Details In this production, she met Ernst Lubitsch, who at the time was producing comedies for the German Film studio UFA. Negri was first signed with Saturn Films, making six films with them, including Wenn das Herz in Haß erglüht (If the Heart Burns With Hate, 1917). After this, she signed to UFA's roster; some of the films that she made with UFA include Mania (1918), Der Gelbe Schein (The Yellow Ticket, also 1918), and Komtesse Doddy (1919).
  • 1914
    Age 14
    She debuted in film in 1914 in Slave to her Senses (Niewolnica zmysłów).
    More Details Hide Details She appeared in a variety of films made by the Warsaw film industry, including Bestia (Beast, released in the US as The Polish Dancer), Room No. 13 (Pokój nr 13), His Last Gesture (Jego ostatni czyn), Students (Studenci), and The Wife (Żona).
    She continued to perform there while finishing her studies at the Academy, graduating in 1914.
    More Details Hide Details Her graduating performance was as Hedwig in Ibsen's The Wild Duck, which resulted in offers to join a number of the prominent theatres in Warsaw. By the end of World War I, Negri had established herself as a popular stage actress. She made an appearance at the Grand Theatre in Sumurun, as well as in the Small Theatre (Aleksander Fredro's Śluby panieńskie, and at the Summer Theatre in the Saxon Garden.
  • 1913
    Age 13
    She made her stage debut in 1913 in Gerhardt Hauptmann's Hannele in Warsaw and appeared the following year in her first film, Niewolnica zmysłów.
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  • 1912
    Age 12
    She made her theatrical debut before her graduation at The Small Theatre in Warsaw on 2 October 1912.
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  • OTHER
  • 1897
    Age -3
    Negri was born Apolonia Chalupec on 3 January 1897 in Lipno, Congress Poland, Russian Empire (present-day Lipno, Poland), the only surviving child (of three) of a Polish mother, Eleonora Kiełczewska (died 24 August 1954), who, according to Negri, came from impoverished Polish nobility, and Juraj Chalupec (died 1920), an itinerant Romani-Slovakian tinsmith from Nesluša.
    More Details Hide Details After her father was arrested by the Russian authorities for revolutionary activities and sent to Siberia, she and her mother moved to Warsaw, where they lived in poverty. Young Apolonia was accepted into Warsaw's Imperial Ballet Academy. Her first dance performance was in the chorus of baby swans in Tchaikovsky's Swan Lake; she worked her way up to a solo role in the Saint-Léon ballet Coppélia. However, a bout with tuberculosis forced her to stop dancing. Chałupec was sent to a sanatorium to recover, and during that time, she adopted the pseudonym Pola Negri, after the Italian novelist and poet Ada Negri; "Pola" was short for her own middle name, Apolonia (sometimes spelled Apollonia). After Negri returned from her stay at the sanatorium, she successfully auditioned for the Warsaw Imperial Academy of Dramatic Arts. Alongside her formal schooling at the Academy, she took private classes outside with renowned Polish stage actress and professor Honorata Leszczynska.
Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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